Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 527-536.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.10092

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Species diversity of phytoplankton communities in the Western Arctic Ocean during summer 2010

Gengming Lin*, Yu Wang, Qingliang Yang   

  1. Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
  • Received:2013-04-10 Accepted:2013-08-07 Online:2013-10-08
  • Lin Gengming

Phytoplankton assemblages in the Arctic Ocean, particularly in the Western Arctic Ocean, remain unclear due to limited long-term ecological investigation caused by the existing harsh environment. In the present study, we characterized summer phytoplankton assemblages in surface water in terms of species composition and spatial distribution in the Western Arctic Ocean in 2010. Phytoplankton samples were collected at 50 stations in the survey area (67.0o-86.1o N, 152.5 o-169.0 o W) from 20 July to 30 August 2010 during the CHINARE 2010 cruise aboard the Chinese icebreaker R/V “Xuelong”. Results showed that high species diversity was present in the surface water phytoplankton community. A total of 154 phytoplankton taxa (>5 μm) distributed among 67 genera of 10 phyla (or class) were identified in the study, which could be divided into four ecological groups, namely Arctic species, Arctic-boreal species, Warm-temperate species and Cosmopolitan species. Phytoplankton diversity exhibited a significant spatial difference with regard to taxonomic composition and abundance during the investigation period. Two phytoplankton assemblages were present in the surface water comprising a shelf community and an open sea community. Average abundance and species richness of the shelf community were 892.6×102 cells/dm3 and 1.81, respectively, and the dominant species were Navicula pelagica, Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii, Chaetoceros diadema, Pseudo-nitzschia seriata, Leptocylindrus danicus, Nitzschia longissima and N. grunowii. A succession from pennate to centric diatoms was evident. The open sea community contained a far lower abundance and species richness (27.7×102 cells/dm3 and 1.28) than the community in the abysmal area and was mainly dominated by Thalassionema nitzschioides. The relationship between the distribution of surface water phytoplankton and several environmental factors were discussed.

Key words: surface water phytoplankton, species diversity, distribution, species succession, Western Arctic Ocean, the arctic ecosystem

Fig. 1

Main topographic features and circulation (a) (after Coupel et al., 2011) and the sampling stations for phytoplankton in the study area between July and September, 2010 (b). CS, Chukchi Shelf; CB, Canadian Basin; MAP, Mendeleev Abyssal Plain; AR, Alpha Ridge; CC, Chukchi Cap; NR, Northwind Ridge; CAP, Chukchi Abyssal Plain; B.Cy, Barrow Canyon; H.Cy, Herald Canyon; C.Cy, Central Canyon; BG, Beaufort Gyre; ACC, Alaskan Coastal Current; BSJ, Chukchi/Beaufort Shelfbreak Jet."

Table 1

The temporal and spatial characteristics of surface phytoplankton community and some environmental factors in the survey area between July and September 2010"

采样日期
Sampling date
种数 No. of species 测站平均种数及变幅 Average no. of taxa among stations 物种丰富度指数
(D)
测站平均丰度
及变幅 Average abundance among stations (×102cells/L)
物种多样性指数 (H') 均匀度
指数
(J')
优势种(优势度)
Dominant species *
(Dominance index)
T (℃) S PO43–-P (µmol/L) ΣN (µmol/L) SiO32–-Si (µmol/L) 高海冰密集度测站** 的出现率Occurrence rate of the station covered with high concentration sea-ice
浅海区 Shoal water (<500 m)
去程 Outbound voyage (18站)7月20-26日 116 20(9-34) 1.87 1,185.2 (12.8-13419.4) 2.56 0.63 大洋舟形藻(0.10)
诺登海链藻(0.08)
3.028 30.586 0.558 0.409 3.485 86%
返程 Inbound voyage
(10站)8月28-30日
71 17(4-39) 1.69 366.0 (2.5-1,430.0) 2.62 0.72 皇冠角毛藻(0.14)
丹麦细柱藻(0.03)
新月筒柱藻(0.02)
长菱形藻(0.02)
3.629 29.582 0.537 0.866 3.891 0%
全程 Whole voyage
(28站)7月20日至8月30日
137 19(4-39) 1.81 892.7 (2.5-1,3419.4) 2.58 0.66 大洋舟形藻(0.06)
诺登海链藻(0.05)
皇冠角毛藻(0.02)
3.25 30.214 0.55 0.579 3.635 35%
深海区 Abyssal region (>500 m )
去程 Outbound voyage (12站) 7月26日至8月6日 67 13(7-21) 1.55 41.8 (6.8-201.2) 2.68 0.74 菱形海线藻(0.10) -1.181 28.676 0.559 0.313 2.238 92%
返程 Inbound voyage
(10站) 8月22-28日
40 8(2-15) 0.95 10.7(0.8-27.0) 2.12 0.83 菱形海线藻(0.03) -1.264 27.686 0.644 0.277 2.082 33%
全程 Whole voyage
(22站) 7月26日至8月28日
81 11(2-21) 1.28 27.7 (0.8-201.2) 2.43 0.78 菱形海线藻(0.08) -1.221 28.205 0.6 0.296 2.164 67%
全区 Survey area
去程 Outbound voyage (30站) 7月20日至8月6日 141 17 (7-34) 1.74 727.9 (6.8-13419.4) 2.61 0.67 大洋舟形藻(0.10)
诺登海链藻(0.04)
1.374 29.836 0.558 0.371 2.995 89%
返程 Inbound voyage
(20站) 8月22-30日
84 12(2-39) 1.32 188.4 (0.8-1430.0) 2.37 0.78 皇冠角毛藻(0.09)
丹麦细柱藻(0.02)
1.182 28.634 0.591 0.572 2.986 15%
全程 Whole voyage
(50站) 7月20日至8月30日
169 15(2-39) 1.57 512.1 (0.8-13419.4) 2.52 0.72 大洋舟形藻(0.05)
诺登海链藻(0.03)
1.294 29.335 0.572 0.455 2.991 53%

