生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 630-643.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020134

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

新冠肺炎时期公众对野生动物消费和贸易意愿的调查

史湘莹2,3,张晓川1,肖凌云1,李彬彬4,刘金梅5,杨方义6,赵翔3,程琛3,吕植1,3,*()   

  1. 1 北京大学生命科学学院自然保护与社会发展研究中心, 北京 100871
    2 北京大学环境科学与工程学院, 北京 100871
    3 山水自然保护中心, 北京 100871
    4 昆山杜克大学环境研究中心, 江苏苏州 215316
    5 自然之友, 北京 100029
    6 桃花源生态保护基金会, 北京 100011
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-01 接受日期:2020-06-08 出版日期:2020-05-20 发布日期:2020-06-19
  • 通讯作者: 吕植

Public perception of wildlife consumption and trade during the COVID-19 outbreak

Xiangying Shi2,3,Xiaochuan Zhang1,Lingyun Xiao1,Binbin V Li4,Jinmei Liu5,Fangyi Yang6,Xiang Zhao3,Chen Cheng3,Zhi Lü1,3,*()   

  1. 1 Center for Nature and Society, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2 College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    3 Shanshui Conservation Center, Beijing 100871
    4 Environmental Research Center, Kunshan Duke University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215316
    5 Friends of Nature, Beijing 100029
    6 Paradise International Foundation, Beijing 100011
  • Received:2020-04-01 Accepted:2020-06-08 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-06-19
  • Contact: Zhi Lü

摘要:

新冠肺炎疫情的暴发, 使得对野生动物的消费与贸易中的公共健康安全问题引起广泛关注。为了给相关的立法和政策制定提供参考, 我们通过网络对于全国及部分海外华人发放问卷进行了调查, 共收回74,040份有效问卷。根据问卷调查结果, 本文对普通公众对于野生动物消费和贸易立法意愿及影响因素进行了分析。研究结果包括: (1)公众对全面取缔野味餐馆和集市、禁止消费野味、禁止野生动物及其制品的买卖以及禁止野生动物商业性活体展演的立法动议持赞成态度的比例均超过90%; (2)现有野生动物消费群体经历新冠肺炎疫情后倾向于停止消费行为; (3)曾经消费野生动物或周围有人从事野生动物相关产业的群体相比其他人群更有可能不支持全面禁止对野生动物的消费和贸易。结果表明, 全国人民代表大会常务委员会禁食野生动物的决定和修改野生动物保护法的动议在受高等教育者和城镇居民中有良好的公众基础。

关键词: 野生动物消费, 野生动物贸易, 公共健康安全, 保护政策

Abstract:

The COVID-19 pandemic has drawn great attention to the potential public health risks associated with the consumption and trade of wildlife. To inform legislative revision and policy changes, we conducted a web-based survey of the general public, attracting 74,040 responses. The survey examined public support for revising legislation and policy related to wildlife consumption and trade management. The results and analysis revealed: (1) The overwhelming majority (> 90%) of constituents supported more stringent policy and legislation on wildlife consumption, trade, and commercial exhibitions. (2) The consumption of wildlife is likely to fall due to COVID-19. (3) People that engaged either directly or indirectly in wildlife-related industries showed less support for more stringent policy and legislation on wildlife consumption and trade. Based on these results and concerns for public health security, a ban on wildlife consumption and revised legislation by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress was widely supported, particularly among educated, urban respondents.

Key words: wildlife consumption, wildlife trade, public health security, conservation policy