生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 79-88.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017328

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国植物采集先行者钟观光的采集考证

孟世勇1*(), 刘慧圆2,3, 余梦婷4, 刘全儒3, 马金双5*()   

  1. 1 北京大学生命科学学院, 北京 100871
    2 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    3 北京师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100875
    4 北京大学哲学系, 北京 100871
    5 中国科学院上海辰山植物科学研究中心, 上海 201602
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-10 接受日期:2018-01-18 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2018-05-05
  • 作者简介:

    # 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    国家植物标本资源共享平台(2005DKA21401)

Research on the plant collection of Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, the forerunner of Chinese plant collections

Shiyong Meng1,*(), Huiyuan Liu2,3, Mengting Yu4, Quanru Liu3, Jinshuang Ma5,*()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2 Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    4 Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    5 Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden; Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602
  • Received:2017-12-10 Accepted:2018-01-18 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-05-05
  • Contact: Meng Shiyong,Ma Jinshuang
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

摘要:

基于文献与标本的研究, 本文重新梳理和考证了中国植物采集先行者钟观光先生的采集历史。钟观光是我国第一个进行大规模植物标本采集的学者, 已知其最早的标本采自1912年(采集于北京), 最晚的是1933年(采集于浙江)。目前能够确定的钟观光采集的馆藏标本计10,228份, 其中大部分保存于北京大学生物系植物标本室(PEY, 4,584份)、中国科学院植物研究所植物标本馆(PE, 2,966份)和北京师范大学生命科学学院植物标本室(BNU, 2,032份), 共计9,582份, 约占钟观光馆藏标本总数的93.7%。英国皇家植物园邱园植物标本馆、爱丁堡植物园标本馆、美国哈佛大学植物标本馆等亦存有少量钟观光采集的标本(16份)。

关键词: 植物采集, 钟观光, 植物标本, 标本馆

Abstract:

Through literature and specimen research, we studied the collection history of Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, the forerunner of Chinese plant collections. Results showed that Kuan-Kuang Tsoong was the first scholar who conducted large-scale plant specimen collections in China and confirmed that the earliest specimen collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong was collected in 1912 (from Beijing) and the last specimens were collected in 1933 (from Zhejiang). Currently, 10,228 specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong have been found, including specimens founds at the Herbarium, Department of Biology, Peking University (PEY, 4,584 sheets), Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (PE, 2,966) and Herbarium, College of Life Science, Beijing Normal University (BNU, 2,032). These herbaria preserved most specimens (9,582 sheets, accounting for 93.7% of the total). Our study also found that a small number of specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong (16) were preserved by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K), the Edinburgh Botanic Garden (E), and Harvard University Herbaria (A).

Key words: collection, Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, plant specimen, herbarium