Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 385-391.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13148

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Bat species diversity and conservation in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst

Tianyou Yang1, 2, Xiufa Hou2, Yingxiang Wang3, Jiang Zhou2, *()   

  1. 1. Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Tongren University, Tongren, Guizhou 554300
    2. School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001
    3. Kunming Institute of Zoology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
  • Received:2013-11-25 Accepted:2014-05-08 Online:2014-06-04
  • Zhou Jiang

During field surveys between October, 2010 and October, 2011, we investigated bat species diversity in 69 caves in 6 townships in the Libo World Natural Heritage Site located in the South China Karst region. We also investigated bat specimens from the zoological museum of the School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, and reviewed pertinent literature as well. We uncovered 7 families encompassing 24 bat species in the area, including 2 new records of species for Guizhou Province, i.e., Myotis blythii and Hipposideros pomona, and 11 species first documented in Libo. Unfortunately, many caves have been exploited for tourism, thereby posing a great threat to the survival of cave-dwelling bats. We propose some special strategies that could be taken to protect the bats roosting in these caves.

Key words: Chiroptera, species diversity, Libo, World Natural Heritage Site, South China Karst

Fig. 1

The 37 bats roosting caves in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst"

Table 1

The checklist of bat species occurred in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst"

观察数量Number observed 标本采集
Specimen captured
Specimen examined
Rousettus leschenaultii
- - Wb LC
Megaderma lyra
43 6, 31 Wc VU
Rhinolophus pusillus
3 12 Sc NT
皮氏菊头蝠 R. pearsonii 5 18, 19 Wd LC
中华菊头蝠 R. sinicus 25 14, 21, 24, 27, 28 Wd NT
托氏菊头蝠 R. thomasi 5 12 Wb VU
R. yunanensis
19 8, 16, 17, 20,
21, 22, 32
贵州菊头蝠 R. rex - - Ya EN
Hipposideros armiger
456 3, 5, 9, 10, 12, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 36, 37 Wd LC
中蹄蝠 H. larvatus 1,054 1, 2, 23, 30, 34, 35 Wb VU
果树蹄蝠 H. pomona 52 11, 33 Wc NT
普氏蹄蝠 H. pratti - - Wd NT
Aselliscus stoliczkanus
219 1, 2, 7, 15, 19 Sc NT
蝙蝠科Vespertilionidae 南蝠 Ia io 1 2 Si NT
Myotis altarium
- - Si NT
狭耳鼠耳蝠 M. blythii 25 13, 30 Ow VU
中华鼠耳蝠 M. chinensis 3 2, 26 Sc VU
华南水鼠耳蝠 M. laniger 5 34, 36 Sc LC
Pipistrellus pipistrellus
- - Ow LC
P. coromandra
- - Wc NT
东亚伏翼 P. abramus 1 - Ea LC
Murina shuipuensis
- - Ya -
艾氏管鼻蝠 M. eleryi - - Ya -
犬吻蝠科Molossidae 皱唇蝠
Chaerephon plicata
>10万 4 Wc VU
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