Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 499-506.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08074

Special Issue: Microbes Diversity

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Chinese polypore diversities: species, mycota and ecological functions

Liwei Zhou, Yucheng Dai*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110164
  • Received:2013-03-28 Accepted:2013-06-28 Online:2013-07-29
  • Dai Yucheng

Polypores are the group of macro-basidiomycetes with poroid hymenophore and corky basidiocarps that mainly grow on wood. China contains multiple climatic zones and geographic topographies, and thus possesses a variety of forest and vegetation types that provide rich habitats for polypores. Based on extensive collections conducted over a long period of time, a considerable knowledge of Chinese polypore species has been obtained, and this has been enriched further in recent years by using molecular technology. China possesses the highest polypore diversity in the world and 704 polypore species, belonging to 134 genera, 22 families and 11 orders, have been recorded within its borders. These 704 species are composed of cosmopolitan, boreal/temperate and tropical-subtropical elements. White-rot polypores are considered as potential industrial resources, while brown-rot polypores play an essential role in forest renewal.

Key words: Wood-decaying fungi, species diversity, mycota, ecology

Fig. 1

Polypores in multiple orders. (A) Elmerina foliacea in the Auriculariles; (B) Gloeophyllum sepiarium in the Gloeophyllales; (C) Coltricia cinnamomea in the Hymenochaetales; (D) Pycnoporus sanguineus in the Polyporales; (E) Heterobasidion ecrustosum in the Russulales; (F) Trechispora hymenocystis in the Trechisporales."

Fig. 2

Polypores of different trophic types. (A) Anomoporia albolutescens saprotrophic on rotten wood; (B) Trametes orientalis saprophytic on fallen wood; (C) Earliella scabrosa parasitic on living tree; (D) Albatrellus ovinus forming ectomycorrhizae with trees."

Fig. 3

White-rot and brown-rot polypores and their causing rot in wood. (A) Fomes fomentarius causing a white rot; (B) Postia pileata causing a brown rot."

