生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 998-1003.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018093

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国近海多毛纲底栖类群目与科水平的分类

葛美玲1, 徐勤增1,2, 范士亮1, 王宗兴1, 张学雷1,2,*()   

  1. 1 (国家海洋局海洋生态环境科学与工程重点实验室, 山东青岛 266061)
    2 (青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室, 山东青岛 266071);
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-30 接受日期:2018-08-11 出版日期:2018-09-20 发布日期:2019-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 张学雷
  • 作者简介:

    # 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    国家海洋公益性行业专项资金(201505004,201505028);国家海洋局近岸海域生态环境重点实验室开放基金(201609)

Taxonomy at order and family levels of the benthic groups of Polychaeta in the coastal waters of China

Meiling Ge1, Qinzeng Xu1,2, Shiliang Fan1, Zongxing Wang1, Xuelei Zhang1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Science and Engineering for Marine Ecology and Environment, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, Shandong 266061
    2 Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Marine Ecology and Environmental Science Laboratory, Qingdao, Shandong 266071
  • Received:2018-03-30 Accepted:2018-08-11 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2019-01-05
  • Contact: Zhang Xuelei
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

摘要:

多毛纲为环节动物重要类群, 具有重要的生态与经济意义。多毛纲的分类体系一直处于变化中。本文根据前人支序分类等研究成果, 综合《中国动物志》等资料, 整理了我国近海多毛纲底栖类群目与科的分类检索。根据Rouse和Fauchald (1997)的分类系统, 中国近海多毛纲的底栖类群可分为头节虫目(Scolecida)、海稚虫目(Spionida)、蛰龙介目(Terebellida)、缨鳃虫目(Sabellida)、叶须虫目(Phyllodocida)和矶沙蚕目(Eunicida)。基于头部、躯干部等附属物形态特征, 整理建立了中国近海多毛纲底栖类群上述六目至科的分类检索表, 考证了该分类方法, 总结了近年来我国近海多毛纲的研究和分子生物学对多毛纲系统演化的贡献。

关键词: 多毛纲, 底栖生物, 分类检索, 系统演化

Abstract:

Polychaeta is an important class of annelids and has important economic and ecological significance. The classification system of Polychaeta is being restructured and has undergone many changes. Based on previous results of cladistics analysis and volumes of Fauna Sinica, we collated keys to the orders and families of benthic groups of Polychaeta from the coastal waters of China. Referring to Rouse & Fauchald (1997) system, we sorted these benthic groups of Polychaeta into six orders, Scolecida, Spionida, Terebellida, Sabellida, Phyllodocida and Eunicida. We used existing work to compile the keys for the six orders and their constituent families. Finally, we reviewed domestic studies of coastal polychaetes and discussed the contribution of molecular studies to the development of Polychaeta phylogeny.

Key words: Polychaeta, benthos, identification key, phylogeny