Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 1004-1015.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018042

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A review and novel classification of Bunyavirales

Shuang Tang, Shu Shen, Junming Shi, Yaohui Fang, Hualin Wang, Zhihong Hu, Fei Deng*()   

  1. Microorganisms & Viruses Culture Collection Center, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071
  • Received:2018-02-07 Accepted:2018-04-04 Online:2019-01-05
  • Deng Fei
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Most members of the Bunyavirales could infect humans and animals and thus pose great potential threat to public health. According to the 10th Report on Virus Taxonomy released by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV, 2017), the taxonomy of Bunyaviruses has been updated. Based on the information of this report, we highlight the taxonomy of the new Bunyavirales and summarize the historical changes of ICTV classification of this virus, including classification, designation, typical species, genomic structures, encoding protein, major vectors and hosts, geographic distribution, and specific viral properties. In addition, based on the viral genome-encoded RdRp gene sequence, a phylogenetic analysis is performed for the all nine families and 13 genera as well as the representative species of Bunyavirales.

Key words: Bunyavirales, taxonomy, ICTV, change, virus

Table 1

Time points for changes in bunyavirus taxonomy"


1975 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae 新增 New 布尼亚病毒属 Bunyavirus 新增 New Plenary session vote 12/16 September 1975 in Madrid (MSL #03) *
1981 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 内罗病毒属 Nairovirus 新增 New Plenary session vote 4 August 1981 in Strasbourg (MSL #07) *
乌库病毒属 Uukuvirus 新增 New
白蛉病毒属 Phlebovirus 新增 New
1984 未指定Unassigned - 未指定Unassigned - 水稻条纹病毒组
Rice stripe virus group
新增 New Plenary session vote 5 September 1984 in Sendai (MSL #09) *
1987 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 汉坦病毒属 Hantavirus 新增 New Plenary session vote 12 August 1987 in Edmonton (MSL #10) *
未指定Unassigned 纤细病毒组 Tenuivirus group←水稻条纹病毒组 Rice stripe virus group 重命名
1990 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 番茄斑萎病毒属 Tospovirus←番茄斑萎病毒组 Tomato spotted wilt virus group 移动
Plenary session vote 29 August 1990 in Berlin (MSL #11) *
1991 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 白蛉病毒属 Phlebovirus←乌库病毒属Uukuvirus和白蛉病毒属 Phlebovirus 合并
Francki et al, 1991
1993 未指定Unassigned - 未指定Unassigned - 纤细病毒属 Tenuivirus←纤细病毒组 Tenuivirus group←水稻条纹病毒组 Rice stripe virus group 重命名Renamed Pringle, 1993*
2002 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 正布尼亚病毒属 Orthobunyavirus
←布尼亚病毒属 Bunyavirus
重命名Renamed Mayo, 2002a, b*
2009 未指定Unassigned - 布尼亚病毒科Bunyaviridae - 伊马拉病毒属 Emaravirus 新增 New Carstens, 2010; King et al, 2011
2016 布尼亚病毒目Bunyavirales 新增
新增 New 正费拉病毒属 Orthoferavirus 新增 New EC48, Budapest, Hungary, August 2016; Email ratification 2017 (MSL #31)*
费莫病毒科Fimoviridae 新增 New 伊马拉病毒属 Emaravirus 移动 Moved
汉坦病毒科Hantaviridae 新增 New 正汉坦病毒属 Orthohantavirus
←汉坦病毒属 Hantavirus
重命名, 移动Renamed, moved
米卡多病毒科Jonviridae 新增 New 正米卡多病毒属 Orthojonvirus 新增 New
内罗病毒科Nairoviridae 新增 New 正内罗病毒属 Orthonairovirus
←内罗病毒属 Nairovirus
重命名, 移动 Renamed, moved
重命名, 移动
Renamed, moved
赫伯病毒属 Herbevirus 新增 New
正布尼亚病毒属 Orthobunyavirus←正布尼亚病毒属 Orthobunyavirus 移动 Moved
幻影病毒科Phasmaviridae 新增 New 正幻影病毒属 Orthophasmavirus 新增 New
白纤病毒科Phenuiviridae 新增 New 格克病毒属 Goukovirus 新增 New
帕西病毒属 Phasivirus 新增 New
白蛉病毒属 Phlebovirus 移动 Moved
纤细病毒属 Tenuivirus←纤细病毒属 Tenuivirus←纤细病毒组Tenuivirus group←水稻条纹病毒组 Rice stripe virus group 移动 Moved
番茄斑萎病毒科Tospoviridae 新增 New 正番茄斑萎病毒属 Orthotospovirus←番茄斑萎病毒属 Tospovirus←番茄斑萎病毒组 Tomato spotted wilt virus group 重命名, 移动
Renamed, moved

Fig. 1

The Maximum like-hood phylogenetic tree of Bunyavirales. The tree is built based on the RdRp protein sequences from the virus members of Bunyavirales, and tested by the Bootstrap Method with 1,000 replicates. The bootstrap value at the main modes of each family and genus are listed. Abbreviation of viruses name, please see the Appendix 2."

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