1 Asiegbu FO, Nahalkova J, Li GS (2005) Pathogen-inducible cDNAs from the interaction of the root rot fungus Heterobasidion annosum with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.).Plant Science, 268, 365-372.
2 Bi ZS (毕志树), Zheng GY (郑国扬), Li TH (李泰辉) (1994) Macrofungi Flora of Guangdong Province (广东大型真菌志). Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou. (in Chinese)
3 Cao Y, Wu SH, Dai YC (2012) Species clarification of the prize medicinal Ganoderma mushroom “Lingzhi”.Fungal Diversity, 56, 49-62.
4 Cohen R, Persky L, Hadar Y (2002) Biotechnological applications and potential of wood-degrading mushrooms of the genus Pleurotus.Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 58, 582-594.
5 Cui BK (崔宝凯), Yu CJ (余长军) (2011) Fungal flora and population structure of polypores in the Great Xing’an Mountains.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 31, 3700-3709. (in Chinese with English abstract)
6 Cui BK, Dai YC (2012) Wood-decaying fungi in eastern Himalayas. III. Polypores from Laojunshan Mountains, Yunnan Province.Mycosystema, 31, 485-492.
7 Cui BK, Wang Z, Dai YC (2008) Albatrellus piceiphilus sp. nov. on the basis of morphological and molecular characters.Fungal Diversity, 28, 41-48.
8 Cui BK, Wei YL, Dai YC (2006) Polypores from Zijin Mountain, Jiangsu Province.Mycosystema, 25, 9-14.
9 Dai YC (2010a) Hymenochaetaceae (Basidiomycota) in China.Fungal Diversity, 45, 131-343.
10 Dai YC (2010b) Species diversity of wood-decaying fungi in Northeast China.Mycosystema, 29, 801-818.
11 Dai YC (2012) Polypore diversity in China with an annotated checklist of Chinese polypores.Mycoscience, 53, 49-80.
12 Dai YC (戴玉成) (2003) Rare and threatened polypores in the ecosystem of Changbaishan Nature Reserve of northeastern China.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 14, 1015-1018. (in Chinese with English abstract)
13 Dai YC (戴玉成) (2009) A checklist of polypores in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 28, 315-327. (in Chinese with English abstract)
14 Dai YC (戴玉成) (2012) Pathogenic wood-decaying fungi on woody plants in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 31, 493-509. (in Chinese with English abstract)
15 Dai YC (戴玉成), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Yuan HS (袁海生), Wei YL (魏玉莲) (2010b) A red list of polypores in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 29, 164-171. (in Chinese with English abstract)
16 Dai YC, He XS, WangHe KY, Steffen K (2012) Wood-decaying fungi in eastern Himalayas. II. Species from Qingcheng Mts., Sichuan Province.Mycosystema, 31, 168-173.
17 Dai YC (戴玉成), Li Y (李玉) (2011) Notes on the nomenclature of six important medicinal fungi in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 30, 516-518. (in Chinese with English abstract)
18 Dai YC (戴玉成), Xu MQ (徐梅卿), Yang Z (杨忠), Jiang ML (蒋明亮) (2008) Wood-decaying fungi on timber or wooden constructions in China.Forest Research(林业科学研究), 21, 49-54. (in Chinese with English abstract)
19 Dai YC (戴玉成), Yang ZL (杨祝良) (2008) A revised checklist of medicinal fungi in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 27, 801-824. (in Chinese with English abstract)
20 Dai YC, Yuan HS, He W, Decock C (2006) Polypores from Beijing area, northern China.Mycosystema, 25, 368-373.
21 Dai YC, Zhou LW, Steffen K (2011) Wood-decaying fungi in eastern Himalayas. I. Polypores from Zixishan Nature Reserve, Yunnan Province.Mycosystema, 30, 674-679.
22 Dai YC (戴玉成), Zhou LW (周丽伟), Yang ZL (杨祝良), Wen HA (文华安), Bau T (图力古尔), Li TH (李泰辉) (2010a) A revised checklist of edible fungi in China.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 29, 1-21. (in Chinese with English abstract)
23 Di MX, Wei YL, Gu Y (2012) Three species of Phellinus (Basidiomycota, Hymenochaetaceae) new to China.Mycosystema, 31, 940-946.
24 Du XH, Zhao Q, O’Donnell K, Rooney AP, Yang ZL (2012) Multigene molecular phylogenetics reveals true morels (Morchella) are especially species-rich in China.Fungal Genetics and Biology, 49, 455-469.
25 Feng B, Xu JP, Wu G, Zeng NK, Li YC, Bau T, Kost GW, Yang ZL (2012) DNA sequence analyses reveal abundant diversity, endemism and evidence for Asian origin of the porcini mushrooms.PLoS ONE, 7, e37567.
26 Ge ZW, Smith ME, Zhang QY, Yang ZL (2012) Two species of the Asian endemic genus Keteleeria form ectomycorrhizas with diverse fungal symbionts in southwestern China.Mycorrhiza, 22, 403-408.
27 Gilbertson RL, Ryvarden L (1986) North American Polypores 1. Fungiflora, Oslo.
28 Gilbertson RL, Ryvarden L (1987) North American Polypores 2. Fungiflora, Oslo.
29 He SH, Li HJ (2013) Hymenochaete in China. III. Three species new to China from Guangxi Autonomous Region and Jilin Province.Mycosystema, 32, 202-207.
30 Hibbett DS, Gilbert LB, Donoghue MJ (2000) Evolutionary instability of ectomycorrhizal symbioses in basidiomycetes.Nature, 407, 506-508.
31 Hoebeke ER, Wheeler QD, Gilbertson RL (1987) Second Eucinetidae-Coniophoraceae association (Coleoptera; Basidio- mycetes), with notes on the biology of Eucinetus oviformis Lecontes (Eucinetidae) and on two species of Endomychidae.Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89, 215-218.