Table 2

The composition difference of the dominant genus of the surface water phytoplankton assemblages in shallow shelf between July and September, 2010"

去程 (7月20-26日) 返程 (8月28-30日)
平均丰度Average abundance
(×102 cells/L)
最大测站丰度Maximum abundance
(×102 cells/L)
丰度百分比
Percentage of abundance (%)
平均丰度
Average abundance
(×102 cells/L)
最大测站丰度Maximum
abundance
(×102 cells/L)
丰度百分比
Percentage of abundance
(%)
舟形藻属 Navicula 509.1 9,089.6 43.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
海链藻属 Thalassiosira 270.9 4,360.8 22.9 0.5 5.0 0.1
拟脆杆藻属 Fragilariopsis 151.5 2,656.7 12.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
角毛藻属 Chaetoceros 121.1 1,554.3 10.2 222.7 1,504.0 60.8
菱形藻属 Nitzschia 41.5 532.9 3.5 9.5 36.5 2.6
伪菱形藻 Pseudo-nitzschia 26.6 286.7 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
细柱藻属 Leptocylindrus 2.2 40.0 0.2 26.5 125.0 7.2
筒柱藻属 Cylindrotheca 3.6 56.7 0.3 18.6 155.0 5.1
根管藻属 Rhizosolenia 0.4 7.5 0.0 9.4 66.0 2.6
海线藻属 Thalassionema 0.7 4.0 0.1 5.9 37.5 1.6
总丰度 Total abundance 1,185.2 13,419.4 1.0 366.1 1,430.0 1.0
羽纹硅藻优势属的丰度百分比
Percentage of dominant pinnate diatom (%)
61.5 9.3
圆心硅藻优势属的丰度百分比
Percentage of dominant centric diatom (%)
33.1 70.6

Fig. 2

Horizontal distribution of total phytoplankton cell density in survey area between July and September, 2010"

Fig. 3

Dendrogram of cluster analysis of surface phytoplankton assemblages in the survey area between July and September, 2010."

Fig. 4

Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) ordination of phy- toplankton assemblage in survey area between July and September, 2010"

Appendix I

Phytoplankton species found in the Western Arctic Ocean between July and September in 2010. * Species has not been reported so far in China;** The taxon is in pending status of systematics, but was also put under division Zoomastigophora by Tomas (1997) as a class due to lack of chloroplasts."

