Biodiv Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 0-0.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020073

   

On realization path of the strictest conservation policy in the national park management

Yan Yan1, Fanglin Tang1*, Yongchen Tian2, Kun Jin3   

  1. 1 Plan and Research Center for National Park, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Kunming 650216

    2 China National Bamboo Research Center, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Hangzhou 310012

    3 Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091

  • Received:2020-03-02 Revised:2020-05-13 Online:2021-01-20 Published:2020-10-10
  • Contact: Tang Fanglin

Abstract: National Park is the most important type of the protected area in China, which belongs to the forbidden development area in the planning of the national main functional zone, and is also included in the national ecological redline, under the strictest conservation. The strictest conservation for national parks has important significance, but it has not been accurately understood in the theoretical research and specific management practice of national parks. As a new type of protected area, the National Park is different from other protected area in function orientation, the concept and mode of protection and management. It should also be considered the combination of these differences and the strictest conservation in the management of National Park. This paper systematically analyzes the background and reasons of the strictest conservation policy of national parks, and discusses how to correctly understand its significance. The realization paths of the strictest conservation policy of national parks are put forward on this basis. It includes seven aspects such as straightening out the management system, improving the legal system, strengthening supervision and collaborative management, standardizing franchise management, improving social participation, strengthening education and training, and with 23 specific strategies such as implementing the vertical administration system, clarifying the power between central and local authorities and capital guarantee, establishing a scientific and perfect legal system, implementing comprehensive law enforcement and strict law enforcement, tec.

Key words: national park, strict conservation, realization path