Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 649-657.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015290

;

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Effects of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on species composition, structure and diversity of the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forests

Ming Ouyang, Qingpei Yang*(), Xin Chen, Guangyao Yang, Jianmin Shi, Xiangmin Fang   

  1. Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory for Bamboo Germplasm Resources and Utilization, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045
  • Received:2015-10-25 Accepted:2016-04-19 Online:2016-06-20
  • Yang Qingpei E-mail:Qingpeiyang@126.com

The expansion of Phyllostachys edulis into the adjacent secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest (EBF) is obvious and greatly affects its ecological function. Little research has examined its effects on community structure and biodiversity. We comparatively analyzed the characteristics of species composition, community structure and diversity before and after the expansion of P. edulis forest (PEF), P. edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest (PBMF) and EBF along a gradient of P. edulis expansion in the Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve in Jiangxi Province using a space for time substitution method. Results indicated that: (1) The Bray-Curtis similarity index values of the tree layer, shrub layer and herb layer between PEF and EBF were 0.003, 0.046 and 0.030, respectively. (2) The PEF vertical structure showed a “>” type and the abundance percentage was 33.3% in 12-14 m interval, its diameter at breast height (DBH) class structure concentrated distribution in 5-10 cm interval, whose percentage was as high as 90.0%; while the EBF vertical structure showed a “L” type and the abundance percentages was 54.3% in 2-4 m interval, its DBH class distribution range was relatively wide, the average percentage of four larger diameter grades was 10.3%. (3) The Shannon-Wiener index value in the tree layer declined from 2.56 in EBF to 0.06 in PEF, with a reduction of 98%. In the shrub layer, the index value dropped from 2.58 to 2.03, declining 21%. We suggest that the expansion of P. edulis simplified the community composition and structure of the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest and reduced species diversity, which can cause adverse impacts on forest ecosystem functioning.

Key words: Phyllostachys edulis expansion, evergreen broad-leaved forest, bamboo and broad-leaved forest interface, species diversity, ecosystem function, natural reserve

Table 1

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on stem number in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest (ind./ha)"

扩张阶段
Expansion phase
群落类型
Community type
毛竹立竹度
Density of bamboo stand
其他树种立木数
Stem number of other trees
总立木数
Total stem number
前期 Early stage 常绿阔叶林 EBF 0 1,867 1,867
中期 Middle stage 竹阔混交林 PBMF 3,667 1,017 4,684
后期 Later stage 毛竹林 PEF 6,233 100 6,333
扩张前后的变化 Δ 6,233 -1,767 4,466

Table 2

Effects of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on main species composition and importance value in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest"

层次 Layer 群落 Community 物种 Species 重要值 Importance value
乔木层
Tree
毛竹林 Phyllostachys edulis forest 毛竹 Phyllostachys edulis 87.02
杉木 Cunninghamia lanceolata 8.73
黄丹木姜子 Litsea elongata 2.37
竹阔混交林
Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest
毛竹 Phyllostachys edulis 57.28
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 11.51
杉木 Cunninghamia lanceolata 9.98
青榨槭 Acer davidii 3.83
常绿阔叶林
Evergreen broad-leaved forest
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 30.22
杉木 Cunninghamia lanceolata 14.06
赤杨叶 Alniphyllum fortunei 8.33
青榨槭 Acer davidii 7.65
黄丹木姜子 Litsea elongata 4.22
交让木 Daphniphyllum macropodum 3.23
灌木层
Shrub
毛竹林
Phyllostachys edulis forest
毛竹 Phyllostachys edulis 51.24
赤杨叶 Alniphyllum fortunei 8.98
青榨槭 Acer davidii 6.43
香港四照花 Dendrobenthamia hongkongensis 5.64
竹阔混交林
Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest
鹿角杜鹃 Rhododendron latoucheae 15.21
油茶 Camellia oleifera 8.44
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 7.99
香港四照花 Dendrobenthamia hongkongensis 7.27
常绿阔叶林
Evergreen broad-leaved forest
鹿角杜鹃 Rhododendron latoucheae 19.86
黄丹木姜子 Litsea elongata 8.84
油茶 Camellia oleifera 7.92
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 7.42
草本层
Herb
毛竹林
Phyllostachys edulis forest
翠云草 Selaginella uncinata 19.99
麦冬 Ophiopogon japonicus 15.39
星蕨 Microsorum punctatum 8.54
竹阔混交林
Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest
星蕨 Microsorum punctatum 28.54
翠云草 Selaginella uncinata 8.53
短毛熊巴掌 Phyllagathis cavaleriei 6.58
常绿阔叶林
Evergreen broad-leaved forest
短毛熊巴掌 Phyllagathis cavaleriei 25.83
淡竹叶 Lophatherum gracile 11.13
薹草 Carex tristachya 10.79

