生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 286-296.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018300

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

五大连池火山色木槭叶功能性状特征

谢立红1, 2, 黄庆阳1, 2, 曹宏杰1, 2, 杨帆1, 2, 王继丰1, 2, 倪红伟1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所, 哈尔滨 150040
    2 湿地与生态保育国家地方联合工程实验室, 哈尔滨 150040
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-10 接受日期:2019-03-11 出版日期:2019-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 倪红伟 E-mail:nihongwei2000@163.com
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31770497);黑龙江省财政基本科研业务费专项(ZNBZ2018ZR05)

Leaf functional traits of Acer mono in Wudalianchi Volcano, China

Xie Lihong1, 2, Huang Qingyang1, 2, Cao Hongjie1, 2, Yang Fan1, 2, Wang Jifeng1, 2, Ni Hongwei1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Natural Resources and Ecology, Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150040
    2 National and Provincial Joint Engineering Laboratory of Wetlands and Ecological Conservation, Harbin 150040
  • Received:2018-11-10 Accepted:2019-03-11 Online:2019-03-20
  • Contact: Ni Hongwei E-mail:nihongwei2000@163.com

植物功能性状反映了植物对生长环境的响应和适应, 是连接植物与环境的桥梁, 研究植物功能性状特征及其随坡向的变化规律, 对认识不同微地形生境下植物群落空间格局形成及适应机制具有重要意义。本文以五大连池不同历史年代的8座火山共有树种色木槭(Acer mono)为研究对象, 测定了9类叶功能性状, 研究了植物叶功能性状在火山间及火山坡向间(阴坡-阳坡)的变化规律, 以期揭示生境对火山植物主要叶功能性状的影响, 以及阴阳坡植物生存策略的变化, 初步探讨了植物对环境的适应机制。结果表明: (1)坡向的变化是造成色木槭叶功能性状差异的重要原因; (2)火山间叶功能性状的差异反映了它们具有不同的资源环境, 色木槭生长主要受氮元素的限制; (3)南北坡向及火山间叶片厚度与叶面积均呈极显著的正相关关系, 叶片厚度与比叶面积在不同火山间均呈显著的正相关关系, 这与色木槭在火山土壤条件下的自我保护密切相关, 色木槭通过这些指标间的功能调节来适应环境的变化, 并形成最佳功能组合。五大连池不同历史年代火山的色木槭采用增加植物叶片叶干物质浓度、叶面积、叶片厚度、叶氮和叶磷浓度提高固碳能力, 通过降低比叶面积和氮磷比来适应干旱、土壤养分贫瘠的环境。

关键词: 五大连池火山, 坡向, 色木槭, 叶功能性状, 生存策略

Functional traits reflecting responses and adaptations of plants to their environment can be used as a bridge between plants and the changes occurring in their environment. The analysis of the relationship between plant functional traits and environmental gradients present on hill slopes can improve our understanding of adaptation mechanisms of plant communities under different microtopographic habitats. In this paper, nine leaf functional traits of Acer mono individuals were studied on eight volcanoes in different historical years in Wudalianchi, China. The main leaf functional traits of volcanic plants on shady and sunny slopes were determined. A change in survival strategy and adaptation mechanisms of shady and sunny slope plants was found. The results were as follows: (1) The change of slope direction is an important reason for the difference of leaf functional characteristics of Acer mono. (2) The difference of leaf functional characteristics in volcanoes reflects their different resource environments. At the same time, the growth of Acer mono is mainly limited by nitrogen. (3) Leaf thickness had a significant positive correlation with leaf area between the north-south slopes and between volcanoes. There was a significant positive correlation between leaf thickness and specific leaf area between volcanoes, which is related to the self-protection of Acer mono under volcanic soil conditions. These results suggest that Acer mono can respond to its environment and adapt to express the best combination of functional traits. Acer mono individuals from volcanoes of different ages have increased carbon sequestration capacity, leaf dry matter content, leaf area, leaf thickness, nitrogen and phosphorus content, while also having reduced specific leaf area and nitrogen to phosphorus ratio as an adaptation to abundant light, low water content and poor soil nutrients.

Key words: Wudalianchi volcano, slope, Acer mono, leaf functional traits, survival strategy

图1

五大连池火山研究区位置示意图"

图2

五大连池8座火山色木槭叶功能性状。不同大写字母表示不同火山间叶功能性状差异显著, 不同小写字母表示每座火山南北坡间叶功能性状差异显著(P < 0.05)。DJDBS、XGS、BJS、XJDBS、WS、WHS、BGLQS和NGLQS的含义见图1。"

表1

五大连池8座火山及其南北坡向间色木槭叶功能性状变异系数"

叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content 叶面积
Leaf size
比叶面积
Specific leaf area
叶片厚度
Leaf thickness
叶碳浓度
Leaf carbon content
叶钾浓度
Leaf kalium content
叶氮浓度
Leaf nitrogen content
叶磷浓度
Leaf phosphorus content
叶氮磷比
Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus
东焦得布山 Dongjiaodebushan (DJDBS) 0.06 0.25 0.10 0.40 0.01 0.03 0.06 0.15 0.10
小孤山 Xiaogushan (XGS) 0.03 0.06 0.09 0.11 0.01 0.13 0.13 0.02 0.12
笔架山 Bijiashan (BJS) 0.04 0.03 0.16 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.00
西焦得布山 Xijiaodebushan (XJDBS) 0.12 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.22 0.09 0.02 0.07
尾山 Weishan (WS) 0.04 0.10 0.01 0.14 0.03 0.20 0.07 0.09 0.16
卧虎山 Wohushan (WHS) 0.03 0.05 0.15 0.07 0.06 0.21 0.05 0.02 0.08
北格拉球山 Beigelaqiushan (BGLQS) 0.00 0.10 0.07 0.18 0.01 0.11 0.06 0.01 0.12
南格拉球山 Nangelaqiushan (NGLQS) 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.15 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.08 0.15
南坡 South slope 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.15 0.03 0.27 0.12 0.07 0.15
北坡 North slope 0.05 0.10 0.11 0.16 0.03 0.18 0.11 0.12 0.18
南北坡向间 South /North 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.12 0.02 0.14 0.08 0.06 0.10
火山间 Between volcanoes 0.05 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.02 0.20 0.10 0.09 0.15

表2

五大连池8座火山色木槭叶功能性状方差分析结果"

变量
Variable
火山间
Between volcanoes
坡向间
Between slopes
F P F P
叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content 1.280 0.366 1.558 0.232
叶面积 Leaf size 1.207 0.395 2.983 0.106
比叶面积 Specific leaf area 1.333 0.346 0.339 0.570
叶片厚度 Leaf thickness 1.140 0.425 4.302 0.057
叶碳浓度 Leaf carbon content 0.996 0.496 0.149 0.705
叶钾浓度 Leaf kalium content 4.482 0.026* 0.341 0.569
叶氮浓度 Leaf nitrogen content 3.285 0.059 0.010 0.922
叶磷浓度 Leaf phosphorus content 2.835 0.084 1.397 0.257
叶氮磷比 Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus 4.065 0.034* 0.464 0.507

表3

五大连池8座火山间色木槭叶钾浓度(LKC)和叶氮磷比(N/P)的多重比较(P = 0.05)"

变量 Variable LKC N/P
小孤山 XGS 0.006* 0.425
笔架山 BJS 0.004* 0.068
西焦得布山 XJDBS 0.158 0.959
尾山 WS 0.199 0.154
卧虎山 WHS 0.492 0.300
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.251 0.109
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.008* 0.154
笔架山 BJS 0.808 0.018*
西焦得布山 XJDBS 0.064 0.454
尾山 WS 0.050* 0.485
卧虎山 WHS 0.018* 0.795
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.039* 0.363
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.833 0.042*
笔架山
Bijiaoshan (BJS)
西焦得布山 XJDBS 0.043* 0.063
尾山 WS 0.034* 0.006*
卧虎山 WHS 0.012* 0.012*
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.026* 0.004*
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.652 0.606
西焦得布山
Xijiaodebushan (XJDBS)
尾山 WS 0.880 0.167
卧虎山 WHS 0.427 0.322
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.757 0.118
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.090 0.143
尾山
Weishan (WS)
卧虎山 WHS 0.516 0.655
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.874 0.822
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.071 0.014*
卧虎山
Wohushan (WHS)
北格拉球山 BGLQS 0.620 0.506
南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.025* 0.028*
北格拉球山 Beigelaqiushan (BGLQS) 南格拉球山 NGLQS 0.055 0.010*

表4

五大连池8座火山北坡(对角线下部)和南坡(对角线上部)的色木槭叶功能性状相关系数"

LDMC LS SLA LT LCC LKC LNC LPC N/P
叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content (LDMC) -0.553 -0.623 -0.528 0.232 0.211 -0.271 -0.492 0.081
叶面积 Leaf size (LS) -0.516 0.674 0.984** 0.410 -0.489 -0.122 0.684 -0.428
比叶面积 Specific leaf area (SLA) -0.750* 0.709* 0.612 0.052 -0.345 -0.168 0.895** -0.445
叶片厚度 Leaf thickness (LT) -0.370 0.966** 0.560 0.355 -0.489 -0.200 0.666 -0.492
叶碳浓度 Leaf carbon content (LCC) 0.241 -0.262 -0.376 -0.224 0.039 0.525 0.001 0.382
叶钾浓度 Leaf kalium content (LKC) 0.018 0.448 -0.047 0.522 0.374 0.572 -0.374 0.697
叶氮浓度 Leaf nitrogen content (LNC) -0.655 0.295 0.370 0.197 0.337 0.539 -0.203 0.929**
叶磷浓度 Leaf phosphorus content (LPC) -0.149 0.384 0.398 0.300 -0.353 -0.403 -0.468 -0.442
叶氮磷比 Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus (N/P) -0.271 -0.079 -0.043 -0.101 0.404 0.543 0.853** -0.852**

表5

五大连池8座火山色木槭叶功能性状的相关系数"

LDMC LS SLA LT LCC LKC LNC LPC
叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content (LDMC)
叶面积 Leaf size (LS) -0.371
比叶面积 Specific leaf area (SLA) -0.700 0.732*
叶片厚度 Leaf thickness (LT) -0.320 0.978** 0.734*
叶碳浓度 Leaf carbon content (LCC) 0.104 0.203 0.128 0.196
叶钾浓度 Leaf kalium content (LKC) 0.439 -0.194 -0.554 -0.284 0.254
叶氮浓度 Leaf nitrogen content (LNC) -0.230 -0.114 -0.120 -0.150 0.594 0.506
叶磷浓度 Leaf phosphorus content (LPC) -0.306 0.540 0.811* 0.529 -0.034 -0.477 -0.468
叶氮磷比 Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus (N/P) 0.069 -0.404 -0.497 -0.406 0.420 0.586 0.906** -0.756*

表6

五大连池8座火山色木槭叶功能性状在南北坡的主成分分析结果"

指标 Index 北坡 North slope 南坡 South slope
主成分1
Principal component 1
主成分2
Principal component 2
主成分3
Principal component 3
公因方差
Communality
主成分1
Principal component 1
主成分2
Principal component 2
公因子方差
Communality
叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content -0.774 -0.025 0.571 0.925 -0.582 -0.520 0.609
叶面积 Leaf size 0.918 -0.209 0.324 0.990 0.887 0.310 0.883
比叶面积 Specific leaf area 0.828 -0.287 -0.329 0.876 0.835 0.167 0.726
叶片厚度 Leaf thickness 0.833 -0.180 0.485 0.961 0.885 0.235 0.839
叶碳浓度 Leaf carbon content -0.225 0.638 0.258 0.524 0.100 0.760 0.588
叶钾浓度 Leaf kalium content 0.424 0.619 0.622 0.949 -0.673 0.375 0.594
叶氮浓度 Leaf nitrogen content 0.593 0.735 -0.280 0.971 -0.414 0.882 0.949
叶磷浓度 Leaf phosphorus content 0.206 -0.872 0.075 0.809 0.837 0.111 0.712
叶氮磷比 Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus 0.196 0.943 -0.215 0.974 -0.704 0.677 0.953
特征值 Eigenvalue 3.483 3.140 1.357 4.437 2.415
贡献率 Contribution rate (%) 38.695 34.886 15.083 49.302 26.832
累计贡献率 Cumulative contribution rate (%) 38.695 73.581 88.663 49.302 76.133

表7

五大连池8座火山色木槭叶功能性状主成分分析结果"

指标
Index
主成分1
Principal component 1
主成分2
Principal component 2
主成分3
Principal component 3
公因子方差
Communality
叶干物质浓度 Leaf dry matter content -0.498 -0.386 0.743 0.949
叶面积 Leaf size 0.761 0.461 0.313 0.890
比叶面积 Specific leaf area 0.893 0.359 -0.178 0.959
叶片厚度 Leaf thickness 0.772 0.425 0.318 0.878
叶碳浓度 Leaf carbon content -0.143 0.757 0.337 0.707
叶钾浓度 Leaf kalium content -0.669 0.283 0.421 0.705
叶氮浓度 Leaf nitrogen content -0.523 0.810 -0.242 0.989
叶磷浓度 Leaf phosphorus content 0.855 -0.044 0.115 0.746
叶氮磷比 Ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus -0.801 0.540 -0.188 0.969
特征值 Eigen value 4.335 2.274 1.181
贡献率 Contribution rate (%) 48.170 25.262 13.124
累计贡献率 Cumulative contribution rate (%) 48.170 73.432 86.557
1 Bao L, Liu YH ( 2009) Comparison of leaf functional traits in different forest communities in Mt. Dongling of Beijing. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29, 3692-3703. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2009.07.030
[ 宝乐, 刘艳红 ( 2009) 东灵山地区不同森林群落叶功能性状比较. 生态学报, 29, 3692-3703.]
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2009.07.030
2 Bao SD ( 2000) Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis, pp. 30-84. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 鲍士旦 ( 2000) 土壤农化分析, 30-84页. 中国农业出版社, 北京.]
3 Cornelisse JHC, Lavorel S, Garnier E ( 2003) A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany, 51, 335-380.
doi: 10.1071/BT02124
4 Craine JM, Jackson RD ( 2010) Plant nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in 98 North American grassland soils. Plant and Soil, 334, 73-84.
doi: 10.1007/s11104-009-0237-1
5 Dang JJ, Zhao CZ, Li Y, Hou ZJ, Dong XG ( 2015) Relationship between leaf traits of Melica przewalskyi and slope aspects in alpine grassland of Qilian Mountains, China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 23-31. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0003
[ 党晶晶, 赵成章, 李钰, 侯兆疆, 董小刚 ( 2015) 祁连山高寒草地甘肃臭草叶性状与坡向间的关系. 植物生态学报, 39, 23-31.]
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0003
6 Diemer M ( 1998) Leaf lifespans of high-elevation, aseasonal and Andean shrub species in relation to leaf traits and leaf habit. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 7, 457-465.
doi: 10.2307/2997715
7 Dijkstra FA, Pendall E, Morgan JA ( 2012) Climate change alters stoichiometry of phosphorus and nitrogen in a semiarid grassland. New Phytologist, 196, 807-815.
doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04349.x pmid: 23005343
8 Dramini F, Diaz S, Gurvich DE ( 2002) Leaf traits as indicators of resource-use strategy in floras with succulent species. New Phytologist, 154, 147-157.
doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00357.x
9 Elser JJ, Bracken MES, Cleland EE ( 2007) Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 10, 1135-1142.
doi: 10.1111/ele.2007.10.issue-12
10 Garnier E, Shipley B, Roumet C ( 2001) A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content. Functional Ecology, 15, 688-695.
doi: 10.1046/j.0269-8463.2001.00563.x
11 Hallik L, Niinemets W, Wright IJ ( 2009) Are species shade and drought tolerance reflected in leaf-level structural and functional differentiation in Northern Hemisphere temperate woody flora. New Phytologist, 184, 257-274.
doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02918.x pmid: 19674334
12 Hu YS, Yao XY, Liu YH ( 2014) The functional traits of forests at different succession stages and their relationship to terrain factors in Changbai Mountains. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 34, 5915-5924. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201301230133
[ 胡耀升, 么旭阳, 刘艳红 ( 2014) 长白山不同演替阶段森林植物功能性状及其与地形因子间的关系. 生态学报, 34, 5915-5924.]
doi: 10.5846/stxb201301230133
13 Huang QY, Zhu DG, Zhong HX, Xie LH, Ni HW ( 2014) Floristic analysis on spermatophyte genera in Wudalianchi. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 34, 200-203. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 黄庆阳, 朱道光, 钟海秀, 谢立红, 倪红伟 ( 2014) 五大连池种子植物属的区系分析. 植物研究, 34, 200-203.]
14 Koerselman W, Meuleman AF ( 1996) The vegetation N : P ratio: A new tool to detect the nature of nutrient limitation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 1441-1450.
doi: 10.2307/2404783
15 Leith H ( 1975) Primary productivity of the major vegetation units of the world. Ecological Studies, 14, 203-214.
doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-80913-2
16 Li YL, Mao W, Zhao XY, Zhang TH ( 2010) Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in typical desert and desertified regions, North China. Environmental Science, 31, 1716-1725. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 李玉霖, 毛伟, 赵学勇, 张铜会 ( 2010) 北方典型荒漠及荒漠化地区植物叶片氮磷化学计量特征研究. 环境科学, 31, 1716-1725.]
17 Liu JH, Zeng DH ( 2006) Leaf traits and their interrelationships of main plant species in southeast Horqin Sandy Land. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 25, 921-925. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 刘金环, 曾德慧 ( 2006) 科尔沁沙地东南部地区主要植物叶片性状及其相互关系. 生态学杂志, 25, 921-925.]
18 Liu MX, Ma JZ ( 2013) Feature variations of plant functional traits and environmental factor in south- and north-facing slope. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 20, 102-106. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 刘旻霞, 马建祖 ( 2013) 阴阳坡植物功能性状与环境因子的变化特征. 水土保持研究, 20, 102-106.]
19 Liu MX, Ma JZ ( 2012) Responses of plant functional traits and soil factors to slope aspect in alpine meadow of South Gansu, Northwest China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 23, 3295-3300. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 刘旻霞, 马建祖 ( 2012) 甘南高寒草甸植物功能性状和土壤因子对坡向的响应. 应用生态学报, 23, 3295-3300.]
20 Meng TT, Ni J, Wang GH ( 2007) Plant functional traits, environments and ecosystem functioning. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 31, 150-165. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2007.0019
[ 孟婷婷, 倪健, 王国宏 ( 2007) 植物功能性状与环境和生态系统功能. 植物生态学报, 31, 150-165.]
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2007.0019
21 Niklas KJ, Owens T, Reich PB, Cobb ED ( 2005) Nitrogen/phosphorus leaf stoichiometry and the scaling of plant growth. Ecology Letters, 8, 636-642.
doi: 10.1111/ele.2008.8.issue-6
22 Qin J, Kong HY, Liu H ( 2016) Stoichionmetric characteristics of soil C, N, P and K in different Pinus massoniana forests. Journal of Northwest A & F University (Natural Science Edition), 44(2), 68-76. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 秦娟, 孔海燕, 刘华 ( 2016) 马尾松不同林型土壤C, N, P, K的化学计量特征. 西北农林科技大学学报 (自然科学版) , 44(2), 68-76.]
23 Reich PB, Oleksyn J ( 2004) Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 101, 11001-11006.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.0403588101
24 Ren SJ, Yu GR, Tao B, Wang SQ ( 2007) Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across 654 terrestrial plant species in NSTEC. Environmental Science, 28, 2665-2673. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0250-3301.2007.12.001
[ 任书杰, 于贵瑞, 陶波, 王绍强 ( 2007) 中国东部南北样带654种植物叶片氮和磷的化学计量学特征研究. 环境科学, 28, 2665-2673.]
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0250-3301.2007.12.001
25 Shi Y, Wen ZM, Gong SH ( 2011) Comparisons of relationships between leaf and fine root traits in hilly area of the Loess Plateau, Yanhe River basin, Shaanxi Province, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31, 6805-6814. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 施宇, 温仲明, 龚时慧 ( 2011) 黄土丘陵区植物叶片与细根功能性状关系及其变化. 生态学报, 31, 6805-6814.]
26 Su WH, Shi Z, Yang B, Yang JJ, Zhao GH ( 2015) Intraspecific functional trait variation in a tree species (Lithocarpus dealbatus) along latitude. Plant Diversity and Resources, 37, 309-317. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.7677/ynzwyj201514107
[ 苏文华, 施展, 杨波, 杨建军, 赵冠华 ( 2015) 滇石栎沿纬度梯度叶片功能性状的种内变化. 植物分类与资源学报, 37, 309-317.]
doi: 10.7677/ynzwyj201514107
27 Wang XK, Wang CK ( 2015) Acclimation of leaf phenology and adapation of photosynthetic capacity of Larix gmelinii to environmental changes. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 4538-4546. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201404070661
[ 王先奎, 王传宽 ( 2015) 兴安落叶松对环境变化的物候驯化和光合能力适应. 生态学报, 35, 4538-4546.]
doi: 10.5846/stxb201404070661
28 Westoby M ( 1998) A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme. Plant and Soil, 199, 213-227.
doi: 10.1023/A:1004327224729
29 Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M ( 2004) The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature, 428, 821-827.
30 Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M ( 2001) Strategy shifts in leaf physiology, structure and nutrient content between species of high- and low-rainfall and high- and low-nutrient habitats. Functional Ecology, 15, 423-434.
doi: 10.1046/j.0269-8463.2001.00542.x
31 Wu TG, Chen BF, Xiao YH, Pan YJ, Chen Y ( 2010) Leaf stoichiometry of trees in three forest types in Pearl River Delta, South China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 34, 58-63. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.01.009
[ 吴统贵, 陈步峰, 肖以华, 潘勇军, 陈勇 ( 2010) 珠江三角洲3种典型森林类型乔木叶片生态化学计量学. 植物生态学报, 34, 58-63.]
doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.01.009
32 Xie LH, Cao HJ, Huang QY, Wang JF, Ni HW ( 2018) Leaf functional traits and interrelationships of 3 plant species in Lava Plateau of new volcanic in Wudalianchi. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 38(4), 1-9. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 谢立红, 曹宏杰, 黄庆阳, 王继丰, 倪红伟 ( 2018) 五大连池新期火山熔岩台地3种植物叶功能性状及其相互关系. 西北植物学报, 38(4), 1-9.]
33 Xu MS, Huang HX, Shi QR, Yang XD, Zhou LL ( 2015) Responses of soil water content to change in plant functional traits in evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 857-866. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0082
[ 许洺山, 黄海侠, 史青如, 杨晓东, 周刘丽 ( 2015) 浙东常绿阔叶林植物功能性状对土壤含水量变化的响应. 植物生态学报, 39, 857-866.]
doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0082
34 Zhao HY, Li YL, Wang XY, Mao W, Zhao XY, Zhang TH ( 2010) Variations in leaf traits of 52 plants in Horqin Sandy Land. Journal of Desert Research, 30, 1292-1298. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 赵红洋, 李玉霖, 王新源, 毛伟, 赵学勇, 张铜会 ( 2010) 科尔沁沙地52种植物叶片性状变异特征研究. 中国沙漠, 30, 1292-1298.]
35 Zhao WF ( 1987) Volcanic geology in Wudalianchi of Dedu. Northeastern Seismological Research, 3(1), 87-92. (in Chinese)
[ 赵文峰 ( 1987) 德都五大连池火山地质. 东北地震研究, 3(1), 87-92.]
36 Zhang X, Wang ZN, Lu JY, Yang M, Yang HM ( 2016) Responses of leaf traits to drought at different growth stages of alfalfa. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 36, 2669-2676. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.5846/stxb201406261324
[ 张曦, 王振南, 陆姣云, 杨梅, 杨惠敏 ( 2016) 紫花苜蓿叶性状对干旱的阶段性响应. 生态学报, 36, 2669-2676.]
doi: 10.5846/stxb201406261324
37 Zhou X, Zuo XA, Zhao XY, Liu C, Lü P ( 2016) Scale variation and correlation of plant functional traits in the Horqin Sandy Land, China. Journal of Desert Research, 36(1), 20-26. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2014.00115
[ 周欣, 左小安, 赵学勇, 刘川, 吕朋 ( 2016) 科尔沁沙地植物功能性状的尺度变异及关联. 中国沙漠, 36(1), 20-26.]
doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2014.00115
38 Zhou ZQ, Xu LJ, Zhang YH, Xia CM, Li HG, Liu T, Ma KP ( 2011) An analysis of the ecological value of Wudalianchi, Heilongjiang Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 19, 63-70. (in Chinese with English abstract)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.08262
[ 周志强, 徐丽娇, 张玉红, 夏春梅, 李洪光, 刘彤, 马克平 ( 2011) 黑龙江五大连池的生态价值分析. 生物多样性, 19, 63-70.]
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.08262
[1] 张振振, 赵平, 张锦秀, 斯瑶. 亚热带常绿阔叶林散孔材和环孔材树种导管及叶片功能性状的比较[J]. 植物生态学报, 2019, 43(2): 131-138.
[2] 翁昌露,张田田,巫东豪,陈声文,金毅,任海保,于明坚,罗媛媛. 古田山10种主要森林群落类型的α和β多样性格局及影响因素[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 33-41.
[3] 车应弟, 刘旻霞, 李俐蓉, 焦骄, 肖卫. 基于功能性状及系统发育的亚高寒草甸群落构建[J]. 植物生态学报, 2017, 41(11): 1157-1167.
[4] 段贝贝, 赵成章, 徐婷, 郑慧玲, 冯威, 韩玲. 兰州北山不同坡向刺槐叶脉密度与气孔性状的关联性分析[J]. 植物生态学报, 2016, 40(12): 1289-1297.
[5] 宋清华, 赵成章, 史元春, 杜晶, 王继伟, 陈静. 高寒草地甘肃臭草根系分形结构的坡向差异性[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(8): 816-824.
[6] 宋清华, 赵成章, 史元春, 杜晶, 王继伟, 陈静. 不同坡向甘肃臭草根系分叉数和连接长度的权衡关系[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(6): 577-585.
[7] 史元春, 赵成章, 宋清华, 杜晶, 陈静, 王继伟. 兰州北山刺槐枝叶性状的坡向差异性[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(4): 362-370.
[8] 郑慧玲, 赵成章, 徐婷, 段贝贝, 韩玲, 冯威. 红砂根系分叉数和分支角度权衡关系的坡向差异[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(11): 1062-1070.
[9] 党晶晶, 赵成章, 李钰, 侯兆疆, 董小刚. 祁连山高寒草地甘肃臭草叶性状与坡向间的关系[J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(1): 23-31.
[10] 侯兆疆, 赵成章, 李钰, 张茜, 马小丽. 不同坡向高寒退化草地狼毒株高和枝条数的权衡关系[J]. 植物生态学报, 2014, 38(3): 281-288.
[11] 严岳鸿, 何祖霞, 苑虎, 邢福武. 坡向差异对广东古兜山自然保护区蕨类 植物多样性的生态影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2011, 19(1): 41-47.
[12] 彭剑峰, 勾晓华, 陈发虎, 方克艳, 张芬. 坡向对海拔梯度上祁连圆柏树木生长的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(5): 517-525.
[13] 侯天文, 金辉, 刘红霞, 罗毅波. 实验室条件下五唇兰菌根真菌专一性研究[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(12): 1433-1438.
[14] 李增加, 马友鑫, 李红梅, 彭明春, 刘文俊. 西双版纳土地利用/覆盖变化与地形的关系[J]. 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(5): 1091-1103.
[15] 张谧, 熊高明, 陈志刚, 樊大勇, 谢宗强. 数字高程模型在群落内物种共存研究中的应用——以神农架米心水青冈-曼青冈群落的地形模型建立为例[J]. 植物生态学报, 2005, 29(2): 197-201.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed