Biodiv Sci ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 66-73.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019178

• Editorial • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Red list assessment of macrofungi in China: Challenges and measures

Yi Li1,2#,Dongmei Liu3#,Ke Wang2,4,Haijun Wu2,Lei Cai5,Lei Cai2,Junsheng Li3,*(),Yijian Yao2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Food Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127
    2. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3. State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    5. Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100035
  • Received:2019-05-27 Accepted:2019-07-09 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-12-17
  • Contact: Junsheng Li,Yijian Yao

Abstract:

On the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2018, the Red List of China’s Biodiversity—Macrofungi was officially released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The List assessed the threatened status of 9,302 macro-fungal species. To better fit the evaluation of macrofungi, adjustments have been made to IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. This study assessed the main problems in the assessment, which can be summarized as follows: (1) taxonomic problems and the lack of available Chinese scientific names for part of species, (2) insufficient geographic distribution, population, and ecological information for various investigated species, (3) difficulty in IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria usage, and (4) uncertainty and missing data for threatening factors of macrofungi. For the mentioned problems, we suggest: (1) an improvement in fungal taxonomic studies, utilizing Chinese scientific names for fungal species, (2) encouragement for continuous field monitoring of fungal resources, (3) utilization of species distribution models to improve the IUCN Red List assessment for fungal red-listing, and (4) the use of public platforms to encourage communication and interaction to access information and increase the social impact of the List.

Key words: macrofungi, red list, IUCN, fungal conservation, endangered