Table 3

Comparison of Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient between three community types in tree, shrub and herb layers."

层次 Layer 群落 Community 竹阔混交林 PBMF 毛竹林 Phyllostachys edulis forest
乔木层 Tree 常绿阔叶林 Evergreen broad-leaved forest 0.219 0.003
竹阔混交林 Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest (PBMF) 0.626
灌木层 Shrub 常绿阔叶林 Evergreen broad-leaved forest 0.383 0.046
竹阔混交林 Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest 0.202
草本层 Herb 常绿阔叶林 Evergreen broad-leaved forest 0.463 0.030
竹阔混交林 Phyllostachys edulis-broad-leaved mixed forest 0.319

Fig. 1

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on vertical structure in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest. The three community types see Table 1."

Fig. 2

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on diameter at breast height (DBH) class structure in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest. The three community types see Table 1."

Table 4

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on species diversity of tree layer in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest (mean ± SE)"

群落
Community
物种丰富度
Species richness
Margalef指数
Margalef index
Simpson指数
Simpson index
Shannon-Wiener指数
Shannon-Wiener index
Pielou均匀度
Pielou eveness
生态优势度
Ecological dominance
PEF 3.00 ± 1.41b 0.38 ± 0.26b 1.03 ± 0.00b 0.06 ± 0.03c 0.08 ± 0.07c 0.97 ± 0.00a
PBMF 11.50 ± 4.95ab 2.12 ± 0.98ab 1.62 ± 0.21b 0.93 ± 0.25b 0.39 ± 0.03b 0.63 ± 0.08b
EBF 20.00 ± 4.24a 4.70 ± 1.08a 10.72 ± 0.74a 2.56 ± 0.12a 0.86 ± 0.02a 0.11 ± 0.01c

Table 5

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on species diversity of shrub layer in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest (mean ± SE)"

群落
Community
物种丰富度
Species richness
Margalef指数
Margalef index
Simpson指数
Simpson index
Shannon-Wiener指数
Shannon-Wiener index
Pielou均匀度
Pielou eveness
生态优势度
Ecological dominance
PEF 15.50 ± 6.36b 3.66 ± 1.66a 4.65 ± 1.93c 2.01 ± 0.47a 0.74 ± 0.06a 0.25 ± 0.09a
PBMF 27.50 ± 4.95ab 6.13 ± 0.66a 17.13 ± 1.31a 2.95 ± 0.12a 0.89 ± 0.01a 0.07 ± 0.01a
EBF 33.50 ± 3.54a 6.42 ± 0.16a 11.07 ± 2.00b 2.58 ± 0.33a 0.74 ± 0.12a 0.10 ± 0.02a

Table 6

Effect of the expansion of Phyllostachys edulis on species diversity of herb layer in the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest"

