Biodiversity Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 499-506.doi: 10.17520/biods.2014270

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Species diversity of fish and its conservation in the mainstream of the lower reaches of Wu River

Qiong Xiao1, Zhi Yang2, Huiyuan Tang2, Pengxiang Duan1, Xiaoqing Wang1, Tiaoyi Xiao1, Xiaoyan Liu1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410000
    2 Key Laboratory of Ecological Impacts of Hydraulic-Projects and Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystem of Ministry of Water Resources, Institute of Hydroecology, Ministry of Water Resources and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430079
  • Received:2014-12-28 Accepted:2015-06-23 Online:2015-08-03
  • Liu Xiaoyan E-mail:liuxy186@163.com
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

To understand the status of fish species diversity in the lower reaches of Wu River and to assess the impacts of hydropower station development on fish species diversity, two surveys were carried out along the Yanhe to Baima section in the mainstream of the lower reaches of Wu River from 2006 to 2008 (the time period before the sluice of Yinpan and Pengshui hydropower station) and from 2011 to 2013 (the time period after the sluice of Yinpan and Pengshui hydropower station) respectively by using fishery catch surveys. One hundred and five fish species were found from the two surveys, of which 100 fish species were sampled during 2006 and 2008, while only 62 fish species were found during 2011 and 2013. When the two datasets were compared, we found that the number proportion of eurytopic fish species, limnophilic fish species and rheophilic fish species in the catches of 2011-2013 decreased by 10.38%, 0.98% and 9.62%, respectively. Species diversity analysis indicated that the values of Margalef richness index (R) and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H) during 2011 and 2013 were lower than those found during 2006 and 2008. Fishery catch structures indicated that the weight proportions of some species, such as Mystus macropterus, Spinibarbus sinensis, and Tor (Folifer) brevifilis, decreased from over 5% in the fishery catches of 2006-2008 to less than 2% in 2011-2013, but that the weight proportions of other species, such as Hemiculter leucisculus, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, and Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, had the greatest increase in the catches of 2011-2013 when compared with that of 2006-2008. Abundance biomass comparison showed that fish community structure of the mainstream of the lower reaches of the Wu River showed a moderately disturbed pattern during 2006 and 2008, but a seriously disturbed pattern during 2011 and 2013. To protect fish biodiversity of the lower reaches of Wu River, multiple protection measures, including habitat restoration and controls on overfishing must be applied by government departments.

Key words: Wu River, species composition, species diversity, abundance biomass comparison, fish resource protection

Fig. 1

Investigation section of fish community in the mainstream of the lower reaches of Wu River"

Fig. 2

Indices of fish biodiversity among all investigated sections in the mainstream of the lower reaches of the Wu River during 2006 and 2008 and during 2011 and 2013"

Table 1

Structures of fishery catches in the mainstream of the lower reaches of Wu River during 2006 and 2008 and during 2011 and 2013"

2006-2008 2011-2013
种类
Species
重量百分比
Percentage of
Weight (%)
尾均重
Average body
Weight (g)
种类
Species
重量百分比
Percentage of
weight (%)
尾均重
Average body
weight (g)
大鳍鳠 Mystus macropterus 9.39 35.5 Hemiculter leucisculus 15.8 20
Cyprinus (Cyprinus) carpio 7.93 228.3 草鱼 Ctenopharyngodon idellus 11.6 520.8
瓦氏黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus vachelli 7.84 38.7 瓦氏黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus vachelli 10.39 40
粗唇鮠 Leiocassis crassilabris 7.60 24.3 泉水鱼 Semilabeo prochilus 6.5 101.2
中华倒刺鲃 Spinibarbus sinensis 7.44 84.4 黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus fulvidraco 5.08 5.1
泉水鱼 Semilabeo prochilus 7.29 70.2 Siniperca chuatsi 4.72 121.1
墨头鱼 Garra pingi pingi 6.91 214.6 Cyprinus (Cyprinus) carpio 4.21 104.5
瓣结鱼 Tor (Folifer) brevifilis brevifilis 5.44 63.5 吻鮈 Rhinogobio typus 3.41 61.7
南方鲇 Silurus meridionalis 5.21 424.8 Carassius auratus 3.14 50.9
白甲鱼 Onychostoma sima 3.86 114.9 粗唇鮠 Leiocassis crassilabris 2.73 30.2
铜鱼 Coreius heterodon 3.14 253.0 似鳊 Pseudobrama simoni 2.61 28.7
吻鮈 Rhinogobio typus 2.91 70.3 Silurus asotus 2.59 144
Carassius auratus 2.36 49.2 宽鳍鱲 Zacco platypus 2.44 23.3
Silurus asotus 2.30 130.3 光泽黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus nitidus 2.2 22.5
宽鳍鱲 Zacco platypus 2.23 16.4
总计 Total 81.86 总计 Total 77.42

