Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (7): 745-757.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017156

Previous Article     Next Article

Evaluating the endangerment status of China’s angiosperms through the red list assessment

Haining Qin1, *(), Lina Zhao1, 2, Shengxiang Yu1, Huiyuan Liu1, 3, Bo Liu4, Nianhe Xia5, Hua Peng6, Zhenyu Li1, Zhixiang Zhang7, Xingjin He8, Linke Yin9, Yulin Lin10, Quanru Liu3, Yuantong Hou11, Yan Liu12, Qixin Liu13, Wei Cao14, Jianqiang Li15, Shilong Chen16, Xiaohua Jin1, Tiangang Gao1, Wenli Chen1, Haiying Ma17, Yuying Geng18, Xiaofeng Jin19, Chaoyang Chang20, Hong Jiang21, Lei Cai22, Chunxin Zang23, Jianyong Wu24, Jianfei Ye2, 25, Yangjun Lai26, Bing Liu1, Qinwen Lin25, Naxin Xue1   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 School of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    4 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    5 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    6 Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
    7 School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    8 College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064
    9 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011
    10 Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medicinal Science & Peking Union Medicinal College, Beijing 100193;
    11 College of Life Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong 273165
    12 Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guilin, Guangxi 541006
    13 Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014
    14 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
    15 Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074
    16 Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008
    17 School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091
    18 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    19 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036
    20 College of Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling, Shanxi 712100;
    21 Yunnan Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650204
    22 Ministry of Environment Protection of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100035;
    23 Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    24 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042
    25 Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    26 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008;
  • Received:2017-05-27 Accepted:2017-07-11 Online:2017-07-21
  • Qin Haining

All known species of Angiosperms in China were evaluated according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition and the Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels, Version 4.0. Of the 30,068 species evaluated, 21 species were found Extinct (EX), 9 species were Extinct in the Wild (EW), 10 species were Regionally Extinct (RE), 518 species were Critically Endangered (CR), 1,152 species were Endangered (EN), 1,693 species were Vulnerable (VU), 2,538 species were Near Threatened (NT), 21,132 species were Least Concern (LC), and 2,995 species were Data Deficient (DD). The results show that 3,363 species, representing 11.2% of the evaluated species, were identified as threatened (CR, EN and VU). The main portion of threatened species occurs below 2,000 m elevation in southwestern and southern China. Habitat loss and degradation, over-collecting by humans, and intrinsic factors are the three leading threats to angiosperms in China. Comparisons of the status of taxa on this Red List to those evaluated by Wang & Xie (2004) show changes in the names and categories of some taxa due to land use pressures, the impact of conservation measures to improve the status of some species as well as new information, such as from taxonomic revisions. Therefore, there is a need for future data collection and reevaluation of the red list.

Key words: IUCN Red List, risk assessment of extinction, threats, angiosperms, conservation

Fig. 1

The roadmap undertaken to differentiate key and non-key species (adopted from Raimondo et al, 2009)"

Table 1

Species number of each endangerment categories and their proportion to China’s angiosperms species"

No. of species (%)
灭绝 Extinct (EX) 21(0.07)
野外灭绝 Extinct in wild (EW) 9(0.03)
地区灭绝 Regional Extinct (RE) 10(0.03)
极危等级 Critically Endangered (CR) 518(1.72)
濒危 Endangered (EN) 1,152(3.83)
易危 Vulnerable (VU) 1,693(5.63)
近危 Near Threatened (NT) 2,538(8.43)
无危 Least Concern (LC) 21,132(70.28)
数据缺乏 Data Deficient (DD) 2,995(9.96)
总计 Total 30,068(100)

Table 2

The angiosperms species listed as Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, and Regionally Extinct in China"

灭绝 EX (Extinct)
番荔枝科 Annonaceae 尖花藤 Friesodielsia hainanensis
菊科 Asteraceae 小叶橐吾 Ligularia parvifolia
秋海棠科 Begoniaceae 保亭秋海棠 Begonia sublongipes
桦木科 Betulaceae 盐桦 Betula halophila
白玉簪科 Corsiaceae 白玉簪 Corsiopsis chinensis
胡颓子科 Elaeagnaceae 柳州胡颓子 Elaeagnus liuzhouensis
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 小溪洞杜鹃
Rhododendron xiaoxidongense
苦苣苔科 Gesneriaceae 圆果苣苔 Gyrogyne subaequifolia
唇形科 Lamiaceae 干生铃子香 Chelonopsis siccanea
唇形科 Lamiaceae 喜雨草 Ombrocharis dulcis
木通科 Lardizabalaceae 倒心叶野木瓜
Stauntonia obcordatilimba
樟科 Lauraceae 宁明琼楠 Beilschmiedia ningmingensis
樟科 Lauraceae 华蓥润楠 Machilus salicoides
百合科 Liliaceae 单花百合 Lilium stewartianum
兰科 Orchidaceae 单花美冠兰 Eulophia monantha
兰科 Orchidaceae 南川盆距兰
Gastrochilus nanchuanensis
兰科 Orchidaceae 明潭羊耳蒜 Liparis hensoaensis
兰科 Orchidaceae 峨眉带唇兰 Tainia emeiensis
无患子科 Sapindaceae 爪耳木 Lepisanthes unilocularis
玄参科 Scrophulariaceae 矮马先蒿 Pedicularis humilis
马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 小叶澜沧豆腐柴
Premna mekongensis var. meiophylla
野外灭绝 EW (Extinct in the Wild)
五加科 Araliaceae 三七 Panax notoginseng
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 枯鲁杜鹃 Rhododendron adenosum
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 乌来杜鹃 Rhododendron kanehirae
苦苣苔科 Gesneriaceae 焰苞唇柱苣苔 Chirita spadiciformis
水鳖科 Hydrocharitaceae 拟纤细茨藻 Najas pseudogracillima
百合科 Liliaceae 华南蜘蛛抱蛋
Aspidistra austrosinensis
睡菜科 Menyanthaceae 龙潭莕菜 Nymphoides lungtanensis
鼠李科 Rhamnaceae 鄂西鼠李 Rhamnus tzekweiensis
姜科 Zingiberaceae 细莪术 Curcuma exigua
地区灭绝 RE (Regionally Extinct)
凤仙花科 Balsaminaceae 水角 Hydrocera triflora
薯蓣科 Dioscoreaceae 吊罗薯蓣 Dioscorea poilanei
壳斗科 Fagaceae 闭壳柯 Lithocarpus cryptocarpus
小二仙草科 Haloragaceae 四蕊狐尾藻 Myriophyllum tetrandrum
水鳖科 Hydrocharitaceae 水菜花 Ottelia cordata
木兰科 Magnoliaceae 绒毛含笑 Michelia velutina
兰科 Orchidaceae 蒙自石豆兰 Bulbophyllum yunnanense
眼子菜科 Potamogetonaceae 高山眼子菜 Potamogeton alpinus
山榄科 Sapotaceae 云南藏榄 Diploknema yunnanensis
马鞭草科 Verbenaceae 塔序豆腐柴 Premna pyramidata

Table 3

The top 15 families with the most threatened species numbers (left column) and the top 15 families with the largest proportion of threatened species (right column)"

Species number
No. of threatened species

Species number
% of threatened species
兰科 Orchidaceae 1,502 653 木兰科 Magnoliaceae 113 67.3
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae 1,012 142 猕猴桃科 Actinidiaceae 76 63.2
豆科 Fabaceae 1,463 126 芍药科 Paeoniaceae 20 60
百合科 Liliaceae 760 103 薯蓣科 Dioscoreaceae 58 53.4
樟科 Lauraceae 465 99 金缕梅科 Hamamelidaceae 77 49.4
山茶科 Theaceae 346 91 马兜铃科 Aristolochiaceae 82 48.8
毛茛科 Ranunculaceae 1,081 87 兰科 Orchidaceae 1,502 43.5
木兰科 Magnoliaceae 113 76 黄杨科 Buxaceae 25 40
壳斗科 Fagaceae 305 75 梧桐科 Sterculiaceae 77 39
苦苣苔科 Gesneriaceae 496 73 槭树科 Aceraceae 130 36.2
蔷薇科 Rosaceae 1,206 62 棕榈科 Arecaceae 61 36.1
景天科 Crassulaceae 255 57 茶茱萸科 Icacinaceae 23 34.8
禾本科 Poaceae 1,881 53 安息香科 Styracaceae 65 33.8
小檗科 Berberidaceae 308 48 杜英科 Elaeocarpaceae 56 30.4
猕猴桃科 Actinidiaceae 76 48 胡桃科 Juglandaceae 24 29.2

Fig. 2

The top 15 angiosperms families with the largest proportion of threatened species and their categories. The categories are the same as those in Table 1."

Table 4

Statistics of threatened angiosperms species at provincial level. The categories are the same as those in Table 1."

No. of threatened
% of threatened species
% of threatened species
No. of threatened
% of threatened species
% of threatened species
云南 Yunnan 15,915 1,710 10.7 50.8 重庆 Chongqing 1,062 73 6.9 2.2
四川 Sichuan 10,614 649 6.1 19.3 吉林 Jilin 1,975 63 3.2 1.9
广西 Guangxi 7,082 646 9.1 19.2 江苏 Jiangsu 1,651 58 3.5 1.7
西藏 Tibet 7,684 434 5.6 12.9 香港 Hong Kong 844 57 6.8 1.7
海南 Hainan 3,609 394 10.9 11.7 内蒙古
Inner Mongolia
2,208 57 2.6 1.7
贵州 Guizhou 5,828 381 6.5 11.3 河南 Henan 1,997 56 2.8 1.7
广东 Guangdong 5,157 340 6.6 10.1 河北 Hebei 1,997 49 2.5 1.5
台湾 Taiwan 4,529 302 6.7 9 辽宁 Liaoning 1,791 47 2.6 1.4
湖北 Hubei 3,784 197 5.2 5.9 黑龙江
1,872 47 2.5 1.4
湖南 Hunan 3,895 183 4.7 5.4 山西 Shanxi 1,696 45 2.7 1.3
浙江 Zhejiang 3,301 158 4.8 4.7 青海 Qinghai 2,190 45 2.1 1.3
福建 Fujian 3,477 157 4.5 4.7 山东 Shandong 1,232 23 1.9 0.7
陕西 Shaanxi 3,640 141 3.9 4.2 宁夏 Ningxia 879 17 1.9 0.5
江西 Jiangxi 3,194 129 4 3.8 北京 Beijing 218 5 2.3 0.1
甘肃 Gansu 3,795 119 3.1 3.5 上海 Shanghai 154 2 1.3 0.1
新疆 Xinjiang 3,325 116 3.5 3.4 澳门 Macao 92 0 0 0
安徽 Anhui 2,369 104 4.4 3.1 天津 Tianjin 46 0 0 0

Table 5

The top 10 provinces with the most of threatened angiosperms species which are restrictedly distributed in 1-3 counties"

种数 No. of species
云南 Yunnan 644
四川 Sichuan 180
广西 Guangxi 174
海南 Hainan 103
西藏 Tibet 103
新疆 Xinjiang 59
贵州 Guizhou 54
广东 Guangdong 48
重庆 Chongqing 31
浙江 Zhejiang 24

Table 6

Habits of China’s threatened angiosperms species"

习性 Habit 物种数 No. of species
草本 Herb 一年生 Annual 57
两年生 Biennial 15
多年生 Perennial 1,460
其他 Others 102
小计 Subtotal 1,634
灌木 Shrub 竹子 Bamboo 34
其他 Others 735
小计 Subtotal 769
藤本 Vine 草质 Herb 99
木质 Woody 132
其他 Others 28
小计 Subtotal 259
木本 Tree 常绿 Evergreen 509
落叶 Deciduous 181
半落叶 Semi-deciduous 11
小计 Subtotal 701
总计 Total 3,363

Table 7

Number of threatened species in some vegetation types and the ratio to 3,363 threatened angiosperms species in China."

Vegetation type
No. of threatened species
森林 Forest 2,684 84.7
灌丛 Shrub 854 27
荒漠 Desert 52 1.6
Grassland & meadow
395 12.5
高山植被 Alpine vegetation 48 1.5
Wetlands (bogs and aquatic)
42 1.3
人工植被 Artificial vegetation 422 13.3
其他生境类型 Other habitats 283 8.9

Fig. 3

Elevation status of threatened species of China’s angiosperms. Some species cover several sections."

Table 8

Factors influencing the threatened (CR, EN, and VU) angiosperms taxa in China"

species number
Habitat degradation or loss
2,116 84.1
Logging or harvesting
963 38.3
环境污染 Environmental pollution 17 0.7
Natural disasters and climate change
39 1.6
物种内在因子 Internal factors 357 14.2
种间影响 Interspecific effects 33 1.3
1 Bilz M, Kell SP, Maxted N, Lansdown RV (2011) European Red List of Vascular Plants. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
2 Bubb PJ, Butchart SHM, Collen B, Dublin H, Kapos V, Pollock C, Stuart SN, Vié JC (2009) IUCN Red List Index― Guidance for National and Regional Use. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
3 Convention on Biological Diversity (2012) Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: 2011-2020. Botanic Gardens Conservation International, Richmond, UK.
4 de Grammont PC, Cuarón AD (2006) An evaluation of threatened species categorization systems used on the American continent. Conservation Biology, 20, 14-27.
5 Fu LK, Jin JM (1991) The Red Data Book of China’s Plants, Vol. 1: Rare and Endangered Species (English Edition). Science Press, Beijing.
6 Fu ZJ (1998) The conservation and utilization of rare and endangered plants in Qinling range. Mountain Research, 16, 325-329. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[付志军 (1998) 秦岭珍稀濒危植物资源的利用价值与保护. 山地研究, 16, 325-329.]
7 Hilton-Taylor C (2000) The IUCN/SSC Red List Program: Toward the 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Species, 33, 21-29.
8 Hu QM, Xia NH, Wu DL (2003) Rare and Precious Plants of Hong Kong. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong. (in Chinese)
[胡启明, 夏念和, 吴德邻 (2003) 香港稀有及珍贵植物. 香港渔农自然护理署.]
9 IUCN (2001) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.
10 IUCN (2012a) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1. 2nd edn. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
11 IUCN (2012b) Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels, Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK
12 IUCN (2012c) Rules of Procedure IUCN Red List Assessment Process 2013-2016. Version 2.0. Approved by the IUCN SSC Steering Committee in September 2012.
13 IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee (2011) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 9.0. Prepared by IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee.
14 Miller RM, Rodríguez JP, Aniskowicz-Fowler T, Bambaradeniya C, Boles R, Eaton MA, Gärdenfors U, Keller V, Molur S, Walker S, Pollock C (2007) National threatened species listing based on IUCN criteria and regional guidelines: current status and future perspectives. Conservation Biology, 21, 684-696.
15 Mittermeier RA, Myers N, Thomsen JB, da Fonseca GAB, Olivieri S (1998) Biodiversity hotspots and major tropical wilderness areas: approaches to setting conservation priorities. Conservation Biology, 12, 516-520.
16 Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, da Fonseca GAB, Kent J (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853-858.
17 Novacek MJ, Cleland EE (2001) The current biodiversity extinction event: scenarios for mitigation and recovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 98, 5466-5470.
18 Qin WH, Jiang MK, Xu WG, He ZH (2012) Assessment of in situ conservation of 1,334 native orchids in China. Biodiversity Science, 20, 177-183. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[秦卫华, 蒋明康, 徐网谷, 贺昭和 (2012) 中国1,334种兰科植物就地保护状况评价. 生物多样性, 20, 177-183.]
19 Qiu YX, Fu CX (2001) Studies on the endangerment mechanism of and conservation strategies for Changium smyrnioides. Biodiversity Science, 9, 151-156. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[邱英雄, 傅承新 (2001) 明党参的濒危机制及其保护对策研究. 生物多样性, 9, 151-156.]
20 Raimondo D, von Staden L, Donaldson JS (2013) Lessons from the conservation assessment of the South African megaflora. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 99, 221-230.
21 Raimondo D, von Staden L, Foden W, Victor JE, Helme NA, Truner RC, Kamundi DA, Manyama PA (2009) Red List of South African Plants. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
22 Rohan JCC, Stephen MD, Elisabeth S (2009) An approach for regional threat assessment under IUCN Red List criteria that is robust to uncertainty: The Fiordland bottlenose dolphins are critically endangered. Biological Conservation, 142, 1570-1579.
23 Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016) The State of the World’s Plants Report 2016. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
24 State Forestry Administration of The People's Republic of China, Ministry of Agriculture of The People's Republic of China (in Chinese) (1999) State’s Key Protected List of Wild Plants
[国家林业局和国家农业部 (1999) 国家重点保护野生植物名录(第一批), 1999年8月4日颁布, 1999年9月9日起施行.]
25 The Biodiversity Committee of Chinese Academy of Sciences(2016) Catalogue of Life China. Science Press, Beijing.
[中国科学院生物多样性委员会(编) (2016) 中国生物物种名录. 科学出版社, 北京.]
26 The Biodiversity Committee of Chinese Academy of Sciences (ed.) (2016) Catalogue of Life China 2017 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM. Science Press, Beijing.
[中国科学院生物多样性委员会(编) (2016) 中国生物物种名录2017版, CD-ROM. 科学出版社, 北京.]
27 [中华人民共和国濒危物种进出口管理办公室, 中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会 (2013) 濒危野生动植物国际贸易公约附录I、附录II和附录III.]
28 Wang JC, Chiou WL, Chang HM (eds) (2012) A Preliminary Red List of Taiwanese Vascular Plants. Endemic Species Research Institute & Taiwan Society of Plant Systematics. Nantou, Taiwan. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王振哲, 邱文良, 张和明 (主编) (2012) 台湾维管植物红皮书初评名录. 特有生物研究保育中心及台湾植物分类学会, 南投, 台湾.]
29 Wang LS, Jia Y, Zhang XC, Qin HN (2015) Overview of higher plant diversity in China. Biodiversity Science, 23, 217-224. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王利松, 贾渝, 张宪春, 覃海宁 (2015) 中国高等植物多样性. 生物多样性, 23, 217-224.]
30 Wang S, Xie Y (2004) China Species Red List, Vol. 1: Red List. Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[汪松, 解焱 (2004) 中国物种红色名录, 第1卷: 红色名录. 高等教育出版社, 北京.]
31 Wei FW, Nie YG, Miao HX, Lu H, Hu YB (2014) Advancements of the researches on biodiversity loss mechanisms (in Chinese). China Science Bulletin (Chinese Version), 59, 430-437. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[魏辅文, 聂永刚, 苗海霞, 路浩, 胡义波 (2014) 生物多样性丧失机制研究进展. 科学通报, 59, 430-437.]
32 Wu CY, Raven PH, Hong DY (eds.) (2013) Flora of China, Introduction, Vol.1. Sciences Press and Missouri Botanic Garden Press,, Beijing and St. Louis.
33 Wu P, Zhang KP (2008) Status of Cycas spp. plants in Yunnan and measures for their protection. Forest Inventory and Planning, 33(4), 116-119. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴萍, 张开平 (2008) 云南苏铁植物的现状及保护对策. 林业调查规划, 33(4), 116-119.]
34 Yan XF, Cao M (2008) The endangered causes and protective strategies for Shorea wantianshuea, a tropical rain forest tree species in Xishuangbanna. Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology, 35, 187-191. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[闫兴富, 曹敏 (2008) 热带雨林濒危树种望天树的致危原因及保护策略. 福建林业科技, 35, 187-191.]
35 Zamin TJ, Baillie JEM, Miller RM, Rodríguez JP, Ardid ANA, Collen BEN (2010) National Red Listing beyond the 2010 target. Conservation Biology, 24, 1012-1020.
36 Zang CX, Cai L, Li JQ, Wu XP, Li XG, Li JS (2016) Preparation of the China Biodiversity Red List and its significance for biodiversity conservation within China. Biodiversity Science, 24, 610-614. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[臧春鑫, 蔡蕾, 李佳琦, 吴晓莆, 李晓光, 李俊生 (2016)《中国生物多样性红色名录》的制订及其对生物多样性保护的意义. 生物多样性, 24, 610-614.]
37 Zhang WH, Zu YG, Liu GB (2002) Population ecological characteristics and analysis on endangered cause of ten endangered plant species. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 22, 1512-1520. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张文辉, 祖元刚, 刘国彬 (2002) 十种濒危植物的种群生态学特征及致危因素分析. 生态学报, 22, 1512-1520.]
38 Zhang YW, Yang HP, Chen B, Yang XM, Shen ZH (2009) Research progress of Orchidaceae in China. Guizhou Science, 27(4), 78-85. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[(张玉武, 杨红萍, 陈波, 杨晓梅, 沈峥华 (2009) 中国兰科植物研究进展概述. 贵州科学, 27(4), 78-85.]
39 Zhao LN, Li JY, Liu HY, Qin HN (2016) Distribution, congruence, and hotspots of higher plants in China. Scientific Reports, 6, 19080.
40 Zhou RC, Yu DM, Huang YQ, Yang RG (2002) Endangered mechanism and conservative strategies of Paeonia rockii. Territory & Natural Resources Study, 3, 74-75.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[周仁超, 于东明, 黄言强, 杨仍阁 (2002) 紫斑牡丹的濒危机制与保护对策. 国土与自然资源研究, 3, 74-75.]
41 Zhou SL, Ye WG (2002) The genetic diversity and conservation of Sinocalycanthus chinensis. Biodiversity Science, 10, 1-6. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[周世良, 叶文国 (2002) 夏腊梅的遗传多样性及其保护. 生物多样性, 10, 1-6.]
[1] Zhigang Jiang Jianping Jiang Yuezhao Wang E Zhang Yanyun Zhang Bo Cai. (2020) Significance of country red lists of endangered species for biodiversity conservation . Biodiv Sci, 28(5): 0-0.
[2] . (2020) Stepping out of the Shadow of Goethe: for a More Scientific Plant Systematics . Chin Bull Bot, 55(4): 0-0.
[3] Jinyuan Su,Yu Yan,Chong Li,Dan Li,Fang K. Du. (2020) Informing conservation strategies with genetic diversity in Wild Plant with Extremely Small Populations: A review on gymnosperms . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 376-384.
[4] Yuanyuan Li,Chaonan Liu,Rong Wang,Shuixing Luo,Shouqian Nong,Jingwen Wang,Xiaoyong Chen. (2020) Applications of molecular markers in conserving endangered species . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 367-375.
[5] Xiulian Chi, Ting Guo, Qinggang Wang, Zhixian Jing, Xiaobo Zhang, Xiaolin Li, Kai Sun, Tielin Wang, Guang Yang. (2020) Evaluation of in situ conservation effectiveness on medicinal vascular plants in national nature reserves in central China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 135-143.
[6] Yi Li,Dongmei Liu,Ke Wang,Haijun Wu,Lei Cai,Lei Cai,Junsheng Li,Yijian Yao. (2020) Red list assessment of macrofungi in China: Challenges and measures . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 66-73.
[7] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[8] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[9] Xinli Wei,Hong Deng,Jiangchun Wei. (2020) Threatened categories assessment of lichens in China . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 54-65.
[10] Lingyun Xiao,Chen Cheng,Huawei Wan,Dehai Zhang,Yongcai Wang,Tsedan ,Peng Hou,Juan Li,Xin Yang,Zhi Lü,Yuping Liu. (2019) Defining conservation priority areas of snow leopard habitat in the Sanjiangyuan Region . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 943-950.
[11] Rui Yang,Qinyi Peng,Yue Cao,Le Zhong,Shuyu Hou,Zhicong Zhao,Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[12] Xiaoyu Li,Lingyun Xiao,Xuchang Liang,Chen Cheng,Chen Feng,Xiang Zhao,Yanlin Liu,Xiaoxing Bian,Bing He,Changzhi Zhang,Justine Shanti Alexander,Rui Xing,Yahui Huang,Awangjiumei ,Xierannima ,Dazhao Song,Qiaowen Huang, ,Kui Peng,Hang Yin,Xinming Lian,Xin Yang,Sheng Li,Xiaogang Shi,Chuangming Yang,Zhi Lü. (2019) Ongoing threats and the current status of snow leopard conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 932-942.
[13] Yang Lixin, Pei Shengji, Zhang Yu. (2019) Action research on Tibetan sacred nature sites (SNS) conservation in Tibetan community in NW Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 749-757.
[14] Yang Yunhui, Bai Keyu, Jarvis Devra, Long Chunlin. (2019) Xishuangbanna cucumber landraces and associated traditional knowledge . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 743-748.
[15] Jiang Zhigang. (2019) China’s key protected species lists, their criteria and management . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 698-703.
Full text