Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 688-698.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.11073

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Composition and changes in abundance and biomass of fish assemblages along the Jingjiang section of the Yangtze River over the last decade

Shasha Sun1, Wenqiao Tang1, *(), Hongyi Guo1, Huihua Li1, Dong Liu1, Tianshu Zhou1, Haozhou Chen2, Linhong Shen2, Shuxin Gu2   

  1. 1 Laboratory of Fishes, Shanghai Ocean University, Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306
    2 Administration of Fishery of Jingjiang, Jingjiang, Jiangsu 214500
  • Received:2013-03-26 Accepted:2013-06-03 Online:2013-12-02
  • Tang Wenqiao E-mail:wqtang@shou.edu.cn

The Jingjiang section of the Yangtze River, which lies near the estuary with an irregular semidiurnal tide, is the National Aquatic Germplasm Resource Reserve and plays an important role in conserving fishery resources. To clarify the composition and changes in abundance/biomass of fish assemblages of these coastal waters, investigations were carried out along the Jingjiang section of the Yangtze River in the autumns of 2002 to 2011. Results showed that 91 species, belonging to 12 orders and 23 families, were collected from surveys conducted during this period. Fish included 47 species of Cypriniformes, 17 species of Perciformes and 10 species of Siluriformes. Four were migratory species, 13 were estuarine, and 74 were freshwater fish. The average number of different fish species recorded each autumn was 47 (range = 32-61), and mean Jaccard similarity index was 53.72 (range = 38.46-69.09)%. The total number of dominant and common species recorded was 42, with the annual value averaging 19. Dominant and common species were mainly small fish, such as Hemiculter bleekeri, Pseudobrama simony, Pseudobagrus nitidus etc., as well as juveniles of large or medium fish, such as Culter alburnus, Parabramis pekinensis, P. vachellii etc. The mean individual weight (MIW) of the fish assemblage was 6.99 g. The abundance biomass comparison curve indicated that the first dominant species recorded in autumn in all years except 2010 were all very small-sized fish. The most dominant species in 2002-2009 were also of small-size fish, and large-size fish only contributed to the dominant species in 2010 and 2011. Our research also indicated a general increase in abundance or biomass (CPUEN、CPUEW), the MIW of the fish assemblage, and the population size of 62% of dominant and common species. This suggested that fishery resources of the waters studied are likely to improve.

Key words: Yangtze River, offshore areas, fish assemblage, temporal pattern, ABC curve

Fig. 1

Sampling site of fish assemblages of the coastal waters in the Jingjiang section of the Yangtze River"

Fig. 2

Species composition of fish assemblages in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

Table 1

The Jaccard similarity index (%) among the fish assemblages in different years in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
2003 53.06
2004 50.91 59.32
2005 49.02 61.11 57.81
2006 47.17 56.14 67.24 33.33
2007 51.92 57.89 60.66 34.55 69.09
2008 52.83 53.33 58.73 47.54 61.02 54.84
2009 42.42 50.00 56.94 44.12 58.82 57.97 68.18
2010 46.00 55.56 55.93 54.55 52.63 57.14 55.17 60.94
2011 38.46 57.81 39.71 54.55 52.94 54.41 57.35 55.84 52.31

Table 2

The index of relative importance (IRI) and mean individual weight (MIW) of the dominant and common species in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

种类
Species
相对重要性指数 IRI 个体均值 MIW (g)
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
贝氏 Hemiculter bleekeri 5,288 5,704 6,100 3,604 5,984 7,698 5,640 7,646 3,525 5,812 3.49
Parabramis pekinensis 1,900 1,764 1,578 1,739 1,175 1,325 483 201 1,588 769 40.28
光泽黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus nitidus 3,639 2,708 880 4,720 178 261 122 1,391 558 2.61
窄体舌鳎 Cynoglossus gracilis 1,247 583 708 284 462 618 245 460 195 11.21
刀鲚 Coilia nasus 1,110 878 836 344 446 1,140 639 1,242 556 6.06
似鳊 Pseudobrama simoni 343 511 1,559 586 1,561 2,268 1,298 1,435 4,250 1,927 8.81
麦穗鱼 Pseudorasbora parva 121 256 1,052 872 363 288 692 163 489 1.40
Carassius auratus 513 403 676 574 1,298 622 394 489 515 829 13.72
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 172 171 349 280 1,475 1,260 187.25
银鮈 Squalidus argentatus 433 223 362 709 538 251 1,354 2.75
亮银鮈 S. nitens 222 155 818 511 1,017 256 1.94
翘嘴鲌 Culter alburnus 108 268 830 786 231 148 579 295 304 40.85
瓦氏黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus vachellii 487 370 784 353 226 255 738 202 7.41
棒花鱼 Abbotina rivularis 136 153 204 447 328 157 328 309 2.65
长蛇鮈 Saurogobio dunerili 326 251 441 678 120 246 9.18
凤鲚 Coilia mystus 579 351 120 3.55
铜鱼 Coreius heterodon 188 146 28.27
黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus fulvidraco 183 269 22.77
Siniperca chuatsi 152 34.11
红鳍原鲌 Cultrichthys erythropterus 240 435 104 463 143 217 270 161 10.35
光唇蛇鮈 Squalidus gymnocheilus 478 215 574 184 2.48
Hemiculter leucisculus 212 202 605 3.06
Cyprinus carpio 195 108 103.71
鳡鱼 Elopichthys bambusa 155 139 181.99
银鲴 Xenocypris argentea 179 146 124 13.98
寡鳞飘鱼 Pseudolaubuca engraulis 304 370 3.15
乌鳢 Channidae argus 188 113 344 73.15
蛇鮈 Squalidus dabryi 164 168 234 4.84
高体鳑鲏 Rhodeus ocellatus ocellatus 124 308 158 1.82
圆尾斗鱼 Macropodus chinensis 113 2.54
兴凯鱊 Acheilognathus chankaensis 521 159 910 3.20
草鱼 Ctenopharyngodon idella 122 173 610 88.01
短盖肥脂鲤 Piaractus brachypomus 242 635 3.34
赤眼鳟 Squaliobarbus curriculus 192 265 80.64
彩石鳑鲏 Rhodeus lighti 156 120 1.20
日本鳗鲡 Anguilla japonica 116 159 89.98
青鱼 Mylopharyngodon piceus 269 21.63
香鱼衔 Repomucenus olidus 232 121 0.87
子棱吻虾虎鱼 Rhinogobius giurinus 186 2.27
缺鬚鱊 Acheilognathus imberbis 169 2.96
中国花鲈 Lateolabrax maculatus 101 24.92
Aristichthys nobilis 113 98.69

Table 3

The species number (S) and its percentage (S%), the percentage of individual number (N%) and weight (W%) of dominant species and common species in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

年份 Year 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 均值
Average
优势种
Dominant species
S 4 4 3 4 4 3 4 2 8 3 4
S% 12.50 9.30 5.88 9.09 8.89 6.38 8.16 3.27 19.51 5.17 8.81
N% 68.24 67.21 54.77 68.39 52.20 64.22 57.14 57.49 83.36 43.84 60.33
W% 58.83 45.66 37.61 49.36 49.45 48.70 31.82 33.31 78.17 49.76 47.09
常见种
Common species
S 12 13 15 16 18 15 18 20 7 17 15
S% 37.50 30.23 29.41 36.36 40.00 31.91 36.73 32.79 17.07 29.31 32.13
N% 25.75 22.37 38.41 38.41 40.37 25.59 36.35 33.26 11.64 45.77 31.79
W% 29.40 40.05 40.64 40.64 39.06 36.67 59.30 55.09 15.20 36.91 39.30
优势种与常见种Dominant and common species S 16 17 18 20 22 18 22 22 15 20 19
S% 50.00 39.53 35.29 45.45 48.89 38.30 44.90 36.07 36.59 34.48 40.95
N% 94.00 89.58 93.18 94.61 92.58 89.80 93.50 90.75 95.00 89.60 92.26
W% 88.23 85.71 78.25 92.11 88.51 85.37 91.12 88.40 93.37 86.66 87.77

Fig. 3

Change of mean individual weight of the whole fish assemblage, dominant species and common species in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

Fig. 4

Abundance biomass comparison curves and W values of fish assemblages in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

Fig. 5

Change of the whole fish assemblage, dominant and common species in CPUEN and CPUEW in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011."

Table 4

Spearman rank correlation coefficients of mean individual weight and catch per unit of effort with year of fish assemblage and fishes (IRI≥100) in the coastal waters of Jingjiang section in the autumns of 2002 to 2011"

种 Species CPUEN CPUEW MIW
贝氏 H. bleekeri 0.30 0.43 0.73*
P. pekinensis -0.32 -0.67* -0.38
光泽黄颡鱼 P. nitidus -0.50 -0.56 0.19
窄体舌鳎 C. gracilis -0.52 -0.65* 0.09
刀鲚 C. nasus 0.24 0.50 0.52
似鳊 P. simoni 0.81** 0.87** 0.31
麦穗鱼 P. parva 0.35 0.36 0.36
C. auratus -0.05 0.62 0.22
H. molitrix 0.82** 0.88** -0.08
银鮈 S. argentatus 0.25 0.38 0.69*
亮银鮈 S. nitens 0.64* 0.66* -0.09
翘嘴鲌 C. alburnus 0.71* -0.60 -0.75*
瓦氏黄颡鱼 P. vachellii -0.26 -0.32 0.30
红鳍原鲌 C. erythropterus -0.13 -0.05 -0.24
草鱼 C. idella 0.62 0.31 -0.68
长蛇鮈 S. dunerili 0.01 -0.60 -0.42
棒花鱼 A. rivularis 0.42 0.26 0.07
乌鳢 C. argus 0.25 0.40 0.31
兴凯鱊 A. chankaensis -0.03 0.19 0.41
光唇蛇鮈 S. gymnocheilus 0.35 0.35 0.24
日本鳗鲡 A. japonica -0.31 0.44 0.47
鳡鱼 E. bambusa 0.41 0.36 -0.60
H. leucisculus -0.28 -0.37 -0.71
青鱼 M. piceus 0.25 0.21 -0.23
短盖肥脂鲤 P. brachypomus 0.10 0.10 -1.00
赤眼鳟 S. curriculus -0.44 -0.46 -0.26
C. carpio -0.61 -0.13 0.12
寡鳞飘鱼 P. engraulis -0.12 -0.03 -0.20
香鱼衔 R. olidus 0.33 0.65* 0.62
蛇鮈 S. dabryi 0.15 0.14 0.00
凤鲚 C. mystus 0.30 0.18 -0.43
高体鳑鲏 R. ocellatus ocellatus 0.37 0.23 -0.43
S. chuatsi -0.21 -0.42 -0.48
银鲴 X. argentea 0.03 -0.17 -0.60
黄颡鱼 P. fulvidraco -0.68* -0.26 0.52
彩石鳑鲏 R. lighti 0.34 0.34 -0.09
缺鬚鱊 A. imberbis 0.74* 0.71* 0.03
A. nobilis 0.29 0.29 1.00**
铜鱼 C. heterodon -0.89* -0.87* -0.40
子棱吻虾虎鱼 R. giurinus 0.40 0.42 0.36
中国花鲈 L. maculatus 0.53 0.51 -1.00
圆尾斗鱼 M. chinensis -0.18 -0.42 -0.59
整个鱼类群聚 The whole fish assemblage 0.64* 0.46 0.20
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