蓝藻门 Cyanophyta
鱼腥藻 Anabaena spp.
节球藻 Nodularia sp.
螺旋藻 Spirulina sp.
硅藻门 Bacillariophyta
曲壳藻 Achnanthes sp.
1 带纹曲壳藻 Achnanthes taeniata Grunow 1880
茧形藻 Amphiprora sp.
2 透明星脐藻 Asteromphalus hyalinus Karsten 1905
3 脆杆链藻 Bacteriosira fragilis (Gran) Gran 1900 [=Bacterosira bathyomphala (Cleve) Syvertsen & Hasle 1993]
4 钟形中鼓藻 Bellerochea horologicalis Stosch 1980 [=锤状中鼓藻 Bellerochea malleus (Brightwell) Van Heurck 1885]
5 海洋角管藻 Cerataulina pelagica (Cleve) Hendey 1937 [= Cerataulina bergonii Peragallo 1989]
6 窄隙角毛藻 Chaetoceros affinis Lauder 1864
7 大西洋角毛藻 Chaetoceros atlanticus Cleve 1873
8 北方角毛藻 Chaetoceros borealis Bailey 1854
9 短孢角毛藻 Chaetoceros brevis Schütt 1895
10 曲刺角毛藻 Chaetoceros concavicornis Mangin 1917
11 扭角毛藻 Chaetoceros convolutus Castracane 1886
12 旋链角毛藻 Chaetoceros curvisetus Cleve 1889
13 丹麦角毛藻 Chaetoceros danicus Cleve 1889
14 柔弱角毛藻 Chaetoceros debilis Cleve 1894
15 并基角毛藻 Chaetoceros decipiens Cleve 1873
16 皇冠角毛藻 Chaetoceros diadema (Ehrenberg) Gran 1897 [= C. subsecundus (Grun.) Hustedt ,1930 ]
17 细角毛藻 Chaetoceros filiformis Meunier 1910
18 叉尖角毛藻 Chaetoceros furcellatus Yendo 1911
19 垂缘角毛藻 Chaetoceros laciniosus F.Schütt 1895
20 洛氏角毛藻 Chaetoceros lorenzianus Grunow 1863
21 短刺角毛藻 Chaetoceros messanensis Castracane 1875
22 相似角毛藻 Chaetoceros similis Cleve 1896
23 聚生角毛藻 Chaetoceros socialis Lauder 1864
24 细弱角毛藻 Chaetoceros subtilis Cleve 1896
25 星脐圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus asteromphalus Ehrenberg 1844
26 中心圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus centralis Ehrenberg 1839
27 弓束圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus curvatulus Grunow 1878
28 弓束圆筛藻小型变种 Coscinodiscus curvatulus v. minor (Ehr.) Grunow 1884
29 多束圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus divisus Grunow 1878
30 虹彩圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis Ehrenberg 1839
31 辐射圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus radiatus Ehrenberg 1841
32 细弱圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus subtilis Ehrenberg 1841
33 威氏圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus wailesii Gran et Angst 1931
圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus sp.1
圆筛藻 Coscinodiscus spp.
小环藻 Cyclotella sp.
34 新月筒柱藻 Cylindrotheca closterium (Ehrenberg) Reimann &.Lewin1964 [=Nitzschia closterium (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 1853]
35 丝状短棘藻* Detonula confervacea (Cleve) Gran1900
双壁藻 Diploneis sp.
36 布氏双尾藻 Ditylum brightwellii (West) Grunow 1881
37 翼内茧藻 Entomoneis alata (Ehrenberg) Reimer in Patrick & Reimer 1975 [=翼茧形藻 Amphiprora alata (Ehrenberg) Kützing 1844]
38 格鲁弯角藻* Eucampia groenlandica Cleve 1896
39 短角弯角藻 Eucampia zoodiacus Ehrenberg 1839
40 圆柱拟脆杆藻 Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Grunow) Krieger 1954[= Fragilaria cylindrus Grunow 1883;Nitzschia cylindrus (Grunow) Hasle 1972]
41 海洋拟脆杆藻 Fragilariopsis oceanica (Cleve) Hasle1965 [=Nitzschia grunowii Hasle 1972;Fragilaria oceanica Cleve 1873; Fragilaria arctica Grunow 1880]
拟脆杆藻 Fragilariopsis spp.
42 克罗脆杆藻 Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton 1869
异极藻 Gomphonema sp.
43 簇生布纹藻 Gyrosigma fasciola (Ehrenberg) J.W.Griffith & Henfrey 1856
44 长尾布纹藻 Gyrosigma macrum (W.Smith) J.W.Griffith & Henfrey 1856 [=Gyrosigma macrum (W.Smith) Cleve 1894]
斑条藻 Grammatophora sp.
45 环纹劳德藻 Lauderia annulata Cleve 1873[=Lauderia borealis Gran 1900]
46 丹麦细柱藻 Leptocylindrus danicus Cleve 1889
47 地中海细柱藻 Leptocylindrus mediterraneus (.Peragallo) Hasle 1975[= Dactyliosolen mediterraneus (Peragallo) Peragallo 1892 ]
48 小细柱藻* Leptocylindrus minimus Gran 1915
49 短纹楔形藻 Licmophora abbreviata C.Agardh 1831
楔形藻 Licmophora spp.
