Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 19-27.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.09161

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Historical development and some emendations of dinoflagellate taxonomy

Xin Ma1, 2, Ruixiang Li1, 2, *(), Yan Li1, 2, Yulong Pan3   

  1. 1 First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061
    2 Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering for Marine Ecology, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061
    3 North China Sea Branch of the State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266033
  • Received:2012-08-14 Accepted:2012-11-05 Online:2013-02-04
  • Li Ruixiang E-mail:liruixiang@fio.org.cn

The historical development of dinoflagellate taxonomy in China and the world are reviewed, and the taxonomic status of some dinoflagellate groups in Chinese coastal seas are emended. It has been more than 200 years since the discovery of dinoflagellates, but following intensive study, increasing confusion and controversy in dinofalgellate taxonomy has become apparent. In this paper, a broad overview of the history of dinoflagellate taxonomy is presented, highlighting some major developments. Differences exist between the international and Chinese taxonomy system. When comparing the internationally accepted system (based on the information provided by the website algaeBASE) with that used in China (based on the monograph Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas), we found that they were very similar at the order level, but some differences existed at the family and genus levels. According to morphological and some physiological characteristics, a more reasonable taxonomy is presented. The main emendations are: (1) the three genera named Karenia, Karlodinium and Takayama, are separated from the family Gymnodiniaceae and classified as a new family Kareniaceae; (2) most species in the genus Ceratium are placed in Neoceratium; (3) the genus Alexandrium is separated from family Goniodomataceae, and placed in the family Gonyaulacaceae; (4) the family Heteraulacaceae is replaced by the family Goniodomataceae; and (5) two new orders, Oxyrrhinales and Pyrocystales, are established.

Key words: dinoflagellate, classification, Alexandrium, Kareniaceae, Oxyrrhinales, Pyrocystales

Table 1

The comparison of taxonomy between algaeBASE and Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas"

有争议的种、属、科
Controversial taxon
algaeBASE中的分类归属
Classification in algaeBASE
《中国海洋生物名录》中的分类归属
Classification in Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas
建议分类
Suggested classification
塔卡藻属、卡罗藻属、凯伦藻属
Takayama, Karlodinium, Karenia
裸甲藻目凯伦藻科
Kareniaceae, Gymnodiniales
裸甲藻目裸甲藻科
Gymnodiniaceae, Gymnodiniales
裸甲藻目凯伦藻科
Kareniaceae, Gymnodiniales
海洋中的角藻
Ceratium in seas
膝沟藻目角藻科新角藻属
Neoeratium, Ceratiaceae, Gonyaulacales
膝沟藻目角藻科角藻属
Ceratium, Ceratiaceae, Gonyaulacales
膝沟藻目角藻科新角藻属
Neoeratium, Ceratiaceae, Gonyaulacales
亚历山大藻属
Alexandrium
膝沟藻目膝沟藻科
Gonyaulacaceae, Gonyaulacales
膝沟藻目屋甲藻科
Goniodomataceae, Gonyaulacales
膝沟藻目膝沟藻科
Gonyaulacaceae, Gonyaulacales
多面异沟藻
Heteraulacus polyedricus
屋甲藻科屋甲藻属
Goniodoma, Goniodomataceae
异沟藻科异沟藻属
Heteraulacus, Heteraulacaceae
多面屋甲藻
Goniodoma polyedricum
尖甲藻科
Oxytoxaceae
多甲藻目
Peridiniales
膝沟藻目
Gymnodiniales
膝沟藻目
Gymnodiniales
海洋尖尾藻
Oxyrrhis marina
尖尾藻目尖尾藻科尖尾藻属
Oxyrrhis, Oxyrrhinaceae, Oxyrrhinales
无该种记录
No record
尖尾藻目尖尾藻科尖尾藻属
Oxyrrhis, Oxyrrhinaceae, Oxyrrhinales
梨甲藻科
Pyrocystaceae
梨甲藻目
Pyrocystales
膝沟藻目
Gymnodiniales
梨甲藻目
Pyrocystales

Appendix I

Species checklist of dinoflagellate in the China Seas"

学名 Latin name 中文译名
Chinese name
Prorocentrales Lemmermann, 1910 原甲藻目
Prorocentraceae Ehrenberg, 1983 原甲藻科
Mesoporo Lillick, 1937 中孔藻属
Mesoporo perforatus (Gran) lillick, 1937 穿透中孔藻
Prorocentrum Ehrenberg, 1883 原甲藻属
Prorocentrum balticum (Lohmann) Loeblich III, 1970 波罗的海原甲藻
Prorocentrum cordatum (Ostenfeld) Dodge, 1975 心形原甲藻
Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu, 2001 东海原甲藻
Prorocentrum gracile Schutt, 1895 细长原甲藻
Prorocentrum lenticulatum (Matz) Taylor, 1976 扁豆原甲藻
Prorocentrum magnum (Gaarder) Dodge, 1975 大形原甲藻
Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg, 1833 海洋原甲藻
Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) Dodge, 1975 利马原甲藻
Prorocentrum minimum (Pavillard) Schiller, 1931 微小原甲藻
Prorocentrum oblongum (Schiller) Abe, 1973 椭圆原甲藻
Prorocentrum sigmoides Böhm, 1933 反曲原甲藻
Prorocentrum triestinum Schiller, 1918 三叶原甲藻