32 Junninen K, Komonen A (2011) Conservation ecology of boreal polypores: a review.Biological Conservation, 144, 11-20.
33 Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008) Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th edn. CAB International, Oxon.
34 Li HJ, Cui BK (2013) Taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Megasporoporia and its related genera. Mycologia, 105, 368-383.
35 Li J, Xiong HX, Zhou XS, Dai YC (2007) Polypores (Basidiomycetes) from Henan Province in central China.Sydowia, 59, 125-137.
36 Martin MM (1987) Invertebrate-Microbial Interactions: Ingested Fungal Enzymes in Arthropod Biology. Cornell University Press, New York.
37 Patouillard N (1907) Champignons du Kouy-tchéou.Monde de Pl. 2' Ser., 9, 31.
38 Reid DA (1992) The genus Elmerina (Tremellales), with accounts of two species from Queensland, Australia.Persoonia, 14, 465-474.
39 Ryvarden L (1991) Genera of polypores: nomenclature and taxonomy.Synopsis Fungorum, 5, 1-363.
40 Ryvarden L (1994) Can we trust morphology in Ganoderma? In: Ganoderma: Systematics, Phytopathology and Pharmacology. Proceedings of Contributed Symposium 59A, B, 5th International Mycological Congress (eds Buchanan PK, Hseu RS, Moncalvo JM), pp. 19-24. Taiwan University, Taipei.
41 Ryvarden L, Gilbertson RL (1993) European polypores. I.Synopsis Fungurom, 6, 1-387.
42 Ryvarden L, Gilbertson RL (1994) European polypores. II.Synopsis Fungurom, 7, 388-743.
43 Sanders NJ, Rahbek C (2011) The patterns and causes of elevational diversity gradients.Ecography, 35, 1-3.
44 Si J (司静), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Dai YC (戴玉成) (2011a) Application in dye decolorization and optimization of conditions in discoloration by Trametes orientalis.Genomics and Applied Biology(基因组学与应用生物学), 30, 364-371. (in Chinese with English abstract)
45 Si J (司静), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Dai YC (戴玉成) (2011b) Primary screening of effective Trametes strains with high laccase-productivity and optimization of conditions on laccase production.Microbiology China(微生物学通报), 38, 405-416. (in Chinese with English abstract)
46 Si J (司静), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Li MJ (李牧洁) (2012) Dye decolorization by adsorbents obtained from Trametes orientalis mycelia and investigation of the adsorptive mechanism.Mycosystema(菌物学报), 31, 890-899. (in Chinese with English abstract)
47 Si J (司静), Li W (李伟), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Dai YC (戴玉成) (2011c) Advances of research on characteristic, molecular biology and applications of laccase from fungi.Biotechnology Bulletin(生物技术通报), (2), 48-55. (in Chinese with English abstract)
48 Si J, Peng F, Cui BK (2013) Purification, biochemical characterization and dye decolorization capacity of an alkali-resistant and metal-tolerant laccase from Trametes pubescens.Bioresource Technology, 128, 49-57.
49 Taylor AFS, Alexander IJ (2005) The ectomycorrhizal symbiosis: life in the real world.Mycologist, 19, 102-112.
50 Tedersoo L, Suvi T, Beaver K, Saar I (2007) Ectomycorrhizas of Coltricia and Coltriciella (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) on Caesalpiniaceae, Dipterocarpaceae and Myrtaceae in Seychelles.Mycological Progress, 6, 101-107.
51 Tian XM, Yu HY, Zhou LW, Decock C, Vlasák J, Dai YC (2013) Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Inonotus linteus complex.Fungal Diversity, 58, 159-169.
52 Wang B, Cui BK, Li HJ, Du P, Jia BS (2011) Wood-rotting fungi in eastern China. V. Polypore diversity in Jiangxi Province.Annales Botanici Fennici, 48, 237-246.
53 Wang Q, He XH, Guo LD (2012a) Ectomycorrhizal fungus communities of Quercus liaotungensis Koidz of different ages in a northern China temperate forest.Mycorrhiza, 22, 461-470.
54 Wang XC, Xi RJ, Li Y, Wang DM, Yao YJ (2012b) The species identity of the widely cultivated Ganoderma, ‘G. lucidum’ (Ling-zhi), in China. PLoS ONE, 7, e40857.
55 Wei YL (魏玉莲), Dai YC (戴玉成) (2004) Ecological function of wood-inhabiting fungi in forest ecosystem.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 15, 1935-1938. (in Chinese with English abstract)
56 Wei YL (魏玉莲), Dai YC (戴玉成), Yuan HS (袁海生), Hao ZQ (郝占庆), Wang XG (王绪高) (2010) Community composition and distribution character of wood-inhabiting fungi on maple in broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest plot in Changbaishan of China.Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 30, 6348-6354. (in Chinese with English abstract)
57 Xu MQ (徐梅卿), Dai YC (戴玉成), Fan SH (范少辉), Jin LX (金立新), Lü Q (吕全), Tian GZ (田国忠), Wang LF (汪来发) (2006) Records of bamboo diseases and the taxonomy of their pathogens in China (I).Forest Research(林业科学研究), 19, 692-699. (in Chinese with English abstract)
58 Yang ZL (2011) Molecular techniques revolutionize knowledge of basidiomycete evolution.Fungal Diversity, 50, 47-58.
59 Yang ZL, Feng B (2013) What is the Chinese “Lingzhi”? — A taxonomic mini-review. Mycology, 4, 1-4.
60 Yu CJ (余长军), Dai YC (戴玉成), Wang ZQ (王政权) (2004) A preliminary study on wood-inhabiting fungi on charred wood in Daxing’anling forest areas.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报), 15, 1781-1784. (in Chinese with English abstract)
