Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 499-506.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08074

Special Issue: Microbes Diversity

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Chinese polypore diversities: species, mycota and ecological functions

Liwei Zhou, Yucheng Dai*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110164
  • Received:2013-03-28 Accepted:2013-06-28 Online:2013-07-29
  • Dai Yucheng E-mail:yuchengd@yahoo.com

Polypores are the group of macro-basidiomycetes with poroid hymenophore and corky basidiocarps that mainly grow on wood. China contains multiple climatic zones and geographic topographies, and thus possesses a variety of forest and vegetation types that provide rich habitats for polypores. Based on extensive collections conducted over a long period of time, a considerable knowledge of Chinese polypore species has been obtained, and this has been enriched further in recent years by using molecular technology. China possesses the highest polypore diversity in the world and 704 polypore species, belonging to 134 genera, 22 families and 11 orders, have been recorded within its borders. These 704 species are composed of cosmopolitan, boreal/temperate and tropical-subtropical elements. White-rot polypores are considered as potential industrial resources, while brown-rot polypores play an essential role in forest renewal.

Key words: Wood-decaying fungi, species diversity, mycota, ecology

Fig. 1

Polypores in multiple orders. (A) Elmerina foliacea in the Auriculariles; (B) Gloeophyllum sepiarium in the Gloeophyllales; (C) Coltricia cinnamomea in the Hymenochaetales; (D) Pycnoporus sanguineus in the Polyporales; (E) Heterobasidion ecrustosum in the Russulales; (F) Trechispora hymenocystis in the Trechisporales."

Fig. 2

Polypores of different trophic types. (A) Anomoporia albolutescens saprotrophic on rotten wood; (B) Trametes orientalis saprophytic on fallen wood; (C) Earliella scabrosa parasitic on living tree; (D) Albatrellus ovinus forming ectomycorrhizae with trees."

Fig. 3

White-rot and brown-rot polypores and their causing rot in wood. (A) Fomes fomentarius causing a white rot; (B) Postia pileata causing a brown rot."

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