生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 412-421.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019090

• 阿勒泰动物多样性专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

阿尔泰山前荒漠两种沙蜥体况指数特征及其与生态因子的关系

陶夏秋1,2,3,蒋志刚1,4,吉晟男5,初红军6,李娜1,4,杨道德3,*(),李春旺1,4,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院动物研究所动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2 南京师范大学生命科学学院江苏省生物多样性与生物技术重点实验室, 南京 210023
    3 中南林业科技大学野生动植物保护研究所, 长沙 410004
    4 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    5 中国环境科学研究院生物多样性研究中心, 北京 100012
    6 新疆卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区阿勒泰管理站, 新疆阿勒泰 836500
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-26 接受日期:2019-11-12 出版日期:2020-04-20 发布日期:2020-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 杨道德,李春旺
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础性工作专项(2013FY110300);国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503304);国家自然科学基金(31472021)

The relationship between body condition index and ecological factors in two Phrynocephalus species in the piedmont desert of Altai Mountains

Xiaqiu Tao1,2,3,Zhigang Jiang1,4,Shengnan Ji5,Hongjun Chu6,Na Li1,4,Daode Yang3,*(),Chunwang Li1,4,*()   

  1. 1 CAS Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023
    3 Wildlife Protection Research Institute, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004
    4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    5 Biodiversity Research Center, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    6 Altay Management Station of Mt. Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Altay, Xinjiang 836500
  • Received:2019-08-26 Accepted:2019-11-12 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2020-06-15
  • Contact: Daode Yang,Chunwang Li

摘要:

为明确奇台沙蜥(Phrynocephalus grumgrzimailoi)和旱地沙蜥(P. helioscopus)体况指数的年龄性别特征, 及其与海拔、年均温、年降水量、平均日较差之间的关系, 我们测量了阿勒泰地区84只奇台沙蜥与176只旱地沙蜥的体况数据, 用log体重/log头体长表示体况指数。结果显示: (1)旱地沙蜥与奇台沙蜥间体况指数差异显著。(2)旱地沙蜥体况指数雌雄两性差异不显著, 奇台沙蜥体况指数雌雄两性差异显著。(3)两种蜥蜴成体与亚成体间体况指数均差异明显。(4)以月份为单位, 奇台沙蜥体况指数月份差异明显, 旱地沙蜥体况指数月份差异不明显。(5)年均温对奇台沙蜥体况指数有重要影响, 而年降水量为补充因子, 主要通过与其他生态因子组合发挥作用, 海拔对旱地沙蜥体况指数有影响。这些结果表明两种沙蜥对不同环境因子的反应不同, 在不同环境的适应度也不同。

关键词: 阿勒泰地区, 沙蜥属, 体况指数, 生态因子

Abstract:

We investigated the age-related and sexual characteristics in Phrynocephalus helioscopus and P. grumgrzimailoi using the body condition index and its relationship to annual mean temperature, annual precipitation, altitude, and mean diurnal range. We collected body measurement data for 176 individuals of P. helioscopus and 84 individuals of P. grumgrzimailoi. The body condition index is comprised of the ratio of log body mass to log snout-vent length. There were significant differences of the body condition index between P. helioscopus and P. grumgrzimailoi. In P. grumgrzimailoi, body condition indices between the sexes were significantly different but were not in P. helioscopus. Differences between sub-adults and adults were significant in both species. Body condition index of P. grumgrzimailoi differed significantly through time but remained unchanged in P. helioscopus. Annual mean temperature is a significant predictor for body condition index of P. grumgrzimailoi and interacts with annual precipitation in our models. Meanwhile, altitude had significant effects on body condition index in P. helioscopus. These results suggest that these two species respond differently to various environmental factors, and their adaptability to different environmental conditions are not the same.

Key words: Altai Mountains, Phrynocephalus, body condition index, ecological factors