Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1414-1420.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016154

• Orginal Article • Previous Article    

An inventory of county-level biodiversity in Northwest Yunnan

Jianyong Wu1, Hua Peng2, Xuelong Jiang3, Dayuan Xue4, *(), Fan Du5, Lianxian Han5, Zhuliang Yang2, Yumin Shui2, Peigui Liu2, Xiaojun Yang3, Wanggao Jiang6, Yuehua Wang6, Fuwei Zhao1, Rong Dai1   

  1. 1 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China, Nanjing 210042
    2 Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
    3 Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
    4 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    5 College of Forestry, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224
    6 School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091
  • Received:2016-06-11 Accepted:2016-10-24 Online:2017-01-10
  • Xue Dayuan

China is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of biodiversity, which has been seriously threatened. In 2010, to effectively protect biodiversity, the State Council of China authorized the Protection Strategy and Action Plan of China Biological Diversity (Year 2010-2030), in which 32 terrestrial Biodiversity Priority Areas were delineated as preferential areas, and background surveys of biodiversity in these areas were also discussed. To protect biodiversity, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China, alongside various research institutions such as Chinese Academy of Sciences and universities, conducted biodiversity background surveys at the county level in 18 counties in Northwest Yunnan of the southern section of the Hengduan Mountains Area from 2010 to 2011. The survey included ecosystems and species. At the ecosystem level, the survey investigated the diversity of vegetation formations within each county. At the species level, the survey investigated diversity of species composition, quantity, and usage of higher plants, vertebrates, and macro-fungi, analyzed the quantities of endemic, rare, and endangered species. The survey culminated in a species inventory at the county level. Based on the survey results, a comparative analysis of biodiversity composition among different counties was conducted. Among the 18 investigated counties, Yulong County, Jianchuan County, Gucheng District, Shangri-La County, and Eryuan County have relatively abundant ecosystem types. While all of these counties have more than 48 formations, Yulong County has the largest number of formations (108 formations). The formations of other counties ranged from 20 to 40. Yulong County not only has the richest vegetation formations, it also has the most abundant number of species (including 4,550 higher plants, 625 vertebrates, and 222 macro-fungi). The region also has a high proportion of endemic species. With respect to higher plants, the ratio of endemic species in most of the counties is about 20%, however, the ratio can approach or exceed 50%. With respect to animal species, the ratio of endemic species in most of the counties is about 10%, with the highest ratio in Heqing County, where 46 endemic species account for 17% of the total species. The authors hold that a comprehensive biodiversity survey is a necessary basis and hence suggest that this study be taken as a case for large-scale biodiversity investigations in the future.

Key words: biodiversity, survey, inventory, conservation, Northwest Yunnan

Fig. 1

Map for 18 counties of the biodiversity background survey at the county level in Northwest Yunnan"

Fig. 2

Vegetation diversity of 18 counties in Northwest Yunnan"

Fig. 3

Compare of present and history number of plant species in 18 counties"

