Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (10): 1114-1122.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017057

• Original Papers: Animal Diversity • Previous Article     Next Article

Promoting diversity inventory and monitoring of birds through the camera-trapping network in China: status, challenges and future outlook

Shuyi Zhu, Fei Duan, Sheng Li*()   

  1. School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2017-08-03 Accepted:2017-08-23 Online:2018-05-05
  • Li Sheng E-mail:shengli@pku.edu.cn

During the past two decades, camera-trapping has been widely used in biodiversity monitoring and wildlife research across China. Most of the existing camera-trapping projects focus on mammals, and birds are frequently considered in by-catch records. We analyzed 230 wildlife camera-trapping research projects in China since 1992, on the basis of an exhaustive review of Chinese and English literature, including published articles, conference reports, public news, and additional unpublished datasets. Results showed that at least 393 wild bird species, belonging to 17 orders and 56 families and accounting for 28.67% of the total number of bird species in China, have been documented using camera-trapping since 1992. The order with the most recorded species was Passeriformes (268). On the family level, Turdidae had the highest number of recorded species (58), followed by Timaliidae (50) and Phasianidae (42). There were 23 families that each only had one recorded species. Ground- and understory-dwelling forest birds accounted for the majority of all birds recorded, in terms of either species richness or camera detections. Published bird records were characterized by regional imbalances. Sichuan and Yunnan provinces were the most surveyed provinces, with 16 and 14 sites, respectively. The highest species richness was recorded in Sichuan (160), followed by Yunnan (91) and Zhejiang (66). A total of 104 new regionally recorded species were reported. Given the fact that there is still an abundance of camera-trapping data that has not been published, we speculated that the actual recorded bird species should be higher. These results indicated that camera-trapping can produce considerable bird distribution data of high accuracy, high quality and large amounts, which may provide a significant contribution to biodiversity monitoring and regional inventories of birds in China. Terrestrial birds, including Galliformes, Turdidae and Timaliidae, should be included as one of the target groups in current and future monitoring networks using standardized camera-trapping techniques, and such networks could also complement data and support the inventory and diversity monitoring of other taxa.

Key words: biodiversity monitoring, camera-trapping, bird inventory, terrestrial birds, monitoring network

Table 1

Number of bird species of each taxonomic group recorded by camera-trapping in China"

类群
Taxonomic group
红外相机记录物种数
No. of recorded species
全国物种数
Total no. of species in China

%
类群
Taxonomic group
红外相机记录物种数
No. of recorded species
全国物种数Total no. of species in China %
鸡形目 Galliformes 45 63 71.43 燕雀科 Fringillidae 24 57 42.11
雁形目 Anseriformes 5 51 9.80 雀科 Passeridae 3 13 23.08
?形目 Piciformes 10 42 23.81 旋木雀科 Certhiidae 1 5 20.00
鸮形目 Strigiformes 12 31 38.71 八色鸫科 Pittidae 6 9 66.67
隼形目 Falconiformes 24 64 37.50 伯劳科 Laniidae 4 12 33.33
夜鹰目 Caprimulgiformes 1 8 12.50 鹡鸰科 Motacillidae 8 20 40.00
鸻形目 Charadriiformes 5 129 3.88 鹎科 Pycnonotidae 7 22 31.82
鹳形目 Ciconiiformes 5 36 13.89 鹀科 Emberizidae 12 31 38.71
沙鸡目 Pteroclidiformes 1 3 33.33 莺科 Sylviidae 17 104 16.35
鸽形目 Columbiformes 6 31 19.35 ?科 Sittidae 3 11 27.27
鹤形目 Gruiformes 4 34 11.76 卷尾科 Dicruridae 2 7 28.57
鹃形目 Cuculiformes 2 20 10.00 阔嘴鸟科 Eurylaimidae 1 2 50.00
戴胜目 Upupiformes 1 1 100.00 椋鸟科 Sturnidae 2 21 9.52
佛法僧目 Coraciiformes 2 21 9.52 燕科 Hirundinidae 1 12 8.33
咬鹃目 Trogoniformes 1 3 33.33 百灵科 Alaudidae 2 14 14.29
雨燕目 Apodiformes 1 11 9.09 河乌科 Cinclidae 1 2 50.00
雀形目 Passeriformes* 268 764 35.08 山椒鸟科 Campephagidae 3 10 30.00
鸦科 Corvidae 17 29 58.62 鹪鹩科 Troglodytidae 1 1 100.00
鸦雀科 Paradoxornithidae 6 20 30.00 绣眼鸟科 Zosteropidae 1 4 25.00
画眉科 Timaliidae 50 126 39.68 黄鹂科 Oriolidea 1 6 16.67
鹟科 Muscicapidae 16 37 43.24 太平鸟科 Bombycillidae 1 2 50.00
王鹟科 Monarchinae 1 3 33.33 旋壁雀科 Tichidromidae 1 1 100.00
鸫科 Turdidae 58 94 61.70 太阳鸟科 Nectariniidae 2 6 33.33
岩鹨科 Prunellidea 5 9 55.56 合计 Total 393 1,371 28.78
山雀科 Paridae 11 22 50.00

Table 2

Number of camera-trapping sites and number of recorded bird species in each province of China"

省(自治区、直辖市)
Province
研究/监测点数量
No. of sites*
文献数量
No. of reference**
有鸟类信息的文献数
No. of reference with
bird records
记录鸟种数
No. of recorded bird
species
区域性新记录种次
No. of new regional species records
北京 Beijing 3 5 3 54 10
天津 Tianjin 1 1 1 14 0
上海 Shanghai 0 0 0 0 0
重庆 Chongqing 0 0 0 0 0
山西 Shanxi 5 2 1 22 0
河北 Hebei 1 1 1 6 0
辽宁 Liaoning 1 1 0 0 0
吉林 Jilin 3 14 3 11 0
黑龙江 Heilongjiang 2 3 1 5 0
江苏 Jiangsu 2 2 2 2 2
浙江 Zhejiang 7 13 8 66 1
安徽 Anhui 2 3 3 29 0
福建 Fujian 0 0 0 0 0
江西 Jiangxi 7 11 6 29 6
山东 Shandong 0 0 0 0 0
河南 Henan 3 4 3 33 16
湖北 Hubei 4 6 5 54 4
湖南 Hunan 3 6 4 36 13
广东 Guangdong 4 6 3 31 0
海南 Hainan 4 5 3 20 0
四川 Sichuan 16 34 22 160 19
贵州 Guizhou 3 6 3 18 7
云南 Yunnan 14 18 12 91 3
陕西 Shaanxi 6 16 5 20 1
甘肃 Gansu 5 11 5 18 0
青海 Qinghai 6 6 1 7 0
内蒙古 Neimenggu 3 5 3 13 1
广西 Guangxi 6 10 6 59 20
西藏 Xizang 5 7 3 44 0
宁夏 Ningxia 1 1 1 12 0
新疆 Xinjiang 10 19 7 53 1
香港 Hong Kong 1 7 1 6 0
澳门 Macau 1 1 1 1 0
台湾 Taiwan 8 12 3 9 0
合计 Total 137 236 120 393 104

Fig. 1

Location of reported camera-trapping sites and number of bird species recorded in each province of China"

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