Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 208-215.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13160

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The influence of fire disturbance on the biotype structure and seasonal dynamics of ground-dwelling spider on Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan Province

Yanyan Ma1, Zizhong Yang2, Ping Feng1, Qiao Li1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Forestry, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, Yunnan 650224
    2 Key Laboratory of Medical Insects and Spiders Resources for Development & Utilization of Yunnan Province, Dali University, Dali 671000
  • Received:2013-07-12 Accepted:2014-02-20 Online:2014-04-03
  • Li Qiao E-mail:lqfcb@126.com

In order to demonstrate the influence of fire disturbance on the function, structure and seasonal dynamics of ground-dwelling spider assemblages, we chose a burned site and an unburned control site. Both study sites were in broadleaf-conifer mixed forest on Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan Province. The results showed that (1) Zelotes zhui (relative dominance value (DV') =33.03), Pardosa chionophila (DV'=22.53) and Sibianor sp. 1 (DV'=8.75) were obviously dominant at the burned site and that Draconarius sp. 2 (DV'=63.50) was absolutely dominant at the control site; (2) At the burned site, the relative abundance of web-builders was significantly lower than that of hunters (P<0.001), whereas the relative abundance of web-builders was significantly higher than that of hunters at the control site; and (3) As season changed, the dominant group fluctuated significantly at the burned, with the lowest abundance during the part of the summer with the maximum rainfall and during the coldest winter; the spider assemblages were stable at the control site, with agelenids consistently the dominant group. These results indicated that fire disturbance changes the community function and structure of ground-dwelling spiders in mixed broadleaf-conifer forest in Cangshan Mountain, increases the relative abundance of hunters and reduces the stability of ground-dwelling spider assemblages.

Key words: dwelling-spider, forest fire, dominant species, life type, seasonal variation, nature reserve

Fig. 1

Composition of ground-dwelling spider community in burned and control forest, Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan. The species identifier number see Table1."

Table 1

Relative dominance values (DV') for the dominant (D), sub-dominant (S) and common (C) ground-dwelling species in the burned and control forest of Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan"

科名
Family
物种名
Species
生活型
Biotype
物种编号
Species identifier
相对优势度
Relative dominance values (DV')
火烧迹地
Burned
对照样地
Control
巨蟹蛛科 Sparassidae 苍山伪遁蛛 Pseudopoda cangshana H 22 0.77C 0.18C
狼蛛科 Lycosidae 晨豹蛛 Pardosa chionophila H 3 22.53D 0.41C
漏斗蛛科 Agelenidae 龙隙蛛一种 Draconarius sp.2 W 1 2.31C 63.50D
不定龙隙蛛 Draconarius incertus W 10 5.29S 1.45S
隙蛛一种 Coelotes sp.3 W 20 0.62C
光先隙蛛 Coelotes guangxian W 18 0.98C
龙隙蛛一种 Draconarius sp.1 W 19 0.95C
隙蛛一种 Coelotes sp.1 W 24 0.57C
船形新漏斗蛛 Neagelena cymbiforma W 25 0.38C
卵形蛛科 Oonopidae 卵形蛛一种 Oonops sp.1 H 17 0.81C
伽马蛛一种 Gamasomorpha sp.1 H 21 0.61C
皿蛛科 Linyphiidae 中指蛛一种 Centromerus sp.1 W 7 5.54S
皿蛛一种 Linyphia sp.5 W 12 2.44S
皿蛛一种 Linyphia sp.9 W 13 2.13C
拟平腹蛛科 Zodariidae 马利蛛一种 Mallinella sp.2 H 9 5.83C
平腹蛛科 Gnaphosidae 朱氏狂蛛 Zelotes zhui H 2 33.03D
大理掠蛛 Drassodes daliensis H 11 4.04S
弱蛛科 Leptonetidae 弱蛛一种 Leptoneta sp.1 W 4 12.76S
跳蛛科 Salticidae 卡氏方胸蛛 Thiania cavaleriei H 26 0.20C
西菱头蛛一种 Sibianor sp.1 H 6 8.75D
兰戈纳蛛一种 Langona sp.1 H 8 6.40S
肖蛸科 Tetragnathidae 柔弱粗螯蛛 Pachygnatha tenera W 5 7.11S
逍遥蛛科 Philodromidae 逍遥蛛一种 Philodromus sp.2 H 23 0.77C
异纺蛛科 Hexathelidae 大疣蛛一种 Macrothele sp.1 W 16 1.75C 0.32C
圆颚蛛科 Corinnidae 大理刺足蛛 Phrurolithus daliensis H 15 1.94C 1.15S
栅蛛科 Hahniidae 栅蛛一种 Hahnia sp.2 W 14 1.57C

Fig. 2

Biotype (web-building spider vs hunting spider) of ground-dwelling spider community in burned and control forest, Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan"

Fig. 3

Seasonal variation of the dominant group of the ground-dwelling spider in burned and control sites, Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan"

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