生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 677-682.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019045

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物多样性保护优先区对重庆苔藓植物多样性保护的重要性

刘艳(), 杨钰爽   

  1. 重庆师范大学生命科学学院, 重庆 401331
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-22 接受日期:2019-05-07 出版日期:2019-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘艳 E-mail:tracy-moss@hotmail.com
  • 基金项目:
    重庆市自然科学基金(cstc2016jcyjA0031);重庆市教委科学技术研究项目(KJ1703064)

Importance of conservation priority areas for bryophyte biodiversity in Chongqing

Liu Yan(), Yang Yushuang   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331
  • Received:2019-02-22 Accepted:2019-05-07 Online:2019-06-20
  • Contact: Liu Yan E-mail:tracy-moss@hotmail.com

生物多样性保护优先区的生物多样性十分丰富, 对于生物多样性保护具有重要意义。本文基于野外调查数据和文献资料, 整合大巴山和武陵山两个中国生物多样性保护优先区重庆境内的苔藓植物名录, 通过分析物种丰富度、中国特有种和受威胁物种, 比较了这两个地区的苔藓植物组成特点和相似性。结果显示, 两个保护优先区重庆境内共有苔藓植物77科221属722种, 其物种数分别占重庆市和中国苔藓植物总种数的76.0%和23.9%。两个区域分布有中国特有苔藓植物56种, 占中国苔藓植物总种数的1.9%; 分布有极危苔藓植物1种、濒危4种和易危3种。科、属、种的Jaccard相似性系数分别为0.7、0.6和0.3, 表明两个区域物种组成差异较大。大巴山和武陵山两个中国生物多样性保护优先区都具有较高的苔藓植物物种多样性, 其种类组成具有一定代表性, 对重庆市和中国苔藓植物多样性保护具有重要价值。

关键词: 苔藓植物, 生物多样性, 物种丰富度, 大巴山, 武陵山

Biodiversity is especially rich in conservation priority areas. Based on field investigations and available literature, a bryophyte checklist was compiled for the Dabashan and Wulingshan conservation priority areas in Chongqing, China. Species richness and abundance of endemic and threatened species were analyzed. Species compositions were also compared between the two areas. In total, 722 species in 221 genera and 77 families were recorded across the two areas, accounting for 76.0% and 23.9% of all bryophyte species in Chongqing and in China, respectively. Among these, 56 species are endemic to China. One critically endangered (CR), four endangered (EN) and three vulnerable (VU) bryophytes were also found in the two areas. The Jaccard similarity coefficients between the two areas were calculated to be 0.7, 0.6 and 0.3 at the family, genus and species levels, respectively, indicating the big difference of species composition. Dabashan and Wulingshan both have relatively high bryophyte diversity and representative species composition. They are important priority areas not only for Chongqing, but also for overall biodiversity conservation in China.

Key words: bryophytes, biodiversity, species richness, Dabashan, Wulingshan

图1

大巴山和武陵山生物多样性保护优先区重庆境内的分布图"

表1

大巴山和武陵山两个中国生物多样性保护优先区重庆境内的受威胁苔藓植物"

编号
No.
等级
Category
种名
Species
分布
Distribution
保护优先区
Priority areas
1 极危 Critically Endangered 滇西高领藓 Glyphomitrium minutissimum 南川金佛山 Mt. Jinfo, Nanchuan 武陵山 Wulingshan
2 濒危 Endangered 无脊耳叶苔 Frullania sinosphaerantha 城口大巴山 Mt. Dabashan, Chengkou 大巴山 Dabashan
3 濒危 Endangered 圆叶叶苔 Jungermannia orbicularifolia 酉阳大板营 Dabanying, Youyang 武陵山 Wulingshan
4 濒危 Endangered 卷叶木灵藓 Orthotrichum revolutum 城口大巴山 Mt. Dabashan, Chengkou 大巴山 Dabashan
5 濒危 Endangered 西藏墙藓 Tortula thomsonii 南川金佛山 Mt. Jinfo, Nanchuan 武陵山 Wulingshan
6 易危 Vulnerable 带叶牛舌藓 Anomodon perlinguatus 城口大巴山 Mt. Dabashan, Chengkou 大巴山 Dabashan
7 易危 Vulnerable 短齿疣鳞苔 Cololejeunea sphaerodonta 城口大巴山 Mt. Dabashan, Chengkou 大巴山 Dabashan
8 易危 Vulnerable 圆基耳叶苔 Frullania wangii 城口大巴山 Mt. Dabashan, Chengkou 大巴山 Dabashan

图2

大巴山(a)和武陵山(b)生物多样性保护优先区重庆境内苔藓植物含10种以上的科及其物种所占比例"

[1] Gao J, Zhang X, Zhang P, Liu YH ( 2016) Geographical distribution pattern of endemic bryophytes in China. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 35, 1691-1696. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 高杰, 张星, 张鹏, 刘艳红 ( 2016) 中国苔藓植物特有种的地理分布格局. 生态学杂志, 35, 1691-1696.]
[2] Geffert JL, Frahm JP, Barthlott W, Mutke J ( 2013) Global moss diversity: Spatial and taxonomic patterns of species richness. Journal of Bryology, 35, 1-11.
doi: 10.1179/1743282012Y.0000000038
[3] Gignac LD ( 2001) Bryophytes as indicators of climate change. The Bryologist, 104, 410-420.
doi: 10.1639/0007-2745(2001)104[0410:BAIOCC]2.0.CO;2
[4] Goffinet B, Buck WR, Shaw AJ ( 2009) Morphology, anatomy, and classification of the Bryophyta. In: Bryophyte Biology, 2nd edn (eds Goffinet B, Shaw AJ), p. 55. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[5] Goffinet B, Buck WR ( 2018) Classification of the Bryophyta. http://bryology.uconn.edu/classification/. (accessed on 2018- 11-24)
[6] Hallingbäck T, Tan BC ( 2010) Past and present activities and future strategy of bryophyte conservation. Phytotaxa, 9, 266-274.
[7] Hu XY, Wu PC ( 1991) Study on the mossflora of Mt. Jinfu, Sichuan Province. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 29, 315-334. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 胡晓云, 吴鹏程 ( 1991) 四川金佛山藓类植物区系的研究. 植物分类学报, 29, 315-334.]
[8] Jaccard P ( 1912) The distribution of the flora of the alpine zone. New Phytologist, 11, 37-50.
doi: 10.1111/nph.1912.11.issue-2
[9] Jia Y, He S ( 2013) Species Catalogue of China, Vol. 1. Plants: Bryophytes. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 贾渝, 何思 ( 2013) 中国生物物种名录第一卷植物: 苔藓植物. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[10] Jia Y, Ma XT, Ban Q, Li M, Yang GH ( 2014) Higher Plants of the Dabashan Mountains. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 贾渝, 马欣堂, 班勤, 李敏, 杨改河 ( 2014) 大巴山地区高等植物名录. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[11] Jia Y, Wu PC, Wang MZ ( 1999) Studies on the bryophytes of Sichuan, Southwest China. I. Moss flora of Wulong. Chenia, 6, 97-103.
[12] Li JS, Jin YC, Wang W, Zhao ZP, Wu XP ( 2016) Terrestrial Priority Areas for China Biodiversity Conservation. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 李俊生, 靳勇超, 王伟, 赵志平, 吴晓莆 ( 2016) 中国陆域生物多样性保护优先区域. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[13] Liu Y, Pi CY, Tian S ( 2016) Bryophyte biodiversity of the Dabashan National Nature Reserve in Chongqing. Biodiversity Science, 24, 244-247.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [ 刘艳, 皮春燕, 田尚 ( 2016) 重庆大巴山国家级自然保护区苔藓植物多样性. 生物多样性, 24, 244-247.]
[14] Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China( 2011) China National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (2011-2030). China Environmental Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 中华人民共和国环境保护部( 2011) 中国生物多样性保护战略与行动计划(2011-2030年). 中国环境科学出版社, 北京.]
[15] Möls T, Vellak K, Vellak A, Ingerpuu N ( 2013) Global gradients in moss and vascular plant diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22, 1537-1551.
doi: 10.1007/s10531-013-0492-6
[16] Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, da Fonseca GAB, Kent J ( 2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853-858.
doi: 10.1038/35002501
[17] Patiño J, Vanderpoorten A ( 2018) Bryophyte biogeography. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 37, 175-209.
doi: 10.1080/07352689.2018.1482444
[18] Pharo EJ, Beattie AJ, Pressey RL ( 2000) Effectiveness of using vascular plants to select reserves for bryophytes and lichens. Biological Conservation, 96, 371-378.
doi: 10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00080-X
[19] Qin HN, Yang Y, Dong SY, He Q, Jia Y, Zhao LN, Yu SX, Liu HY, Liu B, Yan YH, Xiang JY, Xia NH, Peng H, Li ZY, Zhang ZX, He XJ, Yin LK, Lin YL, Liu QR, Hou YT, Liu Y, Liu QX, Cao W, Li JQ, Chen SL, Jin XH, Gao TG, Chen WL, Ma HY, Geng YY, Jin XF, Chang CY, Jiang H, Cai L, Zang CX, Wu JY, Ye JF, Lai YJ, Liu B, Lin QW, Xue NX ( 2017) Threatened species list of China’s higher plants. Biodiversity Science, 25, 696-744. (in Chinese and in English)
