Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1339-1344.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019345

• Bioinventories • Previous Article     Next Article

Camera-trapping survey of mammalian and avian biodiversity in Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province

Jianping Yu1, Jiangyue Wang2, Huiyun Xiao3, Xiaonan Chen1, Shengwen Chen1, Sheng Li2, *(), Xiaoli Shen3, *()   

  1. 1 Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    2 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    3 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2019-11-04 Accepted:2020-01-02 Online:2020-02-09
  • Li Sheng,Shen Xiaoli;

From May 2014 to April 2019, we conducted camera-trapping surveys in the Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province. We divided the park into a grid containing 267 1 km × 1 km plots, with 3 fixed survey stations (> 300 m apart from each other) in each plot. One camera trap was set up in each plot and rotated among the stations within the plot every four months. In the Gutianshan section of the park, the cameras were running for 14 rotations from 2014-2019. The survey started in Hetian, Qixi and Changhong in 2018, and the cameras were rotated once in Qixi and twice in Hetian and Changhong. With a survey effort of 140,413 camera-days from 741 stations in 253 grids, we obtained 268,833 pictures/videos resulting in 74,368 independent detections. The survey recorded 21 wild mammalian and 72 avian species, as well as 5 domestic animal species. Among the species, two (black muntjac Muntiacus crinifrons and Elliot’s pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti) are Class I, and seventeen are Class II national protected animals, accounting for 20.4% of total recorded wild species. Five species are red-listed by the IUCN as Vulnerable and four as Near Threatened, accounting for 9.7% of the total recorded wild species. One species is red-listed as Endangered, nine as Vulnerable and ten as Near Threatened by Red list of China’s vertebrates, accounting for 21.5% of the total recorded wild species. The most detected mammal species was Reeve’s muntjac Muntiacus reevesi, and the most detected bird species was silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera. Our results provide reliable baseline information on the species composition, their spatial distribution, and relative abundance of mammals and birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park.

Key words: Qianjiangyuan National Park, biodiversity inventory, camera-trapping, wildlife monitoring, baseline survey

Fig. 1

Camera-trapping survey grids and stations in the Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province, 2014-2019"

Fig. 2

Species accumulation curves of camera-trap survey in the Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province. a, Mammals; b, Birds."

[1] Cardillo M, Mace GM, Jones KE, Bielby J, Bininda-Emonds ORP, Sechrest W, Orme CDL, Purvis A ( 2005) Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species. Science, 309, 1239-1241.
[2] Chao A, Gotelli NJ, Hsieh TC, Sander EL, Ma KH, Colwell RK, Ellison AM ( 2014) Rarefaction and extrapolation with Hill numbers: A framework for sampling and estimation in species diversity studies. Ecological Monographs, 84, 45-67.
[3] Chen LJ, Xiao WH, Xiao ZS ( 2019) Limitations of relative abundance indices calculated from camera-trapping data. Biodiversity Science, 27, 243-248. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 陈立军, 肖文宏, 肖治术 ( 2019) 物种相对多度指数在红外相机数据分析中的应用及局限. 生物多样性, 27, 243-248.]
[4] Chen SW, Yu JP, Chen XN, Shen XL, Li S, Ma KP ( 2016) Camera-trapping survey on the diversity of mammal and pheasant species in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 36, 292-301. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 陈声文, 余建平, 陈小南, 申小莉, 李晟, 马克平 ( 2016) 利用红外相机网络调查古田山自然保护区的兽类及雉类多样性. 兽类学报, 36, 292-301.]
[5] Fang HM ( 2017) Preliminary survey and monitoring of the wildlife resources with infrared cameras in Anhui Guniujiang National Nature Reserve. Anhui Forestry Science and Technology, 43(5), 26-30. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 方宏明 ( 2017) 利用红外相机对安徽牯牛降国家级自然保护区野生动物资源的初步调查监测. 安徽林业科技, 43(5), 26-30.]
[6] Gong HL, Cao MC, Cui P, Yong F, Shao MQ, Jiang JH ( 2019) Bird diversity of Qianjiangyuan National Forest Park and the surrounding area, Kaihua County, Zhejiang Province, China. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 35, 469-475. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 龚浩林, 曹铭昌, 崔鹏, 雍凡, 邵明勤, 蒋剑虹 ( 2019) 浙江省开化县钱江源国家公园及周边区域鸟类多样性. 生态与农村环境学报, 35, 469-475.]
[7] Hsieh TC, Ma KH, Chao A ( 2016) iNEXT: An R package for interpolation and extrapolation of species diversity (Hill numbers). Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 1451-1456.
[8] Jiang ZG, Liu SY, Wu Y, Jiang XL, Zhou KY ( 2017) China’s mammal diversity, 2nd edition. Biodiversity Science, 25, 886-895. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 蒋志刚, 刘少英, 吴毅, 蒋学龙, 周开亚 ( 2017) 中国哺乳动物多样性(第2版). 生物多样性, 25, 886-895.]
[9] Jiang ZG, Jiang JP, Wang YZ, Zhang E, Zhang YY, Li LL, Xie F, Cai B, Cao L, Zheng GM, Dong L, Zhang ZW, Ding P, Luo ZH, Ding CQ, Ma ZJ, Tang SH, Cao WX, Li CW, Hu HJ, Ma Y, Wu Y, Wang YX, Zhou KY, Liu SY, Chen YY, Li JT, Feng ZJ, Wang Y, Wang B, Li C, Song XL, Cai L, Zang CX, Zeng Y, Meng ZB, Fang HX, Ping XG ( 2016) Red list of China’s vertebrates. Biodiversity Science, 24, 500-551. (in Chinese and in English)
[ 蒋志刚, 江建平, 王跃招, 张鹗, 张雁云, 李立立, 谢锋, 蔡波, 曹亮, 郑光美, 董路, 张正旺, 丁平, 罗振华, 丁长青, 马志军, 汤宋华, 曹文宣, 李春旺, 胡慧建, 马勇, 吴毅, 王应祥, 周开亚, 刘少英, 陈跃英, 李家堂, 冯祚建, 王燕, 王斌, 李成, 宋雪琳, 蔡蕾, 臧春鑫, 曾岩, 孟智斌, 方红霞, 平晓鸽 ( 2016) 中国脊椎动物红色名录. 生物多样性, 24, 500-551.]
[10] Li BC, Wang JF, Fang GF, He Y, Wang ZH, Ding YZ, Yang G ( 2017) Investigation on the biodiversity of mammals and birds in the Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve, Anhui Province. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 45(36), 83-84. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 李必成, 王军馥, 方国富, 何娅, 王正寰, 丁由中, 杨刚 ( 2017) 安徽清凉峰国家级自然保护区鸟兽生物多样性调查. 安徽农业科学, 45(36), 83-84.]
[11] Li J, Liu F, Ye LX, Liu SL, Peng H, Li DQ ( 2018) Camera-trapping survey of the diversity of mammals and birds in Fengyang Mountain of Zhejiang Province, China. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 38, 95-103. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 李佳, 刘芳, 叶立新, 刘胜龙, 彭辉, 李迪强 ( 2018) 利用红外相机调查浙江省凤阳山兽类和鸟类多样性. 兽类学报, 38, 95-103.]
[12] Li S, Wang DJ, Xiao ZS, Li XH, Wang TM, Feng LM, Wang Y ( 2014) Camera-trapping in wildlife research and conservation in China: Review and outlook. Biodiversity Science, 22, 685-695. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 李晟, 王大军, 肖治术, 李欣海, 王天明, 冯利民, 王云 ( 2014) 红外相机技术在我国野生动物研究与保护中的应用与前景. 生物多样性, 22, 685-695.]
[13] Qian HY, Yu JP, Shen XL, Ding P, Li S ( 2019) Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot. Biodiversity Science, 27, 76-80. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 钱海源, 余建平, 申小莉, 丁平, 李晟 ( 2019) 钱江源国家公园体制试点区鸟类多样性与区系组成. 生物多样性, 27, 76-80.]
[14] Ripple WJ, Estes JA, Beschta RL, Wilmers CC, Ritchie EG, Hebblewhite M, Berger J, Elmhagen B, Letnic M, Nelson MP, Schmitz OJ, Smith DW, Wallach AD, Wirsing AJ ( 2014) Status and ecological effects of the world’s largest carnivores. Science, 343, 1241484.
[15] Si XF, Ding P ( 2014) Camera trap survey on population dynamics of mammals and birds in Gutianshan Forest Dynamics Plot, eastern China. Biodiversity Science, 22, 819-822. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 斯幸峰, 丁平 ( 2014) 古田山森林动态监测样地内鸟兽种群动态的红外相机监测. 生物多样性, 22, 819-822.]
[16] Sollmann R, Mohamed A, Samejima H, Wilting A ( 2013) Risky business or simple solution—Relative abundance indices from camera-trapping. Biological Conservation, 159, 405-412.
[17] Tilson R, Hu D, Muntifering J, Nyhus PJ ( 2004) Dramatic decline of wild South China tigers Panthera tigris amoyensis: Field survey of priority tiger reserves. Oryx, 38, 40-47.
[18] Xiao ZS ( 2019) Application of camera trapping to species inventory and assessment of wild animals across China’s protected areas. Biodiversity Science, 27, 235-236. (in Chinese)
[ 肖治术 ( 2019) 红外相机技术在我国自然保护地野生动物清查与评估中的应用. 生物多样性, 27, 235-236.]
[19] Xu AC, Si XF, Wang YP, Ding P ( 2014) Camera traps and the minimum trapping effort for ground-dwelling mammals in fragmented habitats in the Thousand Island Lake, Zhejiang Province. Biodiversity Science, 22, 764-772. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 徐爱春, 斯幸峰, 王彦平, 丁平 ( 2014) 千岛湖片段化栖息地地栖哺乳动物的红外相机监测及最小监测时长. 生物多样性, 22, 764-772.]
[20] Yu JP, Qian HY, Chen XN, Li S, Shen XL ( 2017) Daily activity pattern of silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) using camera-traps. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 52, 937-944. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 余建平, 钱海源, 陈小南, 李晟, 申小莉 ( 2017) 基于红外相机技术的白鹇日活动节律研究. 动物学杂志, 52, 937-944.]
[21] Yu JP, Shen YY, Song XY, Chen XN, Li S, Shen XL ( 2019) Evaluating the effectiveness of functional zones for black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) protection in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot site. Biodiversity Science, 27, 5-12. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 余建平, 申云逸, 宋小友, 陈小南, 李晟, 申小莉 ( 2019) 钱江源国家公园体制试点区功能分区对黑麂保护的有效性评估. 生物多样性, 27, 5-12.]
[22] Zhang SS, Bao YX, Wang YN, Fang PF, Ye B ( 2012) Comparisons of different camera trap placement patterns in monitoring mammal resources in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 31, 2016-2022. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 章书声, 鲍毅新, 王艳妮, 方平福, 叶彬 ( 2012) 不同相机布放模式在古田山兽类资源监测中的比较. 生态学杂志, 31, 2016-2022.]
[23] Zhang SS, Zheng FD, Li JQ, Bao QM, Lai JH, Cheng HY ( 2017) Monitoring diversity of ground-dwelling birds and mammals in Wuyanling National Nature Reserve using infrared camera traps. Biodiversity Science, 25, 427-429. (in Chinese)
[ 章书声, 郑方东, 李佳琦, 包其敏, 赖家厚, 程宏毅 ( 2017) 基于红外相机技术对乌岩岭国家级自然保护区地面鸟兽的初步调查. 生物多样性, 25, 427-429.]
[24] Zheng GM ( 2017) A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China, 3rd edn. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 郑光美 ( 2017) 中国鸟类分类与分布名录(第三版). 科学出版社, 北京.]
[25] Zhu SY, Duan F, Li S ( 2017) Promoting diversity inventory and monitoring of birds through the camera-trapping network in China: Status, challenges and future outlook. Biodiversity Science, 25, 1114-1122. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 朱淑怡, 段菲, 李晟 ( 2017) 基于红外相机网络促进我国鸟类多样性监测: 现状、问题与前景. 生物多样性, 25, 1114-1122.]
[1] Qingsong Zhou Chao-Dong ZHU Zhi-Shu XIAO. (2020) Advances in techniques and methods of wildlife monitoring . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(生态技术与方法专辑): 0-0.
[2] Xiongwei Yang,Ankang Wu,Qixian Zou,Guangrong Li,Mingming Zhang,Canshi Hu,Haijun Su. (2020) Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 219-225.
[3] Yisheng Ma,Qingqing Ma,Nianjun He,Dapeng Zhu,Kaihui Zhao,Hongcai Liu,Shuai Li,Liang Sun,Liubin Tang. (2020) Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 226-230.
[4] Xiaoyun Shi,Xiaogang Shi,Qiang Hu,Tianpei Guan,Qiang Fu,Jian Zhang,Meng Yao,Sheng Li. (2019) Evaluating the potential habitat overlap and predation risk between snow leopards and free-range yaks in the Qionglai Mountains, Sichuan . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 951-959.
[5] Zhang Mingming,Yang Zhaohui,Wang Cheng,Wang Jiaojiao,Hu Canshi,Lei Xiaoping,Shi Lei,Su Haijun,Li Jiaqi. (2019) Camera-trapping survey on mammals and birds in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 813-818.
[6] Mu Jun, Wang Jiaojiao, Zhang Lei, Li Yunbo, Li Zhumei, Su Haijun. (2019) Field monitoring using infrared cameras and activity rhythm analysis on mammals and birds in Xishui National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 683-688.
[7] Wang Yuan, Li Sheng, Liu Wulin, Zhu Xuelin, Li Bingzhang. (2019) Coat pattern variation and activity rhythm of Asiatic golden cat (Catopuma temminckii) in Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon National Nature Reserve of Tibet, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 638-647.
[8] Shao Xinning, Song Dazhao, Huang Qiaowen, Li Sheng, Yao Meng. (2019) Fast surveys and molecular diet analysis of carnivores based on fecal DNA and metabarcoding . Biodiv Sci, 27(5): 543-556.
[9] Chen Lijun,Xiao Wenhong,Xiao Zhishu. (2019) Limitations of relative abundance indices calculated from camera-trapping data . Biodiv Sci, 27(3): 243-248.
[10] Ren Peng,Yu Jianping,Chen Xiaonan,Shen Xiaoli,Song Xiao,Zhang Tiantian,Yu Yongquan,Ding Ping. (2019) Seasonal variation in the distribution of Elliot’s pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti) in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 13-23.
[11] Li Shuang,Sun Xiaoping,Fang Yanjun,Zhang Yinlong,Cao Mingchang. (2019) Evaluation of the spatial characteristics of farmer livelihood assets in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 64-75.
[12] Qian Haiyuan,Yu Jianping,Shen Xiaoli,Ding Ping,Li Sheng. (2019) Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot . Biodiv Sci, 27(1): 76-80.
[13] Fang Yihao, Ren Guopeng, Gao Ying, Zhang Shuxia, Wang Haohan, Li Yanpeng, Huang Zhipang, Cui Liangwei, Xiao Wen. (2018) Impact of ground and canopy camera-trapping installation on wildlife monitoring . Biodiv Sci, 26(7): 717-726.
[14] Xixi Hu, Weichao Zheng, Jiaqi Li, Sheng Li, Han Yang, Xing Chen, Tianpei Guan. (2018) Preliminary survey on mammal and bird diversity at Siguniang Mountains National Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China . Biodiv Sci, 26(12): 1325-1331.
[15] Kaimiao Lin, Jianguo Xu, Wenzhou Li, Yaqiong Huang, Bin Chen, Jinhui Guo. (2018) Camera-trapping survey of wild mammals and birds in Daiyunshan, Fujian Province . Biodiv Sci, 26(12): 1332-1337.
Full text