生物多样性 ›› 2009, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 423-429.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.09149

所属专题: 保护生物学: 现状和挑战

• 论文 • 上一篇    

中国保护生物学研究现状的文献计量学分析

陈静1, 2, 4, 张保卫2, 马克平3, 蒋志刚1*   

  1. 1 (中国科学院动物研究所动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室, 北京 100101)
    2 (安徽大学生命科学学院, 合肥 230039)
    3 (中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093)
    4 (中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-11 修回日期:2009-07-08 出版日期:2009-07-20

Bibliometric analysis of status quo of conservation biology in China

Jing Chen1, 2, 4, Baowei Zhang2, Keping Ma3, Zhigang Jiang1*   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bei-jing 100101
    2 School of Life Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230039
    3 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bei-jing 100093
    4 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2009-06-11 Revised:2009-07-08 Online:2009-07-20

我国保护生物学研究于1990年开始起步, 目前正处于快速发展阶段。为全面了解我国保护生物学领域的研究现状, 作者在《中国学术期刊全文数据库》和ISI Web of Knowledge中, 用“保护生物学”和“conservation biology”作为检索词, 检索了中国学者在国内外期刊上发表的与保护生物学相关的中英文文献, 采用文献计量法定量分析了我国保护生物学文献的年代分布、期刊分布, 并利用文献的题录信息统计了保护生物学的研究力量、基金项目和研究地区分布, 以及研究物种类群等指标。结果表明, 我国保护生物学的研究力量的分布虽然分散, 但也已经形成从事研究的核心研究人员群体、研究机构群体; 中、英文保护生物学文献的期刊分布都存在离散性与集中性并存的现象, 即: 大量论文集中在少数期刊中, 而少数论文则分布于大量期刊上。我国出版的保护生物学专业期刊只有《生物多样性》一种, 迫切需要创办一种英文保护生物学专业期刊; 研究基金的支持来源广泛, 中文文献主要是国家自然科学基金和省级基金, 英文文献则主要是国家自然科学基金和国际基金; 中英文文献中的研究地点都倾向于生物多样性较高的西南和华南地区; 研究对象主要是植物、哺乳类和鸟类, 单一物种的研究中濒危物种占90%以上; 物种多样性调查和遗传多样性检测的研究较多, 但针对保护方法和实践的研究则不足。

The research in conservation biology started in 1990 and is currently in a stage of rapid development in China. To understand the status quo of conservation biology in China, we used the term “conservation biology” as the keyword to search and collect Chinese and English literatures in conservation biology which were written by Chinese researchers in ISI Web of Knowledge and Chinese Journals Full-Text Database. These publications were analyzed with methods of bibliometrics, on the distribution of the publication year, the author and organization distribution, the journal distribution, the research funds, the research regions and the objects. The results indicate that core research groups working in the field of conservation biology in China have been already formed, although the distribution of research groups was scattered over institutions and universities. Dispersion and concentration coexisted in the journal distribution of Chinese and English publications—a majority of publications was clumped in a small number of journals, while a minority was scattered in a large number of journals. In China, there is only one professional journal publishing papers on conservation biology—Biodiversity Science. Thus it is reasonable to launch an English conservation biology journal in the country. Research funds for conservation biology have a wide array of sources. An important part of the papers in Chinese was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and pro-vincial foundations, while those in English were supported either by National Natural Science Foundation of China or international funds. Field studies in conservation biology were mainly conducted in the regions of high biodiversities in south and southwest China. Plants, mammals and birds were the main objects of those studies. In the studies on single species, 90% were studies on endangered species. Studies on bio-inventory and genetic diversity represented a significant proportion of publications, while little was published about the strategies and practices of conservation.

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