生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1026-1034.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021167

• 2020年新物种专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国膜翅目2020年新分类单元

曹焕喜1, 牛泽清2, 唐璞3, 李涛4, 朱朝东2,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院动物研究所国家动物标本资源库, 北京 100101
    2.中国科学院动物研究所动物进化与系统学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3.浙江大学农业与生物技术学院, 杭州 310058
    4.国家林业和草原局森林和草原病虫害防治总站, 沈阳 110034
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-30 接受日期:2021-08-09 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-08-11
  • 通讯作者: 朱朝东
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: zhucd@ioz.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金委杰出青年基金(31625024)

New taxa and taxonomic changes of Hymenoptera from China in 2020

Huanxi Cao1, Zeqing Niu2, Pu Tang3, Tao Li4, Chaodong Zhu2,*()   

  1. 1 National Animal Collection Resource Center, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3 College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
    4 General Station of Forest and Grassland Pest Management, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Shenyang 110034
  • Received:2021-04-30 Accepted:2021-08-09 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-11
  • Contact: Chaodong Zhu

摘要:

本文对中国膜翅目昆虫2020年发表的新分类单元进行了梳理和总结。结合数据库检索和统计表格征集, 基于采自中国的膜翅目昆虫标本记录, 全世界膜翅目学者于2020年共发表涉及中国膜翅目分类单元的期刊论文104篇、出版1本图书专著, 分类单元新增及变动条目共469条: 4个新属(其中1个绝灭属), 1个新亚属, 321个新种(其中10个绝灭种), 8个新组合, 22个新异名, 1个中国新记录亚科, 18个中国新记录属, 93个中国新记录种, 1个替代名。绝灭类群有11条, 涉及3总科3科5属; 现生膜翅目有458条, 涵盖11总科29科170属, 其中6科40属不涉及新种。发表现生膜翅目新种的9总科23科130属: 广腰亚目(Symphyta)叶蜂总科(Tenthredinoidea) 23个新种; 细腰亚目(Apocrita)针尾部(Aculeata) 3个总科(蜜蜂总科(Apoidea) 29个新种、青蜂总科(Chrysidoidea) 2个新种、胡蜂总科(Vespoidea) 20个新种); 细腰亚目寄生部(Parasitica) 5个总科(小蜂总科(Chalcidoidea) 23个新种、瘿蜂总科(Cynipoidea) 12个新种、姬蜂总科(Ichneumonoidea) 206个新种、广腹细蜂总科(Platygastroidea) 4个新种、钩腹蜂总科(Trigonalyoidea) 2个新种)。2020年发表的所有中国膜翅目新种中, 姬蜂总科新种数量最多, 约占全年发表新种总数的2/3。云南、浙江、西藏、福建和辽宁等5个省级行政区为2020年中国膜翅目新种分布最多的省份, 超过全年发表新种总数的1/2。基于以上结果, 本文对膜翅目分类学现状和发展前景进行了讨论。

关键词: 细腰亚目, 广腰亚目, 分类学报告, 新分类单元分布

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to summarize the new taxa and taxonomic changes of Hymenoptera from China published in 2020.

Method: Through searching the available zoological databases and collecting data from Chinese hymenopterists, in 2020, 104 journal publications and 1 monograph related to the new taxa and taxonomic changes of Hymenoptera from China were obtained and analyzed.

Results: Based on these publications, 469 records of new taxa, new records and taxonomic changes of Hymenoptera from China were retrieved, including 4 new genera (1 extinct genus), 1 new subgenus, 321 new species (10 extinct species), 8 new combinations, 22 new synonyms, 1 newly recorded subfamily, 18 newly recorded genera, 93 newly recorded species, and 1 replaced name. In 11 records of them, 3 superfamilies, 3 families and 5 genera of extinct hymenopteran were involved. Another 458 records belong to 11 superfamilies, 29 families, 170 genera of extant Hymenoptera, of which 40 genera distributed in 6 families are only related to new distribution records or taxonomic changes. Among these 11 superfamilies, 9 superfamilies with new species published in 2020 include Symphyta: Tenthredinoidea (23 new species); Aculeata of Apocrita: Apoidea (29 new species), Chrysidoidea (2 new species), and Vespoidea (20 new species); Parasitica of Apocrita: Chalcidoidea (23 new species), Cynipoidea (12 new species), Ichneumonoidea (206 new species), Platygastroidea (4 new species), Trigonalyoidea (2 new species).

Conclusions: Among the 9 superfamilies, Ichneumonoidea had the largest number (206) of new species by covering about 2/3 of 321 new species published in 2020. Five provinces with more new species published in 2020 are Yunnan, Zhejiang, Xizang, Fujian, and Liaoning, covering about 1/2 of the 321 new species. Moreover, the current status and future development of Hymenoptera taxonomy were discussed here based on these results.

Key words: Apocrita, Symphyta, taxonomic report, distribution of new taxa