[1] Ayyad MA (2003) Case studies in the conservation of biodiversity: degradation and threats. Journal of Arid Environments, 54, 165-182.
[2] Bellard C, Bertelsmeier C, Leadley P, Thuiller W, Courchamp F (2012) Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecology Letters, 15, 365-377.
[3] Biodiversity Committee, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2015) Catalogue of Life China. Science Press, Beijing
[中国科学院生物多样性委员会 (2015)中国生物物种名录. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[4] Blasi C, Marignani M, Copiz R, Fipaldini M, Bonacquisti S, Vico ED, Rosati L, Zavattero L (2011) Important plant areas in Italy: from data to mapping. Biological Conservation, 144, 220-226.
[5] Chandra A, Idrisova A (2011) Convention on Biological Diversity: a review of national challenges and opportunities for implementation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20, 3295-3316.
[6] Chen L, Dong HJ, Peng H (2013) Diversity and distribution of higher plants in Yunnan, China. Biodiversity Science, 21, 359-363.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈丽, 董洪进, 彭华 (2013) 云南省高等植物多样性与分布状况. 生物多样性,21, 359-363.]
[7] Compilation Group of the Yunnan Vegetation(1987) Yunnan Vegetation. Science Press, Beijing(in Chinese) .
[云南植被编写组(1987) 云南植被. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[8] Smith GF, Figueiredo E (2010) E-taxonomy: an affordable tool to fill the biodiversity knowledge gap. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 829-836.
[9] Sousa-Baena SM, Garcia LC, Peterson AT (2014) Completeness of digital accessible knowledge of the plants of Brazil and priorities for survey and inventory. Diversity and Distributions, 20, 369-381.
[10] Swan M, Stefano JD, Christie F, Steel E, York A (2014) Detecting mammals in heterogeneous landscapes: implications for biodiversity monitoring and management. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23, 343-355.
[11] The Editorial Committee of Vegetation of China(1980) Vegetation of China. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[中国植被编辑委员会(1980) 中国植被. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[12] Walsh A, Finn J, Jebb M, Waldren S, Sullivan C (2015) The distribution of vascular plant species of conservation concern in Ireland, and their coincidence with designated areas. Journal of Nature Conservation, 24, 56-62.
[13] Wang LS, Jia Y, Zhang XC, Qin HN (2015) Overview of higher plant diversity in China. Biodiversity Science, 23, 217-224.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[王利松, 贾渝, 张宪春, 覃海宁 (2015) 中国高等植物多样性. 生物多样性,23, 217-224.]
[14] Wu JY, Xue DY, Zhao FW, Wang YJ (2013) Progress of the study on investigation and conservation of biodiversity in China. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 29, 146-151.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[武建勇, 薛达元, 赵富伟, 王艳杰 (2013) 中国生物多样性调查与保护研究进展. 生态与农村环境学报,29, 146-151.]
[15] Xue DY, Wu JY, Zhao FW (2012) Action, progress and prospects in implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity during the past 20 years in China. Biodiversity Science, 20, 623-632.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[薛达元, 武建勇, 赵富伟 (2012) 中国履行《生物多样性公约》二十年: 行动、进展和展望. 生物多样性,20, 623-632.]
[16] Xue DY, Wu JY (2016) The Technical Guidelines for Biodiversity Survey and Inventory, and Demonstration Practices in the 26 Counties of Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi Provinces in China. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[薛达元, 武建勇 (2016) 生物多样性本底调查技术规范与滇黔桂26县调查示范研究. 中国环境出版社, 北京.]
[17] Yang WJ, Ma KP, Kreft H (2013) Geographical sampling bias in a large distributional database and its effects on species richness-environment models. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 1415-1426.
[18] Yang Y (2012) Holdings of type specimens of plants in herbaria of China. Biodiversity Science, 20, 512-516.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨永 (2012) 中国植物模式标本的馆藏量. 生物多样性,20, 512-516.]
[19] Zhang YN, Zhang ZM, Geng YP, Ou XK, Peng SJ, Wang WL, Feng X, Guo JW (2013) Priority plant communities for conservation in Northwest Yunnan. Biodiversity Science, 21, 296-305.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张燕妮, 张志明, 耿宇鹏, 欧晓昆, 彭声静, 王文礼, 冯欣, 呙靖雯 (2013) 滇西北地区优先保护的植物群落类型. 生物多样性,21, 296-305.]
[20] Zhu TP, Liu L, Zhu M (2007) Resource Plants in China. Science Press,Beijing)
[朱太平, 刘亮, 朱明 (2007)中国资源植物. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[1] Lintao Huang Hui Huang Lei Jiang. (2020) A revised taxonomy for Chinese hermatypic corals . Biodiv Sci, 28(4): 515-523.
[2] Yuanyuan Li,Chaonan Liu,Rong Wang,Shuixing Luo,Shouqian Nong,Jingwen Wang,Xiaoyong Chen. (2020) Applications of molecular markers in conserving endangered species . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 367-375.
[3] Jinyuan Su,Yu Yan,Chong Li,Dan Li,Fang K. Du. (2020) Informing conservation strategies with genetic diversity in Wild Plant with Extremely Small Populations: A review on gymnosperms . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 376-384.
[4] Yisheng Ma,Qingqing Ma,Nianjun He,Dapeng Zhu,Kaihui Zhao,Hongcai Liu,Shuai Li,Liang Sun,Liubin Tang. (2020) Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 226-230.
[5] Kai Wang,Jinlong Ren,Hongman Chen,Zhitong Lyu,Xianguang Guo,Ke Jiang,Jinmin Chen,Jiatang Li,Peng Guo,Yingyong Wang,Jing Che. (2020) The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 189-218.
[6] Xiulian Chi, Ting Guo, Qinggang Wang, Zhixian Jing, Xiaobo Zhang, Xiaolin Li, Kai Sun, Tielin Wang, Guang Yang. (2020) Evaluation of in situ conservation effectiveness on medicinal vascular plants in national nature reserves in central China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 135-143.
[7] Xiongwei Yang,Ankang Wu,Qixian Zou,Guangrong Li,Mingming Zhang,Canshi Hu,Haijun Su. (2020) Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 219-225.
[8] Haiou Liu,Fengchun Zhang,Fuwei Zhao,Leshan Du,Dayuan Xue. (2020) Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 244-252.
[9] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[10] Yi Li,Dongmei Liu,Ke Wang,Haijun Wu,Lei Cai,Lei Cai,Junsheng Li,Yijian Yao. (2020) Red list assessment of macrofungi in China: Challenges and measures . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 66-73.
[11] WANG Yu-Bing,SUN Yi-Han,DING Wei,ZHANG En-Tao,LI Wen-Huai,CHI Yong-Gang,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects and pathways of long-term nitrogen addition on plant diversity and primary productivity in a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 22-32.
[12] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[13] Shun Li,Liang Zou,Yinan Gong,Haitao Yang,Tianming Wang,Limin Feng,Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[14] Lingyun Xiao,Chen Cheng,Huawei Wan,Dehai Zhang,Yongcai Wang,Tsedan ,Peng Hou,Juan Li,Xin Yang,Zhi Lü,Yuping Liu. (2019) Defining conservation priority areas of snow leopard habitat in the Sanjiangyuan Region . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 943-950.
[15] Rui Yang,Qinyi Peng,Yue Cao,Le Zhong,Shuyu Hou,Zhicong Zhao,Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
Full text