61 Yuan HS, Dai YC (2012) Wood-inhabiting fungi in southern China. VI. Polypores from Guangxi Autonomous Region. Annales Botanici Fennici, 49, 341-351.
62 Zeng XW (曾祥谓), Cui BK (崔宝凯), Xu MQ (徐梅卿), Piao CG (朴春根), Liu HJ (刘洪剑) (2008) Wood-decaying fungi on timber or wooden constructions in China (II).Forest Research(林业科学研究), 21, 783-791. (in Chinese with English abstract)
63 Zhang Y, Zhou DQ, Zhao Q, Zhou TX, Hyde KD (2010) Diversity and ecological distribution of macrofungi in the Laojun Mountain region, southwestern China.Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 3545-3563.
64 Zhao CL, Cui BK (2013) Five species of Perenniporia (Polyporales) new to China.Mycosystema, 32, 192-201.
65 Zhao JD (1989) The Ganodermataceae in China (Bibliotheca Mycologica Ser, Vol 132). Lubrecht & Cramer Ltd., New York.
66 Zhou LW, Dai YC (2012a) Phylogeny and taxonomy of Phylloporia (Hymenochaetales): new species and a worldwide key to the genus. Mycologia, 104, 211-222.
67 Zhou LW, Dai YC (2012b) Recognizing ecological patterns of wood-decaying polypores on gymnosperm and angiosperm trees in northeast China.Fungal Ecology, 5, 230-235.
68 Zhou LW, Hao ZQ, Wang Z, Wang B, Dai YC (2011) Comparison of ecological patterns of polypores in three forest zones in China.Mycology, 2, 260-275.
69 Zhou LW, Kõljalg U (2013) A new species of Lenzitopsis (Thelephorales, Basidiomycota) and its phylogenetic placement.Mycoscience, 54, 87-92.
70 Zhou LW, Qin WM (2013) Sistotrema subconfluens sp. nov. (Cantharellales, Basidiomycota) from Changbaishan Nature Reserve, northeastern China.Mycoscience, 54, 178-182.
[1] Hu Yifeng, Yu Wenhua, Yue Yang, Huang Zhenglanyi, Li Yuchun, Wu Yi. Species diversity and potential distribution of Chiroptera on Hainan Island, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 400-408.
[2] Yan Wenbo,Ji Shengnan,Shuai Lingying,Zhao Leigang,Zhu Dapeng,Zeng Zhigao. Spatial distribution patterns of mammal diversity in Yangxian County of Shaanxi Province on the southern slope of the Qinling Mountains [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 177-185.
[3] Chen Zuoyi, Xu Xiaojing, Zhu Suying, Zhai Mengyi, Li Yang. Species diversity and geographical distribution of the Chaetoceros lorenzianus complex along the coast of China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 149-158.
[4] Li Tong,Li Junning,Wei Yulian. Species diversity and distribution of wood-decaying fungi in Gutianshan National Nature Reserve [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 81-87.
[5] Bo Wang,Yong Huang,Jiatang Li,Qiang Dai,Yuezhao Wang,Daode Yang. Amphibian species richness patterns in karst regions in Southwest China and its environmental associations [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 941-950.
[6] Dexin Sun, Xiang Liu, Shurong Zhou. Dynamical changes of diversity and community assembly during recovery from a plant functional group removal experiment in the alpine meadow [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 655-666.
[7] Yu Zhang, Gang Feng. Distribution pattern and mechanism of insect species diversity in Inner Mongolia [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 701-706.
[8] Xiaqiu Tao,Shaopeng Cui,Zhigang Jiang,Hongjun Chu,Na Li,Daode Yang,Chunwang Li. Reptilian fauna and elevational patterns of the reptile species diversity in Altay Prefecture in Xinjiang, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(6): 578-589.
[9] Cheng Tian,Junqing Li,Xuyu Yang,Lin Yu,Dan Yuan,Yunxi Li. Preliminary surveys of wild animals using infrared camera in Wanglang National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(6): 620-626.
[10] Han-Dong WEN, Lu-Xiang LIN, Jie YANG, Yue-Hua HU, Min CAO, Yu-Hong LIU, Zhi-Yun LU, You-Neng XIE. Species composition and community structure of a 20 hm2 plot of mid-mountain moist evergreen broad-leaved forest on the Mts. Ailaoshan, Yunnan Province, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 419-429.
[11] Qian YANG, Wei WANG, Hui ZENG. Effects of nitrogen addition on the plant diversity and biomass of degraded grasslands of Nei Mongol, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 430-441.
[12] LIU Hai-Yue, LI Xin-Mei, ZHANG Lin-Lin, WANG Jiao-Jiao, HE Xue-Li. Eco-geographical distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Hedysarum scoparium in the desert zone of northwestern China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 252-260.
[13] Yiming Hu,Jianchao Liang,Kun Jin,Zhifeng Ding,Zhixin Zhou,Huijian Hu,Zhigang Jiang. The elevational patterns of mammalian richness in the Himalayas [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(2): 191-201.
[14] Tianqi Shang, Nuonan Ye, Haiqing Gao, Hongdi Gao, Lita Yi. Community Structure Analysis of a Public Welfare Forest Based on Multivariate Regression Trees [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(2): 238-249.
[15] Zihong Chen, Xiaona Yang, Ningjing Sun, Ling Xu, Yuan Zheng, Yuming Yang. Species diversity and vertical distribution characteristics of Metarhizium in Gaoligong Mountains, southwestern China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(12): 1308-1317.
Full text



