生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 238-243.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019363

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“2020年后全球生物多样性框架”进展及展望

耿宜佳,田瑜,李俊生,徐靖()   

  1. 中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护区域生态过程与功能评估重点实验室, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-20 接受日期:2019-12-18 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐靖
  • 基金资助:
    生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(22110404001)

Progress and prospects of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Geng Yijia,Tian Yu,Li Junsheng,Xu Jing()   

  1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2019-11-20 Accepted:2019-12-18 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Xu Jing

摘要:

“2020年后全球生物多样性框架”是当前《生物多样性公约》谈判的焦点议题之一。本文阐述了框架制定的背景, 介绍了“2020年后全球生物多样性框架”不限成员名额工作组(Open Ended Working Group, OEWG),的谈判过程, 综合分析了缔约方在各有关磋商进程中的观点, 以及目前缔约方对框架各个要素的共识和分歧, 评估了框架的制定进展, 并就框架的设计提出四点展望: (1)阐明转型变革的具体实施路径; (2)平衡反映公约三大目标; (3)加强与其他全球治理进程的协同; (4)强化框架对全球及缔约方履约进展的评估和审查。最后提出对我国的建议: (1)及时更新国家生物多样性战略与行动计划(National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans, NBSAP); (2)加强国内生物多样性工作的协调; (3)继续加强生态环境执法和责任机制。为缔约方更好参与框架制定进程, 深入了解框架及其磋商进展提供参考, 并为下一步框架制定提供参考。

关键词: 可持续发展, 生物多样性公约, 第15次缔约方大会(COP15), 2020年后全球生物多样性框架

Abstract:

The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is one of the main focuses of current negotiations for the Convention on Biological Diversity. This paper outlines the background of the “Framework,” introduces the OEWG-1 negotiation process, comprehensively analyzes the views of the Parties in the relevant consultation processes, introduces the current consensuses and differences of the Parties on the various elements of the “Framework,” assesses the progress of the “Framework,” and puts forward four suggestions on the design of the “Framework”. These suggestions include: (1) Clarify the specific implementation path of transformational change; (2) Balance the three major objectives of the CBD; (3) Strengthen collaboration with other global governance processes; (4) Strengthen the “Framework” assessment and review of global and the Parties' progress in compliance. Finally, we put forward suggestions for China: (1) Update the domestic NBSAP in a timely manner; (2) Strengthen the coordination of domestic biodiversity work; (3) Continue to strengthen the ecological environmental law enforcement and responsibility mechanism. These recommendations provide a reference for the Parties to better participate in the “Framework” development process and gain insight into the framework and its progress in order to provide useful feedback for the formulation of the “Framework.”

Key words: sustainable development, Convention on Biological Diversity, COP15, Post-2020 Global