Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 945-950.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017181

• On the Mandate of Botanical Gardens • Previous Article     Next Article

The role of botanical gardens in reintroduction of plants

Hai Ren*()   

  1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
  • Received:2017-06-16 Accepted:2017-09-17 Online:2017-10-04
  • Ren Hai E-mail:renhai@scib.ac.cn

In order to effectively protect rare and endangered plants, botanical gardens have moved from ex situ conservation to the combination of ex situ conservation and reintroduction. Its living collections, knowledge, skills, and facilities can be used in the process of plant reintroduction. Early plant reintroduction practices have focused on increasing the survival rate of seedlings or seeds by means of horticulture, and later emphasized population recovery and plant reintroduction in the context of ecosystem restoration. In recent years, emphasis has been placed on plant reintroduction in the context of global change. Nowadays, plant reintroduction research and practice at botanical gardens is mainly focused on factors affecting reintroduced individuals, genetic diversity associated with reintroduction, the impacts of global change on reintroduction, and the criteria for successful reintroduction. With human disturbance and global change, botanical gardens need to take into account integrating in situ conservation, ex situ conservation, and reintroduction to effectively protect plant diversity.

Key words: plant reintroduction, botanical gardens, rare and endangered plants, global change

Table 1

The plant reintroduction cases from Chinese botanical gardens"

植物种类 Species 单位 Institution
仙湖苏铁 Cycas fairylakea 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
水松 Glyptostrobus pensilis 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
观光木 Tsoongiodendron odorum 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
猪血木 Euryodendron excelsum 中国科学院华南植物园和云南大学 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Yunnan University
丹霞梧桐 Firmiana danxiaensis 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
四药门花 Tetrathyrium subcordatum 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
报春苣苔 Primulina tabacum 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
长梗木莲 Manglietia longipedunculata 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
虎颜花 Tigridiopalma magnifica 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
伯乐树 Bretscheneidera sinensis 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
杜鹃红山茶 Camellia azalea 中国科学院华南植物园 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
德保苏铁 Cycas debaoensis 深圳市中国科学院仙湖植物园 Fairylake Botanical Garden, Shenzhen & Chinese Academy of Sciences
景宁木兰 Magnolia sinostellata 深圳市中国科学院仙湖植物园 Fairylake Botanical Garden, Shenzhen & Chinese Academy of Sciences
疏花水柏枝 Myricaria laxiflora 中国科学院武汉植物园 Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
荷叶铁线蕨 Adiantum nelumboides 中国科学院武汉植物园 Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
麻栗坡兜兰 Paphiopedilum malipoense 中国科学院昆明植物园 Kunming Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
三棱栎 Trigonobalanus doichangensis 中国科学院昆明植物园 Kunming Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
漾濞槭 Acer yangbiense 中国科学院昆明植物园 Kunming Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
白旗兜兰 Paphiopedilum spicerianum 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
凤蝶兰 Papilionanthe teres 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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