Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 601-610.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017339

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Ecological niche analysis of dominant shrimp species in the Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve

Kaida Xu, Kaner Lu*(), Zhanhui Lu, Qian Dai   

  1. Marine Fisheries Research Institute of Zhejiang, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316021
  • Received:2017-12-28 Accepted:2018-03-07 Online:2018-09-11
  • Lu Kaner
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

The broad aim of our study was to understand shrimp communities and the relationship between dominant species by conducting ecological niche analyses. We collected data with respect to quantities, biomass and species identification on shrimps from the Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve in November 2015 and again in February, May and August of 2016. Using indices such as the index of relative importance (IRI), niche breadth and niche overlap, we analyzed the ecological niche of dominant shrimp species. Finally, we compared niche breadth to understand the relative resource utilization capacity of different shrimp species in the community and also identify whether shrimp species are evenly distributed across the sampling sites/seasons. We used spatio-temporal niche breadth which is a comprehensive descriptor of resource utilization and the product of temporal and spatial niche breadth. In total, we captured 16 warm-temperate and warm-water species in the marine reserve, belonging to 8 families and 12 genera. Seven dominant shrimp species (IRI > 500) were identified, belonging to four families and five genera. Results showed that relative shrimp resources varied with season and further revealed that shrimp biomass in spring and autumn were higher compared to summer and winter. Spatio-temporal niche breadth of all dominant species (except Exopalaemon carinicauda) was higher than the other species. The spatio-temporal niche overlap value between Alpheus japonicus and Parapenaeopsis tenella was the highest, indicating that these two species had highly similar resources utilization. On the other hand, Exopalaemon annandalei and Parapenaeopsis hardwickii, were least similar in their resource utilization. The importance ranking results calculated using IRI and niche breadth were not identical: Palaemon gravieri had the highest spatio-temporal niche breadth value, yet Alpheus japonicus had the highest IRI value. We note however that the indices used cannot reflect biomass of the species.

Key words: Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve, shrimp composition, niche breadth, niche overlap, index of relative importance (IRI)

Fig. 1

Illustration of the investigated area and sampling sites (sampling sites were set around the core area of the Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve)"

Table 1

Shrimp composition of Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve in 2015-2016"

科 Family 属 Genus 种 Species 适温性
Index of relative
importance (IRI)
对虾科 Penaeidae 新对虾属 Metapenaeus 周氏新对虾 Metapenaeus joyneri WW ○△▲ 99.33
明对虾属 Fennerpenaeus 长毛明对虾 Fenneropenaeus penicillatus WW ○△▲ 7.75
赤虾属 Metapenaeopsis 戴氏赤虾 Metapenaeopsis dalei WT ○●△▲ 4.62
仿对虾属 Parapenaeopsis 细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenella WT ○●△▲ 1,002.58
哈氏仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis hardwickii WW ○●△▲ 2,204.78
长臂虾科 Palaemonidae 白虾属 Exopalaemon 安氏白虾 Exopalaemon annandalei WT ○●△▲ 3,944.06
脊尾白虾 Exopalaemon carinicauda WT ○△▲ 752.25
长臂虾属 Palaemon 葛氏长臂虾 Palaemon gravieri WT ○●△▲ 3,008.04
巨指长臂虾 Palaemon macrodactylus WT ●△▲ 4.15
鼓虾科 Alpheidae 鼓虾属 Alpheus 日本鼓虾 Alpheus japonicus WT △▲ 5,370.43
鲜明鼓虾 Alpheus distinguendus WW ○●△▲ 374.41
藻虾科 Hippolytidae 鞭腕虾属 Lysmata Risso 鞭腕虾 Lysmata vittata WW ●▲ 4.4
樱虾科 Sergestidae 毛虾属 Acetes 中国毛虾 Acetes chinensis WW 123.28
异指虾科 Processidae 异指虾属 Processa 日本异指虾 Processa japonica WW △▲ 0.89
管鞭虾科 Solenoceridae 管鞭虾属 Solenocera 中华管鞭虾 Solenocera crassicornis WW ●▲ 2,183.67
玻璃虾科 Pasiphaeidae 细螯虾属 Leptochela 细螯虾 Leptochela gracilis WW ●▲ 104.97

Fig. 2

The change of relative biomass resources of shrimps on a seasonal basis (95% confidence interval)"

Table 2

Comparisons of dominant shrimps among spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal niche breadths"

Spatial niche
breadth (Bi-space)
Temporal niche
breadth (Bi-time)
niche breadth (Bi)
安氏白虾 Exopalaemon annandalei 4.49 0.67 3.03
葛氏长臂虾 Palaemon gravieri 4.54 1.04 4.71
哈氏仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis hardwickii 2.42 0.60 1.46
脊尾白虾 Exopalaemon carinicauda 1.40 0.31 0.43
日本鼓虾 Alpheus japonicus 5.18 0.73 3.76
细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenella 2.51 0.64 1.61
中华管鞭虾 Solenocera crassicornis 3.14 0.75 2.35

Table 3

Spatial niche overlaps (under the diagonal) and temporal niche overlaps (above the diagonal) between dominant shrimp species in the Jiushan Islands Marine Nature Reserve"

安氏白虾 Exopalaemon annandalei 0.65 0.03 0.72 0.24 0.38 0.14
葛氏长臂虾 Palaemon gravieri 0.67 0.75 0.69 0.24 0.52 0.82
哈氏仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis hardwickii 0.50 0.80 0.13 0.11 0.39 0.99
脊尾白虾 Exopalaemon carinicauda 0.54 0.85 0.53 0.37 0.46 0.21
日本鼓虾 Alpheus japonicus 0.61 0.90 0.58 0.89 0.95 0.08
细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenella 0.65 0.72 0.58 0.51 0.77 0.37
中华管鞭虾 Solenocera crassicornis 0.58 0.83 0.90 0.65 0.71 0.56

Table 4

Spatio-temporal niche overlap between dominant shrimp species"

葛氏长臂虾 Palaemon gravieri 0.43
哈氏仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis hardwickii 0.02 0.60
脊尾白虾 Exopalaemon carinicauda 0.38 0.58 0.07
日本鼓虾 Alpheus japonicus 0.14 0.22 0.07 0.33
细巧仿对虾 Parapenaeopsis tenella 0.25 0.38 0.22 0.24 0.73
中华管鞭虾 Solenocera crassicornis 0.08 0.68 0.89 0.14 0.06 0.21

Fig. 3

The change of catch weight of dominant shrimp species in each season during the investigation"

Fig. 4

Comparison of temporal niche breadth, spatial niche breadth, spatio-temporal niche breadth and IRI of dominant shrimp species"

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