Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 132-135.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.04139

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Using guided commercialized cultivation models to promote species conservation and sustainable utilization: an example from the Chinese medicinal orchids

Hong Liu1, 2, 3, Yibo Luo4, 5, Zhongjian Liu5, 6, 7, *()   

  1. 1 Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University, Miami 33199,USA
    2 State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources (Guangxi University), Nanning 530004, China
    3 Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Miami 33156, USA
    4 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    5 Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Orchid Conservation and Utilization, The Orchid Conservation & Research Center of Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518114, China
    6 The Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
    7 College of Forestry, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510640, China;
  • Received:2012-07-06 Accepted:2012-12-07 Online:2013-02-04
  • Liu Zhongjian

Achieving the balance between economic development and biodiversity conservation has become increasingly difficult. Here we propose a conservation model for medicinal orchids using Dendrobium catenatum as an example. Specifically we suggest establishment of production and advance processing facilities in the developed regions, and using organization systems involving companies working with forestry farms, and forestry farms in turn working with farmers who cultivate the orchids. In addition, we promoted cultivation of these orchids in natural environments in the Karst and Danxia economically poor regions, for the purpose of restoration and/or augmentation of wild populations while promoting sustainable harvest of their populations. Such profit generating species restoration will increase incentives for habitat protection. This conservation model for an endangered species is different from those developed in the West, but is better suited to the situation in China.

Key words: Orchidaceae, Dendrobium catenatum, orchid conservation, biodiversity protection, sustainable development

Fig. 1

A development model for the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal orchids"

Appendix I

Streamline system on cultivation, processing and marketing"

Appendix II

Cultivation in natural environment in the Karst region promoting ecological protection"

Appendix III

Vertical cultivation on a Danxia cliff"

1 Cribb PJ, Kell SP, Dixon KW, Barrett RL (2003) Orchid conservation: a global perspective. In: Orchid Conservation (eds Dixon KW, Kell SP, Barrett RL, Cribb PJ), pp. 1-24. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.
2 Ferraro G, Brans M (2012) Trade-offs between environmental protection and economic development in China’s fisheries policy: a political analysis on the adoption and implementa-tion of the Fisheries Law 2000.Natural Resources Forum, 36, 38-49.
3 Liu ZJ (刘仲健), Zhang YT (张玉婷), Wang Y (王玉), Huang QH (黄启华), Chen SC (陈心启), Chen LJ (陈利君) (2011) Recent developments in the study of rapid propagation of Dendrobium catenatum Lindl. with a discussion on its scientific and Chinese names.Plant Science Journal(植物科学学报), 29, 763-772. (in Chinese with English abstract)
4 McShane TO, Hirsch PD, Trung TC, Songorwa AN, Kinzig A, Monteferri B, Mutekanga D, van Thang H, Dammert JL, Pulgar-Vidal M, Welch-Devine M, Brosius JP, Coppolillo P, O’Connor S (2011) Hard choices: making trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and human well-being.Biological Conservation, 144, 966-972.
[1] FAN Zi-Teng, WU Yu-Ling, WANG Xin-Ju, LI Tai-Qiang, GAO Jiang-Yun. (2019) Effects of symbiotic fungi on seed germination of interspecific hybrid progenies in Orchidaceae . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(4): 374-382.
[2] Wenjing Liu, Jing Xu, Yijia Geng, Yu Tian, Senlu Yin. (2018) Progress in negotiations on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and suggestions for Chinese government . Biodiv Sci, 26(12): 1358-1364.
[3] Yonghong Hu, Shuting Yang, Jun Yang, Gilles Vincent, Xiaoya Chen. (2017) Botanical gardens support urban sustainable development: a case study from the Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden . Biodiv Sci, 25(9): 951-958.
[4] Yi Wu,Liang Song,Qiang Liu,Mingxu Zhao,Huazheng Lu,Yunhong Tan,Wenyao Liu. (2016) Diversity and floristic characteristics of vascular epiphytes in the tropical forest of Xishuangbanna . Biodiv Sci, 24(3): 271-279.
[5] Weichang Huang,Xiangyu Zhou,Ziyi Ni,Li Shao. (2015) An assessment of the extinction risk of Calanthe from China based on specimens and field observations . Biodiv Sci, 23(4): 493-498.
[6] SHENG Chun-Ling, LEE Yung-I, and GAO Jiang-Yun. (2012) Ex situ symbiotic seed germination, isolation and identification of effective symbiotic fungus in Cymbidium mannii (Orchidaceae) . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 36(8): 859-869.
[7] Zongxin Ren, Hong Wang, Yibo Luo. (2012) Deceptive pollination of orchids . Biodiv Sci, 20(3): 270-279.
[8] Jianfeng Cheng, Yungang Shen. (2011) On the Trends of Photosynthesis Research . Chin Bull Bot, 46(6): 694-704.
[9] CHEN Ling-Ling and GAO Jiang-Yun. (2011) Reproductive ecology of Bulbophyllum ambrosia (Orchidaceae) . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 35(11): 1202-1208.
[10] Xiang Zhou, Jiangyun Gao. (2011) Reintroduction of rare and endangered plants: theories and practices . Biodiv Sci, 19(1): 97-105.
[11] Peng Li, Yibo Luo. (2009) Reproductive biology of an endemic orchid Cypripedium smithii in China and reproductive isolation between C. smithii and C. tibeticum . Biodiv Sci, 17(4): 406-413.
[12] ZHU Gen-Fa GUO Zhen-Fei. (2004) Progress on Molecular Biology of Main Ornamental Orchidaceae . Chin Bull Bot, 21(04): 471-477.
[13] LUO Yi-Bo, JIA Jian-Sheng, WANG Chun-Ling. (2003) Conservation strategy and potential advantages of the Chinese Paphiopedilum . Biodiv Sci, 11(6): 491-498.
[14] WANG Jing, FENG Zhao-Zhong. (2000) The status of animal and plant resources and the strategies for sustainable development in Gansu . Biodiv Sci, 08(2): 227-232.
[15] XIA Han-Ping, AO Hui-Xiu. (1998) Wild vetiver grass distributed in China and its protection and taxonomic problems . Biodiv Sci, 06(4): 292-297.
Full text