Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 813-818.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019131

• Bioinventory • Previous Article    

Camera-trapping survey on mammals and birds in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China

Zhang Mingming1, 2, Yang Zhaohui1, Wang Cheng1, Wang Jiaojiao1, Hu Canshi1, 2, Lei Xiaoping3, Shi Lei3, Su Haijun1, 2, *(), Li Jiaqi4, *()   

  1. 1 College of Forestry, Research Center for Biodiversity and Nature Conservation of Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
    2 Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Germplasm Innovation in Mountainous Region (Ministry of Education), Guiyang 550025
    3 Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve Administration Bureau, Jiangkou, Guizhou 554400
    4 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2019-04-15 Accepted:2019-07-17 Online:2019-08-21
  • Su Haijun,Li Jiaqi E-mail:hjsu@gzu.edu.cn;99357107@qq.com

Camera-trapping allows scientists to gain new insights into the protection status and threats toward biodiversity. Mammals and birds in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve were monitored using 40 camera traps in 2 independent plots based on grid sampling survey method. A total of 3,199 independent images (out of 14,119 recognizable images) were collected with an extensive survey effort of 14,808 camera-days during April 2017 to December 2018. 61 species within 9 orders and 22 families were recorded and identified, including 26 mammal species belonging to 4 orders and 12 families, and 35 avian species belonging to 5 orders and 10 families. Among the recorded species, Rhinopithecus brelichi and Syrmaticus ellioti are listed as Class I National Protected Wildlife in China. Worth noting, Rhinopithecus brelichi is listed as Endangered (EN) in the IUCN Red List, 9 species listed as Class II, 5 species as Vulnerable (VU), and 8 species as Near Threatened (NT). The relative abundance index (RAI) is widely used to assess the regional species abundance. The five most abundant mammal species with highest RAIs in Fanjingshan Naitonal Nature Reserve were Macaca thibetana (RAI = 28.23), Elaphodus cephalophus (RAI = 15.46), Sus scrofa (RAI = 11.82), Muntiacus reevesi (RAI = 9.05) and Rhinopithecus brelichi (RAI = 7.70). Additionally, the five most abundant avian species with highest RAIs were Myophonus insularis (RAI = 10.33), Tragopan temminckii (RAI = 9.59), Chrysolophus pictus (RAI = 6.96), Syrmaticus ellioti (RAI = 3.71) and Pucrasia macrolopha (RAI = 1.55). During the study, intensive livestock (RAI = 11.14) and human (RAI = 12.90) activities were recorded, which may elucidate the potential threat to the protection of wildlife and their habitat. We recommended that the Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve Administration Bureau should take more actions in improving the public awareness to protect wildlife, and in promoting the harmonious development of the reserve and local communities.

Key words: mammals, birds, species diversity, camera-trapping survey, Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve

Fig. 1

The sampling plan and infrared camera locations in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve"

Table 1

Number of captured species in different habitats in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve"

生境类型
Habitat type
相机数
Number of
cameras
总照片数
Number of
images
有效照片数
Number of
independent images
物种总数
Number of
captured species
每台相机平均拍摄物种数
Number of captured
species per camera
常绿阔叶林 Broad-leaved evergreen forest 5 14,289 312 29 10.20 ± 4.66
常绿落叶阔叶林
Evergreen deciduous broad-leaved forest
19 29,909 1,864 49 11.42 ± 5.95
灌丛 Shrub 1 418 41 6 11.00
溪流 Stream 2 1,091 145 18 10.50 ± 7.78
落叶阔叶林 Deciduous broad-leaved forest 8 18,289 685 31 9.50 ± 4.99
针阔混交林
Mixed broad leaved-conifer forest
2 2,510 60 9 7.00 ± 1.41
针叶林 Coniferous forest 2 476 39 10 6.00 ± 1.41
竹林 Bamboo 1 2,657 53 10 10.00
总计 Total 40 69,639 3,199 61 -
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