群落
Community
物种丰富度
Species richness
Margalef指数
Margalef index
Simpson指数
Simpson index
Shannon-Wiener指数
Shannon-Wiener index
Pielou均匀度
Pielou eveness
生态优势度
Ecological dominance
PEF 31.00a 6.32a 15.00a 2.95a 0.86a 0.07a
PBMF 28.00a 5.40a 16.48a 2.95a 0.89a 0.07a
EBF 18.00b 3.93b 13.77a 2.64a 0.91a 0.08a
[1] Bai SB, Zhou GM, Wang YX, Liang QQ, Chen J, Cheng YY, Shen R (2013) Plant species diversity and dynamics in forests invaded by moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) in Tianmu Mountain Nature Reserve. Biodiversity Science, 21, 288-295. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[白尚斌, 周国模, 王懿祥, 梁倩倩, 陈娟, 程艳艳, 沈蕊 (2013) 天目山保护区森林群落植物多样性对毛竹入侵的响应及动态变化. 生物多样性, 21, 288-295.]
[2] Bray JR, Curtis JT (1957) An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325-349.
[3] Cardinale BJ, Duffy JE, Gonzalez A, Hooper DU, Perrings C, Venail P, Narwani A, Mace GM, Tilman D, Wardle DA (2012) Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67.
[4] Chapin III FS, Zavaleta ES, Eviner VT, Naylor RL, Vitousek PM, Reynolds HL, Hooper DU, Lavorel S, Sala OE, Hobbie SE (2000) Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature, 405, 234-242.
[5] Deng XL, Liu YC, Wu Y (2003) Interconnection among dominant plant populations of Castanopsis community in Jinggang Mountain Nature Reserve. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 27, 531-536. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[邓贤兰, 刘玉成, 吴杨 (2003) 井冈山自然保护区栲属群落优势种群的种间联结关系研究. 植物生态学报, 27, 531-536.]
[6] Ding LX, Wang ZL, Zhou GM, Du QZ (2006) Monitoring Phyllostachys pubescens stands expansion in National Nature Reserve of Mount Tianmu by remote sensing. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 23, 297-300. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[丁丽霞, 王祖良, 周国模, 杜晴洲 (2006) 天目山国家级自然保护区毛竹林扩张遥感监测. 浙江林学院学报, 23, 297-300.]
[7] Ellison AM, Bank MS, Clinton BD, Colburn EA, Elliott K, Ford CR, Foster DR, Kloeppel BD, Knoepp JD, Lovett GM (2005) Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 479-486.
[8] Fukushima K, Usui N, Ogawa R, Tokuchi N (2015) Impacts of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) invasion on dry matter and carbon and nitrogen stocks in a broad-leaved secondary forest located in Kyoto, western Japan. Plant Species Biology, 30, 81-95.
[9] Geng BJ, Wang ZP (1996) Flora Peipublicae Popularis Sinicae, Vol. 9(1). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[耿伯介, 王正平 (1996) 中国植物志(第九卷第一分册). 科学出版社, 北京.]
[10] Hejda M, Pyšek P, Jarošík V (2009) Impact of invasive plants on the species richness, diversity and composition of invaded communities. Journal of Ecology, 97, 393-403.
[11] Hooper DU, Chapin III FS, Ewel JJ, Hector A, Inchausti P, Lavorel S, Lawton JH, Lodge DM, Loreau M, Naeem S, Schmid B, Setala H, Symstad AJ, Vandermeer J, Wardle DA (2005) Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs, 75, 3-35.
[12] Huang W, Pohjonen V, Johansson S, Nashanda M, Katigula MIL, Luukkanen O (2003) Species diversity, forest structure and species composition in Tanzanian tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 173, 11-24.
[13] Isagi Y, Torii A (1997) Range expansion and its mechanisms in a naturalized bamboo species, Phyllostachys pubescens, in Japan. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 6, 127-141.
[14] Jiang ZH (2007) Bamboo and Rattan in the World. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.
[15] Lavorel S, Garnier E (2002) Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revisiting the Holy Grail. Functional Ecology, 16, 545-556.
[16] Lima RAF, Rother DC, Muler AE, Lepsch IF, Rodrigues RR (2012) Bamboo overabundance alters forest structure and dynamics in the Atlantic forest hotspot. Biological Conservation, 147, 32-39.