50 具槽帕拉藻 Paralia sulcata (Ehrenberg) Cleve 1873[= Melosira sulcata (Ehrenberg) Kützing1844]
51 北极直链藻 Melosira arctica Dickie 1852
52 拟货币直链藻 Melosira nummuloides (Dillw.)Agardh 1824
53 变异直链藻 Melosira varians Agardh 1827
直链藻 Melosira spp.
54 膜状缪氏藻 Meuniera membranacea (Cleve) P.C.Silva in Hasle & Syvertsen 1996 [= Navicula membranacea Cleve 1897; Stauroneis membranacea (Cleve) Hustedt 1959 ]
55 直舟形藻 Navicula directa (W.Smith) Ralfs 1861
56 大洋舟形藻 Navicula pelagica Cleve,1896
57 范氏舟形藻 Navicula vanhoeffenii Gran1897
58 隐头舟形藻威尼托变种 Navicula cryptocephala var. veneta (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1864 [= Navicula veneta Kützing 1844]
59 北方舟形藻 Navicula septentrionalis (Grunow) Gran1905 [ =Navicula quadripedis Cleve-Euler 1952]
60 横展舟形藻截平变种柔弱变型* Navicula transitans var. derasa f. delicatula Heimdal 1970
舟形藻 Navicula spp.
61 西氏新细齿藻 Neodenticula seminae (Simonsen and Kanaya) Akiba and Yanagisawa 1986 [= Denticula seminae Simonsen & Kanaya 1961]
62 针状菱形藻 Nitzschia acicularis (Kützing) W.Smith 1853
63 寒冷菱形藻 Nitzschia frigida Grunow 1880
64 长菱形藻 Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs1861
65 洛氏菱形藻 Nitzschia lorenziana Grunow 1880
菱形藻 Nitzschia spp.
66 长耳齿状藻 Odontella aurita (Lyngbye) C. A. Agardh 1832 [= Biddulphia aurita (Lyngb) Brébisson et Godey1838]
67 颗粒齿状藻 Odontella granulata (Roper) R.Ross [= Biddulphia granulata Roper 1859]
68 中华齿状藻 Odontella sinensis (Greville) Grunow 1884 [= Biddulphia sinensis Greville 1866]
69 柔弱伪菱形藻 Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima (Cleve) Heiden 1928
70 成列伪菱形藻 Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Cleve) Peragallo et Peragallo 1897
71 宽角斜纹藻 Pleurosigma angulatum (Quekett) W. Smith 1853
72 长斜纹藻 Pleurosigma elongatum W. Smith 1852
73 斯塔斜纹藻* Pleurosigma stuxbergii Cleve & Grunow 1880
斜纹藻 Pleurosigma spp.
74 翼鼻状藻 Proboscia alata (Brightwell) Sundström 1986〔=Rhizosolenia alata Brightwell 1858〕
75 比利时缝舟藻 Rhaphoneis belgica Grunow 1881
76 钝棘根管藻 Rhizosolenia hebetata J.W.Bailey 1856
77 钝棘根管藻半刺变型 Rhizosolenia hebetata f. semispina (Hansen) Gran 1905
78 刚毛根管藻 Rhizosolenia setigera Brightwell 1858
79 笔尖根管藻 Rhizosolenia styliformis Brightwell 1858
根管藻 Rhizosolenia sp.
80 中肋骨条藻 Skeletonema costatum (Grev.) Cleve 1878
81 日本冠盖藻 Stephanopyxis nipponica Gran & Yendo 1914
82 肘针杆藻 Synedra ulna (Nitzsch) Ehrenberg 1832
针杆藻 Synedra sp.
83 菱形海线藻 Thalassionema nitzschioides (Grunow) Mereschkowsky 1902
84 伏氏海线藻 Thalassionema frauenfeldii (Grunow) Tempère & Peragallo 1910[= Thalassiothrix frauenfeldii (Grunow) Grunow 1880]
海线藻 Thalassionema sp.
85 长海毛藻 Thalassiothrix longissima Cleve & Grunow 1880
海毛藻 Thalassiothrix sp.
86 南极海链藻 Thalassiosira antarctica Comber 1896
87 鼓胀海链藻 Thalassiosira gravida Cleve 1896
88 透明海链藻 Thalassiosira hyalina (Grun.) Gran 1897
89 诺登海链藻 Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii Cleve 1873
90 细弱海链藻 Thalassiosira subtilis (Ostenf.) Gran. 1900
91 圆海链藻 Thalassiosira rotula Meunier 1910
海链藻 Thalassiosira spp.
甲藻门 Pyrrophyta
92 奥氏亚历山大藻* Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Balech & Tangen 1985
93 塔马亚历山大藻 Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour) Balech 1995 [=Gonyaulax tamarensis Lebour1925]
亚历山大藻 Alexandrium spp.
94 厚前沟藻 Amphidinium crassum Lohmann 1908
95 奇长前沟藻 Amphidinium extensum Wulff 1916
96 纺锤前沟藻* Amphidinium fusiforme Martin
97 楔状前沟藻 Amphidinium sphenoides WüIff 1916
双甲藻 Amphidinium sp.1
双甲藻 Amphidinium spp.
98 三刺艾米藻* Amylax triacantha (Jorgensen) Sournia 1984
[=Gonyaulax triacantha Jörgensen 1899]
99 北极角藻 Ceratium arcticum (Ehrenberg) Cleve 1901
100 线形角藻 Ceratium lineatum (Ehrenberg) Cleve 1899
101 弯顶角藻 Ceratium longipes (Bailey) Gran 1902
角藻 Ceratium sp.
102 美丽旋沟藻* Cochlodinium pulchellum Lebour 1917
旋沟藻 Cochlodinium sp.
103 渐尖鳍藻 Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann 1859
104 北极鳍藻* Dinophysis arctica Mereschkowsky 1879
105 诺维鳍藻* Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann 1859
106 格里膝沟藻* Gonyaulax grindleyi Reinecke 1967[= Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède & Lachmann) Butschli 1885 ]
107 斯氏膝沟藻 Gonyaulax scrippsae Kofoid 1911
108 具刺膝沟藻 Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing 1866[= Peridinium spiniferum Claparède & Lachmann 1859]
膝沟藻 Gonyaulax sp.
109 纺锤环沟藻* Gyrodinium fusiforme Kofoid & Swezy 1921〔= Spirodinium fusus Meunier 1910〕
110 伍氏环沟藻* Gyrodinium wulffii Schiller 1933
111 油脂环沟藻* Gyrodinium pingue (Schütt) Kofoid & Swezy 1921
112 紫红环沟藻* Gyrodinium prunus (Wulff) Lebour 1925
环沟藻 Gyrodinium spp.
113 北极裸甲藻* Gymnodinium arcticum Wulff 1919
114 简单裸甲藻 Gymnodinium simplex (Lohmann) Kofoid & Swezy 1921
115 伍氏裸甲藻* Gymnodinium wulffii Schiller 1933
裸甲藻 Gymnodinium spp.
116 威尼凯伦藻* Karlodinium veneficum (Ballantine).Larsen 2000 [Gymnodinium micrum (Leadbeater & Dodge) Loeblich III 1970]
117 多边舌甲藻 Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge 1989 [=Gonyaulax polyedra Stein1883]
118 链状似多甲藻* Peridiniella catenata (Levander) Balech 1977[=Peridinium catenatum Levander 1894 ; Gonyaulax catenata (Levander) Kofoid 1911]
119 圆形秃顶藻* Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & Michener 1911 [=Prodinophysis rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Balech 1944]
120 无色原多甲藻 Protoperidinium achromaticum [=Peridinium achromaticum]
121 双脚原多甲藻 Protoperidinium bipes (Paulsen) Balech 1974 [=Peridinium minisculum Pavillard 1905 = Miniscula bipes Lebour 1925]
122 短足原多甲藻 Protoperidinium brevipes (Paulsen) Balech 1974 [= Peridinium brevipes Paulsen 1908 ]
123 樱桃原多甲藻* Protoperidinium cerasus (Paulsen) Balech 1973 [=Peridinium cerasus Paulsen 1907]
124 曲足原多甲藻* Protoperidinium curvipes (Ostenfeld) Balech 1974[ =Peridinium curvipes Ostenfeld 1906]
125 扁平原多甲藻 Protoperidinium depressum (Bailey) Balech 1974 [ = Peridinium depressum Bailey 1854 ]
126 叉分原多甲藻 Protoperidinium divergens (Ehrenberg) Balech 1974 [ = Peridinium divergens Ehrenberg 1840 ]
127 格氏原多甲藻 Protoperidinium granii (Ostenfeld) Balech 1974 [ = Peridinium granii Ostenfeld 1906 ]
128 海洋原多甲藻 Protoperidinium oceanicum (VanHöffen) Balech 1974 [=Peridinium oceanicum VanHöffen 1897; Protoperidinium murrayi (Kofoid) Hernández-Becerril 1991]
129 光甲原多甲藻 Protoperidinium pallidum (Ostenfeld) Balech 1973[= Peridinium pallidum Ostenfeld 1899]
130 灰甲原多甲藻 Protoperidinium pellucidum Bergh ex Loeblich Jr.& Loeblich III 1881 [= Peridinium pellucidum (Bergh) Schütt 1895 ]
131 五角原多甲藻 Protoperidinium pentagonum (Gran) Balech 1974[=Peridinium pentagonum Gran 1902]
132 梨形原多甲藻 Protoperidinium pyriforme (Paulsen) Balech 1974 [= Peridinium pyriforme Paulsen 1907]
原多甲藻 Protoperidinium spp.
133 锥状施克里普藻 Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Balech ex Loeblich III 1965[= Peridinium trochoideum (Stein) Lemmermann 1910 ]
134 有尾尖甲藻* Oxytoxum caudatum Schiller 1937
135 缩球尖甲藻* Oxytoxum constrictum (Stein) Bütschli 1885
136 侧头尖甲藻* Oxytoxum laticeps Schiller 1937
137 长形尖甲藻* Oxytoxum longum Schiller 1937
尖甲藻 Oxytoxum spp.
138 帕斯网甲藻 (沃氏藻)* Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) von Stosch 1973 [=Glenodinium pascheri Suchlandt 1916;Gymnodinium pascheri (Suchlandt) Schiller 1954;G. inversum Nygaard 1949;G. veris E.Lindemann 1925;Woloszynskia polonica (Woloszynska) Thompson 1951;W. hiemale (Woloszynska) Thompson 1951]
金藻门 Chrysophyta
139 六异刺硅鞭藻 Distephanus speculum (Ehrenberg) Haeckel 1887[=Dictyocha speculum Ehrenberg 1839 ]
针胞藻门 Rhaphidophyta
