Biodiv Sci ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 505-511.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.07020

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Attitude to the traditional knowledge of international governmental organizations and suggested strategies of China

Gong Cheng1, Cheng Wang1, Dayuan Xue1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    2 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2012-01-15 Accepted:2012-05-16 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-09-12
  • Contact: Dayuan Xue

Abstract:

Traditional knowledge is an important issue for international governmental organizations (IGOs). A number of international conferences have been held to discuss this topic, and a number of relevant reports and resolutions have been produced. These resolutions reflect different interests at stake and express a different understanding and position towards traditional knowledge. IGOs led by the Convention on Biological Diversity focus more on environment and biodiversity, whereas IGOs including the World Intellectual Property Organization and World Trade Organization focus on economic development and international trade. Other IGOs such as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples focus on society and human rights. In consideration of China’s commitment to IGOs and rich history, China should attach more importance to the protection of traditional knowledge, and consider the initiation of legislation that provides the benefits of information sharing as described in the Nagoya Protocol. This will establish a benefit sharing system to protect traditional knowledge as a way to ensure harmonious development among the environment, economy, and society.

Key words: traditional knowledge, benefit sharing, international governmental organizations, CBD, Nagoya Protocol