[1] YE Chun-Jiang ZHAO Ke-Fu. Advances in the Study on the Marine Higher Plant Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) and Its Adaptationto Submerged Life in Seawater[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(02): 184 -193 .
[2] LI Feng-Lin ZHANG Jian-Ping LI Ming-Lu. A Study on Miocene Shanwang Formation, Linqu, Shandong, China--with a Brief Review of Research History in This Locality[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 237 -246 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 89 .
[4] Svetlana Syabryaj. Tertiary Flora, Vegetation and Climate of Ukraine[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 95 -101 .
[5] HAN Ying CHEN Gang WANG Zhong. The Progresses of Studies on Rubisco Activase[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(04): 306 -311 .
[6] Zhang Xiu-qing;Wang Zhi-wu;Liu Yu-jing and Wang Chun-ying. The Culture of Different Organs of Phalaenopsis Seedlings in Vitro[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(01): 50 .
[7] Zhang Zhen-ming Shao Da-fu Jing Xiao-yang. Different Applying Methods of S3307 on Biological Activity of Late Hybrid Rice and Its Stimulation Effect on Yield[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 113 -114 .
[8] HU Wei HOU Xi-Lin SHI Gong-Jun. Characteristics and Mechanism of Plant Vernalization[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2004, 21(01): 26 -36 .
[9] Liang Guang-jian. Effect of Spraying PP333 or Its Mixture on Growth and Some Mineral Elements of Rice Seedlings[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 106 -108 .
[10] Wu Wen-hua and Pan Rui-chi. Biosynthsis and Role of Jasmonates[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(增刊): 39 -45 .