[17] Lin QQ, Wang B, Ma YD, Wu CY, Zhao MS (2014) Effects of Phyllostachys pubescens forest expansion on biodiversity in Tianmu Mountain National Nature Reserve. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 42(9), 43-47, 71. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[林倩倩, 王彬, 马元丹, 吴呈昱, 赵明水 (2014) 天目山国家级自然保护区毛竹林扩张对生物多样性的影响. 东北林业大学学报, 42(9), 43-47, 71.]
[18] Ma KP, Liu CR, Liu YM (1995) Measurement of biotic community diversity. II. β diversity. Chinese Biodiversity, 3, 38-43. (in Chinese)
[马克平, 刘灿然, 刘玉明 (1995) 生物群落多样性的测度方法.II. β多样性的测度方法. 生物多样性, 3, 38-43.]
[19] Ma KP, Liu YM (1994) Measurement of biotic community diversity. I. α diversity (Part 2). Chinese Biodiversity, 2, 231-239. (in Chinese)
[马克平, 刘玉明 (1994) 生物群落多样性的测度方法. I. α多样性的测度方法(下). 生物多样性, 2, 231-239.]
[20] Peet RK (1992) Plant succession—theory and prediction. In: Community Structure and Ecosystem Function (eds Glenn-Lewin DC, Peet RK, Veblen TT), pp.103-151. Chapman and Hall, London.
[21] Pommerening A (2002) Approaches to quantifying forest structures. Forestry, 75, 305-324.
[22] Ru WM, Zhang JT, Zhang F, Zhang GP, Liu RX (2006) Species diversity and community structure of forest communities in Lishan Mountain. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 17, 561-566. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[茹文明, 张金屯, 张峰, 张桂萍, 刘瑞祥 (2006) 历山森林群落物种多样性与群落结构研究. 应用生态学报, 17, 561-566.]
[23] Shinohara Y, Otsuki K (2015) Comparisons of soil-water content between a moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest and an evergreen broadleaved forest in western Japan. Plant Species Biology, 30, 96-103.
[24] Song QN, Yang QP, Ouyang M, Long CL, Chen FS, Shi JM (2015) Changes in the hydrological functions of litter layer following Phyllostachys edulis expansion into evergreen broadleaved forest. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 34, 2281-2287. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[宋庆妮, 杨清培, 欧阳明, 龙春玲, 陈伏生, 施建敏 (2015) 毛竹扩张的生态后效: 凋落物水文功能评价. 生态学杂志, 34, 2281-2287.]
[25] Song YC, Wang XH, Yan ER (2013) Evergreen Broad-leaved Forest in China:Classification-Ecology-Conservation. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[宋永昌, 王希华, 阎恩荣 (2013) 中国常绿阔叶林: 分类·生态·保育. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[26] Tilman D, Knops J, Wedin D, Reich P, Ritchie M, Siemann E (1997) The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes. Science, 277, 1300-1302.
[27] Wang YF, Yu SX (2002) A new species diversity index and its fractal analysis. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 26, 391-395.
a)(in Chinese with English abstract)
28 [王永繁, 余世孝 (2002) 物种多样性指数及其分形分析. 植物生态学报, 26, 391-395.]
[28] Wu JS, Jiang PK, Wang ZL (2008) The effects of Phyllostachys pubescens expansion on soil fertility in National Nature Reserve of Mount Tianmu. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 30, 689-692. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴家森, 姜培坤, 王祖良 (2008) 天目山国家级自然保护区毛竹扩张对林地土壤肥力的影响. 江西农业大学学报, 30, 689-692.]
[29] Wu ZY (1980) Vegetation of China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[吴征镒 (1980)中国植被. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[30] Yang H, Li PX, Dai HT, Liu D, Yao XS (2010) Effects of Phyllostachys pubescens expansion on plant species diversity in Jigong Mountain and discussion of control measures. Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science), 23, 553-557. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨怀, 李培学, 戴慧堂, 刘丹, 姚贤胜 (2010) 鸡公山毛竹扩张对植物多样性的影响及控制措施. 信阳师范学院学报(自然科学版), 23, 553-557.]
