Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 549-563.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14124

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Influence of climate change on wild plants and the conservation strategies

Lei Li1, Jiakuan Chen1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 Center for Watershed Ecology, Institute of Life Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031
    2 Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2014-06-12 Accepted:2014-08-25 Online:2014-10-09
  • Chen Jiakuan E-mail:jkchen@fudan.edu.cn

Recently, the influence of climate change on wild plants has attracted keen attention from international scholars. In an effort to elucidate the importance of considering climate change effects in the conservation and management of wild plants, we first summarized the status of global climate change in the world and its trends in next 100 years, as well as the conservation status of plants in China in recent years. Specifically, we reviewed research on the potential influences of global warming on wild plants from several aspects, including northward migration of plants with shifting climate zones, glacial recession in polar regions, warming in high altitude mountains, sea level rise, advance of temperature rise in early spring, desert steppe soil temperature increase, drought-flood cycle alterations, as well as the response of interspecies relationships and sensitive plant taxa to global warming. Then, we analyzed the general trends of future global warming effects on wild plants by reviewing global ecosystem sensitivity, plant diversity, plant migration and climate sink areas, species adaptation and extinction, as well as plant phenology in the context of global warming. Finally, we suggest that key areas of plant diversity should be delineated and protected, with a focus on climate-sensitive taxa and plants that are involved with plant-animal interactions that will be affected by climate factors. The impacts of global climate change should be taken into account in the further development of nature reserves. We also recommend the establishment of a database for the long-term and systematic monitoring of wild plant distribution and population dynamics on a global scale. Technologies for ex-situ conservation of wild plants and information networks should be developed. Quantitative indices and corresponding models relating the response of wild plants to global climate change should be also developed. Finally, we suggest that the conservation and management of wild plants in response to global climate change should be listed as priorities by associate foundations.

Key words: global warming, glacial recession, sea level rise, plant diversity, species migration, phenology, ex situ conservation

[1] .Adams J (2007) Vegetation-Climate Interaction: How Vegetation Makes the Global Environment. Praxis Publishing Ltd,. Chichester.
[2] .Alsos IG, Eidesen PB, Ehrich D, Skrede I, Westergaard K, Jacobsen GH, Landvik JY, Taberlet P, Brochmann C (2007) Frequent long--------distance plant colonization in the changing Arctic. Science, 316, 1606-1609.
[3] .Asaeda T, Hung LQ (2007) Internal heterogeneity of ramet and flower densities of Typha angustifolia near the boundary of the stand. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 15, 155-164.
[4] .Badano EI, Marquet PA (2008) Ecosystem engineering affects ecosystem functioning in high-Andean landscapes. Oecologia, 155, 821-829.
[5] .Bergengren JC, Waliser DE, Yung YL (2011) Ecological sensitivity: a biospheric view of climate change. Climatic Change, 107, 433-457.
[6] .Brikowski TH, Lotan Y, Pearle MS (2008) Climate-related increase in the prevalence of urolithiasis in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 9841-9846.
[7] .Brooker RW (2006) Plant-plant interactions and environmental change. New Phytologist, 171, 271-284.
[8] .Burrows MT, Schoeman DS, Richardson AJ, Molinos JG, Hoffmann A, Buckley LB, Moore PJ, Brown CJ, Bruno JF, Duarte CM, Halpern BS, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Kappel CV, Kiessling W, O’Connor MI, Pandolfi JM, Parmesan C, Sydeman W, Ferrier S, Williams KJ, Poloczanska ES (2014) Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity. Nature, 507, 492-495.
[9] .Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, Matveyeva N, Panikov N, Oechel W, Shaver G, Elster J, Henttonen H, Laine K, Taulavuori K, Taulavuori E, Zöckler C (translated by He YT (何永涛)) (2004) Biodiversity, distributions and adaptations of Arctic species in the context of environmental change. AMBIO(人类环境杂志), 33, 380-393. (in Chinese)
[10] .Callaway RM, Brooker RW, Choler P, Kikvidze Z, Lortie CJ, Michalet R, Paolini L, Pugnaire FI, Newingham B, Aschehoug ET, Armas C, Kikodze D, Cook BJ (2002) Positive interactions among alpine plants increase with stress. Nature, 417, 844-848.
[11] .Cao FX (曹福祥), Xu QJ (徐庆军), Cao SJ (曹受金), Long JX (龙绛雪), Qi CJ (祁承经) (2008) Advances of global warming impact on species distribution. Journal of Central South University of Forestry and Technology(中南林业科技大学学报), 28, 86-89. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[12] .Cavanaugh KC, Kellner JR, Forde AJ, Gruner DS, Parker JD, Rodriguez W, Feller IC (2013) Poleward expansion of mangroves is a threshold response to decreased frequency of extreme cold events. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 111, 723-727.
[13] .Cavieres LA, Badano EI, Sierra-Almeida A, Gómez-González S, Molina-Montenegro MA (2006) Positive interactions between alpine plant species and the nurse cushion plant Laretia acaulis do not increase with elevation in the Andes of central Chile. New Phytologist, 169, 59-69.
[14] .Cavieres LA, Quiroz CL, Molina-Montenegro MA, Muñoz AA, Pauchard A (2005) Nurse effect of the native cushion plant Azorella monantha on the invasive non-native Taraxacum officinale in the high-Andes of central Chile. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 7, 217-226.
[15] .Chen IC, Hill JK, Ohlemüller R, Roy DB, Thomas CD (2011) Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming. Science, 333, 1024-1026.
[16] .Chen JG (陈建国), Yang Y (杨扬), Sun H (孙航) (2011) Advances in the studies of responses of alpine plants to global warming. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology(应用与环境生物学报), 17, 435-446. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[17] .Chmielewski FM, Rötzer T (2001) Response of tree phenology to climate change across Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 108, 101-112.
[18] .Christian RR, Mazzilli S (2007) Defining the coast and sentinel ecosystems for coastal observations of global change. Hydrobiologia, 577, 55-70.
[19] .Chu CJ, Maestre FT, Xiao S, Weiner J, Wang YS, Duan ZH, Wang G (2008) Balance between facilitation and resource competition determines biomass-density relationships in plant populations. Ecology Letters, 11, 1189-1197.
[20] .Colwell RK, Brehm G, Cardelús CL, Gilman AC, Longino JT (2008) Global warming, elevational range shifts, and lowland biotic attrition in the wet tropics. Science, 322, 258-261.
[21] .Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000) Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408, 184-187.
[22] .Crawford RMM(2008) Plants at the Margin: Ecological Limits and Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[23] .Deng ZF (邓自发), Ouuyang Y (欧阳琰), Xie XL (谢晓玲), Qing H (清华), Xiao Y (肖燕), An SQ (安树青) (2010) The effects of primary process of global change on biological invasion in coastal ecosystem. Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 18, 605-614. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[24] .Ellison JE, Stoddatr DR (1991) Mangrove ecosystem collapse during predicted sea-level rise: holocene analogues and implications. Journal of Coastal Research, 7, 151-165.
[25] .Elmendorf SC, Henry GHR, Hollister RD, Björk RG, Boulanger-Lapointe N, Cooper EJ, Cornelissen JHC, Day TA, Dorrepaal E, Elumeeva TG, Gill M, Gould WA, Jónsdóttir IS, Jorgenson JC, Klanderud K, Klein JA, Koh S, Kudo G, Lara M, Lévesque E, Magnússon B, May JL, Mercado-Díaz JA, Michelsen A, Molau U, Myers-Smith IH, Oberbauer SF, Onipchenko VG, Rixen C, Schmidt NM, Shaver GR, Spasojevic MJ, Þórhallsdóttir ÞE, Tolvanen A, Troxler T, Tweedie CE, Villareal S, Wahren H, Walker X, Webber PJ, Welker JM, Wipf S (2012) Plot-scale evidence of tundra vegetation change and links to recent summer warming. Nature Climate Change, 2, 453-457.
[26] .Fang XQ (方修琦), Yu WH (余卫红) (2002) Progress in the studies on the phenological responding to global warming. Advances in Earth Science(地球科学进展), 17, 714-719. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[27] .Feng GL (封国林), Yang HW (杨涵洧), Zhang SX (张世轩), Wang K (王阔), Shen BZ (沈柏竹) (2012) A preliminary research on the reason of a sharp turn from drought to flood in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in late spring and early summer of 2011. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences(大气科学), 36, 1009-1026. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[28] .Fitter AH, Fitter RSR (2002) Rapid changes in flowering time in British plants. Science, 296, 1689-1691.
[29] .Gao RF (高如峰) (2012) The influence of sea level rise to coastal ecological environment in China. Science and Technology Information(科技资讯), (25), 181-183. (in Chinese)
[30] .Ge QS (葛全胜), Wang F (王芳), Chen PQ (陈泮勤), Tian YY (田砚宇), Cheng BB (程邦波) (2007) Review on global change research. Advances in Earth Science(地球科学进展), 22, 417-427. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[31] .Gilbert G, Brown AF, Wotton SR (2010) Current dynamics and predicted vulnerability to sea-level rise of a threatened Bittern Botaurus stellaris population. Ibis, 152, 580-589.
[32] .Gillett NP, Arora VK, Zickfeld K, Marshall SJ, Merryfield WJ (2011) Ongoing climate change following a complete cessation of carbon dioxide emissions. Nature Geoscience, 4, 83-87.
[33] .Gilman EL, Ellison J, Duke NC, Field C (2008) Threats to mangroves from climate change and adaptation options: a review. Aquatic Botany, 89, 237-250.
[34] .Gottfried M, Pauli H, Futschik A, Akhalkatsi M, Barančok P, Alonso JLB, Coldea G, Dick J, Erschbamer B, Calzado MRF, Kazakis G, Krajči J, Larsson P, Mallaun M, Michelsen O, Moiseev D, Moiseev P, Molau Ulf, Merzouki A, Nagy L, Nakhutsrishvili G, Pedersen B, Pelino G, Puscas M, Rossi G, Stanisci A, Theurillat J-P, Tomaselli M, Villar L, Vittoz P, Vogiatzakis I, Grabherr G (2012) Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2, 111-115.
[35] .Heide-Jørgensen HS, Johnsen I (1998) Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change in Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Ministry of Environment and Energy, Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Copenhagen.
[36] .Hülber K, Gottfried M, Pauli H, Reiter K, Winkler M, Grabherr G (2006) Phenological responses of snowbed species to snow removal dates in the Central Alps: implications for climate warming. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 38, 99-103.
[37] .Hughes C, Eastwood R (2006) Island radiation on a continental scale: exceptional rates of plant diversification after uplift of the Andes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 103, 10334-10339.
[38] .IPCC(2007) Climate Change 2007-The Physical Science Basis: Working GroupⅠ Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[39] .Kissling WD, Eiserhardt WL, Baker WJ, Borchsenius F, Couvreur TL, Balslev H, Svenning JC (2012) Cenozoic imprints on the phylogenetic structure of palm species assemblages worldwide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 109, 7379-7384.
[40] .Klanderud K (2005) Climate change effects on species interactions in an alpine plant community. Journal of Ecology, 93, 127-137.
[41] .Klanderud K, TotlØ (2008) Diversity-stability relationships of an alpine plant community under simulated environmental change. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 44, 679-684.
[42] .Langley JA, Megonigal JP (2010) Ecosystem response to elevated CO2 levels limited by nitrogen-induced plant species shift. Nature, 466, 96-99.
[43] .Laurance WF, Oliveira AA, Laurance SG, Condit R, Nascimento HE, Sanchez-Thorin AC, Lovejoy TE, Andrade A, D’Angelo S, Ribeiro JE, Dick CW (2004) Pervasive alteration of tree communities in undisturbed Amazonian forests. Nature, 428, 171-175.
[44] .Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Rogers A, Long SP, Ort DR (2009) Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 2859-2876.
[45] .Li KR (李克让) (1996) Research progress of global climate change and its impact and future prospect. Acta Geographica Sinica(地理学报), 51, 1-14. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[46] .Li XB (李晓兵), Chen YH (陈云浩), Zhang YX (张云霞), Fan YD (范一大), Zhou T (周涛), Xie F (谢锋) (2002) Impact of climate change on desert steppe in northern China. Advances in Earth Science(地球科学进展), 17, 254-261. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[47] .Liu CM (刘昌明), Liu XM (刘小莽), Zheng HX (郑红星) (2008) The issue of impacts of climate change on hydrology and water resources. Impact of Science on Society(科学对社会的影响), (2), 21-27. (in Chinese)
[48] .Liu GH (刘国华), Fu BJ (傅伯杰) (2001) Effect of global change on forest ecology system. Journal of Natural Resources(自然资源学报), 16, 71-77. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[49] .Liu HY, Yin T (2013) Response of forest distribution to past climate change: an insight into future predictions. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58, 4426-4436.
[50] .Liu QP (刘钦普), Lin ZS (林振山) (2005) Gray analysis on responses of desert/grassland biome transition zone to global warming—a case of the desert/grassland biome transition zone in New Mexico. Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 24, 756-762. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[51] .Liu J (刘江) (2001) Study on the Strategy of Sustainable Development of China (中国可持续发展战略研究). China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[52] .Liu Y (刘洋), Zhang J (张健), Yang WQ (杨万勤) (2009) Responses of alpine biodiversity to climate change. Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 17, 88-96. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[53] .Lu CY (卢昌义), Lin P (林鹏), Ye Y (叶勇), Wang HH (汪和海) (1995) Review on impact of global climate change on mangrove ecosystems and research countermeasure. Advances in Earth Science(地球科学进展), 10, 341-347. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[54] .Lu XM, Siemann E, Shao X, Wei H, Ding JQ (2013) Climate warming affects biological invasions by shifting interactions of plants and herbivores. Global Change Biology, 19, 2339-2347.
[55] .Lucht W, Schaphoff S, Erbrecht T, Heyder U, Cramer W (2006) Terrestrial vegetation redistribution and carbon balance under climate change. Carbon Balance and Management, 1, 6.
[56] .Luo WB (罗文泊), Xie YH (谢永宏), Song FB (宋凤斌) (2007) Survival strategies of wetland plants in flooding environments. Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 26, 1478-1485. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[57] .Macek P, Rejmánková E, Houdková K (2006) The effect of long-term submergence on functional properties of Eleocharis cellulose Torr. Aquatic Botany, 84, 251-258.
[58] .Marengo J, Nobre CA, Betts RA, Cox PM, Sampaio G, Salazar L (2009) Global warming and climate change in Amazonia: climate-vegetation feedback and impacts on water resources. In: Amazonia and Global Change, pp. 273-292. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.
[59] .Matveyeva N, Chernov Y (2000) Biodiversity of terrestrial ecosystems. In: The Arctic Environment, People, Policy (eds Nuttall M, Callaghan TV), pp. 233-274. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.
[60] .Memmott J, Graze PG, Waser NM, Price MV (2007) Global warming and the disruption of plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology Letters, 10, 710-717.
[61] .Menzel A (2000) Trends in phenological phases in Europe between 1951 and 1996. International Journal of Biometeorology, 44, 76-81.
[62] .Miller PA, Giesecke T, Hickler T, Bradshaw RH, Smith B, Seppä H, Valdes PJ, Sykes MT (2008) Exploring climatic and biotic controls on Holocene vegetation change in Fennoscandia. Journal of Ecology, 96, 247-259.
[63] .Miller-Rushing AJ, Inouye DW (2009) Variation in the impact of climate change on flowering phenology and abundance: an examination of two pairs of closely related wildflower species. American Journal of Botany, 96, 1821-1829.
[64] .Mitsch WJ, Gosselink JG (2000) Wetlands. Wiley, New York.
[65] .Pauli H, Gottfried M, Dullinger S, Abdaladze O, Akhalkatsi M, Alonso JLB, Coldea G, Dick J, Erschbamer B, Calzado RF, Ghosn D, Holten JI, Kanka R, Kazakis G, Kollár J, Larsson P, Moiseev P, Moiseev D, Molau U, Mesa JM, Nagy L, Pelino G, Puşcaş M, Rossi G, Stanisci A, Syverhuset AO, Theurillat J-P, Tomaselli M, Unterluggauer P, Villar L, Vittoz P, Grabherr G (2012) Recent plant diversity changes on Europe’s mountain summits. Science, 336, 353-355.
[66] .Parmesan C, Yohe G (2003) A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421, 37-42.
[67] .Peng SL (彭少麟), Li QF (李勤奋), Ren H (任海) (2002) Impact of climate change on wildlife. Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 22, 1153-1159. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[68] .Pepin NC, Seidel DJ (2005) A global comparison of surface and free-air temperatures at high elevations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 110, doi: 10.1029/ 2004JD005047.
[69] .Perry JE, Atkinson RB (2009) York river tidal marshes. Journal of Coastal Research, 57, 39-42.
[70] .Qin DH (秦大河), Luo Y (罗勇) (2008) The cause and the change trend in the future of global climate change. Impact of Science on Society(科学对社会的影响), (2), 16-21. (in Chinese)
[71] .Qu JS (曲建升), Ge QS (葛全胜), Zhang XQ (张雪芹) (2008) Development and comparison of the significations of global change and its correlated concepts. Advances in Earth Science(地球科学进展), 23, 1277-1284. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[72] .Schaeffer M, Hare W, Rahmstorf S, Vermeer M (2012) Long-term sea-level rise implied by 1.5℃ and 2℃ warming levels. Nature Climate Change, 2, 867-870.
[73] .Seidel DJ, Fu Q, Randel WJ, Reichler TJ (2008) Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate. Nature Geoscience, 1, 21-24.
[74] .Shi PL (石培礼) (1999) A Study on the Vegetation Ecology of Subalpine Timberline Ecotone (亚高山林线生态交错带的植被生态学研究). PhD dissertation, Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resource, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[75] .Smith JM, Cialone MA, Wamsley TV, McAlpin TO (2010) Potential impact of sea level rise on coastal surges in southeast Louisiana. Ocean Engineering, 37, 37-47.
[76] .Sommer JH, Kreft H, Kier G, Jetz W, Mutke J, Barthlott W (2010) Projected impacts of climate change on regional capacities for global plant species richness. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 277, 2271-2280.
[77] .Song L (宋亮), Liu WY (刘文耀) (2011) Epiphytic plants: their responses to global change and roles in bioindication. Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 30, 145-154. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[78] .Song L, Liu WY, Nadkarni NM (2012) Response of non-vascular epiphytes to simulated climate change in a montane moist evergreen broad-leaved forest in southwest China. Biological Conservation, 152, 127-135.
[79] .Song YT, Zhou DW, Zhang HX, Li GD, Jin YH, Li Q (2013) Effects of vegetation height and density on soil temperature variations. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58, 907-912.
[80] .Stewart JR, Lister AM, Barnes I, Dalén L (2010) Refugia revisited: individualistic responses of species in space and time. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 277, 661-671.
[81] .Tan XL (谭晓林), Zhang QM (张乔民) (1997) Mangrove beaches’s accretion rate and effects of relative sea-level rise on mangroves in China. Marine Science Bulletin(海洋通报), 16, 29-35. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[82] .Thuiller W, Lavorel S, Araújo MB, Sykes MT, Prentice IC (2005) Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 102, 8245-8250.
[83] .Tian HQ (田汉勤), Wan SQ (万师强), Ma KP (马克平) (2007) Global change ecology: global change and terrestrial ecosystems. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version) (植物生态学报), 31, 173-174. (in Chinese)
[84] .van Geest GJ, Coops H, Roijackers RMM, Buijse AD, Scheffer M (2005) Succession of aquatic vegetation driven by reduced water-level fluctuations in floodplain lakes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 251-260.
[85] .van Herk CM, Aptroot A, van Dobben HF (2002) Long-term monitoring in the Netherlands suggests that lichens respond to global warming. The Lichenologist, 34, 141-154.
[86] .van Wijck C, de Groot CJ, Grillas P (1992) The effect of anaerobic sediment on the growth of Potamogeton pectinatus L.: the role of organic matter, sulphide and ferrous iron. Aquatic Botany, 44, 31-49.
[87] .Vaz APA, Figueiredo-Ribeiro RCL, Kerbauy GB (2004) Photoperiod and temperature effects on in vitro growth and flowering of P. pusilla, an epiphytic orchid. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 42, 411-415.
[88] .Voesenek LACJ, Rijnders JHGM, Peeters AJM, van de Steeg HM, de Kroon H (2004) Plant hormones regulate fast shoot elongation under water: from genes to communities. Ecology, 85, 16-27.
[89] .Vretare V, Weisner SE, StrJA, Granéli W (2001) Phenotypic plasticity in Phragmites australis as a functional response to water depth. Aquatic Botany, 69, 127-145.
[90] .Walther GR, Berger S, Sykes MT (2005) An ecological “footprint” of climate change. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 272, 1427-1432.
[91] .Walther GR, Gritti ES, Berger S, Hickler T, Tang ZY, Sykes MT (2007) Palms tracking climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 801-809.
[92] .Walther GR, Post E, Convey P, Menzel A, Parmesank C, Beebee TJC, Fromentin JM, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bairlein F (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389-395.
[93] .Wang D, Heckathorn SA, Barua D, Joshi P, Hamilton EW, Lacroix JJ (2008) Effects of elevated CO2 on the tolerance of photosynthesis to acute heat stress in C3, C4, and CAM species. American Journal of Botany, 95, 165-176.
[94] .Wang RZ, Yuan L, Zhang LQ (2010) Impacts of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the benthic communities of salt marshes in the Yangtze estuary, China. Ecological Engineering, 36, 799-806.
[95] .Wang XY (王雪英), Zhao Q (赵琦), Jiao YX (焦雨歆) (2008) The progress on polar vascular plants. Chinese Journal of Polar Research(极地研究), 20, 258-264. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[96] .Wei XP (韦兴平), Shi F (石峰), Fan JF (樊景凤), Yang Q (杨青) (2011) Climate change impacts on marine lives and ecosystems. Advances in Marine Science(海洋科学进展), 29, 241-252. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[97] .Wen L, Lin CA (2003) Global climate change and its impacts. Advances in Water Science(水科学进展), 14, 667-674. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[98] .Wolkovich EM, Cook BI, Allen JM, Crimmins TM, Betancourt JL, Travers SE, Pau S, Regetz J, Davies TJ, Kraft NJB, Ault TR, Bolmgren K, Mazer SJ, McCabe GJ, McGill BJ, Parmesan C, Salamin N, Schwartz MD, ClelEE (2012) Warming experiments underpredict plant phenological responses to climate change. Nature, 485, 494-497.
[99] .Wu BH (吴榜华), Meng QF (孟庆繁), Zhao YG (赵元根), Liu YC (刘延春) (1997) Globe climate change and biodiversity. Journal of Jilin Forestry University(吉林林学院学报), 13, 142-146. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[100] .Wu YH (吴玉环), Cheng GD (程国栋), Gao Q (高谦) (2003) Bryophyte’s ecology functions and its significances in revegetation. Journal of Desert Research(中国沙漠), 23, 215-220. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[101] .Xiao XM (肖向明), Wang YF (王义凤), Chen ZZ (陈佐忠) (1996) Dynamics of primary productivity and soil organic matter of typical steppe in the Xilin River Basin of Inner Mongolia and their response to climate change. Acta Botanica Sinica(植物学报), 38, 45-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[102] .Xiao Y, Tang JB, Qing H, Yan OY, Zhao YJ, Zhou CF, An SQ (2010) Clonal integration enhances flood tolerance of Spartina alterniflora daughter ramets. Aquatic Botany, 92, 9-13.
[103] .Xu YQ (徐雨晴), Lu PL (陆佩玲), Yu Q (于强) (2004) Review and prospect in the researches of influence of climate change on plant phenology. Resources Science(资源科学), 26, 129-136. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[104] .Xu ZF (许再富) (1998) Principle and Method of Conservation of Rare and Endangered Plants (稀有濒危植物迁地保护的原理与方法). Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming. (in Chinese)
[105] .Xu ZF (许再富), Huang JY (黄加元), Hu HB (胡华斌), Zhou HF (周惠芳), Meng LZ (孟令曾) (2008) A commentary on plant ex situ conservation and its researches in China nearly thirty years. Guihaia(广西植物), 28, 764-774. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[106] .Yang LL (杨琳璐), Wang ZS (王中生), Zhou LY (周灵燕), Ma YS (马元屾), Wang ZK (王志科), Ying T (营婷), Song YY (宋圆圆), Xu WX (徐卫祥) (2012) Response and bioindicator of bryophyte and lichen as Cryptogamae plants to environmental change. Journal of Nanjing Forestry Univer- sity (Natural Science Edition) (南京林业大学学报(自然科学版)), 36, 137-143. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[107] .Yang Y (杨扬), Sun H (孙航) (2006) Advances in the functional ecology of alpine and arctic plants. Acta Botanica Yunnanica(云南植物研究), 28, 43-53. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[108] .Yin X, Struik PC (2009) C3 and C4 photosynthesis models: an overview from the perspective of crop modelling. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 57, 27-38.
[109] .Young SB (1971) The vascular flora of Saint Lawrence Island, with special reference to floristic zonation in the arctic regions. In: Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, No. 201, pp. 11-115. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
[110] .Yuan H (苑虎), Zhang YB (张殷波), Qin HN (覃海宁), Liu Y (刘燕), Yu M (喻梅) (2009) The in situ conservation of state key protected wild plants in national nature reserves in China. Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 17, 280-287. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[111] .Yu YH (禹玉华), Liao JP (廖景平), Ding CH (丁朝华), Zheng YL (郑永利) (2008) Global botanic gardens and plant diversity conservation. The Botanical Gardens of China(中国植物园), (11), 13-24. (in Chinese)
[112] .Zhang YB (张殷波), Zhang XL (张晓龙), Yuan H (苑虎) (2014) Assessing the in situ conservation status of key protected wild plants in Shanxi Province. Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 22, 167-173. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[113] .Zhao J, Zhang Y, Song F, Xu Z, Xiao L (2013) Phenological response of tropical plants to regional climate change in Xishuangbanna, south-western China. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 29, 161-172.
[114] .Zhou GS (周广胜), Wang YH (王玉辉), Bai LP (白莉萍), Xu ZZ (许振柱), Shi RX (石瑞香), Zhou L (周莉), Yuan WP (袁文平) (2004) Study on the interaction between terrestrial ecosystems and global change. Acta Meteorologica Sinica(气象学报), 62, 692-707. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[115] .Zhou LM, Tucker CJ, Kaufmann RK, Slayback D, Shabanov NV, Myneni RB (2001) Variations in northern vegetation activity inferred from satellite data of vegetation index during 1981 to 1999. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 20069-20083.
[116] .Zotz G, Bader MY (2009) Epiphytic plants in a changing world global: change effects on vascular and non-vascular epiphytes. Progress in Botany, 70, 147-170.
[1] Li Qiang, Wang Bin, Deng Yun, Lin Luxiang, Dawa Zhaxi, Zhang Zhiming. Correlation between spatial distribution of forest canopy gaps and plant diversity indices in Xishuangbanna tropical forests [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 273-285.
[2] Dong-Ting ZOU, Qing-Gang WANG, Ao LUO, Zhi-Heng WANG. Species richness patterns and resource plant conservation assessments of Rosaceae in China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 1-15.
[3] XING Xiao-Yi, HAO Pei-Yao, LI Guan-Heng, LI Hui, DONG Li. Seasonal dynamic of plant phenophases in Beijing—A case study in Beijing Botanical Garden [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 906-916.
[4] Yu Zhang, Gang Feng. Distribution pattern and mechanism of insect species diversity in Inner Mongolia [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 701-706.
[5] ZHOU Tong,CAO Ru-Yin,WANG Shao-Peng,CHEN Jin,TANG Yan-Hong. Responses of green-up dates of grasslands in China and woody plants in Europe to air temperature and precipitation: Empirical evidences based on survival analysis [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(5): 526-538.
[6] SONG Xiao-Yan,WANG Gen-Xu,RAN Fei,YANG Yan,ZHANG Li,XIAO Yao. Flowering phenology and growth of typical shrub grass plants in response to simulated warmer and drier climate in early succession Taiga forests in the Da Hinggan Ling of northeast China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(5): 539-549.
[7] Yao Zhao,Gengyun Li,Ji Yang. Conservation and utilization of wild relatives of cultivated plants [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(4): 414-426.
[8] Hongwen Huang. “Science, art and responsibility”: The scientific and social function changes of a 500-year history of botanical gardens. II. Intension of sciences [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(3): 304-314.
[9] ZHANG Li, WANG Gen-Xu, RAN Fei, PENG A-Hui, XIAO Yao, YANG Yang, YANG Yan. Experimental warming changed plants’ phenological sequences of two dominant species in an alpine meadow, western of Sichuan [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(1): 20-27.
[10] Zaifu Xu. Botanical gardens’ challenge—correspondence with Academician De-Yuan Hong’s “Three ‘What’: mission of a botanic garden” [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(9): 918-923.
[11] Zhihuan Huang, Qifeng Lu, Yingzhuo Chen. Comparative study on reproductive success of Corydalis sheareri (Papaveraceae) between alkaline limestone soil and red soil habitats in a karst area [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(9): 972-980.
[12] Congcong Xu, Hongxia Cui, Lei Shi, Fei Xia, Zhaoyin Yin, Deshan Zhang. Response of Flowering Phenology of Viburnum to Abnormal Meteorological Events [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2017, 52(3): 297-306.
[13] Jie Liu,Yahuang Luo,Dezhu Li,Lianming Gao. Evolution and maintenance mechanisms of plant diversity in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and adjacent regions: retrospect and prospect [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(2): 163-174.
[14] Jun Sun,Bing Xue. Marine phytoplankton diversity and the impact of global climate change [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2016, 24(7): 739-747.
[15] Wei Guo, Xusheng Gong, Xuwei Deng, Zhengxiang Wang, Zhongqiang Li. Community Succession of Macrophytes in the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Hanjiang River [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51(6): 782-789.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Peng Cui, Hongbo Liu, Songlin Ruan, Basharat Ali, Rafaqat Ali Gill, Huasheng Ma, Zhifu Zheng, and Weijun Zhou. A zinc finger protein, interacted with cyclophilin, affects root development via IAA pathway in rice[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2017, 59(7): 496 -505 .
[2] Yongmei Che, Dandan Zhang, Lixia Hou, Lanxiang Wang, Xin Liu. Extracellular Adenosine Triphosphate Functions Downstream of Hydrogen Sulfide in Ethylene-induced Stomatal Closure in Arabidopsis thaliana[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2015, 50(1): 22 -31 .
[3] Cheng Xue, Fang-Dong Geng, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Xiao-Peng Chang, Ju-Qing Kang, Lei Huang, Jian-Qiang Zhang, and Yi Ren. Morphological Variation Pattern of Aquilegia ecalcarata and its Relatives[J]. J Syst Evol, 0, (): 0 .
[4] Cui Gao;Yuxia Chen;Ying Bao;Min Feng;Anming Lu. Studies on Sexual Organs and Embryological Development Morphology of Speirantha gardenii (Convallariaceae)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(06): 705 -712 .
[5] Xingguang Dong, Yufen Cao, Kun Wang, Luming Tian, Ying Zhang, Dan Qi. Comparison of the Characters and Distribution of Vessel Elements in Xylem Among Three Main Pear Rootstocks in China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2015, 50(2): 227 -233 .
[6] Lu An-ming, Li Jian-qiang, Chen Zhi-duan. The Origin and Dispersal of the “Lower” Hamamelidae[J]. J Syst Evol, 1993, 31(6): 489 -504 .
[7] Huang Zhao-xiang;Zheng Zhen-gui and Zhu Du. Ecological Effect of Taxodium ascendens-Oryza sativa Ecosystem(I) The Growing Characteristic of Taxodium Ascendens in the Ecosystem[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(02): 48 -51 .
[8] Huifang Jiang, Li Huang, Xiaoping Ren, Yuning Chen, Xiaojing Zhou, Youlin Xia, Jiaquan Huang, Yong Lei, Liying Yan, Liyun Wan, and Boshou Liao. Diversity characterization and association analysis of agronomic traits in a Chinese peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) mini-core collection[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2014, 56(2): 159 -169 .
[9] ZHANG Yi-Shun HUANG Shang-Zhi FU Jia-Rui. Progress in Study on Raffinose Family Oligosaccharides in Seeds[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(01): 16 -22 .
[10] WANG Feng-Ying-, HU Yong-Hong-, TIAN Qi. Study on Coldresistance of Island Plant Cinnamomum japonicum (Lauraceae)[J]. Plant Diversity, 2010, 32(S17): 97 .