生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 126-130.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2014121

• 保护论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物多样性保护与文化多样性保护是一枚硬币的两面: 以西双版纳傣族生态文化为例

许再富*   

  1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园, 云南勐腊 666303
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-10 修回日期:2015-01-07 出版日期:2015-01-20 发布日期:2015-05-04
  • 通讯作者: 许再富

Conservation of biodiversity and cultural diversity are two sides of a coin: Xishuangbanna Dai’s ecological culture as an example

Zaifu Xu*   

  1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
  • Received:2014-06-10 Revised:2015-01-07 Online:2015-01-20 Published:2015-05-04
  • Contact: Zaifu Xu

摘要:

至今, 包括我国在内的国际社会在生物多样性保护上采取了多种行动计划, 但世界各国领导人在2002年于南非召开的联合国“世界可持续发展”峰会上所作的在2010年“国际生物多样性年”前扭转生物多样性快速丧失趋势的承诺至今都无法实现。究其主要原因, 除了没有解决好生物多样性的可持续利用外, 还在于所采取的多种保护行动中忽视了文化层面, 尤其是土著民族生态文化多样性的保护与应用。本文以地处滇南的西双版纳傣族热带雨林生态文化为例, 讨论了民族生态文化在生物多样性保护与持续利用上的重要作用, 即生物多样性保护与文化多样性保护是一枚硬币的两面, 相辅相成, 缺一不可。

关键词: 生物多样性保护, 文化多样性保护, 西双版纳傣族民族传统文化, 国际生物多样性年, 自然资源, 可持续利用

Abstract:

Though the global community, including China, has adopted multiple actions for biodiversity conservation, the goal of holding the current trend of rapid biodiversity loss before 2010 (the International Year of Biodiversity) promised by the leaders at the UN’s 2002 Johannesburg “World Summit on Sustainable Development” has remained unfulfilled. One limitation in reaching this goal may be the ignorance of the important roles that cultural diversity, especially indigenous or ethnic ecological culture diversity, can play in biodiversity conservation. This paper approaches the important roles played by ethnic ecological culture in biodiversity conservation and its sustainable uses using the Xishuangbanna Dai’s ecological culture of the southern Yunnan tropical rainforest as an example. This situation is like the two sides of a coin in that they supplement each other; one side cannot be present without the other.

Key words: biodiversity conservation, cultural diversity protection, Xishuangbanna Dai’s ecological culture, the International Year of Biodiversity, natural resources, sustainable use