Dinophysiales Lindemann, 1928 鳍藻目
Amphisoleniaceae Lindemann, 1928 双管藻科
Amphisolenia Stein, 1883 双管藻属
Amphisolenia asymmetric Kofoid, 1907 歪突双管藻
Amphisolenia bidentata Schröder, 1900 二齿双管藻
Amphisolenia extensa Kofoid, 1907 细长双管藻
Amphisolenia globifera Steom, 1883 球形双管藻
Amphisolenia palaeotheroides Kofoid, 1907 古生双管藻
Amphisolenia rectangulata Kofoid, 1907 矩形双管藻
Amphisolenia schauinslandii Lammermann, 1899 四齿双管藻
Amphisolenia schroederi Kofoid, 1907 锥形双管藻
Amphisolenia spinulosa Kofoid, 1907 微刺双管藻
Amphisolenia thrinax Schütt, 1893 三叉双管藻
Triposolenia Kofoid, 1906 三管藻属
Triposolenia bicornis Kofoid 双角三管藻
Triposolenia intermedia Kofoid & Skogsber, 1928 中型三管藻
Dinophysiaceae Stein, 1883 鳍藻科
Dinophysis Ehrenberg, 1839 鳍藻属
Dinophysis acuminata Claparede & Lachmann, 1859 渐尖鳍藻
Dinophysis argus (Stein) Abé 光亮鳍藻
Dinophysis caudata Saville-Ken, 1881 具尾鳍藻
Dinophysis caudata var. abbreviata Jorgensen, 1920 具尾鳍藻短齿变种
Dinophysis caudata var. digensis (Kofoid) Wood, 2006 具尾鳍藻迪奇变种
Dinophysis cuneus (Schütt) Abé, 1967 楔形鳍藻
Dinophysis doryphorum (Stein) Abé, 1967 矛尾鳍藻
Dinophysis favus (Kofoid & Michener) Balech 蜂巢鳍藻
Dinophysis fortii Pavillard, 1923 倒卵形鳍藻
Dinophysis hastata Stein, 1883 矛形鳍藻
Dinophysis miles Cleve, 1900 勇士鳍藻
Dinophysis miles var. indica Böhm, 1933 勇士鳍藻印度变种
Dinophysis miles var. schroeteri (Forti) Böhm, 1933 勇士鳍藻斯式变种
Dinophysis mitra (Schütt) Abé, 1967 帽状鳍藻
Dinophysis rapa (Stein) Balech, 1967 芜青鳍藻
Dinophysis rotundatum Claparede & Lachmann, 1859 圆形鳍藻
Dinophysis tailisunni Chen & Ni, 1988 戴氏鳍藻
Dinophysis schuttii Murray et Whitting, 1899 斯氏鳍藻
Dinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 卵形鳍藻
Histioneis Stein, 1883 帆鳍藻属
Histioneis biremis Stein, 1883 双叶帆鳍藻
Histioneis depressa Schiller, 1928 扁形帆鳍藻
Histioneis hisppoperoides Kofoid & Michener, 1911 小马帆鳍藻
Histioneis hyaline Kofoid & Michener, 1911 透明帆鳍藻
Histioneis pietschmannii Böhm, 1933 皮氏帆鳍藻
Histioneis pulchra Kofoid, 1907 美丽帆鳍藻
Ornithocercus Stein, 1883 鸟尾藻属
Ornithocercus magnificus Stein, 1883 大鸟尾藻
Ornithocercus quadratus Schütt, 1900 方鸟尾藻
Ornithocercus splendidus Schütt, 1893 美丽鸟尾藻
Ornithocercus steinii Schütt, 1900 斯氏鸟尾藻
Ornithocercus thumii (Schmidt) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 中距鸟尾藻
Gymnodiniales Lemmermann, 1910 裸甲藻目
Gymnodiniaceae Lankester, 1885裸甲藻科
Akashiwo G. Hansen & Moestrup, 2000 赤潮藻属
Akashiwo sanguinea (Hirasaki) G. Hansen & Moestrup, 2000 红色赤潮藻
Amphidinium Claperede & Lachmann, 1859 双甲藻属
Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957 卡特双甲藻
Cochlodinium Schütt, 1896 旋沟藻属
Cochlodinium polykrikoides Margalef, 1961 多纹旋沟藻
Gymnodinium Stein, 1878 裸甲藻属
Gymnodinium aeruginosum Stein, 1883 深绿裸甲藻
Gymnodinium catenatum Graham, 1943 链状裸甲藻
Gymnodinium coeruleum Dogiel, 1906 蓝色裸甲藻
Gymnodinium microadriaticum (Frendenthal) Taylor, 1971 小亚得里亚裸甲藻
Gyrodinium Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 环沟藻属
Gyrodinium dominans Hulburt, 1957 多米尼环沟藻
Gyrodinium falcatum Kofoid et Swezy, 1921 镰状环沟藻
Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 螺旋环沟藻
Gyrodinium instriatum Freudenthal et Lee, 1963 环节环沟藻
Kareniaceae Bergholtz, 2006 凯伦藻科
Karenia G. Hansen et Moestrup, 2000 凯伦藻属
Karenia brevis (Davis) G. Hansen et Moestrup, 2000 短凯伦藻
Karenia digitata Yang & Takayama, 2000 指状凯伦藻
Karenia mikimotoi (Miyake et Kominami ex Oda) G. Hansen et Moestrup, 2000 米氏凯伦藻
Karenia longicanalis Yang & Hodgkiss, 2001 长沟凯伦藻
Karlodinium J.Larsen, 2000 卡罗藻属
Karlodinium micrum (Leadbeater et Dodge) J. Larsen, 2000 微小卡罗藻
Takayama De Salas, Bolch, Botes & Hallegraeff, 2003 达卡藻属
Takayama pulchellam (Larsen) de Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff, 2003 美丽达卡藻
Polykrikaceae Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 多沟藻科
Polykrikos Bütschli, 1873多沟藻属
Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli, 1873 无纹多沟藻
Noctilucales Haeckel, 1894 夜光藻目
Kofoidiniaceae Taylor, 1976 帆甲藻科
Kofoidinium Pavillard, 1928 帆甲藻属
Kofoidinium splendens Cachon & Cachon, 1967 辉煌帆甲藻
Kofoidinium velelloides Pavillard, 1928 蚌形帆甲藻
Noctilucaceae Kent, 1881 夜光藻科
Noctiluca Suriray, 1836 夜光藻属
Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid et Swezy, 1921 夜光藻
Goneaulacales Taylor, 1980 膝沟藻目
Ceratiaceae Lindemann, 1928 角藻科
Neoceratium Gómez, 2010 新角藻属
Neoceratium arietinum Cleve, 1900 羊头新角藻
Neoceratium arietinum var. gracilentum (Long).Sournia, 1967 羊头新角藻纤细变种
Neoceratium axiale Kofoid, 1907 细轴新角藻
Neoceratium azoricum Cleve, 1900 亚速尔新角藻
Neoceratium belone Cleve, 1900 尖新角藻
Neoceratium breve var. parallelum (Schmidt) Jörgensen, 1911 短角新角藻平行变种
