Biodiv Sci ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 46-52.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016324

• Original Papers: Plant Diversity • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence of traditional Wa culture on vegetable germplasm diversity in Yunnan Province

Hua Shao, Dayuan Xue*()   

  1. College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2016-11-16 Accepted:2016-12-31 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-02-08
  • Contact: Xue Dayuan


Based on field studies, the relationship between traditional vegetable germplasm resources and the traditional culture of the Wa ethnic group in Cangyuan County and Ximeng County of Yunnan Province was explored. Results showed that there were 110 species of vegetable resources used by Wa people frequently, belonging to 40 families and 85 genera, containing 60 species of cultivated vegetables and 50 species of wild vegetables. Cultivated vegetables were divided into 53 traditional cultivars and 36 introduced cultivars. During 1985-2015, home-grown vegetable cultivars used by the Wa people increased, but the cultivars of traditional vegetables decreased. The traditional culture of the Wa people, characterized by diversified utilization of vegetables’ edible parts, eating habits, respect to ancestors, the “homology of medicine and food” and traditional seed reserve and exchange methods, played an important role in the conservation and utilization of vegetable germplasm resources. This paper also analyzed the possible loss and influence factors of traditional vegetable germplasm resources, and suggestions were proposed for strengthening the protection of the traditional ethnic culture, and subsequently, promotion of the protection and sustainable utilization of local traditional vegetable germplasm resources.

Key words: traditional culture, vegetable germplasm resources, Wa people, Yunnan Province