Biodiv Sci ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 0-0.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020166

   

Species inventory of mammals and birds using camera trapping in Zhaoqing forest region, Guangdong Province

Zongji Fan1,2,Xuejun Ouyang1,2,Yaqiong Wan3,Wenhong Xiao4,Wengui Xie5,Shikun Ou5,Xijie Deng5,Zhongliang Huang1,2,Zhishu Xiao4   

  1. 1.  South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    2. Administrative Bureau of Dinghushan National Nature Reserve
    3. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment
    4. State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    5. Administration of Guangdong Xijiang Lankeshan Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Received:2020-04-24 Revised:2020-07-08 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-09-13
  • Contact: Zhishu Xiao

Abstract: In this study, based on 1km×1km grid, we monitored terrestrial birds and mammals with 60 camera trapping sites from three monitoring plots in Zhaoqing region of Guangdong province. A total of 11725 independent images (out of 68377 photos and videos) were collected with 34212 camera-days during January 2017 to December 2018. We recorded 74 species belong to 12 orders, 31 families and 63 genera, including 12 mammal species and 62 bird species, among which ten species were listed as Class II National Key Protected Species in China. According to the relative abundance index (RAI) of species, the top three mammal species with highest RAIs were Sus scrofa (RAI =2.701), Melogale moschata (RAI=1.494) and Muntiacus vaginalis (RAI=1.315); the top three avian species with highest RAIs were Lophura nycthemera (RAI=11.531), Geokichla citrine (RAI=2.774) and Myophonus caeruleus (RAI=1.605). Among the monitoring plots, the top three species with highest RAIs were consistent among Dinghushan mammal and bird, Lankeshan mammal and Xiaoxiang bird, Silver pheasant in Dinghushan had the highest RAI. Prionailurus bengalensis RAI was ranked third after Sus scrofa and Melogale moschata in Xiaoxiang forest. The top three avian species with highest RAIs in Lankeshan were Garrulax canorus (RAI=1.785), Bambusicola thoracicus (RAI=1.557) and Leiothrix lutea (RAI=1.442). This study provides basic data for biodiversity monitoring and assessment in Zhaoqing forest region of Guangdong province.

Key words: camera trapping, Dinghushan, Lankeshan, Xiaoxiang, nature reserve, species inventory assessment