生物多样性 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 598-604.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.2010.598

所属专题: 外来物种入侵:机制、影响与防控

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

媒介昆虫–病毒–植物互作对生物入侵的影响

栾军波*; 刘树生   

  1. 浙江大学昆虫科学研究所, 农业部作物病虫分子生物学重点开放实验室, 杭州 310029
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-10 出版日期:2010-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 栾军波

Roles of vector–virus–plant interactions in biological invasions

Junbo Luan*, Shusheng Liu   

  1. Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029
  • Received:2010-05-10 Online:2010-11-20
  • Contact: Junbo Luan

媒介昆虫–病毒–植物互作关系复杂多样。虽然相关的研究较多, 然而有关三者互作对于生物入侵的影响还知之甚少。已有证据表明, 寄主植物对病毒的敏感性和对媒介昆虫的适合性、媒介昆虫对寄主的适应能力等因素影响三者互作关系。当寄主植物易感病并且对媒介昆虫的适合性低, 而媒介昆虫对寄主植物的适应能力强时, 媒介昆虫与植物病毒之间很可能建立间接互惠关系, 这种互惠可促进媒介昆虫入侵和病毒病流行。此外, 媒介昆虫与植物病毒之间中性或偏害的互作关系对于外来生物入侵的促进作用也不容忽视。鉴于三者互作对于生物入侵的重要性, 今后需要对不同物种所组成的多种组合进行比较研究, 并采用多种方法揭示互作的生理和分子机制。

Interactions between vector insects, plant viruses and host plants are complex and diverse. Although much work has been done to study the tripartite relationships, their roles in biological invasions have been rarely explored. The limited case studies available indicate that the interactions may be mediated by the host plant susceptibility to viruses, the suitability of host plants to vector insects, and the insects’ capacity to utilize host plants. When a host plant is highly susceptible to the virus but shows a low level of suitability to the insect, and the insect has a strong capacity to use different host plants, an indirect mutualistic relationship is likely to occur between vector insect and plant virus via their shared host plants. This kind of mutualism can contribute to the widespread invasion of vector insects as well as the epidemics of plant viruses. In view of the significance of the tripartite interactions in biological invasions, future effort should be made to investigate comparatively many more combinations of different species, and various technologies can be used to reveal the physiological and molecular mechanisms of the interactions.

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