140 赤潮异弯藻 Heterosigma akashiwo (Hada) Hada ex Hara & Chihara 1987[= Entomosigma akashiwo Hada 1967]
隐藻门 Cryptophyta
141 卵形隐藻 Cryptomonas ovata Ehrenberg 1832
半片藻 Hemiselmis sp.
142 梭形隐鞭藻 Hillea fusiformis (Schiller) Schiller 1925 [=Chlamydomonas fusiformis Schiller 1913]
143 海洋白隐藻* Leucocryptos marina (Braarud) Butcher 1967 [=Bodo marina Braarud 1935;Chilomonas marina (Braarud) Halldal 1953]
裸藻门 Euglenophyta
144 近轴裸藻 Euglena proxima Dangeard 1901
145 球状双鞭藻* Eutreptia globulifera Van Goor 1925
146 兰氏双鞭藻* Eutreptia lanowii Steuer 1904
147 布氏异双鞭藻* Eutreptiella braarudii Throndsen 1969
148 运动异双鞭藻 Eutreptiella gymnastica Throndsen 1969
149 海洋异双鞭藻 Eutreptiella marina da Cunha 1914
异双鞭藻 Eutreptiella spp.
领鞭毛藻纲** Choanoflagellidea
150 海生单领藻* Monosiga marina Grøntved 1952
艾鞭藻纲** Ebriidea
151 三裂醉藻 Ebria tripartita (J.Schumann) Lemmermann 1899 [= Dictyocha tripartita J.Schumann 1867]
动质体纲** Kinetoplastidea
152 细弱特洛藻* Telonema subtile Greissmann 1913
1 Apollonio S (1985) Arctic marine phototrophic systems: functions of sea ice stabilization.Arctic, 38, 167-173.
2 Babin SM, Carton JA, Dickey TD, Wiggert JD (2004) Satellite evidence of hurricane-induced phytoplankton blooms in an oceanic desert.Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C03043. doi: 10.1029/2003JC001938.
3 Booth BC, Horner RA (1997) Microalgae on the Arctic Ocean Section, 1994: species abundance and biomass. Deep-Sea Research II,Tropical Studies in Oceanography, 44, 1607-1622.
4 Bursa A (1963) Phytoplankton in coastal waters of the Arctic Ocean at Point Barrow, Alaska.Arctic, 16, 239-262.
5 Chen LQ (陈立奇), Gao ZY (高众勇), Zhan LY (詹力扬), Xu SQ (许苏清), Wang JJ (汪建君), Zhang YH (张远辉), He JH (何建华) (2013) Rapid change in Arctic and Antarctic Oceans and their feedbacks to global climate change.Journal of Applied Oceanography(应用海洋学学报), 32, 138-144. (in Chinese with English abstract)
6 Coupel P, Jin HY, Ruiz-Pino D, Chen JF, Lee SH, Li HL, Rafizadeh M, Garcon V, Gascard JC (2011) Phytoplankton distribution in the Western Arctic Ocean during a summer of exceptional ice retreat.Biogeosciences Discussions, 8, 6919-6970.
7 Coupel P, Jin HY, Joo M, Horner R, Bouvet HA, Garcon V, Sicre MA, Gascard JC, Chen JF, Ruiz-Pino D (2012) Phytoplankton distribution in unusually low sea ice cover over the Pacific Arctic.Biogeosciences Discussions, 9, 2055-2093.
8 Gradinger RR, Baumann MEM (1991) Distribution of phytoplankton communities in relation to the large-scale hydrographical regime in the Fram Strait.Marine Biology, 111, 311-321.
9 Horner RA (1984) Do the ice algae produce the spring phytoplankton bloom in seasonally ice-covered waters? In: Proceedings of the 7th Diatom Symposium 1982, Koeltz. Koenigstein, pp. 401-409.
10 Horner RA (1996) Ice algae investigations: historical perspective.Proceedings of the NIPR Symposiam on Polar Biology, 9, 1-12.
11 Hsiao SIC (1980) Quantitative composition, distribution, community structure and standing stock of sea ice microalgae in the Canadian Arctic.Arctic, 33, 768-793.
12 Joo HM, Lee SH, Jung SW, Dahms HU, Lee JH (2012) Latitudinal variation of phytoplankton communities in the Western Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part II, Tropical Studies in Oceanography, 81-84, 3-17.
13 Katsuki K, Takahashi K, Onodera J, Jordan RW, Suto I (2009) Living diatoms in the vicinity of the North Pole, summer 2004.Micropaleontology, 55, 137-170.
14 Li HL (李宏亮), Chen JF (陈建芳), Gao SQ (高生泉), Lu Y (卢勇) , Jin HY (金海燕) ,Wang K (王奎), Bai YC (白有成), Zhang HS (张海生) (2011) Nutrients variation of the Pacific inflow in the western Arctic Ocean.Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报),33(2), 85-95. (in Chinese with English abstract)
