Biodiv Sci ›› 0, Vol. ›› Issue (): 0-0.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019352

   

Evaluation on nature reserve management effectiveness of mitigation and adaptation on climate change in Guangxi

Bin Feng1,2, Diqiang Li1,2*, Yuguang Zhang1,2, Yadong Xue1,2   

  1. 1 Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091

    2 Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Conservation, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100091


  • Received:2019-11-06 Revised:2020-03-31 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28
  • Contact: Diqiang Li

Abstract: Nature reserve establishment is vital to biodiversity conservation and can play a key role in mitigating and adapting to climate change. The pressure for increased biodiversity conservation is also increasing due to climate change, but effective management must consider climate change impacts when managing nature reserves. Nature reserves require adaptive management techniques to cope with climate change threats, but to date, there are no management evaluation tools for the mitigation and adaptation of climate change globally. In the past half century, Guangxi temperatures have risen continuously and extreme weather events have increased in frequency, seriously impacting Guangxi biological habitats. This paper suggests the Management Effectiveness Assessment Tool of Mitigation and Adaptation on Climate Change (MEATMACC), based on the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT), to use as a management framework to mitigate and adapt to climate change in nature reserves. This paper also evaluated and analyzed 12 nature reserves in Guangxi by using both evaluation tools. National nature reserves scored 28.98% and 43.91% higher (METT and MEATMACC) than non-national nature reserves respectively. MEATMACC scores were significantly different between national and non-national nature reserves but no significant differences in METT scores. Additionally, the scoring rate of METT and MEATMACC is linearly correlated without significant differences. There is highly significant difference in 3 elements’ scoring rate that context, planning and outcomes between METT and MEATMACC. The results show that policy and technical support for climate change mitigation and adaptation in nature reserve still needs to be strengthened.

Key words: nature reserve, Guangxi, climate change, management effectiveness evaluation

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