生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 1041-1045.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019286

• 保护论坛 • 上一篇    

控制野生物国际贸易, 保护地球生物多样性——CITES公约第十八次缔约方大会评述

曾岩1, 2, 周桔3, 董麒4, 平晓鸽1, 2, 蒋志刚1, 2, 5, *()   

  1. 1 中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101
    2 中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会, 北京 100101
    3 中国科学院科技促进发展局, 北京 100864
    4 中国科学院国际合作局, 北京 100864
    5 中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2019-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 蒋志刚 E-mail:jiangzg@ioz.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA19050204);国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503303)

Control international trade in wildlife and protect the earth’s biodiversity—Commentary on the 18 th Conference of the Parties of CITES

Yan Zeng1, 2, Jie Zhou3, Qi Dong4, Xiaoge Ping1, 2, Zhigang Jiang1, 2, 5, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Endangered Species Scientific Commission, P.R. China, Beijing 100101
    3 Bureau of Science and Technology for Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864
    4 Bureau of International Co-operation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864
    5 College of Life Sciences, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Online:2019-09-20
  • Contact: Jiang Zhigang E-mail:jiangzg@ioz.ac.cn

濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约(CITES公约)第十八次缔约方大会于2019年8月召开, 审议了56个附录修订提案和140多个工作文件, 延续了近年附录修订趋势, 但减缓了新物种列入附录速度, 明确了附录的适用、解释和执行, 设立了监管新规定, 还采纳了《CITES公约2020后战略愿景》。中国在会上树立了重视生态文明建设的负责任大国的正面形象, 中国提交的5项附录修订提案全部获得通过。

关键词: CITES, 附录修订, 贸易, 可持续利用, 积极履约

The 18 th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was held in Geneva, Switzerland from August 17 to 28, 2019. The Parties discussed 56 proposals for amendment of the Appendix of the Convention and 140 working documents, continuing the trend of the amendment of the Appendix in recent years. However, the trend of including more species in the Appendix slowed down at this Convention. The Parties clarified the annotations, application, interpretation and implementation of the Appendix, established new regulatory resolutions and adopted the CITES Strategic Vision post-2020. At the meeting, China established a positive image as a responsible country that attaches importance to the construction of ecological civilization, and all five proposals for amendments of the CITES Appendix proposed or jointly proposed by China have been adopted by the Parties.

Key words: CITES, amendment to Appendix, international trade, sustainable use, active implementation

图1

CITES各次缔约方大会讨论的附录修订物种提案数量变化(1997-2019)"

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2 Ditkof ML ( 1982) International trade in endangered species under CITES direct listing vs. reverse listing. Cornell International Law Journal, 15, 107-120.
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[ 蒋志刚 ( 2013) 控制野生种非法贸易, 保护全球生物多样性. 生物多样性, 21, 139-140.]
4 Wijnstekers W ( 2018) The Evolution of CITES-11th Edition. International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation, Hungary.
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