15 Lin GM, Yang QL, Tang SM (2009) Relationship between phytoplankton distribution and environmental factors in the Chukchi Sea.Marine Science Bulletin, 11(2), 55-63.
16 Marumo R (1956) Diatom communities in Bering Sea and its neighboring waters in the summer of 1954.Oceanography Magazine, 8, 69-73.
17 Melnikov IA (1997) The Arctic Sea Ice Ecosystem, pp. 67-90. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
18 Michel C, Legendre L, Therriault JC, Demers S, Vandevelde T (1993) Springtime coupling between ice algal and phytoplankton assemblages in southeastern Hudson Bay.Canadian Arctic Polar Biology, 13, 441-449.
19 Okolodkov YB (1992) Cryopelagic flora of the Chukchi, East Siberian and Laptev Seas.Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology, 5, 28-43.
20 Okolodkov YB (1998) A checklist of dinoflagellates recorded from the Russian Arctic Seas.Sarsia, 83, 267-292.
21 Okolodkov YB (1999) Species range types of recent marine dinoflagellates recorded from the Arctic.Grana, 38, 162-169.
22 Perrette M, Yool A, Quartly GD, Popova EE (2011) Nearubiquity of ice-edge blooms in the Arctic.Biogeosciences, 8, 515-524.
23 Schandelmeir L, Alexander V (1981) An analysis of the influence of ice on spring phytoplankton population structure in the southeast Bering Sea.Limnology and Oceanography, 26, 935-943.
24 Simonsen R, Kanaya T (1961) Notes on the marine species of the diatom genus Denticula Kütz.International Review of Hydrobiology, 46, 498-513.
25 Sukhanova IN, Flint MV, Pautova LA, Stockwell DA, Grebmeier JM, Sergeeva VM (2009) Phytoplankton of the western Arctic in the spring and summer of 2002: structure and seasonal changes. Deep-Sea Research Part II, Tropical Studies in Oceanography, 56, 1223-1236.
26 Syvertsen EE (1991) Ice algae in the Barents Sea: types of assemblages, origin, fate and role in the iceedge phytoplankton bloom. In: Proceedings of the PRO MARE Symposium on Polar Marine Ecology (eds Sakshaug E, Hopkins CCE, Oritsland NA), Trondheim, 12-16 May 1990. Polar Research, 10, 277-287.
27 Tomas CR (1997) Identifying Marine Phytoplankton, p. 833. Academic Press, San Diego.
28 Wang J, Cota GF, Comiso JC (2005) Phytoplankton in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas: distribution, dynamics, and environmental forcing.Deep-Sea Research Part II, Tropical Studies in Oceanography, 52, 3355-3368.
29 Werner D (1977) The Biology of Diatoms (Botanical Monographs), pp. 1-498. University of California Press, California.
30 Yang QL (杨清良), Lin GM (林更铭), Lin M (林茂), Lin JH (林景宏), Dai YY (戴燕玉) (2002) Species composition and distribution of phytoplankton in Chukchi Sea and Bering Sea.Chinese Journal of Polar Research(极地研究), 14, 113-125. (in Chinese with English abstract)
31 Yang QL (杨清良), Lin GM (林更铭) (2006) A multivariate analysis of net phytoplankton assemblages in the Chukchi Sea and Bering Sea.Journal of Plant Ecology(植物生态学报), 30, 763-770. (in Chinese with English abstract)
32 Yu XG (余兴光) (2011) Report of the Fourth Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition (中国第四次北极科学考察报告), p. 253. China Ocean Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
33 Zhao JP (赵进平), Zhu DY (朱大勇), Shi JX (史久新) (2003) Seasonal variations in sea ice and its main driving factors in the Chukchi Sea.Advances in Marine Science(海洋科学进展), 21, 123-131. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] Dan Liu,Zhongling Guo,Xiaoyang Cui,Chunnan Fan. (2020) Comparison of five associations of Taxus cuspidata and their species diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 340-349.
[2] Zhenyuan Liu,Xingliang Meng,Zhengfei Li,Junqian Zhang,Jing Xu,Senlu Yin,Zhicai Xie. (2020) Diversity assessment and protection strategies for the mollusk community in the southern Dongting Lake . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 155-165.
[3] Xia Li,Wanze Zhu,Shouqin Sun,Shumiao Shu,Zheliang Sheng,Jun Zhang,Ting Liu,Zhicai Zhang. (2020) Influence of habitat on the distribution pattern and diversity of plant community in dry and warm valleys of the middle reaches of the Dadu River, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 117-127.
[4] Minxia Liu,Quandi Li,Xiaoxuan Jiang,Sujuan Xia,Xiaoning Nan,Yaya Zhang,Bowen Li. (2020) Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 107-116.
[5] DING Wei,WANG Yu-Bing,XIANG Guan-Hai,CHI Yong-Gang,LU Shun-Bao,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects of Caragana microphylla encroachment on community structure and ecosystem function of a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 33-43.
[6] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[7] WANG Yu-Bing,SUN Yi-Han,DING Wei,ZHANG En-Tao,LI Wen-Huai,CHI Yong-Gang,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects and pathways of long-term nitrogen addition on plant diversity and primary productivity in a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 22-32.
[8] HU Wan,ZHANG Zhi-Yong,CHEN Lu-Dan,PENG Yan-Song,WANG Xu. (2020) Changes in potential geographical distribution of Tsoongiodendron odorum since the Last Glacial Maximum . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 44-55.
[9] ZHANG Xue-Jiao, GAO Xian-Ming, JI Cheng-Jun, KANG Mu-Yi, WANG Ren-Qing, YUE Ming, ZHANG Feng, TANG Zhi-Yao. (2019) Response of abundance distribution of five species of Quercus to climate change in northern China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 774-782.
[10] FANG Wen-Jing,CAI Qiong,ZHU Jiang-Ling,JI Cheng-Jun,YUE Ming,GUO Wei-Hua,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,TANG Zhi-Yao,FANG Jing-Yun. (2019) Distribution, community structures and species diversity of larch forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 742-752.
[11] Zihong Chen,Yuanbing Wang,Yongdong Dai,Kai Chen,Ling Xu,Qingcheng He. (2019) Species diversity and seasonal fluctuation of entomogenous fungi of Ascomycota in Taibaoshan Forest Park in western Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 993-1001.
[12] Yanjiang Liu,Xueyang Li,Xuchang Liang,Yanlin Liu,Chen Cheng,Juan Li,Piaopiao Tang,Huiyuan Qi,Xiaoxing Bian,Bing He,Rui Xing,Sheng Li,Xiaogang Shi,Chuangming Yang,Yadong Xue,Xinming Lian,Awangjiumei ,Xierannima ,Dazhao Song,Lingyun Xiao,Zhi Lü. (2019) Where and How many? The status of snow leopard (Panthera uncia) density surveys and knowledge gaps in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 919-931.
[13] Yibo Tan,Wenhui Shen,Zi Fu,Wei Zheng,Zhiyang Ou,Zhangqiang Tan,Yuhua Peng,Shilong Pang,Qinfei He,Xiaorong Huang,Feng He. (2019) Effect of environmental factors on understory species diversity in Southwest Guangxi Excentrodendron tonkinense forests . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 970-983.
[14] TANG Li-Li,ZHANG Mei,ZHAO Xiang-Lin,KANG Mu-Yi,LIU Hong-Yan,GAO Xian-Ming,YANG Tong,ZHENG Pu-Fan,SHI Fu-Chen. (2019) Species distribution and community assembly rules of Juglans mandshurica in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 753-761.
[15] WU Pan,PENG Xi-Qiang,YANG Shu-Ren,GAO Ya-Nan,BAI Feng-Hua,YI Shi-Jie,DU Ning,GUO Wei-Hua. (2019) Spatial distribution patterns and correlation of Tamarix chinensis population in coastal wetlands of Shandong, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 817-824.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed