Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 81-87.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018156

• Bioinventories • Previous Article     Next Article

Species diversity and distribution of wood-decaying fungi in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve

Li Tong1, 2, Li Junning1, 2, Wei Yulian1, *()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Management, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2018-06-03 Accepted:2018-11-30 Online:2019-01-31
  • Wei Yulian

Wood-decaying fungi decompose the cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin of wood by producing various hydrolytic enzymes, and therefore play a key ecological role in the nutrient cycle of forest ecosystems. In August 2016, a survey of wood-decaying fungi was carried out in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve, Zhejiang Province. Fungal species were identified using morphological characters and DNA sequence analysis. Both the species composition and biogeography were also analyzed. A total of 92 fungal species, 78 white rot species and 14 brown rot species, representing 45 genera were identified from the 158 samples collected. Among these fungi, tropically-contained families are better represented than cosmopolitan families. Of the 158 specimens, 97 (76 species) were collected from woody substrates with a diameter larger than 10 cm, 48 (38 species) from a dead branch with a diameter ranging from 2 cm to 10 cm, and 13 (12 species) from a dead twig with a diameter smaller than 2 cm. The abundance of fungal species differed conspicuously in different decaying classes of dead wood as well. Of 92 fungal species, seven species (nine specimens) were collected from woody substrate of decay class 1, 45 species (86 specimens) from wood of decay class 2, 29 species (49 specimens) from wood of decay class 3, and 14 species (14 specimens) from wood of decay class 4. This study indicates that the diameter and decay class of dead wood are important factors influencing the growth and species distribution of wood-decaying fungi.

Key words: subtropical forest, wood-decaying fungi, species composition, distribution

Fig. 1

Geographical distribution of wood-decaying fungi in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve. A, Asia-Europe; B, East Asia- North America; C, East Asia; D, Endemic to China; E, Cosmopolitan; F, Tropical-subtropical; G, North temperate."

Fig. 2

(a) Number of wood-decaying fungi on fallen wood of different diameters; (b) Number of wood-decaying fungi on wood with different rotting classes. DC1, Decaying class 1; DC2, Decaying class 2; DC3, Decaying class 3; DC4, Decaying class 4."

[1] Bian LS, Dai YC ( 2015) Mycota and ecology of polypores in eastern Himalayas. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 1554-1563. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201305151067
[ 边禄森, 戴玉成 ( 2015) 东喜马拉雅地区多孔菌区系和生态习性. 生态学报, 35, 1554-1563.]
doi: 10.5846/stxb201305151067
[2] Cui BK ( 2013) Antrodia tropica sp. nov. from southern China inferred from morphological characters and molecular data. Mycological Progress, 12, 223-230.
doi: 10.1007/s11557-012-0829-7
[3] Dai YC ( 2003) Rare and threatened polypores in the ecosystem of Changbaishan Nature Reserve of northeastern China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 14, 1015-1018. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 戴玉成 ( 2003) 长白山森林生态系统中的稀有和濒危多孔菌. 应用生态学报, 14, 1015-1018.]
[4] Dai YC, Zhuang JY ( 2010) Numbers of fungal species hitherto known in China. Mycosystema, 29, 625-628. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 戴玉成, 庄剑云 ( 2010) 中国菌物已知种数. 菌物学报, 29, 625-628.]
[5] Dai YC ( 2011) A revised checklist of corticioid and hydnoid fungi in China for 2010. Mycoscience, 52, 69-79.
doi: 10.1007/S10267-010-0068-1
[6] Dai YC ( 2012) Polypore diversity in China with an annotated checklist of Chinese polypores. Mycoscience, 53, 49-80.
doi: 10.1007/s10267-011-0134-3
[7] Gilbert GS, Gorospe J, Ryvarden L ( 2008) Host and habitat preferences of polypore fungi in Micronesian tropical flooded forests. Mycological Research, 112, 674-680.
doi: 10.1016/j.mycres.2007.11.009 pmid: 18495449
[8] Harley JL ( 1971) Fungi in ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology, 8, 627-642.
doi: 10.2307/2402673
[9] Hattori T ( 2005) Diversity of wood-inhabiting polypores in temperate forests with different vegetation types in Japan. Fungal Diversity, 18, 73-88.
[10] Kubartova A, Ottosson E, Dahlberg A ( 2012) Patterns of fungal communities among and within decaying logs, revealed by 454 sequencing. Molecular Ecology, 21, 4514-4532.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05723.x pmid: 22882383
[11] Legendre P, Mi XC, Ren HB, Ma KP, Yu MJ, Sun IF, He FL ( 2009) Partitioning beta diversity in a subtropical broad-leaved forest of China. Ecology, 90, 663-674.
doi: 10.1890/07-1880.1 pmid: 19341137
[12] Li T, Li JN, Wei YL ( 2017) Community composition characteristics of wood-decaying fungi in temperate secondary forest ecosystems in China. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 36, 3199-3208. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201711.030
[ 李通, 李俊凝, 魏玉莲 ( 2017) 我国温带次生林生态系统中木腐真菌群落组成特征. 生态学杂志, 36, 3199-3208.]
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201711.030
[13] Li Y, Li TH, Yang ZL, Bau T, Dai YC ( 2015) Atlas of Chinese Macrofungal Resources. Central China Farmer’s Publishing House, Zhengzhou. (in Chinese)
[ 李玉, 李泰辉, 杨祝良, 图力古尔, 戴玉成 ( 2015) 中国大型菌物资源图鉴. 中原农民出版社, 郑州.]
[14] Núnez M, Ryvarden L ( 2001) East Asian polypores. II. Synopsis Fungurom, 14, 170-522.
[15] Renvall P ( 1995) Community structure and dynamics of wood rotting Basidiomycetes on decomposing conifer trunks in northern Finland. Karstenia, 35, 1-51.
[16] Ryvarden L ( 1991) Genera of polypores: Nomenclature and taxonomy. Synopsis Fungorum, 5, 1-363.
[17] Ryvarden L, Gilbertson RL ( 1993 a) European polypores. I. Synopsis Fungurom, 6, 1-387.
[18] Ryvarden L, Gilbertson RL ( 1993 b) European Polypores II. Synopsis Fungurom, 7, 388-743.
[19] Wang XY, Wei YL ( 2015 a) Population difference of polypores in northwest and southeast of China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 26, 3160-3166. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 王小燕, 魏玉莲 ( 2015 a) 我国西北和东南地区多孔菌种群差异. 应用生态学报, 26, 3160-3166.]
[20] Wang XY, Wei YL ( 2015 b) Floral composition and distribution characteristics of wood-decaying fungi in Dongling Mountain, Beijing. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 34, 2167- 2172. ( in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 王小燕, 魏玉莲 ( 2015 b) 北京东灵山木腐菌主要种类的区系组成及分布特征. 生态学杂志, 34, 2167-2172.]
[21] Wei YL ( 2011) Polypore species diversity, floral composition, and distribution characteristics in Changbai Mountains, Northeast China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 22, 2711-2717. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 魏玉莲 ( 2011) 长白山多孔菌物种多样性、区系组成及分布特征. 应用生态学报, 22, 2711-2717.]
[22] Wei YL, Dai YC ( 2004) Ecological function of wood- inhabiting fungi in forest ecosystem. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 15, 1935-1938. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 魏玉莲, 戴玉成 ( 2004) 木材腐朽菌在森林生态系统中的功能. 应用生态学报, 15, 1935-1938.]
[23] Wei YL, Li T ( 2017) Community characters of wood-decaying fungi on dominant hosts in the broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest in Changbai Mountain. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 36, 3209-3215. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201711.036
[ 魏玉莲, 李通 ( 2017) 长白山阔叶红松林优势树种的木腐真菌群落结构特征. 生态学杂志, 36, 3209-3215.]
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201711.036
[24] Wu ZY ( 1980) Vegetation of China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 吴征镒 ( 1980) 中国植被. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[25] Yu MJ, Hu ZH, Yu JP, Ding BY, Fang T ( 2001) Forest vegetation types in Gutianshan Natural Reserve in Zhejiang. Journal of Zhejiang University (Agriculture and Life Sciences), 27, 375-380. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1008-9209.2001.04.007
[ 于明坚, 胡正华, 余建平, 丁炳扬, 方腾 ( 2001) 浙江古田山自然保护区森林植被类型. 浙江大学学报(农业和生命科学版), 27, 375-380.]
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1008-9209.2001.04.007
[26] Yuan Y, Bian LS, Wu F, Si J ( 2015) Floral composition and ecology of polypores in Hainan Province. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 34, 1689-1698. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 员瑗, 边禄森, 吴芳, 司静 ( 2015) 中国海南省多孔菌区系组成和生态习性. 生态学杂志, 34, 1689-1698.]
[27] Zhang LY, Wei YL ( 2016) Species diversity and distribution characters of wood-decaying fungi in Fenglin Nature Reserve. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 35, 2745-2751. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201610.029
[ 张丽燕, 魏玉莲 ( 2016) 丰林自然保护区木材腐朽真菌发生规律及其物种多样性. 生态学杂志, 35, 2745-2751.]
doi: 10.13292/j.1000-4890.201610.029
[28] Zhao CL, Cui BK ( 2012) A new species of Perenniporia (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) described from southern China based on morphological and molecular characters Volume. Mycological Progress, 11, 555-560.
doi: 10.1007/s11557-011-0770-1
[29] Zhou LW ( 2014 a) Fomitiporella caviphila sp. nova (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) from eastern China, with a preliminary discussion on the taxonomy of Fomitiporella. Annales Botanici Fennici, 51, 279-284.
doi: 10.5735/085.051.0503
[30] Zhou LW ( 2014 b) Fulvifomes hainanensis sp. nov. and F. indicus comb. nov. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) evidenced by a combination of morphology and phylogeny. Mycoscience, 55, 70-77.
doi: 10.1016/j.myc.2013.05.006
[31] Zhou LW, Dai YC ( 2013) Chinese polypore diversities: Species, mycota and ecological functions. Biodiversity Science, 21, 499-506. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08074
[ 周丽伟, 戴玉成 ( 2013) 中国多孔菌多样性初探: 物种、区系和生态功能. 生物多样性, 21, 499-506.]
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08074
[32] Zhu Y, Zhao GF, Zhang LW, Shen GC, Mi XC, Ren HB, Yu MJ, Chen JH, Chen SW, Fang T, Ma KP ( 2008) Community composition and structure of Gutianshan forest dynamic plot in a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, East China. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 32, 262-273. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2008.02.004
[ 祝燕, 赵谷风, 张俪文, 沈国春, 米湘成, 任海保, 于明坚, 陈建华, 陈声文, 方腾, 马克平 ( 2008) 古田山中亚热带常绿阔叶林动态监测样地——群落组成与结构. 植物生态学报, 32, 262-273.]
doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2008.02.004
[1] Gu Hanjiao, Zhang Cancan, Wang Jinsong, Shi Xuewen, Xia Ruixue, Liu Bin, Chen Fusheng, Bu Wensheng. Variation in basic morphological and functional traits of Chinese bamboo [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 585-594.
[2] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[3] Lou Minghua, Bai Chao, Hui Gangying, Tang Mengping. Comparison of distinguish ability on seven tree size diversity indices [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 449-456.
[4] Xie Fenglin, Zhou Quan, Shi Hang, Shu Xiao, Zhang Kerong, Li Tao, Feng Shuiyuan, Zhang Quanfa, Dang Haishan. Species composition and community characteristics of a 25 ha forest dynamics plot in deciduous broad-leaved forest, Qinling Mountains, north-central China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 439-448.
[5] Yan Wenbo,Ji Shengnan,Shuai Lingying,Zhao Leigang,Zhu Dapeng,Zeng Zhigao. Spatial distribution patterns of mammal diversity in Yangxian County of Shaanxi Province on the southern slope of the Qinling Mountains [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 177-185.
[6] Fan Jingyu, Li Hanpeng, Yang Zhuo, Zhu Gengping. Selecting the best native individual model to predict potential distribution of Cabomba caroliniana in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 140-148.
[7] ZHANG Zhen-Zhen, ZHAO Ping, ZHANG Jin-Xiu, SI Yao. Conduits anatomical structure and leaf traits of diffuse- and ring-porous stems in subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(2): 131-138.
[8] ZOU Xian-Hua, HU Ya-Nan, WEI Dan, CHEN Si-Tong, WU Peng-Fei, MA Xiang-Qing. Correlation between endogenous hormone and the adaptability of Chinese fir with high phosphorus-use efficiency to low phosphorus stress [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(2): 139-151.
[9] Ren Peng,Yu Jianping,Chen Xiaonan,Shen Xiaoli,Song Xiao,Zhang Tiantian,Yu Yongquan,Ding Ping. Seasonal variation in the distribution of Elliot’s pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti) in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 13-23.
[10] Weng Changlu,Zhang Tiantian,Wu Donghao,Chen Shengwen,Jin Yi,Ren Haibao,Yu Mingjian,Luo Yuanyuan. Drivers and patterns of α- and β-diversity in ten main forest community types in Gutianshan, eastern China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 33-41.
[11] Yu Jianping,Shen Yunyi,Song Xiaoyou,Chen Xiaonan,Li Sheng,Shen Xiaoli. Evaluating the effectiveness of functional zones for black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) protection in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot site [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 5-12.
[12] YU Ding-Xiang, DU Fan, SHI Ming, YANG Cong, DAI Jun. Community characteristics and population structure of Ferrocalamus strictus, a rare species in Mojiang, Yunnan, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 938-945.
[13] Lina Dou, Wenfu Zhang, Xiaobao Deng, Min Cao, Yong Tang. Nine-year seed rain dynamics in Parashorea chinensis forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 919-930.
[14] Yunzhi Qin,Jiaxin Zhang,Jianming Liu,Mengting Liu,Dan Wan,Hao Wu,Yang Zhou,Hongjie Meng,Zhiqiang Xiao,Handong Huang,Yaozhan Xu,Zhijun Lu,Xiujuan Qiao,Mingxi Jiang. Community composition and spatial structure in the Badagongshan 25 ha Forest Dynamics Plot in Hunan Province [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 1016-1022.
[15] CHEN Yi-Chao, ZHAO Ying, SONG Xi-Qiang, REN Ming-Xun. Difference in spatial distribution patterns and population structures of Rhododendron hainanense between both sides of riparian bends [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(8): 841-849.
Full text



[1] Fengchao Li, Xianjiang Kang, Wenbo Yang, Yueqiang Guan, Xiaohui Zhang, Weiwei Liu, Gongming Shen, Jilong Li, Hongwei Wang. Protozoan community character in relation to trophic level in the Beijing section of the Juma River[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2006, 14(4): 327 -332 .
[3] Meixia Zhang, Yan Luo, Zhengbing Yan, Jiao Chen, Anwar Eziz, Kaihui Li and Wenxuan Han. Resorptions of 10 mineral elements in leaves of desert shrubs and their contrasting responses to aridity[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2019, 12(2): 358 -366 .
[4] Wei Sun;Chonghui Li;Liangsheng Wang;Silan Dai*. Analysis of Anthocyanins and Flavones in Different-colored Flowers of Chrysanthemum[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(03): 327 -336 .
[5] Du Nai-qiu and Chen Yin-shuo. Effects of Heavy Liquid Floating on the Calculation of Pollen Concentration[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 1990, 32(10): .
[6] MENG Meng, NI Jian, ZHANG Zhi-Guo. ARIDITY INDEX AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN GEO-ECOLOGICAL STUDY[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2004, 28(6): 853 -861 .
[7] Guang-Wan HU, Heng LI,Ying TAN,Yan LIU,Chun-Lin LONG. Tupistra hongheensis (Ruscaceae), a new species from Yunnan, China based on morphological, karyotypic, and pollen morphological studies[J]. J Syst Evol, 2013, 51(2): 230 .
[8] Xi Yi-Zhen. Studies on Pollen Morphology of Taxaceae of China[J]. J Syst Evol, 1986, 24(4): 247 -252 .
[9] JIA Hu-Sen LI De-QuanHAN Ya-Qin. Cytochrome b-559 in Chloroplasts[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(02): 158 -162 .