生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1386-1392.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019229

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“一带一路”与生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享: 关联、路径与策略

李一丁()   

  1. 贵州大学法学院, 贵阳 550025
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-16 接受日期:2019-10-30 出版日期:2019-12-20 发布日期:2019-12-13
  • 通讯作者: 李一丁
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金(17CFX050)

The Belt and Road initiative and access and benefit-sharing to biological genetic resource: Connection, pathway and strategies

Yiding Li()   

  1. School of Law, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025
  • Received:2019-07-16 Accepted:2019-10-30 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-13
  • Contact: Li Yiding

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议的提出具有重要的时代意义和深远的历史影响。“一带一路”的持续推进和贯彻落实也使得其发展面向和具体内容日趋多元和丰富。生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享已成为全球生物多样性领域长期、持续关注的焦点领域和热门话题, 其在理念、目标、方式与主体等方面与“一带一路”高度契合。对于中国而言, 在“一带一路”背景下开展生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享应选择双边路径为主、多边路径为辅的方案。未来“一带一路”倡议下中国与沿线国家开展生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享可能的策略包括:提出地区或区域性生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享行动规划, 实施地区或区域性生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享行动倡议, 持续推动国内生物遗传资源获取管制法律和监管体制创设, 开展生物遗传资源获取和惠益分享能力建设项目。

关键词: “一带一路”, 生物遗传资源, 获取和惠益分享, 关联、路径与策略

Abstract:

The Belt and Road initiative has significant timely meaning and profound historical influence. As still pushing and make in practice to the initiative mentioned above, the concrete content of the initiative becomes abundant and pluralism. Access and benefit-sharing to biological genetic resource is a focus area and hot issue in the field of biodiversity persistently and long-term that have inter-connection with the initiative of the Belt and Road in ideas, goals, manner and subject. For China, in the background of the Belt and Road, it should be make a choice to two side pathway as principal and multi side pathway as auxiliary. In the future, China may consider to raise the regional or trans-regional initiative of access and benefit-sharing to biological genetic resource and implement it, push and stipulate the legislation and administrative regulate system relates to this issue continuity, and carry out the programe of capability construction enhancement.

Key words: the Belt and Road initiative, access and benefit-sharing, biological genetic resource, connection,pathway and the strategies