Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 457-467.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017294

• Reviews • Previous Article     Next Article

On reproductive strategies of invasive plants and their impacts on native plants

Shiguo Sun1, Bin Lu2, Xinmin Lu1, Shuangquan Huang1, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079
    2 School of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei 443002
  • Received:2017-11-01 Accepted:2018-03-21 Online:2018-09-11
  • Huang Shuangquan E-mail:hsq@mail.ccnu.edu.cnss
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Non-native plant invasion imposes great threats to global diversity and ecological safety, and now is a hot-spot of ecological studies. Understanding the reproductive strategies of invasive plants could provide insights into the invasion mechanisms and be helpful for proposing prevention and control strategies. Non-native invasive plants generally possess following reproductive traits: hermaphrodite-dominated sexual system, autonomous selfing-dominated breeding system, even asexual reproduction and apomixis, and high proportion of resources allocated to sexual reproduction, which may facilitate the success of some invasive plants. In turn, non-native plants could alter native plant-pollinator interactions, and in most cases decrease pollinator visitation and fitness of native plants. In addition, non-native plants may act as environmental stresses triggering rapid adaptation and evolution in reproductive strategies and phenotypes of resident native species in receipt communities. Studies in this field mostly have focused on rapid adaptation of invasive species to their new environments, while how native and non-native plants co-adapt and diverge remains largely unexplored, in particular from the perspective of plant reproduction. A better understanding of competition and cooperation between native and non-native plants will shed lights on rapid responses of native plants to non-native plant invasions. Such community studies of interspecific interactions with or without a competitor could provide evidence for displacement of reproductive traits and species coexistence, and improve our ability to predict and manage non-native invasive plants.

Key words: biological invasion, breeding system, reproductive strategy, invasive plant, native plant, remnant plant.

1 Albrecht M, Padron B, Bartomeus I, Traveset A (2014) Consequences of plant invasions on compartmentalization and species’ roles in plant-pollinator networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281, 20140773.
2 Arceo-Gómez G, Ashman TL (2016) Invasion status and phylogenetic relatedness predict cost of heterospecific pollen receipt: Implications for native biodiversity decline. Journal of Ecology, 104, 1003-1008.
3 Baker HG (1955) Self-compatibility and establishment after “long distance” dispersal. Evolution, 9, 347-349.
4 Barrett SCH (1992) Evolution and Function of Heterostyly. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
5 Barrett SCH (2010) Why reproductive systems matter for the invasion biology of plants. In: Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology: The Legacy of Charles Elton (ed. Richardson DM), pp. 195-210. Blackwell, Oxford.
6 Barrett SCH (2015) Foundations of invasion genetics: The Baker and Stebbins legacy. Molecular Ecology, 24, 1927-1941.
7 Barrett SCH, Colautti RI, Eckert CG (2008) Plant reproductive systems and evolution during biological invasion. Molecular Ecology, 17, 373-383.
8 Bascompte J, Jordano P, Olesen JM (2006) Asymmetric coevolutionary networks facilitate biodiversity maintenance. Science, 312, 431-433.
9 Beans CM, Roach DA (2015a) An invasive plant alters phenotypic selection on the vegetation growth of a native congener. American Journal of Botany, 102, 217-224.
10 Beans CM, Roach DA (2015b) An invasive plant alters pollinator-mediated phenotypic selection on a native congener. American Journal of Botany, 102, 50-57.
11 Bjerknes AL, Totland O, Hegland SJ, Nielsen A (2007) Do alien plant invasions really affect pollination success in native plant species? Biological Conservation, 138, 1-12.
12 Blair AC, Wolfe LM (2004) Evolution of an invasive plant: An experimental study with Silene latifolia. Ecology, 85, 3035-3042.
13 Blossey B, Nötzold R (1995) Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: A hypothesis. Journal of Ecology, 83, 887-889.
14 Blüthgen N, Menzel F, Blüthgen N (2006) Measuring specialization in species interaction networks. BMC Ecology, 6, 9.
15 Brown BJ, Mitchell RJ, Graham SA (2002) Competition for pollination between an invasive species (purple loosestrife) and a native congener. Ecology, 83, 2328-2336.
16 Brown JS, Eckert CG (2005) Evolutionary increase in sexual and clonal reproductive capacity during biological invasion in an aquatic plant Butomus umbelatus (Butomaceae). American Journal of Botany, 92, 495-502.
17 Burns JH, Ashman TL, Steets JA, Harmon-Threatt A, Knight TM (2011) A phylogenetically controlled analysis of the roles of reproductive traits in plant invasions. Oecologia, 166, 1009-1017.
18 Callaway RM, Ridenour WM, Laboski T, Weir T, Vivanco JM (2005) Natural selection for resistance to the allelopathic effects of invasive plants. Journal of Ecology, 93, 576-583.
19 Charlebois JA, Sargent RD (2017) No consistent pollinator-mediated impacts of alien plants on natives. Ecology Letters, 20, 1479-1490.
20 Chen TY, Liu ZH, Lou AR (2013) Phenotypic variation in populations of Solanum rostratum in different distribution areas in China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 37, 344-353. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈天翌, 刘增辉, 娄安如 (2013) 刺萼龙葵种群在中国不同分布地区的表型变异. 植物生态学报, 37, 344-353.]
21 Chittka L, Schürkens S (2001) Successful invasion of a floral market—an exotic Asian plant has moved in on Europe’s river-banks by bribing pollinators. Nature, 411, 653.
22 Chun YJ, van Kleunen M, Dawson W (2010) The role of enemy release, tolerance and resistance in plant invasions: Linking damage to performance. Ecology Letters, 13, 937-946.
23 Davis HG (2005) r-Selected traits in an invasive population. Evolutionary Ecology, 19, 255-274.
24 DeWalt SJ, Denslow JS, Ickes K (2004) Natural-enemy release facilitates habitat expansion of the invasive tropical shrub Clidemia hirta. Ecology, 85, 471-483.
25 Dong BC, Alpert P, Guo W, Yu FH (2012) Effects of fragmentation on the survival and growth of the invasive, clonal plant Alternanthera philoxeroides. Biological Invasions, 14, 1101-1110.
26 Dong M (2011) Clonal Plant Ecology. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[董鸣 (2011) 克隆植物生态学. 科学出版社,北京.]
27 Dong M, Lu JZ, Zhang WJ, Chen JK, Li B (2006) Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis): An invasive alien weed rapidly spreading in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 44, 72-85. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[董梅, 陆建忠, 张文驹, 陈家宽, 李博 (2006) 加拿大一枝黄花——一种正在迅速扩张的外来入侵植物. 植物分类学报, 44, 72-85.]
28 Eaton DAR, Fenster CB, Hereford J, Huang SQ (2012) Floral diversity and community structure in Pedicularis (Orobanchaceae). Ecology, 93, S182-S194.
29 Elam DR, Ridley CE, Goodell K, Ellstrand NC (2007) Population size and relatedness affect fitness of a self-incompatible invasive plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 104, 549-552.
30 Emer C, Vaughan IP, Hiscock S, Memmott J (2015) The impact of the invasive alien plant Impatiens glandulifera, on pollen transfer networks. PLoS ONE, 10, e0143532.
31 Fang Q, Huang SQ (2012) Progress in pollination networks: Network structure and dynamics. Biodiversity Science, 20, 300-307. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[方强, 黄双全 (2012) 传粉网络的研究进展: 网络的结构和动态. 生物多样性, 20, 300-307.]
32 Fang Q, Huang SQ (2013) A directed network analysis of heterospecific pollen transfer in a biodiverse community. Ecology, 94, 1176-1185.
33 Fang Q, Huang SQ (2016) A paradoxical mismatch between interspecific pollinator moves and heterospecific pollen receipt in a natural community. Ecology, 97, 1970-1978.
34 Felker-Quinn E, Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK (2013) Meta-analysis reveals evolution in invasive plant species but little support for Evolution of Increased Competitive Ability (EICA). Ecology and Evolution, 3, 739-751.
35 Feng YL, Lei YB, Wang RF, Callaway RM, Valiente-Banuet A, Inderjit, Li YP, Zheng YL (2009) Evolutionary tradeoffs for nitrogen allocation to photosynthesis versus cell walls in an invasive plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106, 1853-1856.
36 Fishman L, Wyatt TR (1999) Pollinator-mediated competition, reproductive character displacement, and the evolution of selfing in Arenaria uniflora (Caryophyllaceae). Evolution, 53, 1723-1733.
