生物多样性 ›› 1997, Vol. 05 ›› Issue (3): 224-230.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1997038

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论生物防治在生物多样性保护中的重要意义

陆庆光   

  1. (中国农业科学院生物防治研究所,  北京 100081)
  • 收稿日期:1996-05-23 修回日期:1996-10-13 出版日期:1997-08-20 发布日期:1997-08-20

The importance of classical biological control to biodiversity protection

Lu Qingguang   

  1. Biological Control Institute , Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Beijing , 100081
  • Received:1996-05-23 Revised:1996-10-13 Online:1997-08-20 Published:1997-08-20

摘要:

外来种有害生物传入新区之后,在适宜条件下,往往严重干扰本地的生物多样性,破坏生态平衡,给人类带来巨大损失。传统生物防治学,采用国外天敌引种的策略和技术防治有害生物,常可获得持续控制的效果。文章概述国内外天敌引种研究情况,并根据我国现状提出了尽快健全法规,提高技术水平等若干建议。

Abstract

Exotic pests under certain conditions are able to threaten a native biodiversity, breaking down the ecological balance and bringing great economic losses. The science of classical biological control (or the Classical Biocontrology) has been demonstrated that the sustainable pest control can be obtained by the introduction of natural enemies from the pest home region into  its invaded region. This is one of the strategy and tactics on biodiversity protection, it is: from biodiversity to biodiversity.
A general situation on classical biocontrol in China, including summary of the research history, current studies and discussions are presented in this paper.