生物多样性 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (11): 1234-1239.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016019

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中国土壤动物多样性监测: 探知土壤中的奥秘

潘开文1, 张林1, 邵元虎2, 傅声雷2,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041
    2 .中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-20 接受日期:2016-04-19 出版日期:2016-11-20 发布日期:2016-12-14
  • 通讯作者: 傅声雷
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31370632、31500517)和“十三五”国家科技攻关课题(2015BAD07B050304)

Thematic monitoring network of soil fauna diversity in China: exploring the mystery of soils

Kaiwen Pan1, Lin Zhang1, Yuanhu Shao2, Shenglei Fu2,*()   

  1. 1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    2 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
  • Received:2016-01-20 Accepted:2016-04-19 Online:2016-11-20 Published:2016-12-14
  • Contact: Fu Shenglei

摘要:

土壤动物多样性变化及其对环境的指示作用已被学术界和政府决策部门高度关注。本文从土壤动物多样性监测的重要性及面临的挑战、国内外土壤动物多样性监测概况等方面进行了评述, 提出了未来、尤其是2016-2020年我国土壤动物多样性监测的目标、站点布局、样地设置、监测类群和指标等, 并讨论了在制定土壤动物多样性监测方案时需考虑的问题, 有助于在全国开展多点化土壤动物多样性及分布状况的监测工作, 建立标准统一、数据共享的土壤动物监测网, 提供完整的、可信的监测数据, 为国家生态文明建设提供科技支撑。

关键词: 监测目标, 样地设置, 监测类群, 监测指标, 站点布局

Abstract:

The important roles of soil fauna diversity and associated indicative functions of environment changes have received increasing attention from both academic circles and government decision makers. This paper summarizes the current situation of soil fauna monitoring in developed countries and related work in China. We introduce the objectives and structure of the thematic monitoring network of soil fauna diversity (TMNSFD), and highlighted some aspects that need attention. The TMNSFD proposed to establish permanent monitoring plots within forest plots established by Chinese Forest Biodiversity Monitoring Network for monitoring soil fauna including earthworms, mites, springtails, nematodes and protists. During the years 2016-2020, TMNSFD may choose typical forest ecosystems as priority ecosystems for soil fauna monitoring, which cover temperate forest ecosystems (including broadleaved Korean pine mixed forests in Changbaishan, Jilin Province and warm temperate deciduous broadleaved forests in Donglingshan, Beijing), subtropical forest ecosystems (including typical subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests in Gutianshan, Zhejiang Province, lower subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests in Dinghushan, Guangdong Province, and north subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests in Dujiangyan, Sichuan Province), tropical forest ecosystems (tropical rainforests in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province and Jianfengling, Hainan Province), as well as mountainous dark coniferous forests in Liziping, Sichuan Province. By 2030, TMNSFD soil fauna monitoring plots may cover various ecosystems including forests, grasslands, wetlands, deserts, farmland, urban areas and other typical ecosystems in different regions of China. TMNSFD emphasizes the value of applied molecular biology technology, unified monitoring methods, and manipulation experiments to simulate the effects of global change on soil fauna during the processes of monitoring. We propose monitoring soil fauna diversity once every 5 years in established monitoring plots. The objective of TMNSFD is to provide reliable and integrated data of soil fauna diversity via the establishment of standard monitoring methods and a data-sharing network at the national level, which could support the development of ecological civilization in China.

Key words: monitoring objective, plot setting, monitoring group, monitoring index