37 Flanagan RJ, Mitchell RJ, Karron JD (2010) Increased relative abundance of an invasive competitor for pollination, Lythrum salicaria, reduces seed number in Mimulus ringens. Oecologia, 164, 445-454.
38 Geng YP, Zhang WJ, Li B, Chen JK (2004) Phenotypic plasticity and invasiveness of alien plants. Biodiversity Science, 12, 447-455. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[耿宇鹏, 张文驹, 李博, 陈家宽 (2004) 表型可塑性与外来植物的入侵能力. 生物多样性, 12, 447-455.]
39 Gonzalez-Teuber M, Quiroz CL, Concha-Bloomfield I, Cavieres A (2017) Enhanced fitness and greater herbivore resistance: Implications for dandelion invasion in an alpine habitat. Biological Invasions, 19, 647-653.
40 Goodell K, Parker IM (2017) Invasion of a dominant floral resource: Effects on the floral community and pollination of native plants. Ecology, 98, 57-69.
41 Hanfling B, Kollmann J (2002) An evolutionary perspective of biological invasions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 17, 545-557.
42 Hao JH, Quang S, Chrobock T, van Kleunen M, Liu QQ (2011) A test of Baker’s Law: Breeding systems of invasive species of Asteraceae in China. Biological Invasions, 13, 571-580.
43 Hong L, She H, Ye WH, Wang ZM (2007) Self-incompatibility in Mikania micrantha in South China. Weed Research, 47, 280-283.
44 Huang SQ, Guo YH (2000) New advances in pollination biology and studies in China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 45, 1441-1447.
45 Jeschke JM, Bacher S, Blackburn TM (2014) Defining the impact of non-native species. Conservation Biology, 28, 1188-1194.
46 Jesse LC, Moloney KA, Obrycki JJ (2006) Insect pollinators of the invasive plant, Rosa multiflora (Rosaceae), in Iowa, USA. Weed Biology Management, 6, 235-240.
47 Joshi S, Gruntman M, Bilton M, Seifan M, Tielboerger K (2014) A comprehensive test of evolutionarily increased competitive ability in a highly invasive plant species. Annals of Botany, 114, 1761-1768.
48 Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Mougal J, Whittington AE, Valentin T, Gabriel R, Olesen JM, Blüthgen N (2017) Ecosystem restoration strengthens pollination network resilience and function. Nature, 542, 223-227.
49 Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Valentin T, Mougal J, Matatiken D, Ghazoul J (2011) The tolerance of island plant-pollinator networks to alien plants. Journal of Ecology, 99, 202-213.
50 Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Vázquez DP, Stang M, Ghazoul J (2014) Determinants of the microstructure of plant-pollinator networks. Ecology, 95, 3214-3324.
51 Kandori I, Hirao T, Matsunaga S, Kurosaki T (2009) An invasive dandelion unilaterally reduces the reproduction of a native congener through competition for pollination. Oecologia, 159, 559-569.
52 King VM, Sargent RD (2012) Presence of an invasive plant species alters pollinator visitation to a native. Biological Invasions, 14, 1809-1818.
53 Lafuma L, Maurice S (2007) Increase in mate availability without loss of self-incompatibility in the invasive species Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae). Oikos, 116, 201-208.
54 Larson DL, Rabie PA, Droege S, Larson JL, Haar M (2016) Exotic plant infestation is associated with decreased modularity and increased numbers of connectors in mixed-grass prairie pollination networks. PLoS ONE, 11, e0155068
55 Leger EA (2008) The adaptive value of remnant native plants in invaded communities: An example from the great basin. Ecological Applications, 18, 1226-1235.
56 Leger EA, Espeland EK (2010) Coevolution between native and invasive plant competitors: Implications for invasive species management. Evolutionary Applications, 3, 169-178.
57 Lei YB, Xiao HF, Feng YL (2010) Impacts of alien plant invasions on biodiversity and evolutionary responses of native species. Biodiversity Science, 18, 622-630. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[类延宝, 肖海峰, 冯玉龙 (2010) 外来植物入侵对生物多样性的影响及本地生物的进化响应. 生物多样性, 18, 622-630.]
58 Li B, Zhang XD, Geng YP, Pan XY, Shang L, Li Y, Yang Q (2010) Alien Species and Evolution: The Evolutionary Ecology of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes, and Interacting Native Species. Fudan University Press, Shanghai. (in Chinese)
[李博, 张晓栋, 耿宇鹏, 潘晓云, 尚蕾, 李杨, 杨强 (2010) 外来种与进化:外来植物、动物、微生物及与其相互作用土著物种的进化生态学. 复旦大学出版社, 上海.]
59 Li H, Zhang ZM, Zheng RS, Li X, Elmer WH, Wolfe LM, Li B (2014) Indirect effects of non-native Spartina alterniflora and its fungal pathogen (Fusarium palustre) on native salt marsh plants in China. Journal of Ecology, 102, 1112-1119.
60 Li XM, Liao WJ, Wolfe LM, Zhang DY (2012) No evolutionary shift in the mating system of north American Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Asteraceae) following its introduction to China. PLoS ONE, 7, e31935.
61 Liao CZ, Peng RH, Luo YQ, Zhou XH, Wu XW, Fang CM, Chen JK, Li B (2008) Altered ecosystem carbon and nitrogen cycles by plant invasion: A meta-analysis. New Phytologist, 177, 706-714.
62 Liu WW, Maung-Douglass K, Strong DR, Pennings SC, Zhang Y (2016) Geographical variation in vegetative growth and sexual reproduction of the invasive Spartina alterniflora in China. Journal of Ecology, 104, 173-181.
63 Liu WW, Strong DR, Pennings SC, Zhang Y (2017) Provenance by environment interaction of reproductive traits in the invasion of Spartina alterniflora in China. Ecology, 98, 1591-1599.
64 Lopezaraiza-Mikel ME, Hayes RB, Whalley MR, Memmott J (2007) The impact of an alien plant on a native plant-pollinator network: An experimental approach. Ecology Letters, 10, 539-550.
65 Lu XM, Siemann E, He M, Wei H, Shao X, Ding JQ (2015) Climate warming increases biological control agent impact on a non-target species. Ecology Letters, 18, 48-56.
66 Lu XM, Siemann E, Shao X, Wei H, Ding JQ (2013) Climate warming affects biological invasions by shifting interactions of plants and herbivores. Global Change Biology, 19, 2339-2347.
67 Lu XM, Zhou CF, An SQ, Fang C, Zhao H, Yang Q, Yang C (2007) Phenotypic plasticity, allometry and invasiveness of plants. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 26, 1438-1444. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陆霞梅, 周长芳, 安树青, 方超, 赵晖, 杨茜, 颜超 (2007) 植物的表型可塑性、异速生长及其入侵能力. 生态学杂志, 26, 1438-1444.]
68 Ludsin SA, Wolfe AD (2001) Biological invasion theory: Darwin’s contributions from The Origin of Species. BioScience, 51, 780-789.
69 Mason RAB, Cooke J, Moles AT, Leishman MR (2008) Reproductive output of invasive versus native plants. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17, 633-640.
70 Mazzolari AC, Marrero HJ, Vazquez DP (2017) Potential contribution to the invasion process of different reproductive strategies of two invasive roses. Biological Invasions, 19, 615-623.
71 McKinney AM, Goodell K (2011) Plant-pollinator interactions between an invasive and native plant vary between sites with different flowering phenology. Plant Ecology, 212, 1025-1035.
72 Memmott J, Waser NM (2002) Integration of alien plants into a native flower-pollinator visitation web. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 269, 2395-2399.
73 Meyer G, Clare R, Weber E (2005) An experimental test of the evolution of increased competitive ability hypothesis in goldenrod, Solidago gigantea. Oecologia, 144, 299-307.
74 Mitchell RJ, Flanagan RJ, Brown BJ, Waser NM, Karron JD (2009) New frontiers in competition for pollination. Annals of Botany, 103, 1403-1413.
75 Muchhala N, Potts AD (2007) Character displacement among bat-pollinated flowers of the genus Burmeistera: Analysis of mechanism, process and pattern. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274, 2731-2737.
76 Niu HY, Shen H, Ye WH (2010) Whole-range studies on alien plant invasion: Recent progress and future prospects. Biodiversity Science, 18, 559-568. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[牛红玉, 沈浩, 叶万辉 (2010) 外来植物入侵的全境性研究进展与展望. 生物多样性, 18, 559-568.]