[31] Yang QP, Yang GY, Song QN, Shi JM, Ouyang M, Qi HY, Fang XM (2015) Ecological studies on bamboo expansion: process, consequence and mechanism. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 110-124. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨清培, 杨光耀, 宋庆妮, 施建敏, 欧阳明, 祁红艳, 方向民 (2015) 竹子扩张生态学研究: 过程、后效与机制. 植物生态学报, 39, 110-124.]
[32] Zhang JP, Zhang LB, Wang FY, Liu WL, Wo X (2014) Spatial variation of soil nutrient contents in the Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve. Soils, 46, 262-268. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张继平, 张林波, 王风玉, 刘伟玲, 沃笑 (2014) 井冈山国家级自然保护区森林土壤养分含量的空间变化. 土壤, 46, 262-268.]
[33] Zhang WH, Wang YP, Kang YX, Liu XJ (2004) Age structure and time sequence prediction of populations of an endangered plant, Larix potaninii var. chinensis. Biodiversity Science, 12, 361-369. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张文辉, 王延平, 康永祥, 刘祥君 (2004) 濒危植物太白红杉种群年龄结构及其时间序列预测分析. 生物多样性, 12, 361-369.]
[34] Zhu Y, Zhao GF, Zhang LW, Shen GC, Mi XC, Ren HB, Yu MJ, Chen JH, Chen SW, Fang T, Ma KP (2008) Community composition and structure of Gutianshan forest dynamic plot in a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, East China. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese version), 32, 262-273. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[祝燕, 赵谷风, 张俪文, 沈国春, 米湘成, 任海保, 于明坚, 陈建华, 陈声文, 方腾, 马克平 (2008) 古田山中亚热带常绿阔叶林动态监测样地—群落组成与结构. 植物生态学报, 32, 262-273.]
[1] Hu Yifeng, Yu Wenhua, Yue Yang, Huang Zhenglanyi, Li Yuchun, Wu Yi. Species diversity and potential distribution of Chiroptera on Hainan Island, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 400-408.
[2] Yan Wenbo,Ji Shengnan,Shuai Lingying,Zhao Leigang,Zhu Dapeng,Zeng Zhigao. Spatial distribution patterns of mammal diversity in Yangxian County of Shaanxi Province on the southern slope of the Qinling Mountains [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 177-185.
[3] Chen Zuoyi, Xu Xiaojing, Zhu Suying, Zhai Mengyi, Li Yang. Species diversity and geographical distribution of the Chaetoceros lorenzianus complex along the coast of China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 149-158.
[4] Dong-Ting ZOU, Qing-Gang WANG, Ao LUO, Zhi-Heng WANG. Species richness patterns and resource plant conservation assessments of Rosaceae in China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 1-15.
[5] Bo Wang,Yong Huang,Jiatang Li,Qiang Dai,Yuezhao Wang,Daode Yang. Amphibian species richness patterns in karst regions in Southwest China and its environmental associations [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 941-950.
[6] Wei Lu,Jianping Yu,Haibao Ren,Xiangcheng Mi,Jianhua Chen,Keping Ma. Spatial variations in species diversity of mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest community in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 1023-1028.
[7] Dexin Sun, Xiang Liu, Shurong Zhou. Dynamical changes of diversity and community assembly during recovery from a plant functional group removal experiment in the alpine meadow [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 655-666.
[8] Yu Zhang, Gang Feng. Distribution pattern and mechanism of insect species diversity in Inner Mongolia [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 701-706.
[9] Chuping Wu,Wenjuan Han,Bo Jiang,Bowen Liu,Weigao Yuan,Aihua Shen,Yujie Huang,Jinru Zhu. Relationships between species richness and biomass/productivity depend on environmental factors in secondary forests of Dinghai, Zhejiang Province [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(6): 545-553.
[10] Xiaqiu Tao,Shaopeng Cui,Zhigang Jiang,Hongjun Chu,Na Li,Daode Yang,Chunwang Li. Reptilian fauna and elevational patterns of the reptile species diversity in Altay Prefecture in Xinjiang, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(6): 578-589.
[11] Cheng Tian,Junqing Li,Xuyu Yang,Lin Yu,Dan Yuan,Yunxi Li. Preliminary surveys of wild animals using infrared camera in Wanglang National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(6): 620-626.
[12] GU Xiang,ZHANG Shi-Ji,LIU Zhao-Dan,LI Lei-Da,CHEN Jin-Lei,WANG Liu-Fang,FANG Xi. Effects of vegetation restoration on soil organic carbon concentration and density in the mid-subtropical region of China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(5): 595-608.
[13] Shun ZOU, Guo-Yi ZHOU, Qian-Mei ZHANG, Shan XU, Xin XIONG, Yan-Ju XIA, Shi-Zhong LIU, Ze MENG, Guo-Wei CHU. Long-term (1992-2015) dynamics of community composition and structure in a monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest in Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 442-452.
[14] Qian YANG, Wei WANG, Hui ZENG. Effects of nitrogen addition on the plant diversity and biomass of degraded grasslands of Nei Mongol, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 430-441.
[15] Han-Dong WEN, Lu-Xiang LIN, Jie YANG, Yue-Hua HU, Min CAO, Yu-Hong LIU, Zhi-Yun LU, You-Neng XIE. Species composition and community structure of a 20 hm2 plot of mid-mountain moist evergreen broad-leaved forest on the Mts. Ailaoshan, Yunnan Province, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 419-429.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] HUANG Kai-Yao;GUO Hou-Liang and YI Ping. Effects of Salt Stress on Cell Structure and N2 Fixation in Blue-Green Alga Anabaena cylindrica[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(03): 54 -56 .
[2] Ya-Ping Xing, Guan-Wen Wei, Fang-Li Luo, Chao-Yang Li, Bi-Cheng Dong, Jie-Shan Ji and Fei-Hai Yu. Effects of salinity and clonal integration on the amphibiousplant Paspalum paspaloides: growth, photosynthesis and tissue ion regulation[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2019, 12(1): 45 -55 .
[3] WANG Hong-Li, ZHANG Xu-Cheng, and SONG Shang-You. Effects of mulching methods on soil water dynamics and corn yield of rain-fed cropland in the semiarid area of China[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(8): 825 -833 .
[4] Lin Wei, Shenggui Liu, Xianwei Shi. Genetic diversity of the Xuefeng black bone chicken based on microsatel-lite markers[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2008, 16(5): 503 -508 .
[5] . Changes of potential geographical distribution for Tsoongiodendron odorum since Last Glacial Maximum[J]. , , (): 0 .
[6] Yong Xu,Weiwei Xian,Wenlong Li. Spatial and temporal variations of invertebrate community in the Yangtze River Estuary and its adjacent waters[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2014, 22(3): 311 -319 .
[7] Li Yunxiang, Liu Yucheng, Zhong Zhangcheng. Quantitative Structure and Dynamics of Leaf Populations of Gordonia acuminata on Jinyun Mountain[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1997, 21(1): 67 -76 .
[8] DUAN Hai-Yan WANG Yun-Hua XU Fang-Sen. Advance on Genetic Aspects of Phosphorus Efficiency in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(04): 432 -438 .
[9] Richard Poiré, Vincent Chochois, Xavier R.R. Sirault, John P. Vogel, Michelle Watt, and Robert T. Furbank. Digital imaging approaches for phenotyping whole plant nitrogen and phosphorus response in Brachypodium distachyon[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2014, 56(8): 781 -796 .
[10] Zhang Jing-tan. Abbreviations for Some Commonly Used Term[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1985, 3(01): 57 -58 .