Fig. 3

ABC curve of fishes in the mainstream of the low reaches of Wu River during 2006 and 2008 and during 2011 and 2013"

1 Anderson EP, Freeman MC, Pringle CM (2006) Ecological consequences of hydropower development in Central Ame- rica: impacts of small dams and water diversion on neotrop- ical stream fish assemblages.River Research and Applica- tions, 22, 397-411.
2 Blanchard F, LeLoc’h F, Hily C, Boucher J (2004) Fishing effects on diversity, size and community structure of the benthic invertebrate and fish megafauna on the Bay of Biscay coast of France.Marine Ecology Progress Series, 280, 249-260.
3 Chen YY (陈宜瑜) (1998) Fauna Sinica (Osteichthyes): Cypriniformes II (中国动物志·硬骨鱼纲·鲤形目(中卷)). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
4 Chu XL (禇新洛), Zheng BS (郑葆珊), Dai DY (戴定远) (1999) Fauna Sinica (Osteichthyes): Siluriformes (中国动物志·硬骨鱼纲·鲇形目). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
5 Clarke KR, Gorley RN (2006) PRIMER V6: User Manual/ Tutorial. PRIMER-E, Plymouth.
6 Clarke KR, Warwick RM (2001) Changes in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd edn. PRIMER-E, Plymouth.
7 Dai YG (代应贵), Chen YF (陈毅峰) (2007) Fish fauna and its ecological types of Qingshui River in Guizhou Province, Southwest China.Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 26, 682-687. (in Chinese with English abstract)
8 Ding RH (丁瑞华) (1994) The Fishes of Sichuan (四川鱼类志). Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology, Chengdu. (in Chinese)
9 Dudgeon D (2011) Asian river fishes in the Anthropocene: threats and conservation challenges in an era of rapid envi- ronmental change.Journal of Fish Biology, 79, 1487-1524.
10 Everitt BS, Hothorn T (2006) A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R. Taylor and Francis Group, Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca Raton.
11 Fan XG, Wei QW, Chang JB, Rosenthal H, He JX, Chen DQ, Shen L, Du H, Yang DG (2006) A review on conservation issues in the upper Yangtze River—a last chance for a big challenge: Can Chinese paddlefish (Psephurus gladius), Dabry’s sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) and other fish species still be saved?Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(Suppl.1), 32-39.
12 Gao X, Zeng Y, Wang JW, Liu HZ (2010) Immediate impacts of the second impoundment on fish communities in the Three Gorges Reservoir.Environmental Biology of Fishes, 87, 163-173.
13 He GH (何光宏) (2014) Study on automatic generation control and its application in cascade hydropower stations in Wujiang River.Hydropower and New Energy(水电与新能源), (7), 1-4. (in Chinese with English abstract)
14 Hu ML, Wu ZQ, Liu YL (2009) The fish fauna of mountain streams in the Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China.Environmental Biology of Fishes, 86, 23-27.
15 Hudman SP, Gido KB (2013) Multi-scale effects of impoundments on genetic structure of creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) in the Kansas River basin.Freshwater Biology, 58, 441-453.
16 Jellyman PG, Harding JS (2012) The role of dams in altering freshwater fish communities in New Zealand.Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 46, 475-489.
17 Kumar NAS, Kumar J, Mahesh V, Benakappa S (2013) Assessment of fish diversity of Tunga River, Karnataka, India.Nature and Science, 11(2), 82-87.
18 Li KJ (李寇军), Qiu YS (邱永松), Wang YZ (王跃中) (2007) Influence of natural environment variation on fishery resources in Beibu Gulf.South China Fisheries Science(南方水产), 3(1), 7-13. (in Chinese with English abstract)
19 Lin ML (林明利), Zhang TL (张堂林), Ye SW (叶少文), Li W (李文), Ren P (任鹏), Yang ZW (杨战伟), Liu JS (刘家寿), Li ZJ (李钟杰) (2013) Status of fish resources, historical variation and fisheries management strategies in Hongze Lake.Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica(水生生物学报), 37, 1118-1127. (in Chinese with English abstract)
20 Liu JK (刘建康), Cao WX (曹文宣) (1992) Fish resources of the Yangtze River Basin and the tactics for their conservation.Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Valley(长江流域资源与环境), 1(1), 17-23. (in Chinese with English abstract)
21 Manuwadi H, Wilaiwan U, Penjai S, Watanee H (2002) Possible impact of dam reservoirs and river diversions on material fluxes to the Gulf of Thailand.Marine Chemistry, 79, 185-191.
22 Paul WW (2008) The impact of changes in water level and human development on forage fish assemblages in Great Lakes coastal marshes.Journal of Great Lakes Research, 34, 615-630.
23 Sun SS (孙莎莎), Tang WQ (唐文乔), Guo HY (郭弘艺), Li HH (李辉华), Liu D (刘东), Zhou TS (周天舒), Chen HZ (陈浩洲), Shen LH (沈林宏), Gu SX (顾树信) (2013) Composition and changes in abundance and biomass of fish assemblages along the Jingjiang section of the Yangtze River over the last decade.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 21, 688-698. (in Chinese with English abstract)
24 Tarkan AS, Copp GH, Top N, Özdemir N, Önsoy B, Bikge G, Filiz H, Yapici S, Ekmmei FG, Kirankaya ŞG, Emiroglu Ö, Gaygusuz Ö, Gursoy G, Oymark A, Özcan G, Sa G (2012) Are introduced gibel carp Carassius gibelio in Turkey more invasive in artificial than in natural waters?Fisheries Management and Ecology, 19, 178-187.
25 Waples RS, Zabel RW, Scheuerell MD, Sanderson BL (2008) Evolutionary responses by native species to major anthropogenic changes to their ecosystems: Pacific salmon in the Columbia River hydropower system.Molecular Ecology, 17, 84-96.
26 Xie P (2003) Three-Gorges Dam: risk to ancient fish.Science, 302, 1149.
27 Xiong LF (熊六凤), Ouyang S (欧阳珊), Chen TH (陈堂华), Qi T (祁涛), Wu XP (吴小平) (2010) The resource status and spatio-temporal variation of freshwater mussel in Qinglan Lake of Jiangxi Province.Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis(江西农业大学学报), 32, 1257-1264. (in Chinese with English abstract)
28 Yang SR, Gao X, Li MZ, Ma BS, Liu HZ (2012) Interannual variations of the fish assemblage in the transitional zones of the Three Gorges Reservoir: persistence and stability.Environmental Biology of Fishes, 93, 295-304.
29 Yang Z (杨志), Zheng HT (郑海涛), Xiong MH (熊美华), Hu JX (胡菊香), Qiao Y (乔晔), Wang X (王翔), Zhang YC (张轶超), Chang JB (常剑波) (2011) Variation characteristics of fish community structure and biodiversity in autumn before and after impoundment of Pengshui Hydropower Station.Environmental Science and Technology(环境科学与技术), 34(8), 22-29. (in Chinese with English abstract)
30 Yemane D, Field JG, Leslie R (2005) Exploring the effects of fishing on fish assemblages using abundance biomass comparison (ABC) curves.Journal of Marine Science, 62, 374-379.
31 Yu XD (于晓东), Luo TH (罗天宏), Zhou HZ (周红章) (2005) Large-scale patterns in species diversity of fishes in the Yangtze River Basin.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 13, 473-495. (in Chinese with English abstract)
32 Yue PQ (乐佩琦) (2000) Fauna Sinica (Osteichthyes): Cypriniformes III (中国动物志·硬骨鱼纲·鲤形目(下卷)). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
33 Zhang T (张涛), Zhuang P (庄平), Zhang LZ (章龙珍), Hou JL (侯俊利), Liu JY (刘鉴毅), Wang YL (王云龙), Liu J (刘健) (2010) Composition and diversity of fish species in the coast of the Yangtze River Estuary.Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology(应用与环境生物学报), 16, 817-821. (in Chinese with English abstract)
34 Zhang JT (张金屯) (2004) Quantified Ecology (数量生态学). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
35 Zhang JM (张觉民), He ZH (何志辉) (1991) Manual of Investigation for Fisheries Resources in Inland Waters (内陆水域渔业自然资源调查手册), pp. 242-298. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
36 Zhu SQ (朱松泉) (1995) Synopsis of Freshwater Fishes of China (中国淡水鱼类检索). Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing. (in Chinese)
[1] Shuai-Feng LI xuedong Lang Huang Xiao-Bo yanhong Wang LIU Wan-De chonghua Xu Jianrong Su. (2020) Association classification of a 30 hm2 dynamics plot in the monsoon broad-leaved evergreen forest in Puer, Yunnan Province . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(预发表): 0-0.
[2] Dan Liu,Zhongling Guo,Xiaoyang Cui,Chunnan Fan. (2020) Comparison of five associations of Taxus cuspidata and their species diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 340-349.
[3] Zhenyuan Liu,Xingliang Meng,Zhengfei Li,Junqian Zhang,Jing Xu,Senlu Yin,Zhicai Xie. (2020) Diversity assessment and protection strategies for the mollusk community in the southern Dongting Lake . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 155-165.
[4] Xia Li,Wanze Zhu,Shouqin Sun,Shumiao Shu,Zheliang Sheng,Jun Zhang,Ting Liu,Zhicai Zhang. (2020) Influence of habitat on the distribution pattern and diversity of plant community in dry and warm valleys of the middle reaches of the Dadu River, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 117-127.
[5] Jiazhen Zhang,Chunlei Gao,Yan Li,Ping Sun,Zongling Wang. (2020) Species composition of dinoflagellates cysts in ballast tank sediments of foreign ships berthed in Jiangyin Port . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 144-154.
[6] Minxia Liu,Quandi Li,Xiaoxuan Jiang,Sujuan Xia,Xiaoning Nan,Yaya Zhang,Bowen Li. (2020) Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 107-116.
[7] WANG Yu-Bing,SUN Yi-Han,DING Wei,ZHANG En-Tao,LI Wen-Huai,CHI Yong-Gang,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects and pathways of long-term nitrogen addition on plant diversity and primary productivity in a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 22-32.
[8] DING Wei,WANG Yu-Bing,XIANG Guan-Hai,CHI Yong-Gang,LU Shun-Bao,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects of Caragana microphylla encroachment on community structure and ecosystem function of a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 33-43.
[9] Yibo Tan,Wenhui Shen,Zi Fu,Wei Zheng,Zhiyang Ou,Zhangqiang Tan,Yuhua Peng,Shilong Pang,Qinfei He,Xiaorong Huang,Feng He. (2019) Effect of environmental factors on understory species diversity in Southwest Guangxi Excentrodendron tonkinense forests . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 970-983.
[10] FANG Wen-Jing,CAI Qiong,ZHU Jiang-Ling,JI Cheng-Jun,YUE Ming,GUO Wei-Hua,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,TANG Zhi-Yao,FANG Jing-Yun. (2019) Distribution, community structures and species diversity of larch forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 742-752.
[11] XU Jin-Shi,CHAI Yong-Fu,LIU Xiao,YUE Ming,GUO Yao-Xin,KANG Mu-Yi,LIU Quan-Ru,ZHENG Cheng-Yang,JI Cheng-Jun,YAN Ming,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,WANG Ren-Qing,SHI Fu-Chen,ZHANG Qin-Di,WANG Mao. (2019) Community assembly, diversity patterns and distributions of broad-leaved forests in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 732-741.
[12] Zihong Chen,Yuanbing Wang,Yongdong Dai,Kai Chen,Ling Xu,Qingcheng He. (2019) Species diversity and seasonal fluctuation of entomogenous fungi of Ascomycota in Taibaoshan Forest Park in western Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 993-1001.
[13] TANG Li-Li,YANG Tong,LIU Hong-Yan,KANG Mu-Yi,WANG Ren-Qing,ZHANG Feng,GAO Xian-Ming,YUE Ming,ZHANG Mei,ZHENG Pu-Fan,SHI Fu-Chen. (2019) Distribution and species diversity patterns of Vitex negundo var. heterophylla shrublands in North China . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(9): 825-833.
[14] Tolgor Bau, Xueshan Wang, Peng Zhang. (2019) Floristic of agarics and boletus in the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 867-873.
[15] XU Guang-Yao, LI Hong-Yuan, MO Xun-Qiang, MENG Wei-Qing. (2019) Composition and spatial-temporal distribution of Chinese naturalized plants . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(7): 601-610.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed