Biodiv Sci ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 71-79.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016098

• Original Papers: Protected Area • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Identification of functional zones and methods of target management in Sanjiangyuan National Park

Mengdi Fu1, Junliang Tian1, Yanpeng Zhu1, Yu Tian1, Zhiping Zhao1, Junsheng Li1,*()   

  1. 1 Biodiversity Research Center, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    2 Three-River-Source National Park Service, Xining 810007
  • Received:2016-04-06 Accepted:2016-09-29 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-02-08
  • Contact: Li Junsheng

Abstract:

Functional zones are the key link for the master planning and scientific management of national parks. We established an evaluation index system to comprehensively analyze regional ecological and environmental features in our study area, the source region of the Yellow River in the Sanjiangyuan National Park. The evaluation index system contains 13 evaluation indices, which include ecosystem services, potential habitat for key species, ecological sensitivity, and ecological pressure classes. By using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and experts marking methods and combining the requirements of management and control measures, the study area was divided into four primary functional zones, including a core reserve area, ecological restoration area, traditional utilization area, and residential and recreational service area. The protection gradation for each zone is reduced in turn, and the gradation of utilization and public accessibility is enhanced. This functional zones method laid a solid foundation for the effective planning of Sanjiangyuan National Park, while at the same time, our study provides new insight into the functional zones of national parks.

Key words: national park, Sanjiangyuan, functional zone, index system, control measures