Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 733-736.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14198

Special Issue: On Species Catalogue of China

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Using camera trap to monitor a North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) population and their main ungulate prey

Dazhao Song2, Buping Wang2, Jinyuan Jiang2, Shaoping Wan2, Shiming Cui2, Tianming Wang1, Limin Feng1, *()   

  1. 1. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Ecology , Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2. Chinese Felid Conservation Alliance, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2014-09-18 Accepted:2014-11-28 Online:2014-12-11
  • Feng Limin E-mail:fenglimin@bnu.edu.cn

North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) is an endemic subspecies of the leopard in China. The basic ecological data of the leopard, such as the distribution, population and it’s dynamic, behavior, prey, is least known for lacking of a long-term study. The present paper reported a 7-year monitoring and survey on North Chinese leopard and it’s prey in Qingcheng Forest Farm of Jinzhong prefecture, Shanxi using camera traps. The monitoring recorded 14 individuals of leopard, with 11 adults (3 females and 8 males) and 3 cubs between May of 2007 and April of 2014. A residential female leopard bred 3 cubs in 2008 and 2009. The main prey of ungulates is wild boar (Sus scrofa) and roe deer (Capreolus pygargus). The relative abundance index (RAI) of wild boar and roe deer were 4.16 and 1.35 individuals/km2, and absolute density were 3.48 and 3.61 individuals/km2 , respectively.

Key words: Panthera pardus japonesis, camera trap, population, conservation

Fig. 1

The camera trapping sites in Qingcheng Forest Farm of Jinzhong, Shanxi Province between 2007 and 2014"

Table 1

Monitoring records of North Chinese leopard in Qingcheng Forest Farm, Jinzhong, Shanxi between 2007 and 2014"

个体编号
ID
性别
Sex
出现时间
Period of record
是否繁殖
Reproduced or un-reproduced
F1 雌 Female 2008.06-2012.09 是 Yes
F2 雌 Female 2013.11-2014.03 否 No
F3 雌 Female 2009.02-2009.04 否 No
M1 雄 Male 2009.01-2011.4 未知 Unknown
M2 雄 Male 2008.10-2008.11; 2010.08-2014.03 未知 Unknown
M3 雄 Male 2009.05 未知 Unknown
M4 雄 Male 2008.03-2009.12 未知 Unknown
M5 雄 Male 2009.03-2010.09 未知 Unknown
M6 雄 Male 2008.07-2008.12 未知 Unknown
M7 雄 Male 2010.07-2010.08 未知 Unknown
M8 雄 Male 2007.05-2008.05 未知 Unknown
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