Biodiversity Science ›› 2003, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 78-85.doi: 10.17520/biods.2003011

• 论文 • Previous Article     Next Article

Biodiversity assessment at broad scale

ZHAO Hai-Jun, JI Li-Qiang*   

  1. Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080
  • Received:2002-05-21 Revised:2002-11-12 Online:2003-01-20
  • JI Li-Qiang

How to make a balance between reducing sampling efforts and gaining accurate information is a central problem in broad-scale biodiversity assessment. This article tries to address this question by introducing multiscale methodology. We first provide a definition of broad-scale assessment, then highlight this problem after reviewing the history of global assessments. In the third part, we summarize the methodology of assessment design from five aspects: sampling strategy, surrogate species, rapid assessment technique, indicators and remote sensing techniques. Finally, a hierarchical multiscale method is described that provides a better balance. In a typical multiscale assessment, biodiversity is characterized at a series of spatial scales, thus it is different from the traditional sampling design. Correspondingly, multiscale planning can be simply divided into two categories: one comprises sampling designs with loosely-defined scales, and the other comprises those with strictly-defined scales. The former has the advantage of synthesizing information more easily among multiple scales. In our view, the essence of this method is construction of a middle-scale, which can be realized by “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches. The ideal method for biodiversity conservation based on this multiscale methodology is to plan in the broad-scale context, to integrate at the middle scale and to act at the local, manageable scale.

Key words: China, marine biodiversity, current status, prospects

[1] Jiang Kaiwen, Pan Bo, Tian Bin. Recent taxonomic changes for Fabaceae (Leguminosae) genera in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 689-697.
[2] Chen Xing, Zhao Lianjun, Hu Xixi, Luo Chunping, Liang Chunping, Jiang Shiwei, Liang Lei, Zheng Weichao, Guan Tianpei. Impact of livestock terrain utilization patterns on wildlife: A case study of Wanglang National Nature Reserve [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 630-637.
[3] Wang Yi, Huang Baorong. Institutional reform for building China’s national park system: Review and prospects [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 117-122.
[4] Fan Jingyu, Li Hanpeng, Yang Zhuo, Zhu Gengping. Selecting the best native individual model to predict potential distribution of Cabomba caroliniana in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 140-148.
[5] Chen Zuoyi, Xu Xiaojing, Zhu Suying, Zhai Mengyi, Li Yang. Species diversity and geographical distribution of the Chaetoceros lorenzianus complex along the coast of China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 149-158.
[6] Chen Fan, Qian Qian, Wang Tai, Dong Aiwu, Qi Xiaoquan, Zuo Jianru, Yang Shuhua, Lin Rongcheng, Xiao Langtao, Gu Hongya, Chen Zhiduan, Jiang Liwen, Bai Yongfei, Kong Hongzhi, Chong Kang. Research Advances in Plant Science in China in 2017 [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(4): 391-440.
[7] Yuan-Feng SUN, Hong-Wei WAN, Yu-Jin ZHAO, Shi-Ping CHEN, Yong-Fei BAI. Spatial patterns and drivers of root turnover in grassland ecosystems in China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(3): 337-348.
[8] LIU Hai-Yue, LI Xin-Mei, ZHANG Lin-Lin, WANG Jiao-Jiao, HE Xue-Li. Eco-geographical distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Hedysarum scoparium in the desert zone of northwestern China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 252-260.
[9] Ruiyu Fu, Hongxin Su, Zhonghua Zhang, Gang Hu. Research trends and hotspots of Chinese Forest Biodiversity Monitoring Network (CForBio): A bibliometric analysis [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(12): 1255-1267.
[10] GU Xiang, ZHANG Shi-Ji, LIU Zhao-Dan, LI Lei-Da, CHEN Jin-Lei, WANG Liu-Fang, FANG Xi. Effects of vegetation restoration on soil organic carbon mineralization in the east of Hunan, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(12): 1211-1224.
[11] Xiuqin Yin, Yan Tao, Haixia Wang, Chen Ma, Xinchang Kou, Huan Xu, Dong Cui. Forest soil fauna ecology in Northeast China: Review and prospect [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1083-1090.
[12] Chi Zhang, Bo Zhou, Jialong Wu, Meirong Lv, Xufei Chen, Zhongyou Yuan, Ling Xiao, Jun Dai. Application of earthworms on soil remediation in southern China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1091-1102.
[13] Jinghuai Zhang, Yang Gao, Xiaojun Shi, Xiangli Lü. Species composition and diversity of marine organisms from benthic trawling in Daya Bay of the northern South China Sea [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(9): 1019-1030.
[14] Qiang He, Yu Jia. Assessing the threat status of China’s bryophytes [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(7): 774-780.
[15] Bi Guozhi, Zhou Jianmin. China Takes Long Stride in Plant-microbe Interactions Research [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2017, 52(6): 685-688.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] WANG Qin YANG Jian WANG Yu-Fei. Pinacecous Cones in the Miocene Shanwang Flora[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 262 -263 .
[2] Chen Shen-chun;Zhang Jin-ren;Wu An-ren and Gao Feng. Effects of Sugars on the Growth of Callus from Embryos of Liu Chen(Citrus sinensis Osheck)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1989, 6(01): 26 -29 .
[3] Cao Kun-fang. An Overview of Plant Reproductive Ecology[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1993, 10(02): 15 -23 .
[4] Aysajan ABDUSALAM, Dun-Yan TAN. Contribution of temporal floral closure to reproductive success of the spring-flowering Tulipa iliensis[J]. J Syst Evol, 2014, 52(2): 186 -194 .
[5] Nie Rui-liN He Ren-yunan Chen Zong-lian . THE 0LEANOLIC ACID AND ECHINOCYSTIC AClD FIRM HEMSLEYA MITRATA[J]. Plant Diversity, 1981, 3(03): 1 -3 .
[6] Xiaoying Luo, Guangda Tang, Han Xu, Xueying Zhuang, Wenjing Zheng, Ming Zeng. Genetic diversity of three endemic and endangered species of the family Theaceae in Guangdong, China[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2005, 13(2): 112 -121 .
[7] GAN Tian, LI QingJun. The Crossability and Hybrid Seed Vigor among Several Sympatric Hedychium (Zingiberaceae) Species[J]. Plant Diversity, 2010, 32(03): 230 -238 .
[8] Yan Chen, Hongqing Li, Min Liu, Xiaoyong Chen . Species-specificity and coevolution of figs and their pollinating wasps[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2010, 18(1): 1 -10 .
[9] WANG Hong-Fei, WEI Yan, HUANG Zhen-Ying. SEED POLYMORPHISM AND GERMINATION BEHAVIOR OF SALSOLA BRACCHITA,A DOMINANT DESERT ANNUAL INHABITING JUNGGAR BASIN OF XINJIANG, CHINA[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2007, 31(6): 1046 -1053 .
[10] SANG Wei-Guo, MA Ke-Ping, WEI Wei. Management mechanism of biotechnology safety in China and abroad[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2000, 08(4): 413 -421 .