Neoceratium breve (Ost.et Schmidt) Schröder, 1906 短角新角藻
Neoceratium breve var. schmidtii (Jörg.) Sournia, 1967 短角新角藻凹腹变种
Neoceratium bigelowii Kofoid, 1907 贝氏新角藻
Neoceratium candelabrum (Ehrenberg) Stein, 1883 腊台新角藻
Neoceratium candelabrum var. depressum (Pouchet) Jörgensen, 1911 腊台新角藻扁变种
Neoceratium carriense Gourret, 1883 歧分新角藻
Neoceratium carriense f. volans (Cleve), 1911 歧分新角藻舞姿变型
Neoceratium cephalatum (Lemmermann) Jorgensen, 1911 脑形新角藻
Neoceratium contortum (Gourret) Cleve, 1900 扭新角藻
Neoceratium contortum v. contortum (Gourret) Cleve, 1900 扭新角藻原变种
Neoceratium contortum v. saltans (Schröder) Jörgensen, 1911 扭新角藻环状变种
Neoceratium contortum f. subcontortum (Schröder) St. Nielsen 扭新角藻微曲变型
Neoceratium contortum v. robustum (Karsten) Sournia, 1967 扭新角藻粗变种
Neoceratium contrarium (Gourret) Pavillard, 1905 相反新角藻
Neoceratium contrarium v. claviceps Schröder 相反新角藻棒形变种
Neoceratium declinatum (Karsten) Jörgensen, 1911 偏斜新角藻
Neoceratium deflexum (Kofoid) Jörgensen, 1911 偏转新角藻
Neoceratium dens Ostenfeld et Schmidt, 1901 臼齿新角藻
Neoceratium digitatum Schutt, 1895 趾状新角藻
Neoceratium digitatum var. rotundatum Jorgensen, 1911 趾状新角藻圆形变种
Neoceratium ehrenbergii Kofoid, 1907 埃氏新角藻
Neoceratium euarcuatum Jörgensen, 1920 真弓新角藻
Neoceratium extensum (Gourret) Cleve, 1900 奇长新角藻
Neoceratium extensum f. Strictum Nielsen, 1957 奇长新角藻窄变型
Neoceratium falcatiforme Jörgensen, 1920 拟镰新角藻
Neoceratium falcatum (Kofoid) Jörgensen, 1920 镰新角藻
Neoceratium furca (Ehrenberg) Claparede et Lachmann, 1859 叉新角藻
Neoceratium furca var. berghii (Jörgensen) Schiller, 1933 叉新角藻柏氏变种
Neoceratium furca var. eugrammum (Ehrenberg) Schiller, 1836 叉新角藻短角变种
Neoceratium fusus (Ehrenberg) Dujardin, 1841 纺锤新角藻
Neoceratium fusus v. seta (Ehrenberg) Jörgensen, 1911 纺锤新角藻刚毛变种
Neoceratium fusus v. schuttii Lemmermann, 1910 纺锤新角藻舒氏变种
Neoceratium geniculatum (Lemmermann) Cleve, 1911 曲膝新角藻
Neoceratium gibberum Gourret, 1883 驼背新角藻
Neoceratium gibberum v. dispar (Pouchet) Sournia, 1967 驼背新角藻异角变种
Neoceratium gravidum Gourret, 1883 圆头新角藻
Neoceratium gravidum v. angustum Jörgensen, 1911 圆头新角藻窄变种
Neoceratium hexacanthum Gourret, 1883 网纹新角藻
Neoceratium hexacanthum v. hexacanthum f. spirale (Kofoid) Schiller, 1933 网纹新角藻原变种旋角变型
Neoceratium hexacanthum f. spirale (Kofoid) Schiller, 1933 网纹新角藻绕角型
Neoceratium hexacanthum v. contortum Lemmermann, 1910 网纹新角藻反曲变种
Neoceratium horridum (Cleve) Gran, 1902 粗刺新角藻
Neoceratium horridum v. claviger (Kofoid) Graham et Bronikovsky, 1944 粗刺新角藻槌状变种
Neoceratium horridum v. claviger inclinatum Kofoid, 1907 粗刺新角藻弯曲变种
Neoceratium horridum v. patentissimum (Ost. et Schmidt) Taylor, 1976 粗刺新角藻伸展变种
Neoceratium horridum v. denticulatum Jörgensen, 1911 粗刺新角藻细齿变种
Neoceratium humile Jörgensen, 1911 低顶新角藻
Neoceratium incisum (Karsten) Jörgensen, 1911 剑峰新角藻
Neoceratium inflatum (Kofoid) Jorgensen, 1911 膨新角藻
Neoceratium karstenii Pavillard, 1907 卡氏新角藻
Neoceratium kofoidii Jorgensen, 1911 科氏新角藻
Neoceratium lineatum (Ehrenberg) Cleve, 1899 线形新角藻
Neoceratium limulus Gourret, 1883 歪斜新角藻
Neoceratium longipes (Bailey) Gran, 1902 弯顶新角藻
Neoceratium longirostrum Gourret, 1883 长顶新角藻
Neoceratium longissimum (Schröder) Kofoid, 1907 长角新角藻
Neoceratium lunula (Schimper ex Karsten) Jörgensen, 1911 新月新角藻
Neoceratium lunula f. brachyceros Jörgensen, 1911 新月新角藻矮顶变型
Neoceratium minutum Jörgensen, 1920 短小新角藻
Neoceratium macroceros Schrank, 1802 大角新角藻
Neoceratium macroceros v. gallicum (Kofoid) Jörgensen, 1911 大角新角藻窄变种
Neoceratium massiliense (Gourret) Jorgensen, 1911 马西里亚新角藻
Neoceratium massiliense v. armatum (Karsten) Jörgensen, 1911 马西里亚新角藻具刺变种
Neoceratium molle Kofoid, 1907 柔软新角藻
Neoceratium paradoxides Cleve, 1900 圆胖新角藻
Neoceratium pentagonum Gourret, 1883 五角新角藻
Neoceratium pentagonum v. longisetum (Ostenf. et. Schmidt) Jörgensen, 1911 五角新角藻长角变种
Neoceratium platycorne Daday, 1888 扁平新角藻
Neoceratium praelongum (Lemmermann) Kofoid ex Jörgensen, 1911 长头新角藻
Neoceratium pulchellum Schröder, 1906 美丽新角藻
Neoceratium pulchellum f. semipulchellum Jörgensen, 1911 美丽新角藻亚美变型
Neoceratium ranipes Cleve, 1900 指状新角藻
Neoceratium ranipes v. palmatum (Schröder) Jörgensen, 1920 指状新角藻宽阔变种
Neoceratium reflexum Cleve, 1900 反射新角藻
Neoceratium schmidti Jörgensen 凹腹新角藻
Neoceratium schroeteri B. Schroder, 1906 锥形新角藻
Neoceratium setaceum Jörgensen, 1911 刚毛新角藻
Neoceratium symmetricum Pavillard, 1905 对称新角藻
Neoceratium symmetricum v. coarctatum (Pavill.) Graham et Born, 1942 对称新角藻窄变种
Neoceratium symmetricum v. orthoceros (Jörgensen) Graham et Bron, 1942 对称新角藻直变种
Neoceratium tripos (O. f. Müller) Nitzsch, 1817 三角新角藻
Neoceratium tripos v. atlanticum (Ost.) Paulsen, 1907 三角新角藻大西洋变种
Neoceratium tripos f. balticum Schütt, 1892 三角新角藻波罗的海变型
Neoceratium tripos v. subsalsum Ostenfeld, 1903 三角新角藻广盐变种
Neoceratium tenue (Ostenfeld et Schmidt) Jörgensen, 1911 纤细新角藻
Neoceratium teres Kofoid, 1907 圆柱新角藻
Neoceratium trichoceors (Ehrenberg ) Kofoid, 1908 三叉新角藻
Neoceratium vultur Cleve, 1900 兀鹰新角藻
Neoceratium vultur v. sumatranum (Karsten) St. Nielsen, 1957 兀鹰新角藻苏门答腊变种
Neoceratium vultur v. japonicus (Schröder) Jorgensen, 1911 兀鹰新角藻日本变种
Neoceratium vultur f. recuvun Jörgensen, 1911 兀鹰新角藻后弯型
Neoceratium vultur f. angustum Jörgensen, 1911 兀鹰新角藻棱角型
Ceratocoryaceae Lindemann, 1928 角甲藻科
Ceratocorys Stein, 1883 角甲藻属
Ceratocorys horrida Stein, 1883 长刺角甲藻
Ceratocorys gourreti Paulsen 戈氏角甲藻
Ceratocorys bipes (Cleve) Kofoid, 1910 双刺角甲藻
Ceratocorys magna Kofoid, 1910 大角甲藻
Ceratocorys reticulate Graham, 1942 网纹角甲藻
Cladopyxidaceae (Stein) Balech, 1928刺板藻科
Cladopyxi Stein, 1883 刺板藻属
Cladopyxi brachiolata Stein, 1883 短柄刺板藻
Goneodomataceae Lindemann, 1928 屋甲藻科
Gambierdiscus Adachi et Fukuyo, 1979 冈比亚甲藻属
Gambierdiscus toxicus Adachi et Fukuyo, 1979 有毒冈比亚藻
Goniodoma Stein, 1883 屋甲藻属
Goniodoma polyedricum (Pouchet) Jörgensen, 1899 多面屋甲藻
Goniodoma sphaericum Murray & Whitting, 1899 球形屋甲藻
Gonyaulaceae Lindemann, 1928 膝沟藻科
Alexandrium Halim, 1960 亚历山大藻属
Alexandrium catenella (Whedon et Kofoid) Balech, 1985 链状亚历山大藻
Alexandrium leei Balech, 1985 李氏亚历山大藻
Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960 微小亚历山大藻
Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour) Balech, 1985 塔马亚历山大藻
Alexandrium tamutum Montresor, Beran & John, 2005 塔突亚历山大藻
Gonyaulax Doesomg. 1866 膝沟藻属
Gonyaulax ceratocoroides Kofiod, 1910 角突膝沟藻
Gonyaulax diegensis Kofoid, 1911 双刺膝沟藻
Gonyaulax digitale (Pouchet) Kofoid, 1911 粗刺膝沟藻
Gonyaulax fusiformis Graham, 1942 纺锤膝沟藻
Gonyaulax mitra (Schütt) Kofoid, 1911 帽状膝沟藻
Gonyaulax pacifica Kofoid, 1907 太平洋膝沟藻
Gonyaulax polyedra Stein, 1883 多边膝沟藻
Gonyaulax polygramma Stein, 1883 多纹膝沟藻
Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparede et Lachmann) Diesing, 1866 底刺膝沟藻
Gonyaulax verior Sournia, 1967 春膝沟藻
Gonyaulax jollifei (Murray et Whitting) Kofoid, 1911 焦氏漆沟藻
Protoceratium Bergh, 1881 原角藻属
Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède et Lachmann) Bütschli, 1885 网状原新角藻
Heterodiniaceae Lindemann, 1928 异甲藻科
Heterodinium Kofoid, 1906 异甲藻属
Heterodinium blackmanii (Murray et Whitting) Kofoid, 1906 勃氏异甲藻
Heterodinium gesticulatum Kofoid, 1907 佛手异甲藻
Heterodinium globosum Kofoid, 1907 球状异甲藻
Heterodinium praetextum Kofoid, 1907 具边异甲藻
Heterodinium rigdenae Kofoid, 1906 坚硬异甲藻
Heterodinium whittingae Kofoid, 1906 灰白异甲藻
Ostreopsiaceae Lindemann, 1928 蛎甲藻科
Ostreopsis Schmidt,1901 蛎甲藻属
Ostreopsis siamensis Schmidt, 1901 暹罗蛎甲藻
Oxytoxaceae Lindemann, 1928 尖甲藻科
Oxytoxum Stein, 1883 尖甲藻属
Oxytoxum challengeroides Kofoid, 1907 查林尖甲藻
Oxytoxum sceptrum (Stein) Schröder, 1906 节杖尖甲藻
Oxytoxum scolopax Stein, 1883 次尖甲藻
Pyrophacaceae Lindemann, 1928 扁甲藻科
Fragilidium Balech ex Loeblich lll, 1965 脆藻属
Fragilidium mexicanum Balech, 1988 墨西哥脆甲藻
Pyrophacus Schiller, 1883 扁甲藻属
Pyrophacus horologicum Schiller, 1883 钟扁甲藻
Pyrophacus steinii (Schiller) Wall & Dale, 1971 斯氏扁甲藻
Oxyrrhinales T. Cavalier-Smith, 1993 尖尾藻目
Oxyrrhinaceae Sournia, 1984 尖尾藻科
Oxyrrhis Dujardin, 1841 尖尾藻属
Oxyrrhis marina Dujardin, 1841 海洋尖尾藻
Pyrocystales Apstein, 1909 梨甲藻目
Phyocystaceae (Schütt) Lindemann, 1899 梨甲藻科
Dissodinium Pascher, 1890 球甲藻属
Dissodinium lunula (Schütt) Pascher, 1976 新月球甲藻
Pyrocystis Murray ex Haeckel, 1890 梨甲藻属
Pyrocystis acuta Kofoid, 1907 尖梨甲藻
Pyrocystis fusiformis Murray, 1902 纺锤梨甲藻
Pyrocystis fusiformis f. bicornia Kofoid, 1907 纺锤梨甲藻双锥形
Pyrocystis gerbautii Pavillard, 1935 浅弧梨甲藻
Pyrocystis hamulus Cleve, 1900 钩梨甲藻
Pyrocystis hamulus v. inaeaqualis Schröder, 1900 钩梨甲藻异肢变种
Pyrocystis hamulus v. semicircularis Schröder, 1900 钩梨甲藻半圆变种
Pyrocystis lanceolata Schröder, 1900 矛形梨甲藻
Pyrocystis obtusa Pavillard, 1931 钝形梨甲藻
Pyrocystis noctiluca Murray ex Haeckel, 1890 拟夜光梨甲藻
Pyrocystis rhomboides (Matzenauer) Schiller, 1937 菱形梨甲藻
Pyrocystis robusta Kofoid, 1907 粗梨甲藻
Perridiniales Haeckel, 1894 多甲藻目
Peridiniaceae Erhrenberg, 1928 多甲藻科
Peridinium C.G. Ehrenberg, 1832 多甲藻属
Peridinium gatunense Nygaard, 1925 加通多甲藻
Peridinium quinquecorne Abe, 1927 五角原甲藻
Peridinium remotum Karsten, 1907 分角原甲藻
Peridinium rotunda Lebour, 1925 圆拟甲藻
Scrippsiella Balech ex Loeblich lll, 1965 施克里普藻属
Scrippsiella trochoidea Balech ex Loeblich III, 1965 锥状施克里普藻
Heterocapsa Stein, 1883 异冒藻属
Heterocapsa minima Pomroy, 1989 微小异冒藻
Heterocapsa triquetra (Erhrenberg) Stein, 1883 三角异冒藻
Peridiniopsis Lemmermann, 1904 拟多甲藻属
Peridiniopsis asymmetrica Mangin, 1911 不对称拟多甲藻
Kolkwitziellaceae Lindemann, 1928 考威甲藻科
Diplopsalis Bergh, 1881 翼藻属
Diplopsalis asymmetrica Drebes & Elbrachter, 1976 不称翼藻
Diplopsalis excentrica Nie, 1943 偏心翼藻
Diplopsalis hainanensis Nie, 1943 海南翼藻
Diplopsalis lenticula Bergh, 1882 透镜翼藻
Diplopsalis lenticula v. lebourii Nie, 1943 透镜翼藻雷氏变种
Diplopsalis pingi Nie, 1943 新村翼藻
Diplopeltopsis Pavillare, 1913 盾翼藻属
Diplopeltopsis minor Pavillard, 1913 微小盾翼藻
Podolampadaceae 1928 足甲藻科
Blepharocysta Ehrenberg, 1873 眼球藻属
Blepharocysta denticulata Nie, 1939 齿形眼球藻
Blepharocysta splendor-maris Ehrenberg, 1837 美丽眼球藻
Podolampas Stein, 1883 足甲藻属
Podolampas bipes Stein, 1883 双刺足甲藻
Podolampas bipes v. reticulata (Kofoid) Taylor, 1976 双刺足甲藻网纹变种
Podolampas elegans Schütt, 1895 瘦长足甲藻
Podolampas palmipes Stein, 1883 掌状足甲藻
Podolampas spinifera Okamura, 1912 单刺足甲藻
Protoperidiniaceae Taylor, 1987 原多甲藻科
Protoperidinium Bergh, 1882 原多甲藻属
Protoperidinium abei Paulsen, 1974 阿氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium achromaticum (Levander) Balech, 1974 无色原多甲藻
Protoperidinium angustum (Dangeard) Balech, 1974 狭原多甲藻
Protoperidinium asymmetricum Balech, 1974 不称原多甲藻
Protoperidinium biconicum (Dangeard) Balech, 1974 双锥原多甲藻
Protoperidinium bipes (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 双脚原多甲藻
Protoperidinium brevipes (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 短足原多甲藻
Protoperidinium brochii (Kofoid et Swezy) Balech, 1974 勃氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium conicoides (Paulsen) Balech, 1973 双曲原多甲藻
Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech, 1974 圆锥原多甲藻
Protoperidinium claudicans (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 窄脚原多甲藻
Protoperidinium compressum (Abe) Balech, 1974 侧扁原多甲藻
Protoperidinium crassipes (Kofoid) Balech, 1974 厚甲原多甲藻
Protoperidinium deficiens (Meunier) Balech, 1974 缺陷原多甲藻
Protoperidinium diabolus (Cleve) Balech, 1974 魅原多甲藻
Protoperidinium humile (Schiller) Balech, 1974 矮胖原多甲藻
Protoperidinium depressum (Bailey) Balech, 1974 扁平原多甲藻
Protoperidinium divaricatum (Meunier) Parke et Dodge, 1976 分枝原多甲藻
Protoperidinium divergens (Ehrenberg) Balech, 1974 叉分原多甲藻
Protoperidinium elegans (Cleve) Balech, 1974 优美原多甲藻
Protoperidinium excentricum (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 偏心原多甲藻
Protoperidinium fatulips (Kofoid) Balech, 1974 长脚膜原多甲藻
Protoperidinium globulus (Stein) Balech, 1974 球形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium grande (Kofoid) Balech, 1974 大原多甲藻
Protoperidinium granii (Ostenfeld et Paulsen) Balech, 1974 格氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium latispinum (Mangin) Balech, 1974 宽刺原多甲藻
Protoperidinium leonis (Pavillard) Balech, 1974 里昂原多甲藻
Protoperidinium longipes Balech, 1974 顶原多甲藻
Protoperidinium nux (Schiller) Balech, 1974 墨氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium marielebourae (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 雷氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium matsenaueri Gaarder, 1954 马氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium minutum (Kofoid) Loeblich III, 1970 微小多甲藻
Protoperidinium murray Kofoid, 1991 光面多甲藻
Protoperidinium obtusum (Karsten) Parke et Dodge, 1976 钝形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium oceanicum (Vanhoffen) Balech, 1974 海洋原多甲藻
Protoperidinium ovum (Schiller) Balech, 1974 卵形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium pallidum (Ostenfeld) Balech, 1973 光甲原多甲藻
Protoperidinium parainerme Nie et Wang, 1942 假裸原多甲藻
Protoperidinium paralletum Broth, 1906 平行原多甲藻
Protoperidinium pellucidum Bergh ex Loeblich Jr.& Loeblich III, 1966 灰甲原多甲藻
Protoperidinium parapentagonum Wang, 1932 拟五角原多甲藻
Protoperidinium pentagonum (Gran) Balech, 1974 五角原多甲藻
Protoperidinium punctulatum (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 点刺原多甲藻
Protoperidinium pyriforme (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 梨形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium solidicorne (Mangin) Balech, 1974 实脚原多甲藻
Protoperidinium subinerme (Paulsen) Loeblich III, 1969 赛裸原多甲藻
Protoperidinium steinii (Jorgensen) Balech, 1974 斯氏原多甲藻
Protoperidinium thorianum (Paulsen) Balech, 1974 方格原多甲藻
Protoperidinium tsingtaoensis Nie et Wang, 1939 青岛原多甲藻
Protoperidinium subpyriforme (Dangeard) Balech, 1974 亚梨形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium tuba (Schiller) Balech, 1974 管形原多甲藻
Protoperidinium tumidum (Okamura) Balech, 1974 膨胀原多甲藻
Protoperidinium vanustum (Matzenauer) Balech, 1974 灵巧原多甲藻
1 An XL (安鑫龙), Li XM (李雪梅), Yao Q (么强) (2011) Oxyrrhis marina―a new recorded species of one red tide algae in Hebei Province.Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences(安徽农业科学), 39, 5078. (in Chinese with English abstract)
2 Apstein C (1909) Die Pyrocysteen der Plankton-Expedition. Ergebn. Plankton Exped. Humboldt Stift. 4M. c: 1-27.
3 Baker M (1753) Employment for the Microscope. Dodsley, London.
4 Balech E (1985) The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: Toxic Dinoflagellates (eds Anderson DM, White AW, Baden DG). Elsevier, New York.
5 Balech E (1989) Redescription of Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium.Phycologia, 28, 206-211.
6 Balech E, Tangen K (1985) Morphology and taxonomy of toxic species in the tamarensis group (Dinophyceae): Alexandrium excavatum (Braarud) comb. nov. and Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) comb. nov.Sarsia, 70, 333-343.
7 Bergholtz T, Daugbjerg N, Moestrup Ø (2006) On the identity of Karlodinium veneficum and description of Karlodinium armiger sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), based on light and electron microscopy, nuclear-encoded LSU rDNA, and pigment composition.Journal of Phycology, 42, 170-193.
8 Bütschli O (1885) Protozoa. In: Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs, wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild, Vol. 1. (ed. Bronn HG), pp. 906-1088. Wintersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leipzig.
9 Cavalier-Smith T (1993) Kingdom protozoa and its 18 phyla.Microbiological Reviews, 57, 953-994.
10 Chen GW (陈国蔚), Nie DS (倪达书) (1988) Taxonomic studies on three genera of Dinophysiaceae in South China Sea.Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica(海洋与湖沼), 19, 238-248. (in Chinese with English abstract)
11 Chrétiennot-Dinet MJ, Sournia A, Ricard M, Billard C (1993) A classification of the marine phytoplankton of the world from class to genus.Phycologia, 32, 159-179.
12 Craveiro SC, Calado AJ, Daugbjerg N, Hansen G, Moestrup Ø (2011) Ultrastructure and LSU rDNA-based phylogeny of Peridinium lomnickii and description of Chimonodinium gen. nov. (Dinophyceae).Protist, 162, 590-615.
13 Daugbjerg N, Hansen G, Larsen J, Moestrup Ø (2000) Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates.Phycologia, 39, 302-317.
14 Dodge JD (1981) Three new generic names in the Dinophyceae: Herdmania, Sclerodinium and Triadinium to replace Heteraulacus and Goniodoma.British Phycological Journal, 16, 273-280.
15 Dodge JD, Saunders RD (1985) A partial revision of the genus Oxytoxum (Dinophyceae) with the aid of scanning electron microscopy.Botanica Marina, 28, 99-122.
16 Doflein F (1916) Lehrbuch der Protozoenkunde. Fischer, Jena.
17 Drugg WS, Loeblich Ar. Jr (1967) Some eocene and oligocene phytoplankton from the Gulf Coast, USA.Tulane Studies in Geology, 5, 181-194.
18 Elbrächter M, Drebes G (1978) Life cycles, phylogeny and taxonomy of Dissodinium and Pyrocystis (Dinophyta).Helgoland Marine Research, 31, 347-366.
19 Faust MA, Gulledge RA (2002) Identifying Harmful Marine Dinoflagellates. Vol. 42, 1-144. Department of Systematic Biology, Botany, National Museum of Natural Hidtory, Washington, DC.
20 Faust MA, Larsen J, Moestrup Ø (1999) ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton (Leaflet No. 184): Potentially Toxic Phytoplankton, 3. Genus Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae)(ed. Lindley JA), International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen.
21 Gómez F (2005) A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans.Acta Botanica Croatica, 64, 129-212.
22 Gómez F, Moreira D, López-García P (2010) Neoceratium gen. nov., a new genus for all marine species currently assigned to Neoceratium (Dinophyceae).Protist, 161, 35-54.
23 Gu HF (顾海峰), Fang Q (方琦), Li RX (李瑞香), Lan DZ (蓝东兆), Zhu MY (朱明远) (2004) Preliminary study on dinoflagellate cysts in Changjiang River estuary.Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica(海洋与湖沼), 35, 413-423. (in Chinese with English abstract)
24 Guiry MD, Guiry GM (2012) algaeBASE. Worldwide Electronic Publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. (accessed July 19, 2012.
25 Halim Y (1960) Alexandrium minutum n. gen. s. sp., dinoflagelle provocant “des eaux rouges”.Vie et Milieu, 11, 102-105.
26 Hansen G, Daugbjerg N, Franco JM (2003a) Morphology, toxin composition and LSU rDNA phylogeny of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Denmark, with some morphological observations on other European strains.Harmful Algae, 2, 317-335.
27 Hansen G, Daugbjerg N, Hennksen P (2003b) Comparative study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum, comb. nov. (Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition, and molecular data.Journal of Phycology, 36, 394-410.
28 Hernández-Becerril DU (1988) Planktonic dinoflagellates (except Ceratium and Protoperidimum) from the Gulf of California and off the Coasts of Baja California.Botanica Marina, 31, 423-435.
29 Huang ZG (黄宗国) (1994) General characteristics of the species in China seas.Chinese Biodiversity(生物多样性), 2, 63-67. (in Chinese with English abstract)
30 Huang ZG (黄宗国) (2008) Species and Distribution of Marine Organisms in the China Seas (中国海洋生物种类与分布). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
31 Jörgensen E (1899) Protophyten und Protozoen im Plankton aus der norwegischen Westkiiste. Bergens Museums Aarbog, No. 6, 1-112.
32 Kimball JF Jr., Wood EJF (1965) A dinoflagellate with characters of Gymnodinium and Gyrodinium.Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 12, 577-580.
33 Kofoid CA (1907) The plates of Ceratium with a note on the unity of the genus. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 32, 177-183.
34 Kofoid CA (1909) On Peridinium steini Jörgensen, with a note on the nomenclature of the skeleton of the Peridinidae.Archiv für Protistenkunde, 16, 25-47.
35 Kofoid CA, Michener JR (1911) New genera and species of dinoflagellates.Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 54, 267-302.
36 Kofoid CA, Skogsberg T (1928) The Dinophysoideae.Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 51, 1-766.
37 Kofoid CA, Swezy O (1921) The Free-Living Unarmored Dinoflagellata. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
38 Lebour MV (1925) The Dinoflagellates of the Northern Seas. The Mayflower Press, Plymouth.
39 Li RX (李瑞香), Mao XH (毛兴华) (1985) Dinoflagellates in the continental shelf of the East China Sea.Donghai Marine Science(东海海洋), 3(1), 41-55. (in Chinese with English abstract)
40 Li RX (李瑞香), Yu JL (俞建銮) (1992) The distribution of dinoflagellates in the Kuroshio region of the East China Sea and their function as indicators of water systems. In: Proceedings of the Kuroshio Research Ⅳ (黑潮调查研究论文选(四)). pp. 182-190. China Ocean Press, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
41 Licea S, Zamudio ME, Luna R, Soto J (2004) Free-living dinoflagellates in the southern Gulf of Mexico: report of data (1979-2002).Phycological Research, 52, 419-428.
42 Lin JM (林金美), Lin JH (林加涵) (1997) Ecological studies on planktonic dinoflagellate in the southern Yellow Sea.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 17, 252-257. (in Chinese with English abstract)
43 Lin YS (林永水) (2009) Flora Algarum Marinarum Sinicarum: Family Ceratiaceae, Class Dinofhyceae, Phylum Pyrrophyta, (中国海藻志: 甲藻门甲藻纲角藻科). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
44 Liu RY (刘瑞玉) (2008) Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas (中国海洋生物名录). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
45 Loeblich AR III (1976) Dinoflagellate evolution: speculation and evidence.The Journal of Protozoology, 23, 13-28.
46 Loeblich AR III, Loeblich LA (1979) The systematics of Gonyaulax with special reference to the toxic species. In: Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms (eds Taylor DL, Seliger HH). Elsevier, North Holland, New York.
47 Lü SH (吕颂辉), Huang KX (黄凯旋) (2007) The growth of Karenia mikimotoi Hansen in three different types of inorganic nitrogen sources. Ecology and Environment(生态环境), 16, 1337-1341. (in Chinese with English abstract)
48 Makoto Y, Yasuo F (2000) Taxonomy of armored dinoflagellate Alexandrium Halim based on morphology.Bulletin of Plankton Society of Japan, 47, 34-43.
49 Müller OF (1773) Vermium terrestrium et fluviatilium, Vol. 1 (1). Hauniae et Lipsiae, Copenhagen, Denmark.
50 Nie DS (1936) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. I. Ceratium. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China: Zoological Series, Vol. 12(3), 29-72.
51 Nie DS (1939) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. II. On the thecal morphology of Blepharocysta, with a description of a new species. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Zoological Series, Vol. 8, 23-42.
52 Nie DS (倪达书) (1939) The Thecal Formula and Discussion of the Ventral Theca of the Genus Peridinium (角鞭毛虫属骨板之形态及腹区骨板之讨论). Science Society of China, Beijing. (in Chinese)
53 Nie DS (1942) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. IV. On the thecal morphology of Podolampas, with description of species. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Zoological Series, Vol. 13, 53-60.
54 Nie DS (1943) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. VII. On the thecal morphology of Ornithocercus thurni (Schmidt) Kofoid et Skogsberg. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Zoological Series, Vol. 14, 23-28.
55 Nie DS, Wang CC (1942) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. V. On the thecal morphology of the genus Goniodoma, with description of species of the region.Sinensia, Nanking, 13, 61-68.
56 Nie DS, Wang CC (1944) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. Ⅷ. On Sinophysis microcephalus, a new genus and species of Dinophysidae. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Zoological Series, Vol. 15, 145-151.
57 Nie DS (倪达书), Wang XQ (王筱庆) (1964) Studies on the genus Peridinium of Jiaozhou Bay. In: The Abstracts Compilation of Papers Published on the 1964 Symposium of Chinese Society of Oceanology and Limnology (中国海洋湖沼学会1963年学术年会论文摘要汇编). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
58 Paulsen OV (1904) Plankton Investigation in the Waters Around Iceland in 1903 (Denmark. Kommissionen for havundersÃ,gelser. Meddelelser, Serie: Plankton). I. Kommission hos C.A. Reitzel.
59 Paulsen O (1908) Peridiniales. In: Nordisches Plankton (eds Brand KAH, Apstein CH), pp. 1-24. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel.
60 Pouchet G (1883) Contribution à l'histoire des cilioflagelles.Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, 19, 399-455.
61 Schiller J (1933) Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae) in monographischer Behandlung. I. Teil, Lieferung. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schweiz (ed. Rabenhorst L). Vol. 10, 1-617.
62 Schiller J (1937) Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae) in monographischer Behandlung. II. Teil, Lieferung. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schwei (ed. Rabenhorst L). Vol. 10, 1-589.
63 Silva PC (1993) Report of the committee for algae: I.Taxon, 42, 699-710.
64 Steidinger KA (1990) The Taxonomy of Gonyaulax, Pyrodinium, Alexandrium, Gessnerium, Protogonyaulax and Goniodoma. (ed. Graneli F, Sundstrom B, Edler L, Anderson DM), pp 522-523, Elsevier, New York.
65 Steidinger KA, Jangen K (1996) Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates (ed. Tomás CR), pp. 387-584. Academic Press, California.
66 Stein F (1883) Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere. Ⅲ. Einleitung und erklärung der Abbildungen II Hälfte. Die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten I. Engelmann, Leipzig. pp. 1-246
67 Sournia A (1967) Le genre Ceratium (Péridinien planctonique) dans le canal de Mozambique. Contribution à une révision mondiale. Vie et Milieu Series A 18, 375-499.
68 Sournia A (1984) Classification et nomenclature de divers dinoflagellés marins (Dinophyceae).Phycologia, 23, 345-355.
69 Tangen K (1983) Shellfish poisoning and the ocurrence of potentially toxic dinofalgellates in Norwegian waters.Sarsia, 68, 1-7.
70 Taylor FJR (1976) Dinoflagellates from the international Indian Ocean expedition: a report on material collected by the R.V. "Anton Bruun" 1963-1964.Bibliotheca Botanica, 132, 1-234.
71 Taylor FJR (1979) The toxicogenic gonyaulacoid dinoflagellates. In: Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms (eds Taylor DL, Seliger HH), pp. 47-56. Elsevier, Oxford.
72 Taylor FJR (1980) On dinoflagellate evolution. BioSystems, 13, 65-108.
73 Taylor FJR (1992) The taxonomy of harmful marine phytoplankton. Plant Biosystems, 126, 209-219.
74 Wang CC, Nie D (1932) A survey of the marine protozoa of Amoy. In: Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Zoölogical Series, Vol. 8, 285-385.
75 Wang ZH (王朝晖), Lü SH (吕颂辉), Chen JF (陈菊芳), Xu N (徐宁), Qi YZ (齐雨藻) (1998) Taxonomic studies on red tide causative algae on the Guangdong coast, South China Sea.Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research(武汉植物学研究), 16, 310-314. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] LI Zi-Jing,SHA Na,SHI Ya-Bo,TONG Xu-Ze,DONG Lei,ZHANG Xiao-Qing,SUN Qiang,LIANG Cun-Zhu. (2019) Classification and characteristics of Helianthemum songaricum communities in western Erdos region, Nei Mongol, China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 806-816.
[2] Kong Jiaxin, Zhang Zhaochen, Zhang Jian. (2019) Classification and identification of plant species based on multi-source remote sensing data: Research progress and prospect . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 796-812.
[3] Tu Weifeng,Zhang Yang,Tang Jie,Tu Yuqin,Xin Jiajia,Ji Hongli,Zhang Nanfeng,Zhang Tao. (2019) Comparison of taxonomic morphological characteristics between Rorippa indica and R. dubia . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 168-176.
[4] ZHU Wei, YU Li-Xuan, ZHAO De-Hai, JIA Li-Ming. (2019) Architectural analysis of root systems of mature trees in sandy loam soils using the root development classification . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(2): 119-130.
[5] Zhiyuan Chen,Jun Liu,Xingpeng Yang,Meng Liu,Ya Wang,Zhibin Zhang,Du Zhu. (2019) Community composition and diversity of cultivable endophytic bacteria isolated from Dongxiang wild rice . Biodiv Sci, 27(12): 1320-1329.
[6] Chen Huijun, Du Hu, Song Tongqing, Peng Wanxia, Zhang Hao, Su Liang, Zeng Fuping. (2019) Numerical classification of associations and their stabilities of karst evergreen deciduous broad-leaved mixed forests in Mulun National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(10): 1056-1068.
[7] Zhu Xinxin, Wang Jun, Liao Shuai, Ma Jinshuang. (2019) Synopsis of Aristolochia L. and Isotrema Raf. (Aristolochiaceae) in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(10): 1143-1146.
[8] GAO Chen-Guang, QIAO Xian-Guo, WANG Zi, LU Shuai-Zhi, HOU Dong-Jie, LIU Chang-Cheng, ZHAO Li-Qing, GUO Ke. (2018) Distribution, community characteristics and classification of Thymus mongolicus steppe in China . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 42(9): 971-976.
[9] Le Wang, Chen Shi, Jinyan Tian, Xiaonan Song, Mingming Jia, Xiaojuan Li, Xiaomeng Liu, Ruofei Zhong, Dameng Yin, Shanshan Yang, Xianxian Guo. (2018) Researches on mangrove forest monitoring methods based on multi-source remote sensing . Biodiv Sci, 26(8): 838-849.
[10] SUN Xiao-Wei,YANG Qing-Song,LIU He-Ming,WANG Xi-Hua. (2018) Classification of plant associations based on a 20 hm2 dynamics plot of evergreen broad- leaved forest in Mt. Tiantong, Zhejiang, China . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 42(5): 550-561.
[11] Chu Kelin, Ma Xiaoping, Zhang Zewei, Wang Pengfei, Lü Linna, Zhao Qiang, Sun Hongying. (2018) A checklist for the classification and distribution of China’s freshwater crabs . Biodiv Sci, 26(3): 274-282.
[12] Yangjing Peng,Jian Fan,Shaohua Xing,Guofa Cui. (2018) Overview and classification outlook of natural protected areas in mainland China . Biodiv Sci, 26(3): 315-325.
[13] Wei Wang, Xiaoxia Zhang, Zhiduan Chen, Anming Lu. (2017) Comments on the APG’s classification of angiosperms . Biodiv Sci, 25(4): 418-426.
[14] Yong-Chang SONG, En-Rong YAN, Kun SONG. (2017) An update of the vegetation classification in China . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 41(2): 269-278.
[15] Xian-Guo QIAO, Ke GUO, Li-Qing ZHAO, Chang-Cheng LIU, Hai-Wei ZHAO, Dong-Jie HOU, Chen-Guang GAO. (2017) Distribution, community characteristics and classification of Stipa tianschanica var. klemenzii steppe in China . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 41(2): 231-237.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed