Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 244-252.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019323

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Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity

Haiou Liu1, 2, Fengchun Zhang2, Fuwei Zhao3, Leshan Du2, Dayuan Xue1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    2 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environment and Ecology, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2019-10-16 Accepted:2019-12-19 Online:2020-02-27
  • Dayuan Xue E-mail:xuedayuan@hotmail.com

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the only financial mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity, providing financial support to developing countries and countries with economies in transition in accordance with the requirements of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the policy orientation of the GEF. From the pilot period to the current seventh replenishment of the GEF (GEF-7), the Strategic Objectives in the focal area of biodiversity in each replenishment period have also undergone several changes. References exist for us to carry out related work in the future to study the changes of biodiversity sensitive issues involved in the Strategic Objectives of the financial mechanism. This paper catalogues sensitive issues involved in the Strategic Objectives of the biodiversity Focal Area in each replenishment period of the GEF, analyzes the changes of each issue in the amount and content of funds in each GEF period, and compares and analyzes the current situation in China. Furthermore, we propose recommendations, including strengthening the consideration of the representativeness of ecosystems in protected areas, enhancing the sustainability of protected areas, comprehensively promoting the mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation, etc., with a view to providing reference for the implementation for the Convention on Biological Diversity, biodiversity management and related research works.

Key words: Convention on Biological Diversity, Global Environment Facility, biodiversity sensitive issues

Fig. 1

Investment in biodiversity and other focal areas from pilot phase to GEF-7 of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Data source: GEF replenishment documents and projects data in the GEF website."

Fig. 2

Global Environment Facility (GEF) investment amount in all focal areas from GEF-5 to GEF-7. Data source: GEF replenishment documents and projects data in the GEF website."

Table 1

Hot issues involved in the biodiversity focal area in each replenishment period of the Global Environment Facility"

增资期
Replenishment period
各增资期战略目标
Strategic objectives
战略目标中所涉及的热点问题
Hot issues involved in the strategic objectives
试点期
Pilot phase
1. 生物多样性保护
Biodiversity conservation
2. 生物多样性可持续利用
Sustainable use of biodiversity
1. 生物多样性保护
Biodiversity conservation
2. 生物多样性可持续利用
Sustainable use of biodiversity
第1增资期
GEF-1
1. 编制国家生物多样性战略与行动计划
Development of national biodiversity strategy and action plan (NBSAPs)
2. 构建生物多样性信息交换机制
Establishment of biodiversity clearing house mechanism (CHM)
1. 编制国家生物多样性战略与行动计划
Development of NBSAPs

2. 建立信息交换机制
Establishment of biodiversity CHM
第2增资期
GEF-2
1. 评估生物多样性相关能力建设需求
Assessment of capacity-building needs for biodiversity

2. 构建生物多样性信息交换机制
Establishment of biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism
1. 评估生物多样性相关能力建设需求
Assessment of capacity-building needs for biodiversity
2. 建立生物多样性信息交换机制
Establishment of biodiversity CHM
第3增资期
GEF-3
1. 提高保护地体系可持续性
Catalyzing sustainability of protected area systems
2. 将生物多样性在生产性的陆地景观和部门中主流化
Mainstreaming biodiversity in production landscapes and sectors
3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》的能力建设
Capacity building for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
4. 应对当前和新出现生物多样性问题的良好做法的形成、推广和采纳
Generation, dissemination and uptake of good practices for addressing current and emerging biodiversity issues
1. 保护地保护和管理
Protected areas (PAs) protection and management
2. 生物多样性主流化
Biodiversity mainstreaming
3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》
Implementation of Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

4. 推广应对新问题的良好做法

Dissemination of good practices for addressing new issues
第4增资期
GEF-4
1. 提高国家层面保护地体系可持续性
Catalyzing sustainability of protected area systems at national levels
2. 将生物多样性保护在生产性的陆地景观和部门中主流化
Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation within production landscapes and sectors
3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》的能力建设
Capacity building for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
4. 应对生物多样性新问题的成功做法的形成、推广和吸收
Generation, dissemination, and uptake of good practices for emerging issues in biodiversity
1. 保护地保护和管理
Protected areas protection and management
2. 生物多样性主流化
Biodiversity mainstreaming

3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》
Implementation of Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

4. 推广应对新问题的良好做法
Dissemination of good practices for addressing new issues
第5增资期
GEF-5
1. 改善保护地体系的可持续性
Improve the sustainability of protected area systems
2. 将生物多样性保护和可持续利用在生产性的陆地和海洋景观及部门中主流化
Mainstream biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into production landscapes/ seascapes and sectors
3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》能力建设
Build capacity to implement the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
4. 提高遗传资源获取与惠益分享的能力
Build capacity on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing
5. 通过提高基础能力的活动将《生物多样性公约》义务纳入国家规划进程
Integrate CBD obligations into national planning processes through enabling activities
1. 保护地保护和管理
Protected areas protection and management
2. 生物多样性主流化
Biodiversity mainstreaming
3. 履行《卡塔赫纳生物安全议定书》
Implementation of Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
4. 遗传资源获取与惠益分享
Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing
5. 将《生物多样性公约》义务纳入国家规划
Integrating CBD obligations into national planning
第6增资期
GEF-6
1. 改善保护地体系的可持续性
Improve sustainability of protected area systems
2. 减少对具有全球重要生物多样性的威胁
Reduce threats to globally significant biodiversity
3. 生物多样性可持续利用
Sustainably use of biodiversity
4. 将生物多样性保护和可持续利用在生产性的陆地和海洋景观及部门中主流化
Mainstream biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into production landscapes/seascapes and sectors
1. 保护地保护和管理
Protected areas protection and management
2. 减少生物多样性威胁
Reducing threats to biodiversity
3. 生物多样性可持续利用
Sustainably use of biodiversity
4. 生物多样性主流化
Biodiversity mainstreaming
第7增资期
GEF-7
1. 生物多样性在跨部门及陆地和海洋景观中主流化
Mainstream biodiversity across sectors as well as landscapes and seascapes;
2. 应对直接驱动因素以保护栖息地和物种
Address direct drivers to protect habitats and species
3. 进一步制定生物多样性政策和体制框架
Further develop biodiversity policy and institutional frameworks
1. 生物多样性主流化
Biodiversity mainstreaming
2. 栖息地和物种保护
Protection of habitats and species
3. 进一步制定生物多样性政策和体制框架
Further developing policy and institutional frameworks.
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