77 Oduor AMO (2013) Evolutionary responses of native plant species to invasive plants: A review. The American Naturalist, 200, 986-992.
78 Padrón B, Traveset A, Biedenweg T, Díaz D, Nogales M, Olesen JM (2009) Impact of alien plant invaders on pollination networks in two archipelagos. PLoS ONE, 4, e6275.
79 Pan XY, Geng YP, Zhang WJ, Li B, Chen JK (2006) Cover shift and morphological plasticity of invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides along a riparian zone in South China. Journal of Plant Ecology, 30, 835-843. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[潘晓云, 耿宇鹏, 张文驹, 李博, 陈家宽 (2006) 喜旱莲子草沿河岸带不同生境的盖度变化及形态可塑性. 植物生态学报, 30, 835-843.]
80 Petanidou T, Godfree RC, Song DS, Kantsa A, Dupont YL, Waser NM (2012) Self-compatibility and plant invasiveness: Comparing species in native and invasive ranges. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 14, 3-12.
81 Philbrick CT, Les DH (1996) Evolution of aquatic angiosperm reproductive systems. BioScience, 46, 813-826.
82 Pimentel D, Lach L, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2000) Environmental and economic costs of non-indigenous species in the United States. BioScience, 50, 53-65.
83 Powell KI, Krakos KN, Knight TM (2011) Comparing the reproductive success and pollination biology of an invasive plant to its rare and common native congeners: A case study in the genus Cirsium (Asteraceae). Biological Invasions, 13, 905-917.
84 Pyšek P (1997) Clonality and plant invasion: Can a trait make a difference? In: The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (eds de Kroon H, van Groenendael J), pp. 405-427. Backhugs Publishers, Leidon.
85 Pyšek P, Richardson DM (2007) Traits associated with invasiveness in alien plants: Where do we stand? Biological Invasions, 193, 97-126.
86 Rambuda TD, Johnson SD (2004) Breeding systems of invasive alien plants in South Africa: Does Baker’s rule apply? Diversity and Distributions, 10, 409-416.
87 Razanajatovo M, Maurel N, Dawson W, Essl F, Kreft H, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Weigelt P, Winter M, van Kleunen M (2016) Plants capable of selfing are more likely to become naturalized. Nature Communications, 7, 13313.
88 Reichard SH, Hamilton CW (1997) Predicting invasions of woody plants introduced into North America. Conservation Biology, 11, 193-203.
89 Ren MX, Zhang QG (2009) The relative generality of plant invasion mechanisms and predicting future invasive plants. Weed Research, 49, 449-460.
90 Ren MX, Zhang QG, Zhang DY (2004) Geographical variation in the breeding systems of an invasive plant, Eichhornia crassipes, within China. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 28, 753-760. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[任明迅, 张全国, 张大勇 (2004) 入侵植物凤眼蓝繁育系统在中国境内的地理变异. 植物生态学报, 28, 753-760.]
91 Ren MX, Zhang QG, Zhang DY (2005) RAPD markers reveal low genetic variation and monodominance of one genotype in Eichhornia crassipes populations throughout China. Weed Research, 45, 236-244.
92 Sakai AK, Allendorf FW, Holt JS, Lodge DM, Molofsky J, With KA, Baughman S, Cabin RJ, Cohen JE, Ellstrand NC, McCauley DE, O’Neil P, Parker IM, Thompson JN, Weller SG (2001) The population biology of invasive species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 32, 305-332.
93 Stebbins GL (1957) Self fertilization and population variability in the higher plants. The American Naturalist, 91, 337-354.
94 Strauss SY, Lau JA, Carroll SP (2006) Evolutionary responses of natives to introduced species: What do introductions tell us about natural communities? Ecology Letters, 9, 357-374.
95 Sun SG, Benjamin MR, Li B (2013) Contrasting effects of plant invasion on pollination of two native plants with similar morphologies. Biological Invasions, 15, 2165-2177.
96 Sundaram B, Hiremath AJ (2012) Lantana camara invasion in a heterogeneous landscape: Patterns of spread and correlation with changes in native vegetation. Biological Invasions, 14, 1127-1141.
97 Sutherland S (2004) What makes a weed a weed: Life history traits of native and exotic plants in the USA. Oecologia, 141, 24-39.
98 Traveset A, Richardson D (2014) Mutualistic interactions and biological invasions. Annual Review of Ecological, Evolution, and Systematics, 45, 89-113.
99 Tylianakis JM, Morris RJ (2017) Ecological networks across environmental gradients. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 48, 25-48.
100 van Etten ML, Conner JK, Chang SM, Baucom RS (2017) Not all weeds are created equal: A database approach uncovers differences in the sexual system of native and introduced weeds. Ecology and Evolution, 7, 2636-2642.
101 van Kleunen M, Johnson SD (2007) Effects of self-compatibility on the distribution range of invasive European plants in North America. Conservation Biology, 21, 1537-1544.
102 van Kleunen M, Manning JC, Pasqualetto V, Johnson SD (2008) Phylogenetically independent associations between autonomous self-fertilization and plant invasiveness. American Naturalist, 171, 195-201.
103 Vázquez DP, Melián CJ, Williams NM, Blüthgen N, Krasnov BR, Poulin R (2007) Species abundance and asymmetric interaction strength in ecological networks. Oikos, 116, 1120-1127.
104 Walther GR, Post E, Convey P, Menzel A, Parmesan C, Beebee TJC, Fromentin JM, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bairlein F (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389-395.
105 Walther GR, Roques A, Hulme PE, Sykes MT, Pyšek P, Kűhn I, Zobel M, Bacher S, Botta-Dukát Z, Bugmann H, Czúcz B, Dauber J, Hickler T, Jarosík V, Kenis M, Klotz S, Minchin D, Moora M, Nentwig W, Ott J, Panov VE, Reineking B, Robinet C, Semenchenko V, Solarz W, Thuiller W, Vilà M, Vohland K, Settele J (2009) Alien species in a warmer world: Risks and opportunities. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24, 686-693.
106 Wang N, Li WF, Zhou B, Yan XH (2016) Invasiveness, clonal form and geographical origin of invasive clonal plant species in China. Biodiversity Science, 24, 12-29. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王宁, 李卫芳, 周兵, 闫小红 (2016) 中国入侵克隆植物入侵性、克隆方式及地理起源. 生物多样性, 24, 12-29.]
107 Wang N, Yu FH, Li PX, He WM, Liu J, Yu GL, Song YB, Dong M (2009) Clonal integration supports the expansion from terrestrial to aquatic environments of the amphibious stoloniferous herb Alternanthera philoxeroides. Plant Biology, 11, 483-489.
108 Wang R, Wang YZ (2006) Invasion dynamics and potential spread of the invasive alien plant species Ageratina adenophora (Asteraceae) in China. Diversity and Distributions, 12, 397-408.
109 Wang YJ, Müller-Schärer H, van Kleunen M, Cai AM, Zhang P, Yan R, Dong BC, Yu FH (2017) Invasive alien plants benefit more from clonal integration in heterogeneous environments than natives. New Phytologist, 216, 1072-1078.
110 Ward M, Johnson SD, Zalucki M (2012) Modes of reproduction in three invasive milkweeds are consistent with Baker’s Rule. Biological Invasions, 14, 1237-1250.
111 Wassink E, Caruso CL (2013) Effect of coflowering Mimulus ringens on phenotypic selection on floral traits of gynodioecious Lobelia siphilitica. Botany, 91, 745-751.
112 Webber BL, Scott JK (2012) Rapid global change: Implications for defining natives and aliens. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21, 305-311.
113 Weber E, Li B (2008) Plant invasions in China: What is to be expected in the wake of economic development? BioScience, 58, 437-444.
114 Weber E, Sun SG, Li B (2008) Invasive alien plants in China: Diversity and ecological insights. Biological Invasions, 10, 1411-1429.
115 Xie Y (2008) Biological Invasion and Ecological Safety in China. Hebei Science and Technology Press, Shijiazhuang. (in Chinese)
[解焱 (2008) 生物入侵与中国生态安全. 河北科学技术出版社, 石家庄.]
116 Yang SA, Ferrari MJ, Shea K (2011) Pollinator behavior mediates negative interactions between two congeneric invasive plant species. The American Naturalist, 177, 110-118.
117 Yu FH, Wang N, Alpert P, He WM, Dong M (2009) Physiological integration in an introduced, invasive plant increases its spread into experimental communities and modifies their structure. American Journal of Botany, 96, 1983-1989.
118 Zenni RD, Bailey JK, Simberloff D (2014) Rapid evolution and range expansion of an invasive plant are driven by provenance-environment interactions. Ecology Letters, 17, 727-735.
119 Zhang DY (2004) Plant Life-History Evolution and Reproductive Ecology. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[张大勇 (2004) 植物生活史进化与繁殖生态学. 科学出版社, 北京. ]
[1] Jiazhen Zhang,Chunlei Gao,Yan Li,Ping Sun,Zongling Wang. (2020) Species composition of dinoflagellates cysts in ballast tank sediments of foreign ships berthed in Jiangyin Port . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 144-154.
[2] Weiming He. (2020) Biological invasions: Are their impacts precisely knowable or not? . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 253-255.
[3] XU Guang-Yao, LI Hong-Yuan, MO Xun-Qiang, MENG Wei-Qing. (2019) Composition and spatial-temporal distribution of Chinese naturalized plants . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(7): 601-610.
[4] YAN Ya-Nan, YE Xiao-Qi, WU Ming, YAN Ming, ZHANG Xin-Li. (2019) Diversity and potassium-solubilizing activity of rhizosphere potassium-solubilizing bacteria of invasive Solidago canadensis . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(6): 543-556.
[5] Li Hanxi, Huang Xuena, Li Shiguo, Zhan Aibin. (2019) Environmental DNA (eDNA)-metabarcoding-based early monitoring and warning for invasive species in aquatic ecosystems . Biodiv Sci, 27(5): 491-504.
[6] Yu Wensheng, Guo Yaolin, Jiang Jiajia, Sun Keke, Ju Ruiting. (2019) Comparison of the life history of a native insect Laelia coenosa with a native plant Phragmites australis and an invasive plant Spartina alterniflora . Biodiv Sci, 27(4): 433-438.
[7] Tu Yanli,Wang Liping,Wang Xilong,Wang Linlin,Duan Yuanwen. (2019) Status of invasive plants on local pollination networks: A case study of Tagetes minuta in Tibet based on pollen grains from pollinators . Biodiv Sci, 27(3): 306-313.
[8] Chenyang Xue,Yufeng Xu,Bo Qu. (2018) Comparison of morphology, photosynthesis, and growth among Xanthium strumarium, X. sibiricum and their hybrid under different nitrogen levels . Biodiv Sci, 26(6): 554-563.
[9] CHEN Bao-Ming, WEI Hui-Jie, CHEN Wei-Bin, ZHU Zheng-Cai, YUAN Ya-Ru, ZHANG Yong-Long, LAN Zhi-Gang. (2018) Effects of plant invasion on soil nitrogen transformation processes and it’s associated microbial . Chin J Plant Ecol, 42(11): 1071-1081.
[10] Zhihuan Huang, Qifeng Lu, Yingzhuo Chen. (2017) Comparative study on reproductive success of Corydalis sheareri (Papaveraceae) between alkaline limestone soil and red soil habitats in a karst area . Biodiv Sci, 25(9): 972-980.
[11] Li-Ling JIANG, Cong-Sheng ZENG, Jun-Jiong SHAO, Xu-Hui ZHOU. (2017) Plant nutrient dynamics and stoichiometric homeostasis of invasive species Spartina alterniflora and native Cyperus malaccensis var. brevifolius in the Minjiang River estuarine wetlands . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 41(4): 450-460.
[12] Chun-Feng GU, Xiao-Qi YE, Ming WU, Xue-Xin SHAO, Sheng-Wu JIAO. (2017) Effects of glyphosate on interspecific competition between Solidago canadensis and Imperata cylindrica . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 41(4): 439-449.
[13] Yan Sun, Zhongshi Zhou, Rui Wang, Heinz Müller-Schärer. (2017) Biological control opportunities of ragweed are predicted to decrease with climate change in East Asia . Biodiv Sci, 25(12): 1285-1294.
[14] Wei Fu, Ning Wang, Fang Pang, Yulong Huang, Jun Wu, Shanshan Qi, Zhicong Dai, Daolin Du. (2017) Soil microbiota and plant invasions: current and future . Biodiv Sci, 25(12): 1295-1302.
[15] Yukai Chen,Xiaobo Yang,Donghai Li,Wenxing Long. (2016) Status of vascular plant species on Hainan Island . Biodiv Sci, 24(8): 948-956.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed