Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 219-225.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019306

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Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China

Xiongwei Yang1, 2, Ankang Wu3, Qixian Zou3, Guangrong Li1, Mingming Zhang1, 2, Canshi Hu1, Haijun Su1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 Research Center for Biodiversity and Nature Conservation of Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
    2 College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
    3 Mayanghe National Nature Reserve Administration, Yanhe, Guizhou 565300
  • Received:2019-09-26 Accepted:2020-03-04 Online:2020-04-07
  • Haijun Su E-mail:hjsu@gzu.edu.cn

To characterize the mammal and bird diversity and enrich the bio-inventory resources of Mayanghe, a national nature reserve in Guizhou Province, China, a year-around field monitoring study was conducted by means of camera-trapping via an installation scheme of a kilometer grid across the whole region, from July 2018 to August 2019. We identified up to 20 species of mammals (taxonomically belonging to 5 orders, 10 families, 18 genera) and 42 species of birds (7 orders, 18 families, 34 genera). Among them, 11 species were newly recorded in the nature reserve, and 2 species (Trachypithecus francoisi and Syrmaticus ellioti) are Class I, 7 species are Class II national protected animals including Viverra zibetha, Syrmaticus reevesii, etc. Based on the general relative abundance index (RAI) of photographed species, Muntiacus reevesi, Arctonyx collaris, and Sus scrofa were common mammals in this region, while Chrysolophus pictus and Bambusicola thoracicus were the most frequently photographed terrestrial birds. The time-period RAI revealed Muntiacus reevesi can keep active in the periods of 6:00-15:00 and 17:00-21:00 in this region. Arctonyx collaris preferred to be active in the early morning (5:00-6:00) and night (19:00-23:00), while Sus scrofa was most active from 6:00 to 7:00. Comparatively, pheasants frequently moved at noon or in the afternoon. Chrysolophus pictus had its highest activity peak from 12:00 to 13:00, and Bambusicola thoracicus had two activity periods, one from 14:00-15:00 and another from 16:00-17:00. Species richness measured by the average captured species per camera, indicated that mammals and birds were relatively abundant in the buffer zone, shrub, and coniferous-broad-leaved mixed forest, as well as in elevation ranges of 800-1,200 m. Our results are useful for understanding current biodiversity and promoting the conservation management in this region.

Key words: camera trapping, mammal and bird diversity, biodiversity inventory, activity rhythm, Mayanghe National Nature Reserve

Fig. 1

The location of Mayanghe National Nature Reserve (MNNR) and the layout of camera sites. A, Location of MNNR within the Wulingshan Priority Area for Bio-diversity Conservation of China; B, Landscape of monitoring site; C, Division of functional zone of MNNR, and the locations of camera sites set up for monitoring."

Fig. 2

Accumulation curve of captured species by camera-trapping in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve"

Fig. 3

Daily activity rhythm of main birds and mammals in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve. A, Mammals; B, Birds."

Table 1

The distribution of camera sites and number of captured species in different functional zones, habitats and elevation ranges in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve"

项目
Items
相机位点数
Number of
camera sites
总照片数
Total photographs
独立有效照片数
Number of
independent photographs
物种数
Number of
captured species
单个相机位点平均拍摄物种数
Mean species number per camera (mean ± SD)
功能分区 Functional zone
核心区 Core zone 45 11,749 2,083 33 6.52 ± 3.60
缓冲区 Buffer zone 46 20,073 2,448 48 7.24 ± 4.27
实验区 Experimental zone 39 9,394 1,529 41 6.59 ± 4.45
植被类型 Vegetation type
常绿阔叶林 Evergreen broad-leaved forest 22 7,157 756 22 5.73 ± 3.66
灌丛 Shrub 6 3,763 701 27 10.00 ± 6.88
落叶阔叶林 Deciduous broad-leaved forest 16 4,150 825 32 6.81 ± 4.32
针阔混交林 Coniferous-broad-leaved mixed forest 40 15,822 2,230 42 7.29 ± 4.03
针叶林 Coniferous forest 43 9,930 1,492 44 6.63 ± 3.44
竹林 Bamboo forest 2 349 51 9 5.00 ± 4.00
海拔 Elevation (m)
< 400 4 648 148 13 6.25 ± 4.55
400-800 52 13,123 2,192 44 6.79 ± 4.40
800-1,200 64 25,734 3,467 55 6.97 ± 3.89
> 1,200 10 1,711 253 22 5.90 ± 3.70
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