Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 393-400.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016296

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Characteristics and effects of sprouting on species diversity in a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in Gutianshan, East China

Duo Ye1, Ruirui Dong1, Xiangcheng Mi2, Wei Lu1, Zhenjie Zheng1, Mingjian Yu3, Jian Ni1, Jianhua Chen1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004
    2 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
  • Received:2016-10-12 Accepted:2017-03-30 Online:2017-04-20
  • Chen Jianhua E-mail:sky78@zjnu.cn

Sprouting, a life history strategy found in woody plant communities, enables woody plants to persist in situ through disturbance events. The ‘persistence niche’ of sprouting has important influences on species coexistence, community assembly, and ecosystem stability. However, the mechanism of the ‘persistence niche’ in maintaining species diversity is not well understood. Based on data collected in a 5 ha plot in a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in the Gutianshan National Natural Reserve of Zhejiang Province, China, we analyzed the characteristics of sprouting and their relationships with species diversity. Our results revealed that the sprouting species had a great proportion of 63.95% in richness and a high proportion of 38.53% in abundance, especially a higher abundance proportion of 59.51% of potential sprouting at the community level. Sprouting occurred in most taxa, and there was high ability of sprouting in Fagaceae, Ericaceae, Hamamelidaceae, and Theaceae. There were significant negative correlations between abundance proportion of sprouting species and the biodiversity index of the community, despite no relationships between richness proportion of sprouting species and biodiversity index. Therefore, the sprouters could retain their position in forests and reduce biodiversity of the forest community. This trade-off of sprouting may result in the maintenance of community stability.

Key words: sprouting, species composition, biodiversity, evergreen broad-leaved forest, persistence niche

Table 1

Sprouting characristics of 20 common species in the 5 ha Gutianshan plot"

物种
Species
科名
Family
个体数
Individuals
萌生个体数
Individuals of sprouting
萌生能力
Ability of sprouting
生活型
Life form
柳叶蜡梅 Chimonanthus salicifolius 蜡梅科 Calycanthaceae 3,233 2,339 0.64 ± 0.24 灌木 Shrub
毛花连蕊茶 Camellia fraterna 山茶科 Theaceae 2,573 723 0.25 ± 0.20 灌木 Shrub
马银花 Rhododendron ovatum 杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 1,423 562 0.29 ± 0.24 灌木 Shrub
格药柃 Eurya muricata 山茶科 Theaceae 1,172 231 0.13 ± 0.17 灌木 Shrub
甜槠 Castanopsis eyrei 壳斗科 Fagaceae 1,003 426 0.31 ± 0.29 乔木 Tree
青冈 Cyclobalanopsis glauca 壳斗科 Fagaceae 845 542 0.48 ± 0.38 乔木 Tree
檵木 Loropetalum chinense 金缕梅科 Hamamelidaceae 845 215 0.21 ± 0.24 灌木 Shrub
鹿角杜鹃 Rhododendron latoucheae 杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 839 385 0.30 ± 0.29 灌木 Shrub
栲树 Castanopsis fargesii 壳斗科 Fagaceae 838 329 0.30 ± 0.31 乔木 Tree
矩叶鼠刺 Itea oblonga 虎耳草科 Saxifragaceae 771 316 0.31 ± 0.30 灌木 Shrub
虎皮楠 Daphniphyllum oldhamii 交让木科 Daphniphyllaceae 699 77 0.05 ± 0.12 乔木 Tree
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 樟科 Lauraceae 614 126 0.18 ± 0.26 乔木 Tree
浙江新木姜子
Neolitsea aurata var. chekiangensis
樟科 Lauraceae 557 112 0.15 ± 0.27 灌木 Shrub
石栎 Lithocarpus glaber 壳斗科 Fagaceae 530 341 0.46 ± 0.38 乔木 Tree
钩栲 Castanopsis tibetana 壳斗科 Fagaceae 466 156 0.28 ± 0.31 乔木 Tree
美丽马醉木 Pieris formosa 杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 447 301 0.52 ± 0.37 灌木 Shrub
腺蜡瓣花 Corylopsis glandulifera 金缕梅科 Hamamelidaceae 397 322 0.78 ± 0.27 灌木 Shrub
猴欢喜 Sloanea sinensis 杜英科 Elaeocarpaceae 394 20 0.04 ± 0.13 乔木 Tree
木荷 Schima superba 山茶科 Theaceae 330 67 0.11 ± 0.20 乔木 Tree
江南越橘 Vaccinium mandarinorum 杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 320 87 0.19 ± 0.29 灌木 Shrub

Fig. 1

Relationships between richness proportion of sprouting species and species diversity indices of community in the 5 ha Gutianshan plot"

Fig. 2

Relationships between abundance proportion of sprouting species and species diversity indices of community in the 5 ha Gutianshan plot"

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