Biodiv Sci ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 1004-1015.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018042

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A review and novel classification of Bunyavirales

Shuang Tang, Shu Shen, Junming Shi, Yaohui Fang, Hualin Wang, Zhihong Hu, Fei Deng*()   

  1. Microorganisms & Viruses Culture Collection Center, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071
  • Received:2018-02-07 Accepted:2018-04-04 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2019-01-05
  • Contact: Deng Fei
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    # Co-first authors

Abstract:

Most members of the Bunyavirales could infect humans and animals and thus pose great potential threat to public health. According to the 10th Report on Virus Taxonomy released by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV, 2017), the taxonomy of Bunyaviruses has been updated. Based on the information of this report, we highlight the taxonomy of the new Bunyavirales and summarize the historical changes of ICTV classification of this virus, including classification, designation, typical species, genomic structures, encoding protein, major vectors and hosts, geographic distribution, and specific viral properties. In addition, based on the viral genome-encoded RdRp gene sequence, a phylogenetic analysis is performed for the all nine families and 13 genera as well as the representative species of Bunyavirales.

Key words: Bunyavirales, taxonomy, ICTV, change, virus