[ 覃海宁, 杨永, 董仕勇, 何强, 贾渝, 赵莉娜, 于胜祥, 刘慧圆, 刘博, 严岳鸿, 向建英, 夏念和, 彭华, 李振宇, 张志翔, 何兴金, 尹林克, 林余霖, 刘全儒, 侯元同, 刘演, 刘启新, 曹伟, 李建强, 陈世龙, 金效华, 高天刚, 陈文俐, 马海英, 耿玉英, 金孝锋, 常朝阳, 蒋宏, 蔡蕾, 臧春鑫, 武建勇, 叶建飞, 赖阳均, 刘冰, 林秦文, 薛纳新 ( 2017) 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录. 生物多样性, 25, 696-744.]
[20] Shaw AJ, Cox CJ, Goffinet B ( 2005) Global patterns of moss diversity: Taxonomic and molecular inferences. Taxon, 54, 337-352.
doi: 10.2307/25065362
[21] Shi XW, Zhang L, Zhang JJ, Ouyang ZY, Xiao Y ( 2018) Priority area of biodiversity conservation in Southwest China. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 37, 3721-3728. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 史雪威, 张路, 张晶晶, 欧阳志云, 肖燚 ( 2018) 西南地区生物多样性保护优先格局评估. 生态学杂志, 37, 3721-3728.]
[22] Silva MPP, Pôrto KC ( 2015) Diversity of bryophytes in priority areas for conservation in the Atlantic forest of Northeast Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 29, 16-23.
doi: 10.1590/0102-33062014abb3534
[23] Sim-Sim M, Ruas S, Fontinha S, Hedenäs L, Sérgio C, Lobo C ( 2014) Bryophyte conservation on a North Atlantic hotspot: Threatened bryophytes in Madeira and Selvagens Archipelagos (Portugal). Systematics and Biodiversity, 12, 315-330.
doi: 10.1080/14772000.2014.918063
[24] Tuba Z, Slack NG, Stark LR ( 2011) Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[25] Turetsky MR ( 2003) The role of bryophytes in carbon and nitrogen cycling. The Bryologist, 106, 395-409.
doi: 10.1639/05
[26] Vanderpoorten A, Hallingbäck T ( 2009) Conservation biology. In: Bryophyte Biology, 2nd edn (eds Goffinet B, Shaw AJ), pp. 487-533. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[27] Vellak K, Ingerpuu N, Vellak A, Pärtel M ( 2010) Vascular plant and bryophytes species representation in the protected areas network on the national scale. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 1353-1364.
doi: 10.1007/s10531-009-9766-4
[28] Xiong YX ( 2007) Research on Bryophyte Diversity of the Intersection Converge of Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan, Hubei. Guizhou Science and Technology Press, Guiyang. (in Chinese)
[ 熊源新 ( 2007) 黔渝湘鄂交界地区苔藓植物物种多样性研究. 贵州科技出版社, 贵阳.]
[1] 邢圆, 吴小平, 欧阳珊, 张君倩, 徐靖, 银森录, 谢志才. 赣江水系大型底栖动物多样性与受胁因子初探[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 648-657.
[2] 邹安龙, 马素辉, 倪晓凤, 蔡琼, 李修平, 吉成均. 模拟氮沉降对北京东灵山辽东栎群落林下植物物种多样性的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 607-618.
[3] 桂旭君, 练琚愉, 张入匀, 李艳朋, 沈浩, 倪云龙, 叶万辉. 鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林群落垂直结构及其物种多样性特征[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 619-629.
[4] 张晓玲, 李亦超, 王芸芸, 蔡宏宇, 曾辉, 王志恒. 未来气候变化对不同国家茶适宜分布区的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[5] 邵昕宁, 宋大昭, 黄巧雯, 李晟, 姚蒙. 基于粪便DNA及宏条形码技术的食肉动物快速调查及食性分析[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(5): 543-556.
[6] 李晗溪, 黄雪娜, 李世国, 战爱斌. 基于环境DNA-宏条形码技术的水生生态系统入侵生物的早期监测与预警[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(5): 491-504.
[7] 朱柏菁, 薛敬荣, 夏蓉, 靳苗苗, 吴攸, 田善义, 陈小云, 刘满强, 胡锋. 不同土壤线虫功能团对水稻生长及地上部植食者的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 409-418.
[8] 马燕婕, 何浩鹏, 沈文静, 刘标, 薛堃. 转基因玉米对田间节肢动物群落多样性的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 419-432.
[9] 赵阳,温源远. 《生物多样性公约》企业与生物多样性全球平台的发展情况及对中国的政策建议[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[10] 钱海源,余建平,申小莉,丁平,李晟. 钱江源国家公园体制试点区鸟类多样性与区系组成[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 76-80.
[11] 代云川,薛亚东,张云毅,李迪强. 国家公园生态系统完整性评价研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 104-113.
[12] 刘安榕, 杨腾, 徐炜, 上官子健, 王金洲, 刘慧颖, 时玉, 褚海燕, 贺金生. 青藏高原高寒草地地下生物多样性: 进展、问题与展望[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(9): 972-987.
[13] 秦运芝, 张佳鑫, 刘检明, 刘梦婷, 万丹, 吴浩, 周阳, 孟红杰, 肖之强, 黄汉东, 徐耀粘, 卢志军, 乔秀娟, 江明喜. 湖南八大公山25 ha常绿落叶阔叶混交林动态监测样地群落组成与空间结构[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(9): 1016-1022.
[14] 李爱农, 尹高飞, 张正健, 谭剑波, 南希, 马克平, 郭庆华. 基于站点的生物多样性星空地一体化遥感监测[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 819-827.
[15] 王乐, 时晨, 田金炎, 宋晓楠, 贾明明, 李小娟, 刘晓萌, 钟若飞, 殷大萌, 杨杉杉, 郭先仙. 基于多源遥感的红树林监测[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 838-849.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed