Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 437-448.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016295

• Forum • Previous Article    

How to balance development between nature reserves and community: a case study in Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve, Guangxi

Run Sun1, Shuangling Wang1, *(), Linqiao Wu1, Hui An2, Shiying Qin1, Youjun Liu2, Weifu Tan1   

  1. 1 Guangxi Forestry Inventory & Planning Institute, Nanning 530028;
    2 Guangxi Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau, Fangchenggang, Guangxi 538001
  • Received:2016-10-12 Accepted:2017-02-07 Online:2017-04-20
  • Wang Shuangling

In order to balance development, nature reserves, and community, it is necessary to understand community characteristics and willingness. Between September and November of 2014, we surveyed infrastructure, demographic factors, economic activity, development willingness, and the demands of all 151 concerned resident sites of the Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve in Guangxi. Methods included semi-structured interviews, key people interviews complemented with a literature review, seasonal calendars, market surveys, participatory forest surveys, and community demand interviews. In 2015, we carried out focused complementary investigations on the communities located in the nature reserve. Results on the characteristics of the communities of the Shiwandashan reserve included minority culture, forest-based land utilization, high dependence on natural resources, less infrastructure development, low market accessibility, and minimal financial resources for development. There were diverse perspectives on community development, but almost all focused on subsistence needs. The demands of the communities for the nature reserve mainly included infrastructure development and forest resources use. Holistically, topics including considering the community status, threats faced by the nature reserve, development strategy of the nature reserve, species and vegetation distributions, prioritized working areas, focused communities, and urgent activities were discussed and then, suggestions were given based on the research. Specific measures included developing forest restoration and ecological compensation in priority areas, to meet the demands of the communities located in the nature reserve and realize ecological immigration if possible and establishing some projects on infrastructure construction, community culture development, and building the local brand. Meanwhile, it is necessary to establish co-management institutions, provide training to community residents and nature reserve staff and to strengthen publicity and education. This study provides some suggestions on methods and contents of community work during its primary phase and future directions were also discussed including at the micro-level (establishing an indicator system to estimate village or family status) and at the macro-level (achieving good effects of community development by legal and standard construction and allied stakeholders) which is also significant for other aspects of nature reserve management.

Key words: nature reserve, community, demographic factor, behavior, development willingness, harmonious development

Fig. 1

Distribution of community sites within and around Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve"

Table 1

Development willingness and demands of the communities within and around Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve (NR) (unit: number of resident sites)"

Development items
Priority items supported by the NR
Communities within and around the NR
within the NR
Communities within
and around the NR
within the NR
危房改造 Damaged housing rehabilitation 53 10 1 0
修路 Building road 84 16 48 16
修桥 Building bridge 19 0 5 0
饮水工程 Drinking water project 71 4 21 1
水利工程 Irrigation project engineering 14 4 10 3
电力工程 Electricity supply project 8 1 1 0
其他基础设施建设 Other infrastructures 19 4 5 2
Planting and breeding
种植业 Planting 115 27 10 0
养殖业 Livestock raising 110 15 17 0
割松脂 Resin tapping 4 10 2 0
改造林木 Tree improvement 11 0 4 3
Other occupation
旅游 Tourism 12 0 3 0
务工 Migrant work 8 1 0 0
保护区提供就业 Employed by the NR 4 0 2 0
自主创业 Self-employment 3 0 2 0
Supportive items
技术扶持 Technique support 79 0 2 1
政策扶持 Policy support 9 0 0 0
资金扶持 Financial support 4 0 0 0
其他 Others 落实生态公益林补助 Delivering the forest compensation for its ecological function 11 0 5 3
提高生态公益林补助 Improving the forest compensation for its ecological function 5 0 6 0
解决土地权属纠纷 Resolution of land ownership dispute 7 2 4 0
村屯绿化 Village greening 1 0 0 0

Fig. 2

Distribution of main species and vegetation types in Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve"

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