Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 385-391.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13148

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Bat species diversity and conservation in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst

Tianyou Yang1, 2, Xiufa Hou2, Yingxiang Wang3, Jiang Zhou2, *()   

  1. 1. Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Tongren University, Tongren, Guizhou 554300
    2. School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001
    3. Kunming Institute of Zoology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
  • Received:2013-11-25 Accepted:2014-05-08 Online:2014-06-04
  • Zhou Jiang E-mail:prattihip2006@vip.sohu.com

During field surveys between October, 2010 and October, 2011, we investigated bat species diversity in 69 caves in 6 townships in the Libo World Natural Heritage Site located in the South China Karst region. We also investigated bat specimens from the zoological museum of the School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, and reviewed pertinent literature as well. We uncovered 7 families encompassing 24 bat species in the area, including 2 new records of species for Guizhou Province, i.e., Myotis blythii and Hipposideros pomona, and 11 species first documented in Libo. Unfortunately, many caves have been exploited for tourism, thereby posing a great threat to the survival of cave-dwelling bats. We propose some special strategies that could be taken to protect the bats roosting in these caves.

Key words: Chiroptera, species diversity, Libo, World Natural Heritage Site, South China Karst

Fig. 1

The 37 bats roosting caves in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst"

Table 1

The checklist of bat species occurred in Libo World Natural Heritage Site of South China Karst"

科别
Family
种名
Species
观察数量Number observed 标本采集
Specimen captured
标本记录*
Specimen examined
文献记录
Literature
record
分布洞穴***
Cave
distributed
分布型
Distribution
pattern
濒危等级**
Endangered
category
狐蝠科
Pteropodidae
棕果蝠
Rousettus leschenaultii
- - Wb LC
假吸血蝠科
Megadermatidae
印度假吸血蝠
Megaderma lyra
43 6, 31 Wc VU
菊头蝠科
Rhinolophidae
菲菊头蝠
Rhinolophus pusillus
3 12 Sc NT
皮氏菊头蝠 R. pearsonii 5 18, 19 Wd LC
中华菊头蝠 R. sinicus 25 14, 21, 24, 27, 28 Wd NT
托氏菊头蝠 R. thomasi 5 12 Wb VU
云南菊头蝠
R. yunanensis
19 8, 16, 17, 20,
21, 22, 32
Hc EN
贵州菊头蝠 R. rex - - Ya EN
蹄蝠科
Hipposideridae
大蹄蝠
Hipposideros armiger
456 3, 5, 9, 10, 12, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 36, 37 Wd LC
中蹄蝠 H. larvatus 1,054 1, 2, 23, 30, 34, 35 Wb VU
果树蹄蝠 H. pomona 52 11, 33 Wc NT
普氏蹄蝠 H. pratti - - Wd NT
三叶蹄蝠
Aselliscus stoliczkanus
219 1, 2, 7, 15, 19 Sc NT
蝙蝠科Vespertilionidae 南蝠 Ia io 1 2 Si NT
西南鼠耳蝠
Myotis altarium
- - Si NT
狭耳鼠耳蝠 M. blythii 25 13, 30 Ow VU
中华鼠耳蝠 M. chinensis 3 2, 26 Sc VU
华南水鼠耳蝠 M. laniger 5 34, 36 Sc LC
普通伏翼
Pipistrellus pipistrellus
- - Ow LC
印度伏翼
P. coromandra
- - Wc NT
东亚伏翼 P. abramus 1 - Ea LC
水普管鼻蝠
Murina shuipuensis
- - Ya -
艾氏管鼻蝠 M. eleryi - - Ya -
犬吻蝠科Molossidae 皱唇蝠
Chaerephon plicata
>10万 4 Wc VU
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