Biodiv Sci ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1147-1153.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020166

• Bioinventories • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mammals and birds survey using camera trapping in Dinghushan and its surrounding forests, Guangdong Province

Zongji Fan1,2, Xuejun Ouyang1,2, Yaqiong Wan3,*(), Wenhong Xiao4, Wengui Xie5, Shikun Ou5, Xijie Deng5, Zhongliang Huang1,2, Zhishu Xiao4,*()   

  1. 1 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    2 Administration of Dinghushan National Nature Reserve, Zhaoqing, Guangdong 526070
    3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Nanjing 210042
    4 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    5 Administration of Guangdong Xijiang Lankeshan Provincial Nature Reserve, Zhaoqing, Guangdong 526070
  • Received:2020-04-24 Accepted:2020-07-13 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-09-13
  • Contact: Yaqiong Wan,Zhishu Xiao

Abstract:

In this study, we monitored terrestrial birds and mammals based on the 60 camera trapping sites (each with 1 km × 1 km grid) from three monitoring plots in the Dinghushan National Nature Reserve and its surrounding forests (Lankeshan Provincial Nature Reserve and Xiaoxiang forest) in Guangdong Province. A total of 11,725 independent images were collected with up to 34,212 camera-days from January 2017 to December 2018. We recorded 75 species belonging to 13 orders, 32 families, and 63 genera. There were 12 mammal species and 63 bird species, among which Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) was listed as Class І National Key Protected and 9 species were listed as Class II National Key Protected Species in China. According to the relative abundance index (RAI), the top three mammal species with highest RAIs were Sus scrofa, Melogale moschata, and Muntiacus vaginalis. The top three avian species with highest RAI were Lophura nycthemera, Geokichla citrina, and Myophonus caeruleus. The top three mammal and bird species with highest RAI were mostly consistent among the monitoring plots. Silver pheasant had the highest RAI in Dinghushan. Prionailurus bengalensis was ranked third after Sus scrofa and Melogale moschata in Xiaoxiang forest. The top three avian species with the highest RAIs in Lankeshan were Garrulax canorus, Bambusicola thoracicus, and Leiothrix lutea. This study provides basic data for biodiversity monitoring and assessment in the Dinghushan National Nature Reserve and its surrounding forests.

Key words: camera trapping, Dinghushan, Lankeshan, Xiaoxiang, nature reserve, species inventory