生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 400-408.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018256

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

海南岛翼手目物种多样性现状与分布预测

胡宜峰1, 余文华1, 岳阳1, 黄正澜懿1, 李玉春2, 吴毅1, *()   

  1. 1 广州大学生命科学学院, 广州 510006
    2 山东大学(威海)海洋学院, 山东威海 264209
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-21 接受日期:2018-12-31 出版日期:2019-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 吴毅 E-mail:wuyizhouq@263.net
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31670381);国家自然科学基金(31672258);国家自然科学基金国际合作项目(31110103910);广州市科技计划科学研究专项(201607010299);广州大学2017年度青年拔尖人才培养计划(BJ201707)

Species diversity and potential distribution of Chiroptera on Hainan Island, China

Hu Yifeng1, Yu Wenhua1, Yue Yang1, Huang Zhenglanyi1, Li Yuchun2, Wu Yi1, *()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006
    2 Marine College, Shandong University, Weihai, Shandong 264209
  • Received:2018-09-21 Accepted:2018-12-31 Online:2019-04-20
  • Contact: Wu Yi E-mail:wuyizhouq@263.net

海南岛位于我国南部, 地处热带北缘, 其独特的岛屿气候环境孕育了丰富的生物资源, 为我国生物多样性热点地区之一。为探究岛内的翼手目物种多样性状况, 本研究组使用雾网、蝙蝠竖琴网等工具, 于2002年至2016年先后对海南岛进行了15次翼手目多样性调查, 并根据其外形与头骨特征及系统发育学方法进行标本鉴定。共获取了1,025号标本, 隶属5科15属31种, 其中2016年12月21日在海南琼中捕获的艾氏管鼻蝠(Murina eleryi)为海南岛蝙蝠分布新记录。结合前人调查及发表结果统计, 岛内共有翼手类8科20属41种。同时基于本调查采集位点和前人调查位置信息(共计363个位点), 结合WorldClim 32种气候数据, 运用最大熵模型(MaxEnt)对海南岛翼手目物种的分布进行预测, 结果显示五指山、吊罗山、鹦哥岭、尖峰岭及海口火山口国家地质公园等地为翼手目物种多样性较丰富的区域, 而三亚、澄迈、屯昌、临高、琼海等地翼手目物种多样性较低。本研究结果为海南岛翼手目资源分布及多样性状况提供了基础资料, 也为岛内后续开展翼手目资源保护管理、蝙蝠疾病防控等提供了重要的参考依据。

关键词: 翼手目, 海南岛, 艾氏管鼻蝠, 物种多样性, 最大熵(MaxEnt)模型

Hainan Island is a key biodiversity hotspot in China with a unique ecosystem and climate. In order to explore the species diversity of Chiroptera on the island, 15 bat surveys were carried out in the area between 2002 and 2016. During these surveys, mist nets, harp traps and other tools were deployed. Captured specimens were identified according to their external form, skull features and phylogenetic description. In total, 1,025 specimens from 5 families, 15 genera and 31 species were recorded and collected. On December 21, 2016, two small Murina bats were captured in a harp-trap in a forest at Chaocan Village, Qiongzhong City, Hainan Province. Based on external, cranio-dental characteristics and phylogenetic evidence, the bats were identified as Murina eleryi. This is the first record of the species on Hainan Island. Based from our survey result and literature review, Chiroptera of Hainan Island consists of a total of 8 families 20 genera and 41 species. The potential distribution area of bats on Hainan Island was mapped using a maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model incorporating 363 local records, derived from our records and the literature. High diversity was predicted for Wuzhi Mountain, Diaoluo Mountain, Yinggeling, Jianfengling and Huoshankou National Geopark whereas the low diversity was predicted for Sanya, Chengmai, Tunchang, Lingao, Qionghai areas. Overall, baseline data for Chiroptera distribution, and resource status was assessed by the current study, which is useful for disease prevention, control, resource conservation and management on Hainan Island.

Key words: Chiroptera, Hainan Island, Murina eleryi, species diversity, maximum entropy (MaxEnt)

图1

基于641 bp COI序列运用邻接法构建的管鼻蝠系统发生树及艾氏管鼻蝠外形和头骨(A: 雄性; B: 雌性)"

图2

海南岛各地区翼手目资源调查情况。颜色越深其蝙蝠生物多样性越高, 数字代表物种数。"

图3

环境变量重要性的刀切法检验"

图4

蝙蝠在海南岛的适生区。物种存在的概率为0-1, 暖色为物种存在概率高的区域, 最高为红色, 最低为深蓝色。"

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